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Anesthesia Progress (1)
Molecular pharmaceutics (1)
The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology (1)
Jatana, Kris R. (3)
Agrawal, Amit (1)
Alghothani, Lana (1)
Balasubramanian, Priya (1)
Chalmers, Jeffrey J. (1)
Foster, Jill (1)
Heaton, Jarom (1)
Hill, Robert (1)
Lambert, David (1)
Lang, James C. (1)
Latorre, Andrea (1)
Peters, Sara (1)
Prior, Simon (1)
Rashid, Robert G. (1)
Schuller, David (1)
Yang, Liying (1)
Zborowski, Maciej (1)
Year of Publication
Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient
The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the glands of Moll. The different ocular adnexal adenocarcinomas share many of the same characteristics with regard to incidence, primary location, and rates of recurrence and metastases. As a result, these tumors are difficult to distinguish clinically and true diagnosis depends on histological findings. The highest incidence of the reported cases occurred during the sixth decade of life. The head, neck, and trunk are the most frequently reported primary locations. Ocular adnexal adenocarcinomas have a significant rate of metastasis to regional lymph nodes as well as distant sites. Standard treatment of care includes surgical excision of the tumor; however, these malignancies have a tendency to recur locally. The authors present a 14-year-old Caucasian girl with no significant past medical history who presented with a recurrent right lower eyelid tumor. She previously had multiple resections at an outside hospital; however, the margins could not be cleared. The patient was taken to the operating room for Mohs-type resection of the primary site as well as a right parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation and right modified radical neck dissection. The final pathology was consistent with a mucin-producing malignant tumor of ocular adnexa. Due to the great potential for local recurrence and metastases, the prognosis for ocular adnexal adenocarcinoma remains poor even with aggressive surgical management. The use of Mohs surgery for resection has increased as it has been linked to prolonged intervals of metastatic-free disease.
Parker Flex-Tip and Standard-Tip Endotracheal Tubes: A Comparison During Nasotracheal Intubation
Rashid, Robert G.
The placement of endotracheal tubes in the airway, particularly through the nose, can cause trauma. Their design might be an important etiologic factor, but they have changed little since their introduction. Recently Parker Medical (Bridgewater, Conn ) introduced the Parker Flex-Tip (PFT) tube, suggesting that it causes less trauma. This study aimed to compare the PFT endotracheal tube to a side-beveled, standard-tip endotracheal tube (ETT) for nasotracheal intubation (Figures 1 and 2). Forty consecutive oral surgery patients requiring nasotracheal intubation were randomized to receive either a standard ETT or the PFT tube. Intubations were recorded using a fiber-optic camera positioned proximal to the Murphy eye of the tube. This allowed visualization of the path and action of the tube tip as it traversed the nasal, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and tracheal airway regions. Video recordings made during intubation and extubation were evaluated for bleeding, trauma, and intubation time. Both bleeding and trauma were recorded using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and by 3 different evaluators. The PFT received significantly better VAS values than the standard tubes from all 3 raters (P < 0.05) in both the extent of trauma and bleeding. Since the intubations were purposefully conducted slowly for photographic reasons, neither tube displayed a time advantage. This study suggests that the PFT tube design may be safer by causing less trauma and bleeding than standard tube designs for nasotracheal intubation.
Nasotracheal intubation; Parker Flex-Tip tube; Endotracheal intubation; Endotracheal tube; Fiber-optic intubation
Confocal images of circulating tumor cells obtained using a methodology and technology that removes normal cells
Lang, James C.
Chalmers, Jeffrey J.
A completely negative enrichment technology was used to detect circulating tumor cells, CTCs, in the peripheral blood of head and neck cancer patients. Of 32 blood samples, 63 percent contained CTCs and the number of CTCs identified per ml of blood collected ranged from 0 to 214. The final purity ranged from 1 CTC in 9 total cells to 1 CTC in 20,000 total cells, the final purity being both a function of the number of CTCs and the performance of the specific enrichment. Consistent with previous reports, CTC were positively identified if: 1) they contained a nucleus based on DAPI stain, 2) stained positive for cytokeratins, and 3) have a high nuclei to cytoplasmic ratio. In addition, for a blood sample to be considered positive for CTCs, the enriched sample must be positive for Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor, EGFR, as measured by RT-PCR. While most of the blood samples were obtained during surgery, a number were taken prior to, and during surgery. In all of the pre- and post- surgery paired samples, significant numbers of CTCs were detected. A number of these enriched samples were observed under confocal microscope in addition to the microscopic observations under traditional wide-field fluorescent microscope. As expected, the FITC stained cytokeratins appeared in the cytoplasm and the average size of these positively stained cells, on the cytospin, was in the range of 8-12 microns. Future studies will involve the investigation if cancer stem cell and mesenchymal markers are present on these CTCs and correlations of patient outcome to the number and type of CTC present.
Circulating tumor cells; Immunomagnetic cell separation; Immunocytochemistry; RT-PCR; Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC)
Results 1-3 (3)
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