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1.  Effect of repeated Waon therapy on exercise tolerance and pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pilot controlled clinical trial 
Purpose
Controlled clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of repeated Waon therapy for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have yet to be conducted. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether repeated Waon therapy exhibits an adjuvant effect on conventional therapy for COPD patients.
Patients and methods
This prospective trial comprised 20 consecutive COPD patients who satisfied the criteria of the Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines, stages 1–4. They were assigned to either a Waon or control group. The patients in the Waon group received both repeated Waon therapy and conventional therapy, including medications, such as long-acting inhaled β2 agonists, long-acting anticholinergics and xanthine derivatives, and pulmonary rehabilitation. The Waon therapy consisted of sitting in a 60°C sauna room for 15 minutes, followed by 30 minutes of being warmed with blankets once a day, 5 days a week, for a total of 20 times. The patients in the control group received only conventional therapy. Pulmonary function and the 6-minute walk test were assessed before and at 4 weeks after the program.
Results
The change in vital capacity (0.30 ± 0.4 L) and in peak expiratory flow (0.48 ± 0.79 L/s) in the Waon group was larger than the change in the vital capacity (0.02 ± 0.21 L) (P=0.077) and peak expiratory flow (−0.11 ± 0.72 L/s) (P=0.095) in the control group. The change in forced expiratory flow after 50% of expired forced vital capacity in the Waon group, 0.08 (0.01–0.212 L/s), was larger than that in the control group, −0.01 (−0.075–0.04 L/s) (P=0.019). Significant differences were not observed in the change in any parameters in the 6-minute walk test. Data are presented as means ± standard deviation or median (25th–75th percentile).
Conclusion
The addition of repeated Waon therapy to conventional therapy for COPD patients can possibly improve airway obstruction.
doi:10.2147/COPD.S50860
PMCID: PMC3865971  PMID: 24363555
modified Borg scale; airway obstruction; 6-minute walk test; quality of life
2.  Spontaneous Regression of Polyposis following Abdominal Colectomy and Helicobacter pylori Eradication for Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome 
Case Reports in Gastroenterology  2013;7(1):140-146.
The etiology of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) remains unknown and many cases are refractory to treatment. Therefore, new therapies are urgently needed. Furthermore, a number of CCS cases with gastrointestinal carcinoma have been reported. Our patient had rapid onset of CCS and early development of colon carcinoma associated with adenomas. High anterior resection of the sigmoid colon and ileostomy were performed, and her symptoms and endoscopic and histological findings improved. Helicobacter pylori eradication was carried out 2 years later, surgical closure of an ileal fistula the following year. After 4 months, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy showed that the CCS lesions had completely disappeared, and biopsies confirmed a normal stomach, duodenum, ileum and colon histologically. The patient has maintained remission for 2 years. The clinical course of this case, showing complete regression of CCS lesions following abdominal colectomy and H. pylori eradication, suggests the significance of H. pylori infection in the treatment of CCS.
doi:10.1159/000350321
PMCID: PMC3618050  PMID: 23569441
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome; Colonic carcinoma; Abdominal colectomy; Helicobacter pylori eradication; Spontaneous regression
3.  Lung function and blood markers of nutritional status in non-COPD aging men with smoking history: A cross-sectional study 
Purpose:
Cigarette smoking and advanced age are well known as risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and nutritional abnormalities are important in patients with COPD. However, little is known about the nutritional status in non-COPD aging men with smoking history. We therefore investigated whether reduced lung function is associated with lower blood markers of nutritional status in those men.
Subjects and methods:
This association was examined in a cross-sectional study of 65 Japanese male current or former smokers aged 50 to 80 years: 48 without COPD (non-COPD group), divided into tertiles according to forced expiratory volume in one second as percent of forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), and 17 with COPD (COPD group).
Results:
After adjustment for potential confounders, lower FEV1/FVC was significantly associated with lower red blood cell count (RBCc), hemoglobin, and total protein (TP); not with total energy intake. The difference in adjusted RBCc and TP among the non-COPD group tertiles was greater than that between the bottom tertile in the non-COPD group and the COPD group.
Conclusion:
In non-COPD aging men with smoking history, trends toward reduced nutritional status and anemia may independently emerge in blood components along with decreased lung function even before COPD onset.
PMCID: PMC2921691  PMID: 20714377
anemia; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; lung function; nutritional assessment; nutritional status; smoking
4.  Real-Time PCR Assay Compared to Nested PCR and Antigenemia Assays for Detecting Cytomegalovirus Reactivation in Adult T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphoma Patients 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2003;41(9):4382-4387.
We analyzed the efficiency of the quantitative real-time PCR assay for cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) patients and compared the results with those obtained with qualitative nested PCR and antigenemia assays. The viral load obtained by the real-time PCR assay closely paralleled the number of antigen-positive cells obtained with the antigenemia assay. Real-time PCR revealed that a large number of DNA copies could be present even in samples assessed as negative or low in antigen-positive cells (0 to 10 antigen-positive cells/50,000 cells) by antigenemia assay. CMV copy numbers did not differ between the negative and low-antigen-positive groups. When the input concentration for real-time PCR assay was 2,500 to 5,000 copies/ml, the positivity rate for the nested PCR assay was 47.3%, while the positivity rate was more than 90% at an input concentration of ≥50,000 copies/ml. Real-time PCR is more sensitive than the antigenemia and nested PCR assays. Moreover, real-time PCR was able to detect CMV reactivation earlier than the antigenemia and nested PCR assays through the use of longitudinal analysis in four ATL patients with CMV pneumonia. In longitudinal assessments, analysis of the results suggested that a cutoff level of 5,000 copies/ml might be used to initiate treatment. Real-time PCR is more suitable for monitoring CMV reactivation in ATL patients than the antigenemia and nested PCR assays. CMV viral loads of 5,000 copies/ml are proposed as the cutoff for initiating antiviral therapy in ATL patients.
doi:10.1128/JCM.41.9.4382-4387.2003
PMCID: PMC193823  PMID: 12958273

Results 1-4 (4)