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1.  Differential lncRNA expression profiles in recurrent gliomas compared with primary gliomas identified by microarray analysis 
Glioma, especially high-grade glioma, is highly malignant with high rate of recurrence and poor prognosis. The mechanisms of glioma progression and recurrence have not been elucidated. Previous studies showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the development and progression of glioma. However, the roles of lncRNAs in the recurrence of glioma remain unknown. We use high throughput microarray to screen the differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in recurrence gliomas compared with primary gliomas. We found a total of 1,111 lncRNAs were differentially expressed in recurrent group. Among these, 639 lncRNAs were up-regulated, while 472 lncRNAs were down-regulated (fold Change ≥2.0). GO (Gene ontology) and pathway analysis revealed that the potential functions of differentially expressed lncRNAs were closely connected with the processes of cancer progression and pathogenesis. LncRNA classification and subgroup analysis further identified three important clusters of differentially expressed lncRNA-mRNA pairs which have potential gene regulatory functions. This study for the first time showed abundant differentially expressed lncRNAs in recurrent gliomas. Some lncRNAs may play important roles in glioma recurrence, such as previously reported H19, CRNDE, HOTAIRM1 or unreported AC016745.3, XLOC_001711, RP11-128A17.1. Moreover, this study set a basis for future researches on specific lncRNA which may contribute to the recurrence of glioma. Further studies on these lncRNAs will help to elucidate the mechanism of glioma recurrence at genetic level and find therapeutic targets for glioma patients.
PMCID: PMC4483865  PMID: 26131076
lncRNA; microarray; glioma; recurrent
2.  Icotinib plus gemcitabine for metastatic pancreatic cancer: A case report 
A large majority of patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer have advanced metastatic disease with unresectable malignancies. Despite treatment advances, the survival benefit from chemotherapeutic regimens and targeted drugs is limited. Moreover, their application is limited in China because of high toxicity and cost. Recently, inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor activity have shown promise for the treatment of solid cancers when used in combination with standard therapy. However, these drugs have not been evaluated extensively for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Here, we report the treatment of a 64-year-old male with metastatic pancreatic cancer using a novel regimen of icotinib with gemcitabine. Marked shrinkage of the mass was observed after two treatment cycles, and partial remission was achieved. The abdominal pain was relieved. The adverse effects were tolerable and treatment cost was acceptable. This is the first reported case for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer with icotinib plus gemcitabine and demonstrates a promising therapeutic alternative.
doi:10.3748/wjg.v21.i11.3441
PMCID: PMC4363781  PMID: 25805958
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor; Gemcitabine; Icotinib; Metastatic pancreatic cancer; Regimen
3.  Critical appraisal of the role of gefitinib in the management of locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer 
OncoTargets and therapy  2014;7:841-852.
Past studies have demonstrated that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors can significantly improve clinical outcomes in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and sensitive EGFR gene mutations. Gefitinib (Iressa®), the first oral EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been shown to be more effective and better tolerated than chemotherapy either in first-line or second-line treatment for patients with advanced NSCLC harboring sensitive EGFR mutations. Conversely, among patients with wild-type EGFR, gefitinib is inferior to standard chemotherapy in both the first-line and second-line settings. Further, gefitinib is effective in patients with brain metastases because of its low molecular weight and excellent penetration of the blood–brain barrier. In this review, we summarize the current data from clinical trials with gefitinib and appraise its role in the management of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
doi:10.2147/OTT.S34124
PMCID: PMC4045263  PMID: 24920926
gefitinib; non-small cell lung cancer; epidermal growth factor receptor; tyrosine kinase inhibitor
4.  Fast and Sensitive Detection of Pb2+ in Foods Using Disposable Screen-Printed Electrode Modified by Reduced Graphene Oxide 
Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)  2013;13(10):13063-13075.
In this study, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was electrochemically deposited on the surface of screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) to prepare a disposable sensor for fast detection of Pb2+ in foods. The SEM images showed that the rGO was homogeneously deposited onto the electrode surface with a wrinkled nanostructure, which provided 2D bridges for electron transport and a larger active area for Pb2+ adsorption. Results showed that rGO modification enhanced the activity of the electrode surface, and significantly improved the electrochemical properties of SPCE. The rGO modified SPCE (rGO-SPCE) was applied to detect Pb2+ in standard aqueous solution, showing a sharp stripping peak and a relatively constant peak potential in square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). The linear range for Pb2+ detection was 5∼200 ppb (R2 = 0.9923) with a low detection limit of 1 ppb (S/N = 3). The interference of Cd2+ and Cu2+ at low concentrations was effectively avoided. Finally, the rGO-SPCE was used for determination of lead in real tap water, juice, preserved eggs and tea samples. Compared with results from graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS), the results based on rGO-SPCE were both accurate and reliable, suggesting that the disposable sensor has great potential in application for fast, sensitive and low-cost detection of Pb2+ in foods.
doi:10.3390/s131013063
PMCID: PMC3859050  PMID: 24077322
reduced graphene oxide (rGO); electrochemical deposition; screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE); square wave voltammetry; Pb2+
5.  Combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil for patients with advanced and metastatic gastric or esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma: a multicenter prospective study 
Objective
To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the combination regimen of paclitaxel, cisplatin and 5-FU (PCF) as first-line or second-line therapy in patients with advanced gastric and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma in China.
Methods
The patients were treated with paclitaxel 150 mg/m2 on d1; fractionated cisplatin 15 mg/m2 and continuous infusion 5-FU 600 mg/(m2·d) intravenously on d1-d5 of a 21-d cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicities.
Results
Seventy-five patients have been enrolled, among which, 41 received PCF regimen as the first-line therapy (group A) and 34 received the regimen as the second-line therapy (group B) with the median age of 59 years old and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score ≥80. Toxicities were analyzed in all 75 patients. Seventy-one patients were evaluable for efficacy. The median overall survival (mOS) was 12.0 months (95% CI: 7.9-16.2 months) in group A and 7.3 months (95% CI: 4.3-10.3 months) in group B, respectively. The median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 5.7 months (95% CI: 4.1-7.2 months) and 5.0 months (95% CI: 3.1-6.9 months), respectively. The response rate (CR+PR) was 40% (16/40; 95% CI: 24.9-56.7%) in group A and 22.6% (7/31; 95% CI: 9.6-41.1%) in group B. Major grade 3 or 4 adverse events include neutropenia (41.3%), febrile neutropenia (9.3%), nausea/anorexia (10.7%), and vomiting (5.3%). There was no treatment-related death.
Conclusions
The combination chemotherapy with PCF is active and tolerable as first-line and second-line therapy in Chinese patients with advanced gastric and EGJ adenocarcinoma. The response and survival of PCF are same as those of DCF, but the tolerance is much better.
doi:10.3978/j.issn.1000-9604.2012.08.04
PMCID: PMC3551331  PMID: 23359329
Advanced gastric cancer; esophagogastric junction (EGJ); adenocarcinoma; paclitaxel
6.  Percutaneous posterior-lateral lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative disc disease using a B-Twin expandable spinal spacer 
European Spine Journal  2009;19(2):325-330.
Degenerative disc disease (DDD) causes gradual intervertebral space collapse, concurrent discogenic or facet-induced pain, and possible compression radiculopathy. A new minimal invasion procedure of percutaneous posterior-lateral lumbar interbody fusion (PPLIF) using a B-Twin stand-alone expandable spinal spacer (ESS) was designed to treat this disease and evaluated by follow-up more than 1 year. 12 cases with chronic low back pain and compressive radiculopathy due to DDD refractory were selected to conservative treatment. Under fluoroscopy in the posterior-lateral position, a K-wire was advanced into the intervertebral space and a dilator and working cannula were introduced into the disc space step by step. Discectomy and endplate scratching were performed through the cannula using pituitary forceps and endplate curettage. An ESS was inserted into the intervertebral space by a B-Twin expandable spinal delivery system after some bone graft chips implanted into the disc space. The ongoing study includes intraoperative difficulties, complications, radiologic evidence of fusion and clinical outcome as scored by pre- and postoperative questionnaires pertaining to pain intensity and degree of disability. The 12 procedures of lumbar interbody fusion using stand-alone expandable spinal system through percutaneous approach were successful. Radiologic study demonstrated fusion in a total of 11 cases and only 1 exception after more than 1 year visiting. The values of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) on movement and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) dropped by more than 80 and 67.4%, respectively. Disk space heights averaging 9.0 mm before procedure were increased to 11.5 mm 1 month (a significant difference compared with preprocedure, P < 0.01) after surgery and stabilized at 10.8 mm upon final follow-up (a significant difference compared with preprocedure, P < 0.01). The results demonstrated that the percutaneous approach for posterior-lateral lumbar interbody fusion using expandable spinal system is a valuable micro-invasion method for the DDD patients and can achieve the same outcome as with other methods.
doi:10.1007/s00586-009-1167-6
PMCID: PMC2899821  PMID: 19784677
Disk degenerative disease; Percutaneous; Lumbar interbody spinal fusion; Expandable spinal spacer; Stand-alone; B-Twin

Results 1-6 (6)