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3.  'LABNOTE', a laboratory notebook system designed for academic genomics groups. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1999;27(2):601-607.
We have developed a relational laboratory database system, adapted to the daily book-keeping needs of laboratories that must keep track of information acquired on hundreds or thousands of clones in an effective and user-friendly fashion. Data, whether final or related to experiments in progress, can be accessed in many different ways, e.g. by clone name, by gene, by experiment or through DNA sequence. Updating, import and export of results is made easier by specially developed tools. This system, in network version, serves several groups in our Institute and (over the Internet) elsewhere, and is instrumental in collaborative studies based on expression profiling. It can be used in many similar situations involving progressiveaccumulation of information on sets of clones or related objects.
PMCID: PMC148221  PMID: 9862986
4.  Multiplex messenger assay: simultaneous, quantitative measurement of expression of many genes in the context of T cell activation. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1996;24(8):1435-1442.
The hybridization signature approach, using colony filters and labeled complex probes, can provide high throughput measurement of gene activity. We describe here the implementation of this method to follow the expression levels of 47 genes in resting and activated T cells, as well as in epithelial cells. Using 4-fold spotting of colonies, imaging plate detection and various correction and normalization procedures, the technique is sensitive enough to quantify expression levels for sequences present at 0.005% abundance in the probe. Comparison with Northern blotting shows good consistency between the two methods. Upon activation of a T cell clone by an anti-CD3 antibody variations ranging from 2- to 20-fold are measured, some of which had not been reported previously. This 'multiplex messenger assay' method, performed using available commercial apparatus, can be used in many cases where simultaneous assessment of mRNA levels for many genes is of interest.
PMCID: PMC145825  PMID: 8628675
5.  CpG islands and HTF islands in the HLA class I region: investigation of the methylation status of class I genes leads to precise physical mapping of the HLA-B and -C genes. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1988;16(14B):6767-6778.
We have investigated the accessibility of the 5' CpG rich sequences (CpG islands) present in the 5' region of most if not all HLA class I genes to methylation sensitive rare cutter enzymes. We show that for HLA-A, -B, -C genes and a few other (but not all) class I sequences these CpG islands are unmethylated and therefore constitute HTF islands (CpG rich, unmethylated regions of DNA, usually associated with expressed genes). We then map precisely the HTF islands of the HLA-B and HLA-C genes and determine that they are separated by 130 Kb (in agreement with genetic data) and that these two genes are in the same transcriptional orientation on the chromosome.
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PMCID: PMC338331  PMID: 2841643
6.  Coding and spacer sequences in the 5.8S-2S region of Sciara coprophila ribosomal DNA. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1980;8(16):3565-3573.
The sequence of 436 nucleotides around the region coding for 5.8S RNA in the Sciara coprophila rDNA transcription unit (1) has been determined. Regions coding for 5.8S and 2S RNAs have been identified; they are 80 - 90% homologous to the corresponding Drosophila sequences and are separated by a 22 nucleotide long spacer. This sequence as well as the two before the 5.8 and after the 2S coding region are very different from the corresponding Drosophila sequences. The main features reported in the Drosophila study (2) are however also found, i.e. all three spacers are very rich in A-T; the sequence of the internal spacer allows base pairing; 5.8S and 2S RNAs can pair through their 3' and 5' terminal regions respectively. The features previously proposed as processing sites in the Drosophila case are thus all found in Sciara in spite of very different spacer sequences.
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PMCID: PMC324175  PMID: 7433100
7.  Sequence and secondary structure of Drosophila melanogaster 5.8S and 2S rRNAs and of the processing site between them. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1979;7(8):2213-2238.
Drosophila melanogaster 5.8S and 2S rRNAs were end-labeled with 32p at either the 5' or 3' end and were sequenced. 5.8S rRNA is 123 nucleotides long and homologous to the 5' part of sequenced 5.8S molecules from other species. 2S rRNA is 30 nucleotides long and homologous to the 3' part of other 5.8S molecules. The 3' end of the 5.8S molecule is able to base-pair with the 5' end of the 2S rRNA to generate a helical region equivalent in position to the "GC-rich hairpin" found in all previously sequenced 5.8S molecules. Probing the structure of the labeled Drosophila 5.8S molecule with S1 nuclease in solution verifies its similarity to other 5.8S rRNAs. The 2S rRNA is shown to form a stable complex with both 5.8S and 26S rRNAs separately and together. 5.8S rRNA can also form either binary or ternary complexes with 2S and 26S rRNA. It is concluded that the 5.8S rRNA in Drosophila melanogaster is very similar both in sequence and structure to other 5.8 rRNAs but is split into two pieces, the 2S rRNA being the 3' part. 2S anchors the 5.8S and 26S rRNA. The order of the rRNA coding regions in the ribosomal DNA repeating unit is shown to be 18S - 5.8S - 2S - 26S. Direct sequencing of ribosomal DNA shows that the 5.8S and 2S regions are separated by a 28 nucleotide spacer which is A-T rich and is presumably removed by a specific processing event. A secondary structure model is proposed for the 26S-5.8S ternary complex and for the presumptive precursor molecule.
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PMCID: PMC342381  PMID: 118436

Results 1-7 (7)