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European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (1)
European Spine Journal (1)
Nucleic Acids Research (1)
Iida, Hirokazu (3)
Bando, Toshikazu (1)
Fujimoto, Kazuhisa (1)
Iozzo, Patricia (1)
Järvisalo, Mikko J. (1)
Kawakami, Masako (1)
Kiss, Jan (1)
Knuuti, Juhani (1)
Kudomi, Nobuyuki (1)
Lautamäki, Riikka (1)
Naum, Gratian A. (1)
Nuutila, Pirjo (1)
Oe, Kenichi (1)
Ohnari, Hiroyuki (1)
Sakaida, Noriko (1)
Sasai, Kunihiko (1)
Savunen, Timo (1)
Slimani, Lotfi (1)
Sugiyama, Hiroshi (1)
Tao, Zhi-Fu (1)
Uemura, Yoshiko (1)
Yoshida, Yugo (1)
Year of Publication
Non-invasive estimation of hepatic blood perfusion from H215O-PET images using tissue-derived arterial and portal input functions
Järvisalo, Mikko J.
Naum, Gratian A.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
The liver is perfused through the portal vein and the hepatic artery. When its perfusion is assessed using PET and 15O-labeled water (H215O), calculations require a dual blood input function (DIF), i.e., arterial and portal blood activity curves. The former can be generally obtained invasively, but blood withdrawal from the portal vein is not feasible in humans. The aim of the present study was to develop a new technique to estimate quantitative liver perfusion from H215O-PET images with a completely noninvasive approach. We studied normal pigs (n=14), in which arterial and portal blood tracer concentrations and Doppler ultrasonography flow rates were determined invasively to serve as reference measurements. Our technique consisted of using model DIF to create tissue model function, and the latter to simultaneously fit multiple liver time-activity curves from images. The parameters obtained reproduced the DIF. Simulation studies were performed to examine the magnitude of potential biases in the flow values, and to optimize the extraction of multiple tissue curves from the image. The simulation showed the error associated with assumed parameters was <10%, and the optimal number of tissue curves was between 10 and 20. The estimated DIFs were well reproduced against the measured ones. In addition, the calculated liver perfusion values were not different between the methods and showed a tight correlation (r=0.90). In conclusion, our results demonstrate DIF can be estimated directly from tissue curves obtained through H215O-PET imaging. This suggests the possibility to enable completely noninvasive technique to assess liver perfusion in patho-physiological studies.
Algorithms; Animals; Blood Flow Velocity; physiology; Hepatic Artery; physiology; Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted; methods; Liver; blood supply; physiology; Oxygen Radioisotopes; diagnostic use; Positron-Emission Tomography; methods; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity; Swine; Water; diagnostic use; Hepatic blood flow; Input function; Portal vein; Positron emission tomography; H215O
Pigmented villonodular synovitis originating from the lumbar facet joint: a case report
European Spine Journal
The authors successfully treated a rare case of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) that originated from the lumbar facet joint (L4-5). A 43-year-old man presented with a complaint of left severe sciatica causing difficulty in walking. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an extradural mass on the left side at L4 and the mass compressed the dural tube and was continuous with the left L4-5 facet joint. A computed tomography myelogram revealed an extradural defect of contrast medium at the L4 level and an erosion of the L4 lamina. A total synovectomy with unilateral osteoplastic laminectomy was performed. The histological findings were a diagnosis of PVNS. The patient’s symptoms resolved completely and the MRI at postoperative 3 years demonstrated no recurrence of PVNS. It is important to totally remove the synovium, which is the origin of PVNS in order to prevent the recurrence. We think that our procedure is reasonable and adequate for lumbar PVNS.
Pigmented villonodular synovitis; Lumbar spine; Synovectomy; Juxtafacet cyst; Laminoplasty
Sequence-specific protection of plasmid DNA from restriction endonuclease hydrolysis by pyrrole–imidazole–cyclopropapyrroloindole conjugates
Nucleic Acids Research
The pyrrole–imidazole (Py–Im) triamide–cyclopropa pyrroloindole (CPI) conjugates ImPyImLDu86 (7) and ImImPyLDu86 (14) were synthesized and their alkylating activities and inhibitory effects on DNA hydrolysis by restriction endonucleases were examined. Sequencing gel analysis demonstrated that conjugates 7 and 14 specifically alkylated DNA at 5′-CGCGCG-3′ and 5′-PyGGCCPu-3′, respectively. Agarose gel electrophoresis indicated that incubation of a supercoiled plasmid, pSPORT I (4109 bp), with conjugate 7 effectively inhibited its hydrolysis by BssHII (5′-G_CGCGC-3′), whereas conjugate 14 had no effect on this hydrolysis. These results suggest that conjugate 7 sequence-specifically inhibits the hydrolysis of DNA by BssHII. Sequence-specific alkylation by the Py–Im triamide–CPI conjugates was further confirmed by inhibition of the Eco52I (5′-C_GGCCG-3′) hydrolysis of conjugate 14-treated pQBI PGK (5387 bp). In clear contrast, hydrolysis of pQB1 PGK by DraI (3′-TTT_AAA-3′) was not inhibited by 5 µM conjugate 14. That ImImPy did not inhibit the hydrolysis of pQB1 PGK indicates that covalent bond formation is necessary for inhibition. A similar experiment, using linear pQBI PGK, achieved the same extent of protection of the DNA with approximately half the concentration of conjugate 14 as was required to protect supercoiled DNA from hydrolysis.
Results 1-3 (3)
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