Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-3 (3)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
author:("Kim, guilan")
1.  Relationship between Vitamin D, Parathyroid Hormone, and Bone Mineral Density in Elderly Koreans 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2012;27(6):636-643.
There is controversy regarding definition of vitamin D inadequacy. We analyzed threshold 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) below which intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) increases, and examined age- and sex-specific changes of 25(OH)D and iPTH, and association of 25(OH)D and iPTH with bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly Koreans. Anthropometric parameters, serum 25(OH)D and iPTH, lumbar spine and femur BMD by dual-energy radiography absorptiometry (DXA) were measured in 441 men and 598 postmenopausal women. iPTH increased below serum 25(OH) of 36.7 ng/mL in men, but failed to reach plateau in women. Femur neck BMD above and below threshold differed when threshold 25(OH)D concentrations were set at 15-27.5 ng/mL in men, and 12.5-20 ng/mL in postmenopausal women. Vitamin D-inadequate individuals older than 75 yr had higher iPTH than those aged ≤ 65 yr. In winter, age-associated iPTH increase in women was steeper than in summer. In conclusion, vitamin D inadequacy threshold cannot be estimated based on iPTH alone, and but other factors concerning bone health should also be considered. Older people seemingly need higher 25(OH)D levels to offset age-associated hyperparathyroidism. Elderly vitamin D-inadequate women in the winter are most vulnerable to age-associated hyperparathyroidism.
PMCID: PMC3369450  PMID: 22690095
Vitamin D; Intact Parathyroid Hormone; Bone Density; Age; Sex
2.  Hepatic Subcapsular Steatosis in a Diabetic CAPD Patient Receiving Intraperitoneal Insulin 
Hepatic subcapsular steatosis is a rare and specific form of fatty change in the liver. It is a unique finding in diabetic patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and intraperitoneal insulin treatment. Intraperitoneal administration of insulin causes a unique pattern of fatty infiltration in the subcapsular location of the liver. Here we report a case of hepatic subcapsular steatosis in a diabetic CAPD patient who received intraperitoneal insulin. A 46-year-old diabetic woman on CAPD presented with general weakness. The patient received a total amount of 110 units of regular insulin via intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injection. Her initial blood chemistry showed increased serum lipid and liver enzyme profiles. Abdominal CT scan images and MRI revealed characteristic findings consistent with hepatic subcapsular steatosis. We assumed that the cause was CAPD and concomitant intraperitoneal insulin treatment; therefore, the patient was switched from CAPD to hemodialysis (HD) and began to receive insulin subcutaneously. Two months after the beginning of HD, the hepatic subcapsular steatosis completely resolved.
PMCID: PMC3890728  PMID: 17017674
Fatty liver; Peritoneal dialysis; Diabetes mellitus
3.  Acute Respiratory Failure Associated with Cryptococcal Pneumonia and Disseminated Cryptococcosis in an AIDS Patient 
A 36-year-old homosexual Mexican man was admitted to our hospital, with a 30-day history of fever and headache. Upon cerebrospinal fluid examination, the patient's white blood cell count was 1,580/L, total protein was 26 mg/dL, sugar was 17 mg/dL, and his intracranial pressure was 23 cmH2O. The patient was diagnosed with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection by serum Western blotting. Cryptococcus neoformans was isolated in cultures of the patient's blood and cerebrospinal fluids. Chest computerized tomography revealed diffuse reticulonodular infiltration and a ground-glass appearance in both perihilar regions, suggestive of either Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia or cryptococcal pneumonia. On the patient's 6th day in our hospital, bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy were conducted via bronchoscopy, and a pathologic examination of lung biopsy specimens revealed signs of cryptococcal pneumonia.
This patient died on his 14th day in our hospital, as the result of acute respiratory failure, associated with cryptococcal pneumonia and disseminated cryptococcosis.
PMCID: PMC3891062  PMID: 16646563
Cryptococcus neoformans; Cryptococcosis; HIV

Results 1-3 (3)