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1.  Abstracts from the 3rd International Genomic Medicine Conference (3rd IGMC 2015) 
Shay, Jerry W. | Homma, Noriko | Zhou, Ruyun | Naseer, Muhammad Imran | Chaudhary, Adeel G. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Hirokawa, Nobutaka | Goudarzi, Maryam | Fornace, Albert J. | Baeesa, Saleh | Hussain, Deema | Bangash, Mohammed | Alghamdi, Fahad | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Carracedo, Angel | Khan, Ishaq | Qashqari, Hanadi | Madkhali, Nawal | Saka, Mohamad | Saini, Kulvinder S. | Jamal, Awatif | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Abuzenadah, Adel | Chaudhary, Adeel | Al Qahtani, Mohammed | Damanhouri, Ghazi | Alkhatabi, Heba | Goodeve, Anne | Crookes, Laura | Niksic, Nikolas | Beauchamp, Nicholas | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Vaught, Jim | Budowle, Bruce | Assidi, Mourad | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Assidi, Mourad | Merdad, Leena | Kumar, Sudhir | Miura, Sayaka | Gomez, Karen | Carracedo, Angel | Rasool, Mahmood | Rebai, Ahmed | Karim, Sajjad | Eldin, Hend F. Nour | Abusamra, Heba | Alhathli, Elham M. | Salem, Nada | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Kumar, Sudhir | Faheem, Hossam | Agarwa, Ashok | Nieschlag, Eberhard | Wistuba, Joachim | Damm, Oliver S. | Beg, Mohd A. | Abdel-Meguid, Taha A. | Mosli, Hisham A. | Bajouh, Osama S. | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Coskun, Serdar | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Dallol, Ashraf | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Hakamy, Sahar | Al-Qahtani, Wejdan | Al-Harbi, Asia | Hussain, Shireen | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abuzenadah, Adel | Ozkosem, Burak | DuBois, Rick | Messaoudi, Safia S. | Dandana, Maryam T. | Mahjoub, Touhami | Almawi, Wassim Y. | Abdalla, S. | Al-Aama, M. Nabil | Elzawahry, Asmaa | Takahashi, Tsuyoshi | Mimaki, Sachiyo | Furukawa, Eisaku | Nakatsuka, Rie | Kurosaka, Isao | Nishigaki, Takahiko | Nakamura, Hiromi | Serada, Satoshi | Naka, Tetsuji | Hirota, Seiichi | Shibata, Tatsuhiro | Tsuchihara, Katsuya | Nishida, Toshirou | Kato, Mamoru | Mehmood, Sajid | Ashraf, Naeem Mahmood | Asif, Awais | Bilal, Muhammad | Mehmood, Malik Siddique | Hussain, Aadil | Jamal, Qazi Mohammad Sajid | Siddiqui, Mughees Uddin | Alzohairy, Mohammad A. | Al Karaawi, Mohammad A. | Nedjadi, Taoufik | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Khattabi, Heba | Al-Ammari, Adel | Al-Sayyad, Ahmed | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Zitouni, Hédia | Raguema, Nozha | Ali, Marwa Ben | Malah, Wided | Lfalah, Raja | Almawi, Wassim | Mahjoub, Touhami | Elanbari, Mohammed | Ptitsyn, Andrey | Mahjoub, Sana | El Ghali, Rabeb | Achour, Bechir | Amor, Nidhal Ben | Assidi, Mourad | N’siri, Brahim | Morjani, Hamid | Nedjadi, Taoufik | Al-Ammari, Adel | Al-Sayyad, Ahmed | Salem, Nada | Azhar, Esam | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Chayeb, Vera | Dendena, Maryam | Zitouni, Hedia | Zouari-Limayem, Khedija | Mahjoub, Touhami | Refaat, Bassem | Ashshi, Ahmed M. | Batwa, Sarah A. | Ramadan, Hazem | Awad, Amal | Ateya, Ahmed | El-Shemi, Adel Galal Ahmed | Ashshi, Ahmad | Basalamah, Mohammed | Na, Youjin | Yun, Chae-Ok | El-Shemi, Adel Galal Ahmed | Ashshi, Ahmad | Basalamah, Mohammed | Na, Youjin | Yun, Chae-Ok | El-Shemi, Adel Galal | Refaat, Bassem | Kensara, Osama | Abdelfattah, Amr | Dheeb, Batol Imran | Al-Halbosiy, Mohammed M. F. | Al lihabi, Rghad Kadhim | Khashman, Basim Mohammed | Laiche, Djouhri | Adeel, Chaudhary | Taoufik, Nedjadi | Al-Afghani, Hani | Łastowska, Maria | Al-Balool, Haya H. | Sheth, Harsh | Mercer, Emma | Coxhead, Jonathan M. | Redfern, Chris P. F. | Peters, Heiko | Burt, Alastair D. | Santibanez-Koref, Mauro | Bacon, Chris M. | Chesler, Louis | Rust, Alistair G. | Adams, David J. | Williamson, Daniel | Clifford, Steven C. | Jackson, Michael S. | Singh, Mala | Mansuri, Mohmmad Shoab | Jadeja, Shahnawaz D. | Patel, Hima | Marfatia, Yogesh S. | Begum, Rasheedunnisa | Mohamed, Amal M. | Kamel, Alaa K. | Helmy, Nivin A. | Hammad, Sayda A. | Kayed, Hesham F. | Shehab, Marwa I. | El Gerzawy, Assad | Ead, Maha M. | Ead, Ola M. | Mekkawy, Mona | Mazen, Innas | El-Ruby, Mona | Shahid, S. M. A. | Jamal, Qazi Mohammad Sajid | Arif, J. M. | Lohani, Mohtashim | Imen, Moumni | Leila, Chaouch | Houyem, Ouragini | Kais, Douzi | Fethi, Chaouachi Dorra Mellouli | Mohamed, Bejaoui | Salem, Abbes | Faggad, Areeg | Gebreslasie, Amanuel T. | Zaki, Hani Y. | Abdalla, Badreldin E. | AlShammari, Maha S. | Al-Ali, Rhaya | Al-Balawi, Nader | Al-Enazi, Mansour | Al-Muraikhi, Ali | Busaleh, Fadi | Al-Sahwan, Ali | Borgio, Francis | Sayyed, Abdulazeez | Al-Ali, Amein | Acharya, Sadananda | Zaki, Maha S. | El-Bassyouni, Hala T. | Shehab, Marwa I. | Elshal, Mohammed F. | M., Kaleemuddin | Aldahlawi, Alia M. | Saadah, Omar | McCoy, J. Philip | El-Tarras, Adel E. | Awad, Nabil S. | Alharthi, Abdulla A. | Ibrahim, Mohamed M. M. | Alsehli, Haneen S. | Dallol, Ashraf | Gari, Abdullah M. | Abbas, Mohammed M. | Kadam, Roaa A. | Gari, Mazen M. | Alkaff, Mohmmed H. | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Gari, Mamdooh A. | Abusamra, Heba | Karim, Sajjad | eldin, Hend F. Nour | Alhathli, Elham M. | Salem, Nada | Kumar, Sudhir | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Moradi, Fatima A. | Rashidi, Omran M. | Awan, Zuhier A. | Kaya, Ibrahim Hamza | Al-Harazi, Olfat | Colak, Dilek | Alkousi, Nabila A. | Athanasopoulos, Takis | Bahmaid, Afnan O. | Alhwait, Etimad A. | Gari, Mamdooh A. | Alsehli, Haneen S. | Abbas, Mohammed M. | Alkaf, Mohammed H. | Kadam, Roaa | Dallol, Ashraf | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Eldin, Hend F. Nour | Karim, Sajjad | Abusamra, Heba | Alhathli, Elham | Salem, Nada | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Kumar, Sudhir | Alsayed, Salma N. | Aljohani, Fawziah H. | Habeeb, Samaher M. | Almashali, Rawan A. | Basit, Sulman | Ahmed, Samia M. | Sharma, Rakesh | Agarwal, Ashok | Durairajanayagam, Damayanthi | Samanta, Luna | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Sabanegh, Edmund S. | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Agarwal, Ashok | Sharma, Rakesh | Samanta, Luna | Durairajanayagam, Damayanthi | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Sabanegh, Edmund S. | Samanta, Luna | Agarwal, Ashok | Sharma, Rakesh | Cui, Zhihong | Assidi, Mourad | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Alboogmi, Alaa A. | Alansari, Nuha A. | Al-Quaiti, Maha M. | Ashgan, Fai T. | Bandah, Afnan | Jamal, Hasan S. | Rozi, Abdullraheem | Mirza, Zeenat | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Karim, Sajjad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Karim, Sajjad | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al Sayyad, Ahmad J. | Farsi, Hasan M. A. | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah A. | Mirza, Zeenat | Alotibi, Reem | Al-Ahmadi, Alaa | Alansari, Nuha A. | Albogmi, Alaa A. | Al-Quaiti, Maha M. | Ashgan, Fai T. | Bandah, Afnan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Ebiya, Rasha A. | Darwish, Samia M. | Montaser, Metwally M. | Abusamra, Heba | Bajic, Vladimir B. | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Gomaa, Wafaey | Hanbazazh, Mehenaz | Al-Ahwal, Mahmoud | Al-Harbi, Asia | Al-Qahtani, Wejdan | Hakamy, Saher | Baba, Ghali | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Al-Harbi, Abdullah | Al-Ahwal, Mahmoud | Al-Harbi, Asia | Al-Qahtani, Wejdan | Hakamy, Sahar | Baba, Ghalia | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Alhathli, Elham M. | Karim, Sajjad | Salem, Nada | Eldin, Hend Nour | Abusamra, Heba | Kumar, Sudhir | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Alyamani, Aisha A. | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Alhwait, Etimad A. | Gari, Mamdooh A. | Abbas, Mohammed M. | Alkaf, Mohammed H. | Alsehli, Haneen S. | Kadam, Roaa A. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Gadi, Rawan | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Assidi, Mourad | Chaudhary, Adeel | Merdad, Leena | Alfakeeh, Saadiah M. | Alhwait, Etimad A. | Gari, Mamdooh A. | Abbas, Mohammed M. | Alkaf, Mohammed H. | Alsehli, Haneen S. | Kadam, Roaa | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Ghazala, Rubi | Mathew, Shilu | Hamed, M. Haroon | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Qadri, Ishtiaq | Mathew, Shilu | Mira, Lobna | Shaabad, Manal | Hussain, Shireen | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Mathew, Shilu | Shaabad, Manal | Mira, Lobna | Hussain, Shireen | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Rebai, Ahmed | Assidi, Mourad | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Dallol, Ashraf | Shay, Jerry W. | Almutairi, Mikhlid H. | Ambers, Angie | Churchill, Jennifer | King, Jonathan | Stoljarova, Monika | Gill-King, Harrell | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qatani, Muhammad | Budowle, Bruce | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Ahmed, Farid | Dallol, Ashraf | Assidi, Mourad | Almagd, Taha Abo | Hakamy, Sahar | Agarwal, Ashok | Al-Qahtani, Muhammad | Abuzenadah, Adel | Karim, Sajjad | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al Sayyad, Ahmad J. | Farsi, Hasan M. A. | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah A. | Buhmaida, Abdelbaset | Mirza, Zeenat | Alotibi, Reem | Al-Ahmadi, Alaa | Alansari, Nuha A. | Albogmi, Alaa A. | Al-Quaiti, Maha M. | Ashgan, Fai T. | Bandah, Afnan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Satar, Rukhsana | Rasool, Mahmood | Ahmad, Waseem | Nazam, Nazia | Lone, Mohamad I. | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Zaidi, Syed K. | Pushparaj, Peter N. | Jafri, Mohammad A. | Ansari, Shakeel A. | Alqahtani, Mohammed H. | Bashier, Hanan | Al Qahtani, Abrar | Mathew, Shilu | Nour, Amal M. | Alkhatabi, Heba | Zenadah, Adel M. Abu | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Assidi, Mourad | Al Qahtani, Muhammed | Faheem, Muhammad | Mathew, Shilu | Mathew, Shiny | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Alhadrami, Hani A. | Dallol, Ashraf | Abuzenadah, Adel | Hussein, Ibtessam R. | Chaudhary, Adeel G. | Bader, Rima S. | Bassiouni, Randa | Alquaiti, Maha | Ashgan, Fai | Schulten, Hans | Alama, Mohamed Nabil | Al Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Lone, Mohammad I. | Nizam, Nazia | Ahmad, Waseem | Jafri, Mohammad A. | Rasool, Mahmood | Ansari, Shakeel A. | Al-Qahtani, Muhammed H. | Alshihri, Eradah | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Alharbi, Lina | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Mathew, Shilu | Natesan, Peter Pushparaj | Al Qahtani, Muhammed | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Khan, Fazal | Kadam, Roaa | Ahmed, Farid | Assidi, Mourad | Sait, Khalid Hussain Wali | Anfinan, Nisreen | Al Qahtani, Mohammed | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Chaudhary, Adeel G. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Mathew, Shilu | Mira, Lobna S. | Pushparaj, Peter N. | Ansari, Shakeel A. | Rasool, Mahmood | AlQahtani, Mohammed H. | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Chaudhary, Adeel G. | Mathew, Shilu | Mira, Lobna S. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Sogaty, Sameera | Bassiouni, Randa I. | Rasool, Mahmood | AlQahtani, Mohammed H. | Rasool, Mahmood | Ansari, Shakeel A. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Pushparaj, Peter N. | Sibiani, Abdulrahman M. S. | Ahmad, Waseem | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Jafri, Mohammad A. | Warsi, Mohiuddin K. | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Rubi | Kumar, Kundan | Naqvi, Ahmad A. T. | Ahmad, Faizan | Hassan, Md I. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Rasool, Mahmood | AlQahtani, Mohammed H. | Ali, Ashraf | Jarullah, Jummanah | Rasool, Mahmood | Buhmeida, Abdelbasit | Khan, Shahida | Abdussami, Ghufrana | Mahfooz, Maryam | Kamal, Mohammad A. | Damanhouri, Ghazi A. | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Jarullah, Bushra | Jarullah, Jummanah | Jarullah, Mohammad S. S. | Ali, Ashraf | Rasool, Mahmood | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Bajouh, Osama | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abuzenadah, Adel | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Jarullah, Jummanah | Mathkoor, Abdulah E. A. | Alsalmi, Hashim M. A. | Oun, Anas M. M. | Damanhauri, Ghazi A. | Rasool, Mahmood | AlQahtani, Mohammed H. | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Rasool, Mahmood | Sogaty, Sameera | Chudhary, Adeel G. | Abutalib, Yousif A. | Merico, Daniele | Walker, Susan | Marshall, Christian R. | Zarrei, Mehdi | Scherer, Stephen W. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Naseer, Muhammad I. | Faheem, Muhammad | Chaudhary, Adeel G. | Rasool, Mahmood | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Ashgan, Fai Talal | Assidi, Mourad | Ahmed, Farid | Zaidi, Syed Kashif | Jan, Mohammed M. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Al-Zahrani, Maryam | Lary, Sahira | Hakamy, Sahar | Dallol, Ashraf | Al-Ahwal, Mahmoud | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Dermitzakis, Emmanuel | Abuzenadah, Adel | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Al-refai, Abeer A. | Saleh, Mona | Yassien, Rehab I. | Kamel, Mahmmoud | Habeb, Rabab M. | Filimban, Najlaa | Dallol, Ashraf | Ghannam, Nadia | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abuzenadah, Adel Mohammed | Bibi, Fehmida | Akhtar, Sana | Azhar, Esam I. | Yasir, Muhammad | Nasser, Muhammad I. | Jiman-Fatani, Asif A. | Sawan, Ali | Lahzah, Ruaa A. | Ali, Asho | Hassan, Syed A. | Hasnain, Seyed E. | Tayubi, Iftikhar A. | Abujabal, Hamza A. | Magrabi, Alaa O. | Khan, Fazal | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Abuzenada, Adel | Kumosani, Taha Abduallah | Barbour, Elie | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Shabaad, Manal | Mathew, Shilu | Dallol, Ashraf | Merdad, Adnan | Buhmeida, Abdelbaset | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Assidi, Mourad | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Gauthaman, Kalamegam | Gari, Mamdooh | Chaudhary, Adeel | Abuzenadah, Adel | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Hassan, Syed A. | Tayubi, Iftikhar A. | Aljahdali, Hani M. A. | Al Nono, Reham | Gari, Mamdooh | Alsehli, Haneen | Ahmed, Farid | Abbas, Mohammed | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Mathew, Shilu | Khan, Fazal | Rasool, Mahmood | Jamal, Mohammed Sarwar | Naseer, Muhammad Imran | Mirza, Zeenat | Karim, Sajjad | Ansari, Shakeel | Assidi, Mourad | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Gari, Mamdooh | Chaudhary, Adeel | Abuzenadah, Adel | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Kadam, Roaa | Alghamdi, Mansour A. | Shamy, Magdy | Costa, Max | Khoder, Mamdouh I. | Assidi, Mourad | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Gari, Mamdooh | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Kharrat, Najla | Belmabrouk, Sabrine | Abdelhedi, Rania | Benmarzoug, Riadh | Assidi, Mourad | Al Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Rebai, Ahmed | Dhamanhouri, Ghazi | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Noorwali, Abdelwahab | Alwasiyah, Mohammad Khalid | Bahamaid, Afnan | Alfakeeh, Saadiah | Alyamani, Aisha | Alsehli, Haneen | Abbas, Mohammed | Gari, Mamdooh | Mobasheri, Ali | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Faheem, Muhammad | Mathew, Shilu | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Mathew, Shilu | Faheem, Muhammad | Mathew, Shiny | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad H. | Jamal, Mohammad Sarwar | Zaidi, Syed Kashif | Khan, Raziuddin | Bhatia, Kanchan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Ahmad, Saif | AslamTayubi, Iftikhar | Tripathi, Manish | Hassan, Syed Asif | Shrivastava, Rahul | Tayubi, Iftikhar A. | Hassan, Syed | Abujabal, Hamza A. S. | Shah, Ishani | Jarullah, Bushra | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Jarullah, Jummanah | Sheikh, Ishfaq A. | Ahmad, Ejaz | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Rehan, Mohd | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Tayubi, Iftikhar A. | AlBasri, Samera F. | Bajouh, Osama S. | Turki, Rola F. | Abuzenadah, Adel M. | Damanhouri, Ghazi A. | Beg, Mohd A. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Hammoudah, Sahar A. F. | AlHarbi, Khalid M. | El-Attar, Lama M. | Darwish, Ahmed M. Z. | Ibrahim, Sara M. | Dallol, Ashraf | Choudhry, Hani | Abuzenadah, Adel | Awlia, Jalaludden | Chaudhary, Adeel | Ahmed, Farid | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Jafri, Mohammad A. | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | khan, Imran | Yasir, Muhammad | Azhar, Esam I. | Al-basri, Sameera | Barbour, Elie | Kumosani, Taha | Khan, Fazal | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Abuzenada, Adel | Kumosani, Taha Abduallah | Barbour, Elie | EL Sayed, Heba M. | Hafez, Eman A. | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Elaimi, Aisha Hassan | Hussein, Ibtessam R. | Bassiouni, Randa Ibrahim | Alwasiyah, Mohammad Khalid | Wintle, Richard F. | Chaudhary, Adeel | Scherer, Stephen W. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Mirza, Zeenat | Pillai, Vikram Gopalakrishna | Karim, Sajjad | Sharma, Sujata | Kaur, Punit | Srinivasan, Alagiri | Singh, Tej P. | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Alotibi, Reem | Al-Ahmadi, Alaa | Al-Adwani, Fatima | Hussein, Deema | Karim, Sajjad | Al-Sharif, Mona | Jamal, Awatif | Al-Ghamdi, Fahad | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Baeesa, Saleh S. | Bangash, Mohammed | Chaudhary, Adeel | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Faheem, Muhammad | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Mathew, Shilu | Kumosani, Taha Abdullah | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Al-Allaf, Faisal A. | Abduljaleel, Zainularifeen | Alashwal, Abdullah | Taher, Mohiuddin M. | Bouazzaoui, Abdellatif | Abalkhail, Halah | Ba-Hammam, Faisal A. | Athar, Mohammad | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Ahmed, Farid | Sait, Khalid HussainWali | Anfinan, Nisreen | Gari, Mamdooh | Chaudhary, Adeel | Abuzenadah, Adel | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Mami, Naira Ben | Haffani, Yosr Z. | Medhioub, Mouna | Hamzaoui, Lamine | Cherif, Ameur | Azouz, Msadok | Kalamegam, Gauthaman | Khan, Fazal | Mathew, Shilu | Nasser, Mohammed Imran | Rasool, Mahmood | Ahmed, Farid | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Turkistany, Shereen A. | Al-harbi, Lina M. | Dallol, Ashraf | Sabir, Jamal | Chaudhary, Adeel | Abuzenadah, Adel | Al-Madoudi, Basmah | Al-Aslani, Bayan | Al-Harbi, Khulud | Al-Jahdali, Rwan | Qudaih, Hanadi | Al Hamzy, Emad | Assidi, Mourad | Al Qahtani, Mohammed | Ilyas, Asad M. | Ahmed, Youssri | Gari, Mamdooh | Ahmed, Farid | Alqahtani, Mohammed | Salem, Nada | Karim, Sajjad | Alhathli, Elham M. | Abusamra, Heba | Eldin, Hend F. Nour | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | Kumar, Sudhir | Al-Adwani, Fatima | Hussein, Deema | Al-Sharif, Mona | Jamal, Awatif | Al-Ghamdi, Fahad | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Baeesa, Saleh S. | Bangash, Mohammed | Chaudhary, Adeel | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Alamandi, Alaa | Alotibi, Reem | Hussein, Deema | Karim, Sajjad | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Al-Ghamdi, Fahad | Jamal, Awatif | Baeesa, Saleh S. | Bangash, Mohammed | Chaudhary, Adeel | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Subhi, Ohoud | Bagatian, Nadia | Karim, Sajjad | Al-Johari, Adel | Al-Hamour, Osman Abdel | Al-Aradati, Hosam | Al-Mutawa, Abdulmonem | Al-Mashat, Faisal | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad | Bagatian, Nadia | Subhi, Ohoud | Karim, Sajjad | Al-Johari, Adel | Al-Hamour, Osman Abdel | Al-Mutawa, Abdulmonem | Al-Aradati, Hosam | Al-Mashat, Faisal | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad | Schulten, Hans-Juergen | Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah | shah, Muhammad W. | Yasir, Muhammad | Azhar, Esam I | Al-Masoodi, Saad | Haffani, Yosr Z. | Azouz, Msadok | Khamla, Emna | Jlassi, Chaima | Masmoudi, Ahmed S. | Cherif, Ameur | Belbahri, Lassaad | Al-Khayyat, Shadi | Attas, Roba | Abu-Sanad, Atlal | Abuzinadah, Mohammed | Merdad, Adnan | Dallol, Ashraf | Chaudhary, Adeel | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Abuzenadah, Adel | Bouazzi, Habib | Trujillo, Carlos | Alwasiyah, Mohammad Khalid | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Alotaibi, Maha | Nassir, Rami | Sheikh, Ishfaq A. | Kamal, Mohammad A. | Jiffri, Essam H. | Ashraf, Ghulam M. | Beg, Mohd A. | Aziz, Mohammad A. | Ali, Rizwan | Rasool, Mahmood | Jamal, Mohammad S. | Samman, Nusaibah | Abdussami, Ghufrana | Periyasamy, Sathish | Warsi, Mohiuddin K. | Aldress, Mohammed | Al Otaibi, Majed | Al Yousef, Zeyad | Boudjelal, Mohamed | Buhmeida, Abdelbasit | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed H. | AlAbdulkarim, Ibrahim | Ghazala, Rubi | Mathew, Shilu | Hamed, M. Haroon | Assidi, Mourad | Al-Qahtani, Mohammed | Qadri, Ishtiaq | Sheikh, Ishfaq A. | Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad | Turki, Rola F. | Damanhouri, Ghazi A. | Beg, Mohd A. | Suhail, Mohd | Qureshi, Abid | Jamal, Adil | Pushparaj, Peter Natesan | Al-Qahtani, Mohammad | Qadri, Ishtiaq | El-Readi, Mahmoud Z. | Eid, Safaa Y. | Wink, Michael | Isa, Ahmed M. | Alnuaim, Lulu | Almutawa, Johara | Abu-Rafae, Basim | Alasiri, Saleh | Binsaleh, Saleh | Nazam, Nazia
BMC Genomics  2016;17(Suppl 6):487.
Table of contents
O1 Regulation of genes by telomere length over long distances
Jerry W. Shay
O2 The microtubule destabilizer KIF2A regulates the postnatal establishment of neuronal circuits in addition to prenatal cell survival, cell migration, and axon elongation, and its loss leading to malformation of cortical development and severe epilepsy
Noriko Homma, Ruyun Zhou, Muhammad Imran Naseer, Adeel G. Chaudhary, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Nobutaka Hirokawa
O3 Integration of metagenomics and metabolomics in gut microbiome research
Maryam Goudarzi, Albert J. Fornace Jr.
O4 A unique integrated system to discern pathogenesis of central nervous system tumors
Saleh Baeesa, Deema Hussain, Mohammed Bangash, Fahad Alghamdi, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Angel Carracedo, Ishaq Khan, Hanadi Qashqari, Nawal Madkhali, Mohamad Saka, Kulvinder S. Saini, Awatif Jamal, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Adel Abuzenadah, Adeel Chaudhary, Mohammed Al Qahtani, Ghazi Damanhouri
O5 RPL27A is a target of miR-595 and deficiency contributes to ribosomal dysgenesis
Heba Alkhatabi
O6 Next generation DNA sequencing panels for haemostatic and platelet disorders and for Fanconi anaemia in routine diagnostic service
Anne Goodeve, Laura Crookes, Nikolas Niksic, Nicholas Beauchamp
O7 Targeted sequencing panels and their utilization in personalized medicine
Adel M. Abuzenadah
O8 International biobanking in the era of precision medicine
Jim Vaught
O9 Biobank and biodata for clinical and forensic applications
Bruce Budowle, Mourad Assidi, Abdelbaset Buhmeida
O10 Tissue microarray technique: a powerful adjunct tool for molecular profiling of solid tumors
Jaudah Al-Maghrabi
O11 The CEGMR biobanking unit: achievements, challenges and future plans
Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mourad Assidi, Leena Merdad
O12 Phylomedicine of tumors
Sudhir Kumar, Sayaka Miura, Karen Gomez
O13 Clinical implementation of pharmacogenomics for colorectal cancer treatment
Angel Carracedo, Mahmood Rasool
O14 From association to causality: translation of GWAS findings for genomic medicine
Ahmed Rebai
O15 E-GRASP: an interactive database and web application for efficient analysis of disease-associated genetic information
Sajjad Karim, Hend F Nour Eldin, Heba Abusamra, Elham M Alhathli, Nada Salem, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Sudhir Kumar
O16 The supercomputer facility “AZIZ” at KAU: utility and future prospects
Hossam Faheem
O17 New research into the causes of male infertility
Ashok Agarwa
O18 The Klinefelter syndrome: recent progress in pathophysiology and management
Eberhard Nieschlag, Joachim Wistuba, Oliver S. Damm, Mohd A. Beg, Taha A. Abdel-Meguid, Hisham A. Mosli, Osama S. Bajouh, Adel M. Abuzenadah, Mohammed H. Al-Qahtani
O19 A new look to reproductive medicine in the era of genomics
Serdar Coskun
P1 Wnt signalling receptors expression in Saudi breast cancer patients
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Ashraf Dallol, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Sahar Hakamy, Wejdan Al-Qahtani, Asia Al-Harbi, Shireen Hussain, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Adel Abuzenadah
P2 Analysis of oxidative stress interactome during spermatogenesis: a systems biology approach to reproduction
Burak Ozkosem, Rick DuBois
P3 Interleukin-18 gene variants are strongly associated with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss.
Safia S Messaoudi, Maryam T Dandana, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
P4 Effect of environmental factors on gene-gene and gene-environment reactions: model and theoretical study applied to environmental interventions using genotype
S. Abdalla, M. Nabil Al-Aama
P5 Genomics and transcriptomic analysis of imatinib resistance in gastrointestinal stromal tumor
Asmaa Elzawahry, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Sachiyo Mimaki, Eisaku Furukawa, Rie Nakatsuka, Isao Kurosaka, Takahiko Nishigaki, Hiromi Nakamura, Satoshi Serada, Tetsuji Naka, Seiichi Hirota, Tatsuhiro Shibata, Katsuya Tsuchihara, Toshirou Nishida, Mamoru Kato
P6 In-Silico analysis of putative HCV epitopes against Pakistani human leukocyte antigen background: an approach towards development of future vaccines for Pakistani population
Sajid Mehmood, Naeem Mahmood Ashraf, Awais Asif, Muhammad Bilal, Malik Siddique Mehmood, Aadil Hussain
P7 Inhibition of AChE and BuChE with the natural compounds of Bacopa monerri for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease: a bioinformatics approach
Qazi Mohammad Sajid Jamal, Mughees Uddin Siddiqui, Mohammad A. Alzohairy, Mohammad A. Al Karaawi
P8 Her2 expression in urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder in Saudi Arabia
Taoufik Nedjadi, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Mourad Assidi, Heba Al-Khattabi, Adel Al-Ammari, Ahmed Al-Sayyad, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P9 Association of angiotensinogen single nucleotide polymorphisms with Preeclampsia in patients from North Africa
Hédia Zitouni, Nozha Raguema, Marwa Ben Ali, Wided Malah, Raja Lfalah, Wassim Almawi, Touhami Mahjoub
P10 Systems biology analysis reveals relations between normal skin, benign nevi and malignant melanoma
Mohammed Elanbari, Andrey Ptitsyn
P11 The apoptotic effect of thymoquinone in Jurkat cells
Sana Mahjoub, Rabeb El Ghali, Bechir Achour, Nidhal Ben Amor, Mourad Assidi, Brahim N'siri, Hamid Morjani
P12 Sonic hedgehog contributes in bladder cancer invasion in Saudi Arabia
Taoufik Nedjadi, Adel Al-Ammari, Ahmed Al-Sayyad, Nada Salem, Esam Azhar, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi
P13 Association of Interleukin 18 gene promoter polymorphisms - 607A/C and -137 G/C with colorectal cancer onset in a sample of Tunisian population
Vera Chayeb, Maryam Dendena, Hedia Zitouni, Khedija Zouari-Limayem, Touhami Mahjoub
P14 Pathological expression of interleukin-6, -11, leukemia inhibitory factor and their receptors in tubal gestation with and without tubal cytomegalovirus infection
Bassem Refaat, Ahmed M Ashshi, Sarah A Batwa
P15 Phenotypic and genetic profiling of avian pathogenic and human diarrhegenic Escherichia coli in Egypt
Hazem Ramadan, Amal Awad, Ahmed Ateya
P16 Cancer-targeting dual gene virotherapy as a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma
Adel Galal Ahmed El-Shemi, Ahmad Ashshi, Mohammed Basalamah, Youjin Na, Chae-Ok YUN
P17 Cancer dual gene therapy with oncolytic adenoviruses expressing TRAIL and IL-12 transgenes markedly eradicated human hepatocellular carcinoma both in vitro and in vivo
Adel Galal Ahmed El-Shemi, Ahmad Ashshi, Mohammed Basalamah, Youjin Na, Chae-Ok Yun
P18 Therapy with paricalcitol attenuates tumor growth and augments tumoricidal and anti-oncogenic effects of 5-fluorouracil on animal model of colon cancer
Adel Galal El-Shemi, Bassem Refaat, Osama Kensara, Amr Abdelfattah
P19 The effects of Rubus idaeus extract on normal human lymphocytes and cancer cell line
Batol Imran Dheeb, Mohammed M. F. Al-Halbosiy, Rghad Kadhim Al lihabi, Basim Mohammed Khashman
P20 Etanercept, a TNF-alpha inhibitor, alleviates mechanical hypersensitivity and spontaneous pain in a rat model of chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain
Djouhri, Laiche, Chaudhary Adeel, Nedjadi, Taoufik
P21 Sleeping beauty mutagenesis system identified genes and neuronal transcription factor network involved in pediatric solid tumour (medulloblastoma)
Hani Al-Afghani, Maria Łastowska, Haya H Al-Balool, Harsh Sheth, Emma Mercer, Jonathan M Coxhead, Chris PF Redfern, Heiko Peters, Alastair D Burt, Mauro Santibanez-Koref, Chris M Bacon, Louis Chesler, Alistair G Rust, David J Adams, Daniel Williamson, Steven C Clifford, Michael S Jackson
P22 Involvement of interleukin-1 in vitiligo pathogenesis
Mala Singh, Mohmmad Shoab Mansuri, Shahnawaz D. Jadeja, Hima Patel, Yogesh S. Marfatia, Rasheedunnisa Begum
P23 Cytogenetics abnormalities in 12,884 referred population for chromosomal analysis and the role of FISH in refining the diagnosis (cytogenetic experience 2004-2013)
Amal M Mohamed, Alaa K Kamel, Nivin A Helmy, Sayda A Hammad, Hesham F Kayed, Marwa I Shehab, Assad El Gerzawy, Maha M. Ead, Ola M Ead, Mona Mekkawy, Innas Mazen, Mona El-Ruby
P24 Analysis of binding properties of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 through in silico method
S. M. A. Shahid, Qazi Mohammad Sajid Jamal, J. M. Arif, Mohtashim Lohani
P25 Relationship of genetics markers cis and trans to the β-S globin gene with fetal hemoglobin expression in Tunisian sickle cell patients
Moumni Imen, Chaouch Leila, Ouragini Houyem, Douzi Kais, Chaouachi Dorra Mellouli Fethi, Bejaoui Mohamed, Abbes Salem
P26 Analysis of estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms in breast cancer: link to genetic predisposition in Sudanese women
Areeg Faggad, Amanuel T Gebreslasie, Hani Y Zaki, Badreldin E Abdalla
P27 KCNQI gene polymorphism and its association with CVD and T2DM in the Saudi population
Maha S AlShammari, Rhaya Al-Ali, Nader Al-Balawi , Mansour Al-Enazi, Ali Al-Muraikhi, Fadi Busaleh, Ali Al-Sahwan, Francis Borgio, Abdulazeez Sayyed, Amein Al-Ali, Sadananda Acharya
P28 Clinical, neuroimaging and cytogenetic study of a patient with microcephaly capillary malformation syndrome
Maha S. Zaki, Hala T. El-Bassyouni, Marwa I. Shehab
P29 Altered expression of CD200R1 on dendritic cells of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases: in silico investigations and clinical evaluations
Mohammed F. Elshal, Kaleemuddin M., Alia M. Aldahlawi, Omar Saadah,
J. Philip McCoy
P30 Development of real time PCR diagnostic protocol specific for the Saudi Arabian H1N1 viral strains
Adel E El-Tarras, Nabil S Awad, Abdulla A Alharthi, Mohamed M M Ibrahim
P31 Identification of novel genetic variations affecting Osteoarthritis patients
Haneen S Alsehli, Ashraf Dallol, Abdullah M Gari, Mohammed M Abbas, Roaa A Kadam, Mazen M. Gari, Mohmmed H Alkaff, Adel M Abuzenadah, Mamdooh A Gari
P32 An integrated database of GWAS SNVs and their evolutionary properties
Heba Abusamra, Sajjad Karim, Hend F Nour eldin, Elham M Alhathli, Nada Salem, Sudhir Kumar, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P33 Familial hypercholesterolemia in Saudi Arabia: prime time for a national registry and genetic analysis
Fatima A. Moradi, Omran M. Rashidi, Zuhier A. Awan
P34 Comparative genomics and network-based analyses of early hepatocellular carcinoma
Ibrahim Hamza Kaya, Olfat Al-Harazi, Dilek Colak
P35 A TALEN-based oncolytic viral vector approach to knock out ABCB1 gene mediated chemoresistance in cancer stem cells
Nabila A Alkousi, Takis Athanasopoulos
P36 Cartilage differentiation and gene expression of synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells derived from osteoarthritis patients
Afnan O Bahmaid, Etimad A Alhwait, Mamdooh A Gari, Haneen S Alsehli, Mohammed M Abbas, Mohammed H Alkaf, Roaa Kadam, Ashraf Dallol, Gauthaman Kalamegam
P37 E-GRASP: Adding an evolutionary component to the genome-wide repository of associations (GRASP) resource
Hend F Nour Eldin, Sajjad Karim, Heba Abusamra, Elham Alhathli, Nada Salem, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Sudhir Kumar
P38 Screening of AGL gene mutation in Saudi family with glycogen storage disease Type III
Salma N Alsayed, Fawziah H Aljohani, Samaher M Habeeb, Rawan A Almashali, Sulman Basit, Samia M Ahmed
P39 High throughput proteomic data suggest modulation of cAMP dependent protein kinase A and mitochondrial function in infertile patients with varicocele
Rakesh Sharma, Ashok Agarwal, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Luna Samanta, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Adel M. Abuzenadah, Edmund S. Sabanegh, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P40 Significant protein profile alterations in men with primary and secondary infertility
Ashok Agarwal, Rakesh Sharma, Luna Samanta, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Adel M. Abuzenadah, Edmund S. Sabanegh
P41 Spermatozoa maturation in infertile patients involves compromised expression of heat shock proteins
Luna Samanta, Ashok Agarwal, Rakesh Sharma, Zhihong Cui, Mourad Assidi, Adel M. Abuzenadah, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P42 Array comparative genomic hybridization approach to search genomic answers for spontaneous recurrent abortion in Saudi Arabia
Alaa A Alboogmi, Nuha A Alansari, Maha M Al-Quaiti, Fai T Ashgan, Afnan Bandah, Hasan S Jamal, Abdullraheem Rozi, Zeenat Mirza, Adel M Abuzenadah, Sajjad Karim, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P43 Global gene expression profiling of Saudi kidney cancer patients
Sajjad Karim, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Ahmad J Al Sayyad, Hasan MA Farsi, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Zeenat Mirza, Reem Alotibi, Alaa Al-Ahmadi, Nuha A Alansari, Alaa A Albogmi, Maha M Al-Quaiti, Fai T Ashgan, Afnan Bandah, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P44 Downregulated StAR gene and male reproductive dysfunction caused by nifedipine and ethosuximide
Rasha A Ebiya, Samia M Darwish, Metwally M. Montaser
P45 Clustering based gene expression feature selection method: A computational approach to enrich the classifier efficiency of differentially expressed genes
Heba Abusamra, Vladimir B. Bajic
P46 Prognostic significance of Osteopontin expression profile in colorectal carcinoma
Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Wafaey Gomaa, Mehenaz Hanbazazh, Mahmoud Al-Ahwal, Asia Al-Harbi, Wejdan Al-Qahtani, Saher Hakamy, Ghali Baba, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P47 High Glypican-3 expression pattern predicts longer disease-specific survival in colorectal carcinoma
Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Mahmoud Al-Ahwal, Asia Al-Harbi, Wejdan Al-Qahtani, Sahar Hakamy, Ghalia Baba, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P48 An evolutionary re-assessment of GWAS single nucleotide variants implicated in the Cholesterol traits
Elham M Alhathli, Sajjad Karim, Nada Salem, Hend Nour Eldin, Heba Abusamra, Sudhir Kumar, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P49 Derivation and characterization of human Wharton’s jelly stem cells (hWJSCs) in vitro for future therapeutic applications
Aisha A Alyamani, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Etimad A Alhwait, Mamdooh A Gari, Mohammed M Abbas, Mohammed H Alkaf, Haneen S Alsehli, Roaa A Kadam, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P50 Attitudes of healthcare students toward biomedical research in the post-genomic era
Rawan Gadi, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mourad Assidi , Adeel Chaudhary, Leena Merdad
P51 Evaluation of the immunomodulatory effects of thymoquinone on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) from osteoarthritic patients
Saadiah M Alfakeeh, Etimad A Alhwait, Mamdooh A Gari, Mohammed M Abbas, Mohammed H Alkaf, Haneen S Alsehli, Roaa Kadam, Gauthaman Kalamegam
P52 Implication of IL-10 and IL-28 polymorphism with successful anti-HCV therapy and viral clearance
Rubi Ghazala, Shilu Mathew, M.Haroon Hamed, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Ishtiaq Qadri
P53 Selection of flavonoids against obesity protein (FTO) using in silico and in vitro approaches
Shilu Mathew, Lobna Mira, Manal Shaabad, Shireen Hussain, Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P54 Computational selection and in vitro validation of flavonoids as new antidepressant agents
Shilu Mathew, Manal Shaabad, Lobna Mira, Shireen Hussain, Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P55 In Silico prediction and prioritization of aging candidate genes associated with
progressive telomere shortening
Ahmed Rebai, Mourad Assidi, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Ashraf Dallol, Jerry W Shay
P56 Identification of new cancer testis antigen genes in diverse types of malignant human tumour cells
Mikhlid H Almutairi
P57 More comprehensive forensic genetic marker analyses for accurate human remains identification using massively parallel sequencing (MPS)
Angie Ambers, Jennifer Churchill, Jonathan King, Monika Stoljarova, Harrell Gill-King, Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Muhammad Al-Qatani, Bruce Budowle
P58 Flow cytometry approach towards treatment men infertility in Saudi Arabia
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Farid Ahmed, Ashraf Dallol, Mourad Assidi, Taha Abo Almagd, Sahar Hakamy, Ashok Agarwal, Muhammad Al-Qahtani, Adel Abuzenadah
P59 Tissue microarray based validation of CyclinD1 expression in renal cell carcinoma of Saudi kidney patients
Sajjad Karim, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Ahmad J Al Sayyad, Hasan MA Farsi, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Abdelbaset Buhmaida, Zeenat Mirza, Reem Alotibi, Alaa Al-Ahmadi, Nuha A Alansari, Alaa A Albogmi, Maha M Al-Quaiti, Fai T Ashgan, Afnan Bandah, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P60 Assessment of gold nanoparticles in molecular diagnostics and DNA damage studies
Rukhsana Satar, Mahmood Rasool, Waseem Ahmad, Nazia Nazam, Mohamad I Lone, Muhammad I Naseer, Mohammad S Jamal, Syed K Zaidi, Peter N Pushparaj, Mohammad A Jafri, Shakeel A Ansari, Mohammed H Alqahtani
P61 Surfing the biospecimen management and processing workflow at CEGMR Biobank
Hanan Bashier, Abrar Al Qahtani, Shilu Mathew, Amal M. Nour, Heba Alkhatabi, Adel M. Abu Zenadah, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mourad Assidi, Muhammed Al Qahtani
P62 Autism Spectrum Disorder: knowledge, attitude and awareness in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Muhammad Faheem, Shilu Mathew, Shiny Mathew, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammad H. Al-Qahtani
P63 Simultaneous genetic screening of the coagulation pathway genes using the Thromboscan targeted sequencing panel
Hani A. Alhadrami, Ashraf Dallol, Adel Abuzenadah
P64 Genome wide array comparative genomic hybridization analysis in patients with syndromic congenital heart defects
Ibtessam R. Hussein, Adeel G. Chaudhary, Rima S Bader, Randa Bassiouni, Maha Alquaiti, Fai Ashgan, Hans Schulten, Mohamed Nabil Alama, Mohammad H. Al Qahtani
P65 Toxocogenetic evaluation of 1, 2-Dichloroethane in bone marrow, blood and cells of immune system using conventional, molecular and flowcytometric approaches
Mohammad I Lone, Nazia Nizam, Waseem Ahmad, Mohammad A Jafri, Mahmood Rasool, Shakeel A Ansari, Muhammed H Al-Qahtani
P66 Molecular cytogenetic diagnosis of sexual development disorders in newborn: A case of ambiguous genitalia
Eradah Alshihri, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Lina Alharbi, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P67 Identification of disease specific gene expression clusters and pathways in hepatocellular carcinoma using In Silico methodologies
Shilu Mathew, Peter Pushparaj Natesan, Muhammed Al Qahtani
P68 Human Wharton’s Jelly stem cell conditioned medium inhibits primary ovarian cancer cells in vitro: Identification of probable targets and mechanisms using systems biology
Gauthaman Kalamegam, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Fazal Khan, Roaa Kadam, Farid Ahmed, Mourad Assidi, Khalid Hussain Wali Sait, Nisreen Anfinan, Mohammed Al Qahtani
P69 Mutation spectrum of ASPM (Abnormal Spindle-like, Microcephaly-associated) gene in Saudi Arabian population
Muhammad I Naseer, Adeel G Chaudhary, Mohammad S Jamal, Shilu Mathew, Lobna S Mira, Peter N Pushparaj, Shakeel A Ansari, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammed H AlQahtani
P70 Identification and characterization of novel genes and mutations of primary microcephaly in Saudi Arabian population
Muhammad I Naseer, Adeel G Chaudhary, Shilu Mathew, Lobna S Mira, Mohammad S Jamal, Sameera Sogaty, Randa I Bassiouni, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammed H AlQahtani
P71 Molecular genetic analysis of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch Syndrome) in Saudi Arabian population
Mahmood Rasool, Shakeel A Ansari, Mohammad S Jamal, Peter N Pushparaj, Abdulrahman MS Sibiani, Waseem Ahmad, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammad A Jafri, Mohiuddin K Warsi, Muhammad I Naseer, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
P72 Function predication of hypothetical proteins from genome database of chlamydia trachomatis
Rubi, Kundan Kumar, Ahmad AT Naqvi, Faizan Ahmad, Md I Hassan, Mohammad S Jamal, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammed H AlQahtani
P73 Transcription factors as novel molecular targets for skin cancer
Ashraf Ali, Jummanah Jarullah, Mahmood Rasool, Abdelbasit Buhmeida, Shahida Khan, Ghufrana Abdussami, Maryam Mahfooz, Mohammad A Kamal, Ghazi A Damanhouri, Mohammad S Jamal
P74 An In Silico analysis of Plumbagin binding to apoptosis executioner: Caspase-3 and Caspase-7
Bushra Jarullah, Jummanah Jarullah, Mohammad SS Jarullah, Ashraf Ali, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammad S Jamal
P75 Single cell genomics applications for preimplantation genetic screening optimization: Comparative analysis of whole genome amplification technologies
Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Osama Bajouh, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Adel Abuzenadah
P76 ZFP36 regulates miRs-34a in anti-IgM triggered immature B cells
Mohammad S Jamal, Jummanah Jarullah, Abdulah EA Mathkoor, Hashim MA Alsalmi, Anas MM Oun, Ghazi A Damanhauri, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammed H AlQahtani
P77 Identification of a novel mutation in the STAMBP gene in a family with microcephaly-capillary malformation syndrome
Muhammad I. Naseer, Mahmood Rasool, Sameera Sogaty, Adeel G. Chudhary, Yousif A. Abutalib, Daniele Merico, Susan Walker, Christian R. Marshall, Mehdi Zarrei, Stephen W. Scherer, Mohammad H. Al-Qahtani
P78 Copy number variations in Saudi patients with intellectual disability and epilepsy
Muhammad I. Naseer, Muhammad Faheem, Adeel G. Chaudhary, Mahmood Rasool, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Fai Talal Ashgan, Mourad Assidi, Farid Ahmed, Syed Kashif Zaidi, Mohammed M. Jan, Mohammad H. Al-Qahtani
P79 Prognostic significance of CD44 expression profile in colorectal carcinoma
Maryam Al-Zahrani, Sahira Lary, Sahar Hakamy, Ashraf Dallol, Mahmoud Al-Ahwal, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Emmanuel Dermitzakis, Adel Abuzenadah, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P80 Association of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene G894T polymorphism with hypertension risk and complications
Abeer A Al-refai, Mona Saleh, Rehab I Yassien, Mahmmoud Kamel, Rabab M Habeb
P81 SNPs array to screen genetic variation among diabetic patients
Najlaa Filimban, Ashraf Dallol, Nadia Ghannam, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Adel Mohammed Abuzenadah
P82 Detection and genotyping of Helicobacter pylori among gastric cancer patients from Saudi Arabian population
Fehmida Bibi, Sana Akhtar, Esam I. Azhar, Muhammad Yasir, Muhammad I. Nasser, Asif A. Jiman-Fatani, Ali Sawan
P83 Antimicrobial drug resistance and molecular detection of susceptibility to Fluoroquinolones among clinical isolates of Salmonella species from Jeddah-Saudi Arabia
Ruaa A Lahzah, Asho Ali
P84 Identification of the toxic and virulence nature of MAP1138c protein of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
Syed A Hassan, Seyed E Hasnain, Iftikhar A Tayubi, Hamza A Abujabal, Alaa O Magrabi
P85 In vitro and in silico evaluation of miR137 in human breast cancer
Fazal Khan, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Adel Abuzenada, Taha Abduallah Kumosani, Elie Barbour, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P86 Auruka gene is over-expressed in Saudi breast cancer
Manal Shabaad, Shilu Mathew, Ashraf Dallol, Adnan Merdad, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P87 The potential of immunogenomics in personalized healthcare
Mourad Assidi, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Kalamegam Gauthaman, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P88 In Silico physiochemical and structural characterization of a putative ORF MAP0591 and its implication in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in ruminants and humans
Syed A Hassan, Iftikhar A Tayubi, Hani MA Aljahdali
P89 Effects of heat shock on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs): Implications in regenerative medicine
Reham Al Nono, Mamdooh Gari, Haneen Alsehli, Farid Ahmed, Mohammed Abbas, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P90 In Silico analyses of the molecular targets of Resveratrol unravels its importance in mast cell mediated allergic responses
Shilu Mathew, Fazal Khan, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammed Sarwar Jamal, Muhammad Imran Naseer, Zeenat Mirza, Sajjad Karim, Shakeel Ansari, Mourad Assidi, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P91 Effects of environmental particulate matter on bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Roaa Kadam, Mansour A Alghamdi, Magdy Shamy, Max Costa, Mamdouh I Khoder, Mourad Assidi, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mamdooh Gari, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P92 Distinctive charge clusters in human virus proteomes
Najla Kharrat, Sabrine Belmabrouk, Rania Abdelhedi, Riadh Benmarzoug, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed H. Al Qahtani, Ahmed Rebai
P93 In vitro experimental model and approach in identification of new biomarkers of inflammatory forms of arthritis
Ghazi Dhamanhouri, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Abdelwahab Noorwali, Mohammad Khalid Alwasiyah, Afnan Bahamaid, Saadiah Alfakeeh, Aisha Alyamani, Haneen Alsehli, Mohammed Abbas, Mamdooh Gari, Ali Mobasheri, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P94 Molecular docking of GABAA receptor subunit γ-2 with novel anti-epileptic compounds
Muhammad Faheem, Shilu Mathew, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammad H. Al-Qahtani
P95 Breast cancer knowledge, awareness, and practices among Saudi females residing in Jeddah
Shilu Mathew, Muhammad Faheem, Shiny Mathew, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammad H. Al-Qahtani
P96 Anti-inflammatory role of Sesamin by Attenuation of Iba1/TNF-α/ICAM-1/iNOS signaling in Diabetic Retinopathy
Mohammad Sarwar Jamal, Syed Kashif Zaidi, Raziuddin Khan, Kanchan Bhatia, Mohammed H. Al-Qahtani, Saif Ahmad
P97 Identification of drug lead molecule against vp35 protein of Ebola virus: An In-Silico approach
Iftikhar AslamTayubi, Manish Tripathi, Syed Asif Hassan, Rahul Shrivastava
P98 An approach to personalized medicine from SNP-calling through disease analysis using whole exome-sequencing of three sub-continental populations
Iftikhar A Tayubi, Syed Hassan, Hamza A.S Abujabal
P99 Low versus high frequency of Glucose –6 – Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in urban against tribal population of Gujarat – A signal to natural selection
Ishani Shah, Bushra Jarullah, Mohammad S Jamal, Jummanah Jarullah
P100 Spontaneous preterm birth and single nucleotide gene polymorphisms: a recent update
Ishfaq A Sheikh, Ejaz Ahmad, Mohammad S Jamal, Mohd Rehan, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Iftikhar A Tayubi, Samera F AlBasri, Osama S Bajouh, Rola F Turki, Adel M Abuzenadah, Ghazi A Damanhouri, Mohd A Beg, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P101 Prevalence of congenital heart diseases among Down syndrome cases in Saudi Arabia: role of molecular genetics in the pathogenesis
Sahar AF Hammoudah, Khalid M AlHarbi, Lama M El-Attar, Ahmed MZ Darwish
P102 Combinatorial efficacy of specific pathway inhibitors in breast cancer cells
Sara M Ibrahim, Ashraf Dallol, Hani Choudhry, Adel Abuzenadah, Jalaludden Awlia, Adeel Chaudhary, Farid Ahmed, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P103 MiR-143 and miR-145 cluster as potential replacement medicine for the treatment of cancer
Mohammad A Jafri, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P104 Metagenomic profile of gut microbiota during pregnancy in Saudi population
Imran khan, Muhammad Yasir, Esam I. Azhar, Sameera Al-basri, Elie Barbour, Taha Kumosani
P105 Exploration of anticancer targets of selected metabolites of Phoenix dactylifera L. using systems biological approaches
Fazal Khan, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Adel Abuzenada, Taha Abduallah Kumosani, Elie Barbour
P106 CD226 and CD40 gene polymorphism in susceptibility to Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in Egyptian patients
Heba M. EL Sayed, Eman A. Hafez
P107 Paediatric exome sequencing in autism spectrum disorder ascertained in Saudi families
Hans-Juergen Schulten, Aisha Hassan Elaimi, Ibtessam R Hussein, Randa Ibrahim Bassiouni, Mohammad Khalid Alwasiyah, Richard F Wintle, Adeel Chaudhary, Stephen W Scherer, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P108 Crystal structure of the complex formed between Phospholipase A2 and the central core hydrophobic fragment of Alzheimer’s β- amyloid peptide: a reductionist approach
Zeenat Mirza, Vikram Gopalakrishna Pillai, Sajjad Karim, Sujata Sharma, Punit Kaur, Alagiri Srinivasan, Tej P Singh, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P109 Differential expression profiling between meningiomas from female and male patients
Reem Alotibi, Alaa Al-Ahmadi, Fatima Al-Adwani, Deema Hussein, Sajjad Karim, Mona Al-Sharif, Awatif Jamal, Fahad Al-Ghamdi, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammed Bangash, Adeel Chaudhary, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P110 Neurospheres as models of early brain development and therapeutics
Muhammad Faheem, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Shilu Mathew, Taha Abdullah Kumosani, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P111 Identification of a recurrent causative missense mutation p.(W577C) at the LDLR exon 12 in familial hypercholesterolemia affected Saudi families
Faisal A Al-Allaf, Zainularifeen Abduljaleel, Abdullah Alashwal, Mohiuddin M. Taher, Abdellatif Bouazzaoui, Halah Abalkhail, Faisal A. Ba-Hammam, Mohammad Athar
P112 Epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC): Systems oncological approach to identify diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic biomarkers
Gauthaman Kalamegam, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Farid Ahmed Khalid HussainWali Sait, Nisreen Anfinan, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P113 Crohn’s disease phenotype in northern Tunisian population
Naira Ben Mami, Yosr Z Haffani, Mouna Medhioub, Lamine Hamzaoui, Ameur Cherif, Msadok Azouz
P114 Establishment of In Silico approaches to decipher the potential toxicity and mechanism of action of drug candidates and environmental agents
Gauthaman Kalamegam, Fazal Khan, Shilu Mathew, Mohammed Imran Nasser, Mahmood Rasool, Farid Ahmed, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P115 1q Gain predicts poor prognosis marker for young breast cancer patients
Shereen A Turkistany, Lina M Al-harbi, Ashraf Dallol, Jamal Sabir, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah
P116 Disorders of sex chromosomes in a diagnostic genomic medicine unit in Saudi Arabia: Prevalence, diagnosis and future guidelines
Basmah Al-Madoudi, Bayan Al-Aslani, Khulud Al-Harbi, Rwan Al-Jahdali, Hanadi Qudaih, Emad Al Hamzy, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al Qahtani
P117 Combination of WYE354 and Sunitinib demonstrate synergistic inhibition of acute myeloid leukemia in vitro
Asad M Ilyas, Youssri Ahmed, Mamdooh Gari, Farid Ahmed, Mohammed Alqahtani
P118 Integrated use of evolutionary information in GWAS reveals important SNPs in Asthma
Nada Salem, Sajjad Karim, Elham M Alhathli, Heba Abusamra, Hend F Nour Eldin, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Sudhir Kumar
P119 Assessment of BRAF, IDH1, IDH2, and EGFR mutations in a series of primary brain tumors
Fatima Al-Adwani, Deema Hussein, Mona Al-Sharif, Awatif Jamal, Fahad Al-Ghamdi, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammed Bangash, Adeel Chaudhary, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Hans-Juergen Schulten
P120 Expression profiles distinguish oligodendrogliomas from glioblastoma multiformes with or without oligodendroglioma component
Alaa Alamandi, Reem Alotibi, Deema Hussein, Sajjad Karim, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Fahad Al-Ghamdi, Awatif Jamal, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammed Bangash, Adeel Chaudhary, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P121 Hierarchical clustering in thyroid goiters and hyperplastic lesions
Ohoud Subhi, Nadia Bagatian, Sajjad Karim, Adel Al-Johari, Osman Abdel Al-Hamour, Hosam Al-Aradati, Abdulmonem Al-Mutawa, Faisal Al-Mashat, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Mohammad Al-Qahtani
P122 Differential expression analysis in thyroiditis and papillary thyroid carcinomas with or without coexisting thyroiditis
Nadia Bagatian, Ohoud Subhi, Sajjad Karim, Adel Al-Johari, Osman Abdel Al-Hamour, Abdulmonem Al-Mutawa, Hosam Al-Aradati, Faisal Al-Mashat, Mohammad Al-Qahtani, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi
P123 Metagenomic analysis of waste water microbiome in Sausdi Arabia
Muhammad W shah, Muhammad Yasir, Esam I Azhar, Saad Al-Masoodi
P124 Molecular characterization of Helicobacter pylori from faecal samples of Tunisian patients with gastric cancer
Yosr Z Haffani, Msadok Azouz, Emna Khamla, Chaima Jlassi, Ahmed S. Masmoudi, Ameur Cherif, Lassaad Belbahri
P125 Diagnostic application of the oncoscan© panel for the identification of hereditary cancer syndrome
Shadi Al-Khayyat, Roba Attas, Atlal Abu-Sanad, Mohammed Abuzinadah, Adnan MerdadAshraf Dallol, Adeel Chaudhary, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Adel Abuzenadah
P126 Characterization of clinical and neurocognitive features in a family with a novel OGT gene missense mutation c. 1193G > A/ (p. Ala319Thr)
Habib Bouazzi, Carlos Trujillo, Mohammad Khalid Alwasiyah, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
P127 Case report: a rare homozygous deletion mutation of TMEM70 gene associated with 3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria and cataract in a Saudi patient
Maha Alotaibi, Rami Nassir
P128 Isolation and purification of antimicrobial milk proteins
Ishfaq A Sheikh, Mohammad A Kamal, Essam H Jiffri, Ghulam M Ashraf, Mohd A Beg
P129 Integrated analysis reveals association of ATP8B1 gene with colorectal cancer
Mohammad A Aziz, Rizwan Ali, Mahmood Rasool, Mohammad S Jamal, Nusaibah samman, Ghufrana Abdussami, Sathish Periyasamy, Mohiuddin K Warsi, Mohammed Aldress, Majed Al Otaibi, Zeyad Al Yousef, Mohamed Boudjelal, Abdelbasit Buhmeida, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Ibrahim AlAbdulkarim
P130 Implication of IL-10 and IL-28 polymorphism with successful anti-HCV therapy and viral clearance
Rubi Ghazala, Shilu Mathew, M. Haroon Hamed, Mourad Assidi, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Ishtiaq Qadri
P131 Interactions of endocrine disruptor di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its metabolite mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) with progesterone receptor
Ishfaq A Sheikh, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Rola F Turki, Ghazi A Damanhouri, Mohd A. Beg
P132 Association of HCV nucleotide polymorphism in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma
Mohd Suhail, Abid Qureshi, Adil Jamal, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mohammad Al-Qahtani, Ishtiaq Qadri
P133 Gene expression profiling by DNA microarrays in colon cancer treated with chelidonine alkaloid
Mahmoud Z El-Readi, Safaa Y Eid, Michael Wink
P134 Successful in vitro fertilization after eight failed trials
Ahmed M. Isa, Lulu Alnuaim, Johara Almutawa, Basim Abu-Rafae, Saleh Alasiri, Saleh Binsaleh
P135 Genetic sensitivity analysis using SCGE, cell cycle and mitochondrial membrane potential in OPs stressed leukocytes in Rattus norvegicus through flow cytometric input
Nazia Nazam, Mohamad I Lone, Waseem Ahmad, Shakeel A Ansari, Mohamed H Alqahtani
doi:10.1186/s12864-016-2858-0
PMCID: PMC4959372  PMID: 27454254
2.  Sever's disease: a common cause of paediatric heel pain 
BMJ Case Reports  2013;2013:bcr2013009758.
doi:10.1136/bcr-2013-009758
PMCID: PMC3669931  PMID: 23715840
3.  Transient cortical blindness as a manifestation of solitary cysticercus granuloma 
BMJ Case Reports  2012;2012:bcr2012007552.
Neurocysticercosis is recognised as a significant cause of neurological morbidity in endemic regions. The wide range of pleomorphic and non-specific neurological manifestations of neurocysticercosis must be kept in mind by physicians, as the disease has shown resurgence in developed countries. When an atypical presentation of an unusual tropical disease occurs in non-endemic regions, the diagnosis is often missed. We describe a case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with a history of transient bilateral loss of vision with headache and vomiting. Brain MRI revealed the presence of a single cysticercus granuloma in the occipital lobe. A diagnosis of symptomatic occipital lobe seizure secondary to neurocysticercosis was made. She was given a course of albendazole. There was no recurrence of symptoms at 3 years follow-up. Occipital seizures that are associated with ictal amaurosis closely mimic basilar migraine. Such cases benefit from neuroimaging in order to rule out the underlying structural causes.
doi:10.1136/bcr-2012-007552
PMCID: PMC4544040  PMID: 23230251
4.  Acetyl and butyryl cholinesterase inhibitory sesquiterpene lactones from Amberboa ramosa 
Background
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive memory loss that leads to a profound emotional disturbance in later stages. As no safe and effective drug is yet available for the treatment of AD, secondary metabolites from plants may be instrumental in meeting this challenge. Keeping in view this point we evaluated sesquiterpenes of medicinal plant Amberboa ramosa for their cholinesterase inhibitory activity.
Results
Four sesquiterpene lactones have been isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Amberboa ramosa. In which one compound Amberbin C (1) was found to be new while other three Amberin (2), Amberbin A (3), and Amberbin B (4) were previously reported ones. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated using different spectroscopic techniques. Isolated compounds were tested for their inhibitory potential against acetyl cholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase enzymes. All compounds showed excellent inhibitory activities against acetyl cholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase.
Conclusions
A new sesquiterpene lactone has been isolated and fully characterized, the sesquiterpene lactones from Amberboa ramosa showed good inhibitory activities against acetyl cholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase enzymes, this study indicated that sesquiterpene lactone can become interesting lead molecules in drug development against Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
doi:10.1186/1752-153X-7-116
PMCID: PMC3718625  PMID: 23837557
Amberbin C; Amberboa ramosa; Compositeae; Acetyl cholinesterase; Butyryl cholinesterase
5.  Investigate the Role of Glutathione S Transferase (GST) Polymorphism in Development of Hypertension in UAE Population 
Background
GST is a family of enzymes that are important in protection of the body against oxidative stress.
Objectives
Investigate the association between GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism and hypertension.
Materials and Methods
GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes were detected by PCR. The fragments were then analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis.
Results
There is no significant association between GSTT1 & GSTM1 polymorphism and hypertension (OR = 2.4, P > 0.05 and OR = 1.6, P > 0.05)
Conclusions
GSTT1 & GSTM1 polymorphism can be considered a risk factor for hypertension.
PMCID: PMC3470842  PMID: 23105984
Hypertension; Glutathione S-Transferase T1; Polymorphism, Genetic
6.  Evaluation of antihepatotoxic potential of Solanum xanthocarpum fruit extract against antitubercular drugs induced hepatopathy in experimental rodents 
Objective
To assess the hepatoprotective effect of Solanum xanthocarpum (S. xanthocarpum) fruit extract against antitubercular drug-induced liver toxicity in experimental animals.
Methods
Ethanolic (50%) fruit extract of S. xanthocarpum (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg bw) was administered daily for 35 days in experimental animals. Liver toxicity was induced by combination of three antitubercular drugs [isoniazid (I) 7.5 mg/kg, rifampicin (R) 10 mg/kg and pyrazinamide (P) 35 mg/kg] given orally as suspension for 35 days in rats. The hepatoprotective activity was assessed using various biochemical parameters like aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatise (ALP), total bilirubin (TBL), albumin (ALB), total protein (TP), lactate dehydroginase (LDH), and serum cholesterol (CHL). Meanwhile, in vivo antioxidant activities as lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were measured in rat liver homogenate. The biochemical observations were supplemented by histopathological examination.
Results
The results demonstrated that treatment with S. xanthocarpum significantly (P<0.05-P<0.001) and dose-dependently prevented drug induced increase in serum levels of hepatic enzymes. Furthermore, S. xanthocarpum significantly (up to P<0.001) reduced the LPO in the liver tissue and restored activities of defence antioxidant enzymes GSH, SOD and CAT towards normal levels. Histopathology of the liver tissue showed that S. xanthocarpum attenuated the hepatocellular necrosis and led to reduction in inflammatory cells infiltration.
Conclusions
The results of this study strongly indicate the protective effect of S. xanthocarpum against liver injury which may be attributed to its hepatoprotective activity, and thereby scientifically support its traditional use.
doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60075-6
PMCID: PMC3609318  PMID: 23569949
Solanum xanthocarpum; Rifampicin; Isoniazid; Pyrazinamide; Antioxidant; Antihepatotoxicity; Hepatoprotective effect; Antitubercular drug; Liver toxicity; Liver injury; Biochemical parameter; Histopathology
7.  Diametric measurement of foveal avascular zone in healthy young adults using optical coherence tomography angiography 
Background
The objective of this study is to measure the diameter size of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in both eyes of healthy young adults using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography.
Methods
A cross sectional study to measure the foveal avascular zone in healthy young adults. Subjects underwent OCT angiography using Zeiss AngioPlex OCT angiography in both eyes.
Results
30 eyes of 15 healthy young adults were evaluated. The mean horizontal FAZ diameter of superficial vascular plexus was 661.166 ± 119.99 microns and mean vertical FAZ diameter was 660.033 ± 96.169 microns (P = 0.9442). The mean horizontal FAZ diameter of deep vascular plexus was 1011.2 ± 154.526 microns and the mean vertical FAZ diameter of deep vascular plexus was 818.033 ± 102.108 microns. There was no difference between the contralateral eyes of subjects in FAZ diameter of both superficial and deep capillary plexuses.
Conclusion
The mean diametric size of FAZ in superficial capillary plexus is 660.599 ± 0.801 microns and deep capillary plexus is 914.616 ± 136.589 microns. There was no significant difference with the contralateral eyes.
doi:10.1186/s40942-016-0053-8
PMCID: PMC5151126  PMID: 27994879
Optical coherence tomography angiography; Foveal avascular zone; Superficial capillary plexus; Deep capillary plexus; Horizontal diameter; Vertical diameter; Macula; Retinal vasculature
8.  Fabrication of anti-vitiligo ointment containing Psoralea corylifolia: in vitro and in vivo characterization 
Background
Vitiligo is a repugnant and odious dermatological malady of the time. It has an detrimental impact on the pigmentation of the human skin as a result of the destruction of cutaneous melanocytes. It affects 1%–2% of the population worldwide. Different therapeutic regimens have been deployed to treat vitiligo, but none of them could stand alone to be stated as a perfect cure. Recently, a change has been observed through novel experimental-designed optimization leading to the development of an anti-vitiligo ointment containing Psoralea corylifolia (PC) seed powder.
Aim
The aim of this study was to explore the clinical outcomes of ointment containing powdered seeds of PC.
Materials and methods
Guided by the protocol Response Surface Methodology, 13 formulations of concentration variance of permeation enhancers were prepared. The formulation fulfilling the required criteria (pH; temperature stability tests at 8°C±0.1°C, 25°C±0.1°C and 40°C±0.1°C; and the physical properties such as color, bleeding and rheology) was selected for clinical trials. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies of seed powder of PC and selected formulation of the seed powder were performed. After obtaining informed consents and with prior approval of university and hospital ethical review boards, 20 patients (age range 25–65 years) were included in the present study. Formulations were applied on the affected body parts of patients, and some affected portion of the same patient was taken as control (self-control study design). The pigmentation of white spots of vitiligo was photographically evaluated before, during and after 12 weeks of treatment. Analysis of the measured values was performed using GraphPad Prism version 5 statistical software. A paired sample t-test was performed to observe variation between repigmented patches and white patches of self-control.
Results
Hydrophilic ointment (10% w/w) prepared with seed powder of PC was fabricated. The ointment was found effective for small circular white lesions of vitiligo as compared to self-control. Pre- and post-treatment differences in the levels of pigmentation were statistically significant (P≤0.05).
Conclusion
Ointment containing seed powder of PC could be an effective monotherapy for small circular white lesions of vitiligo.
doi:10.2147/DDDT.S114328
PMCID: PMC5125804  PMID: 27920496
vitiligo; leucoderma; Psoralea corylifolia; PC; puva; novel design optimization; babchi; anti-vitiligo ointment
9.  Vildagliptin ameliorates biochemical, metabolic and fatty changes associated with non alcoholic fatty liver disease 
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences  2016;32(6):1396-1401.
Objective:
To determine the effect of Vildagliptin in non-alcoholic, fatty liver disease patients with dyslipidemia.
Methods:
A randomized placebo controlled trial was conducted at outpatient clinic of Medical Unit-I of Sheikh Zayed Medical College/Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, in which fifty eight patients of NAFLD with dyslipidemia were divided in to two, case and control groups. The case group was given tablet Vildagliptin 50mg twice a day for twelve weeks and control group was given placebo in same way. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), lipid profile, liver enzymes and ultrasound finding of fatty liver were assayed before and after treatment.
Results:
After 12 weeks treatment of vildagliptin there was significant improvement in following parameters. Body weight and BMI decreased significantly from 88 ± 11 to79 ± 12 kg (p0.036) and 30±4to 27±5 kg/m2 (p 0.005) respectively. Notable reduction in the value of TC, TG and LDL-C (TC:252±24 to 220±20mg/dl (p 0.031); TG: 190±24 to115±22 mg/dl (p 0.005); LDL-C 160±15 to 145±13mg/dl (p 0.004). HDL-C level increased significantly from 29±5to45±4 mg/dl (p 0.001). There was remarkable reduction in aminotransferases level (ALT: 78± 17 to 48±14IU/L (p 0.036). AST: 63.3±13 to41±11IU/L (p 0.002). There was overall 65.5% improvement in fatty liver grading on ultrasound with vildagliptin while non significant effects were seen in placebo group in all of the above parameters.
Conclusion:
Vildagliptin exhibited beneficial effects in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Non-diabetic patients with dyslipidemia.
doi:10.12669/pjms.326.11133
PMCID: PMC5216289  PMID: 28083033
Fatty liver; Vildagliptin; Body weight; Lipid profile; Liver enzymes; Steatosis; Ultrasound; Grading
10.  Patterns of failure and survival in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy in Saudi Arabia 
OncoTargets and therapy  2016;9:6561-6567.
Background
We aimed to investigate the patterns of failure (locoregional and distant metastasis), associated factors, and treatment outcomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy.
Patients and methods
From April 2006 to December 2011, 68 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients were treated with IMRT and chemotherapy at our hospital. Median radiation doses delivered to gross tumor volume and positive neck nodes were 66–70 Gy, 63 Gy to clinical target volume, and 50.4–56 Gy to clinically negative neck. The clinical toxicities, patterns of failures, locoregional control, distant metastasis control, disease-free survival, and overall survival were observed.
Results
The median follow-up time was 52.2 months (range: 11–87 months). Epstein–Barr virus infection was positive in 63.2% of patients. Overall disease failure developed in 21 patients, of whom 85.8% belonged to stage III/IV disease. Among these, there were seven locoregional recurrences, three regional recurrences with distant metastases, and eleven distant metastases. The median interval from the date of diagnosis to failure was 26.5 months (range: 16–50 months). Six of ten (60%) locoregional recurrences were treated with reirradiation ± concurrent chemotherapy. The 5-year locoregional control, distant metastasis control, disease-free survival, and overall survival rates of whole cohort were 81.1%, 74.3%, 60.1%, and 73.4%, respectively. Cox regression analyses revealed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy, age, and Epstein–Barr virus were independent predictors for disease-free survival.
Conclusion
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by IMRT with or without chemotherapy improves the long-term survival of Saudi patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Distant metastasis was the main pattern of treatment failure. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, age, and Epstein–Barr virus status before IMRT were important independent prognostic factors.
doi:10.2147/OTT.S95457
PMCID: PMC5087775  PMID: 27822060
nasopharyngeal carcinoma; treatment outcomes; patterns of failures; prognostic factors
11.  Luteal versus follicular phase surgical oophorectomy plus tamoxifen in premenopausal women with metastatic hormone receptor positive breast cancer 
Purpose
In premenopausal women with metastatic hormone receptor positive breast cancer, hormonal therapy is the first line therapy. GnRH + tamoxifen therapies have been found to be more effective. The pattern of recurrence risk over time after primary surgery suggests that peri-operative factors impact recurrence. Secondary analyses of an adjuvant trial suggested that the luteal phase timing of surgical oophorectomy in the menstrual cycle simultaneous with primary breast surgery favorably influenced long-term outcomes.
Methods
249 premenopausal women with incurable or metastatic hormone receptor positive breast cancer entered a trial in which they were randomized to historical mid-luteal or mid-follicular phase surgical oophorectomy followed by oral tamoxifen treatment. Kaplan-Meier methods, the log-rank test, and multivariable Cox regression models were used to assess overall and progression free survival in the two randomized groups and by hormone confirmed menstrual cycle phase.
Results
Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were not demonstrated to be different in the two randomized groups. In a secondary analysis, OS appeared worse in luteal phase surgery patients with progesterone levels of <2ng/ml (anovulatory patients) (adjusted hazard ratio 1.46, 95% CI: 0.89–2.41, p=0.14) compared to patients in luteal phase with progesterone 2ng/ml or higher. Median overall survival was 2.0 years (95% CI: 1.7 – 2.3) and OS at 4 years was 26%.
Conclusions
The history-based timing of surgical oophorectomy in the menstrual cycle did not influence outcomes in this trial of metastatic patients.
ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT 00293540
doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2016.03.011
PMCID: PMC5052674  PMID: 27107325
oophorectomy; metastatic; anovulatory; acute-effects
12.  Successful closure of treatment-naïve, flat edge (Type II), full-thickness macular hole using inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique 
Objective
The objective of this study was to present the outcome of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling flap technique for a treatment-naïve, flat edge (Type II), full-thickness macular hole (MH).
Methods
A 52-year-old man presented with complaints of decreased vision and seeing black spot. He was diagnosed to have a flat edge, full-thickness MH, which was confirmed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). He underwent 23G vitrectomy with brilliant blue G-assisted inverted ILM peeling with an inverted flap over the hole followed by fluid gas exchange.
Results
Postoperative follow-up until 3 months showed successful closure of the MH, which was confirmed by OCT. The best-corrected visual acuity improved from baseline 6/60 to 6/12 at the final follow-up.
Conclusion
Using the inverted ILM flap technique, a treatment-naïve, flat edge (Type II), full thickness MH achieved successful anatomical and functional outcomes.
doi:10.2147/IMCRJ.S117518
PMCID: PMC5063557  PMID: 27785110
macular hole; inverted ILM; optical coherence tomography
13.  Spatial Prediction and Optimized Sampling Design for Sodium Concentration in Groundwater 
PLoS ONE  2016;11(9):e0161810.
Sodium is an integral part of water, and its excessive amount in drinking water causes high blood pressure and hypertension. In the present paper, spatial distribution of sodium concentration in drinking water is modeled and optimized sampling designs for selecting sampling locations is calculated for three divisions in Punjab, Pakistan. Universal kriging and Bayesian universal kriging are used to predict the sodium concentrations. Spatial simulated annealing is used to generate optimized sampling designs. Different estimation methods (i.e., maximum likelihood, restricted maximum likelihood, ordinary least squares, and weighted least squares) are used to estimate the parameters of the variogram model (i.e, exponential, Gaussian, spherical and cubic). It is concluded that Bayesian universal kriging fits better than universal kriging. It is also observed that the universal kriging predictor provides minimum mean universal kriging variance for both adding and deleting locations during sampling design.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161810
PMCID: PMC5040421  PMID: 27683016
14.  Intravascular Ultrasound for Intracranial and Extracranial Carotid Artery Stent Placement 
Cureus  null;8(8):e732.
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can provide valuable information regarding endoluminal morphology. We present the first description of IVUS-guided intracranial and extracranial carotid artery stent placement for arterial dissection. A 41-year-old female with a sudden-onset headache and blurred vision underwent a computed tomography (CT) angiogram imaging that revealed bilateral carotid artery dissections (BCAD) and a left vertebral artery dissection (VAD). Endovascular treatment (EVT) of a long segment right carotid artery dissection (CAD) was performed employing two Carotid WALLSTENT™ Monorails™ (8 x 36 mm, 10 x 31 mm) (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA). With the help of the IVUS, the distal stent was placed up to the petrous carotid artery, followed by the placement of the second stent in the immediate proximal location with some overlap that extended down to the carotid artery bulb. Intraoperative angiography and post-stenting IVUS revealed excellent stent placement with good resolution of the dissection and good luminal patency with pseudolumen obliteration. Stent use for intracranial circulation dissections will continue to be a favorable option given the decreased morbidity of endovascular therapy in this location. As endovascular surgeons become more facile with the use of IVUS, using it as a guide for stent placement and post-stenting confirmation will help them to ensure proper positioning and improved patency rates.
doi:10.7759/cureus.732
PMCID: PMC5031923  PMID: 27672529
intravascular ultrasound; internal carotid artery dissection
15.  Multicentre prospective cohort study of body mass index and postoperative complications following gastrointestinal surgery 
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The British Journal of Surgery  2016;103(9):1157-1172.
Background
There is currently conflicting evidence surrounding the effects of obesity on postoperative outcomes. Previous studies have found obesity to be associated with adverse events, but others have found no association. The aim of this study was to determine whether increasing body mass index (BMI) is an independent risk factor for development of major postoperative complications.
Methods
This was a multicentre prospective cohort study across the UK and Republic of Ireland. Consecutive patients undergoing elective or emergency gastrointestinal surgery over a 4‐month interval (October–December 2014) were eligible for inclusion. The primary outcome was the 30‐day major complication rate (Clavien–Dindo grade III–V). BMI was grouped according to the World Health Organization classification. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to adjust for patient, operative and hospital‐level effects, creating odds ratios (ORs) and 95 per cent confidence intervals (c.i.).
Results
Of 7965 patients, 2545 (32·0 per cent) were of normal weight, 2673 (33·6 per cent) were overweight and 2747 (34·5 per cent) were obese. Overall, 4925 (61·8 per cent) underwent elective and 3038 (38·1 per cent) emergency operations. The 30‐day major complication rate was 11·4 per cent (908 of 7965). In adjusted models, a significant interaction was found between BMI and diagnosis, with an association seen between BMI and major complications for patients with malignancy (overweight: OR 1·59, 95 per cent c.i. 1·12 to 2·29, P = 0·008; obese: OR 1·91, 1·31 to 2·83, P = 0·002; compared with normal weight) but not benign disease (overweight: OR 0·89, 0·71 to 1·12, P = 0·329; obese: OR 0·84, 0·66 to 1·06, P = 0·147).
Conclusion
Overweight and obese patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal malignancy are at increased risk of major postoperative complications compared with those of normal weight.
High BMI increases risk of complications
doi:10.1002/bjs.10203
PMCID: PMC4973675  PMID: 27321766
16.  A Unique Case of Intracranial Mucormycosis Following an Assault 
Cureus  null;8(7):e696.
Intracranial mucormycosis is a very unusual presentation of an infection after a depressed skull fracture due to an assault. Only sporadic cases have been reported in the literature previously. A 30-year-old male with a traumatic brain injury following an assault, status-post debridement and elevation of a depressed skull fracture, was discharged home several weeks postoperatively. A CT scan of the head with contrast was obtained due to mental status changes and revealed an enhancing ring-shaped lesion in the right frontal lobe consistent with a brain abscess. The patient was taken to the operating room for image-guided excisional biopsy of the lesion, with pathology revealing mucormycosis. 
doi:10.7759/cureus.696
PMCID: PMC5031924  PMID: 27672528
traumatic brain injury (tbi); mucormycosis
17.  Doppler waveform study as indicator of change of portal pressure after administration of octreotide 
Objective:
To estimate the effect of portal pressure lowering drug ‘octreotide’, by observing the Doppler waveform before and after the administration of intravenous bolus of octreotide and thus to assess indirectly its efficacy to lower the portal pressure.
Methods:
This quassi experimental study was carried out in Medical Department in collaboration with Radiology Department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center Karachi Pakistan from September 10, 2015 to February 5, 2016. Cases were selected from patients admitted in Medical Wards and those attending Medical OPD. Diagnosis of cirrhosis was confirmed by Clinical Examination and Lab & Imaging investigation in Medical Department. Doppler waveform study was done by experienced radiologist in Radiology Department before and after administration of octreotide. Doppler signals were obtained from the right hepatic vein. Waveform tracings were recorded for five seconds and categorized as ‘monophasic’, ‘biphasic’ and ‘triphasic’. Waveform changes from one waveform to other were noted and analyzed.
Results:
Significant change i.e. from ‘monophasic’ to ‘biphasic’ or ‘biphasic’ to ‘triphasic’ was seen in 56% cases while ‘monophasic’ to ‘triphasic’ was seen in 20% cases. No change was seen in 24% cases. Improvement in waveform reflects lowering of portal vein pressure.
Conclusion:
Non invasive Hepatic vein Doppler waveform study showed improvement in Doppler waveform after administration of octreotide in 76% cases. Doppler waveform study has the potential of becoming non invasive ‘follow up tool’ of choice for assessing portal pressure in patients having variceal bleed due to portal hypertension.
doi:10.12669/pjms.324.10275
PMCID: PMC5017106  PMID: 27648043
Doppler waveform; Octreotide; Hepatic vein; Portal hypertension
18.  Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation in adenocarcinoma lung in a North Indian population: Prevalence and relation with different clinical variables 
Introduction:
Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer deaths worldwide. Adenocarcinoma is taking over squamous cell lung cancer as the predominant histological subtype. Several cytotoxic drugs are available for the treatment of lung cancer, but side effects limit their use. Recently, targeted therapies for cancers have come into clinical practice.
Aims and Objectives:
To determine the prevalence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in adenocarcinoma lung in a North Indian population and its relation with different clinical variables.
Materials and Methods:
A total of 57 patients who met inclusion criteria were recruited into the study. Relevant history, clinical examination and investigations were done. EGFR mutation was done in all patients.
Results:
A total of twenty patients tested positive for EGFR mutation. EGFR was more frequently detected in female patients (53.8%), while as only 19.4% of the male patients expressed EGFR mutation, which was statistically very significant (P = 0.007). EGFR mutation was more frequently detected in nonsmokers (52%) as compared to smokers (21.9%) which also was statistically significant (P value of 0.018). EGFR mutation was more common in Stage III and IV adenocarcinomas (48%) as compared to Stage I and II (21.4%) which was statistically significant (P value 0.034).
Conclusion:
EGFR mutation should be routinely done in all patients of adenocarcinoma lung particularly non-smoker females with Stage III and IV disease.
doi:10.4103/0971-5851.190356
PMCID: PMC5027792  PMID: 27688613
Adenocarcinoma lung; epidermal growth factor receptor; geftinib
19.  Epidemiology of the neural tube defects in Kashmir Valley 
Introduction/Background:
Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination.
Aims and Objectives:
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, types, demographics, risk factors, and other associated anomalies relevant to NTDs in Kashmir Valley.
Materials and Methods:
A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to October 2015. A detailed history of the mother was taken along with detailed clinical examination of neonate including measurement of head circumference and checking the status of fontanella, whether - lax/full/bulging/or tense, type of NTD. Investigations that were done included were X-ray skull: Anteroposterior (AP) and lateral, X-ray spine: AP and lateral, ultrasonography abdomen, magnetic resonance imaging: Spine and brain.
Results:
The total number of babies with NTD's was 125 with an overall incidence of 0.503. District Kupwara was having the highest incidence (1.047) and district Srinagar the lowest incidence of NTD's (0.197). The majority of NTD's (116 cases, 92.8%) were found in the rural areas. Among the different types of NTD's, spina bifida had an incidence of 0.342 (85 cases, 68%), and anencephaly had an incidence of 0.113 (28 cases, 22.4%). There was a slight preponderance of females over males with NTD's. There were70 females (56%) and 55 males (44%) respectively with a male:female ratio of 0.8:1.
Conclusions:
The incidence rates of NTDs are very high for Kashmir Valley. Geographical distribution of NTDs at this place confirms a relationship between the socioeconomic status, educational status, maternal age and environmental factors for the development of an NTD. The results of this study point to the importance establishing a health policy to prevent NTDs in Kashmir Valley.
doi:10.4103/1817-1745.193368
PMCID: PMC5108123  PMID: 27857789
Kashmir; meningoceles; myeloceles; myelomeningoceles; neural tube defects
20.  A rational cubic trigonometric approximation scheme of the generalized Cornu spirals 
SpringerPlus  2016;5(1):946.
The \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$ G^{2} $$\end{document}G2 and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$ G^{1} $$\end{document}G1-approximation schemes are introduced to approximate the popular generalized Cornu spirals with the help of the parametric rational cubic trigonometric Bézier curves. The \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$ G^{2} $$\end{document}G2-approximation scheme has two free parameters whereas \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$ G^{1} $$\end{document}G1-approximation scheme has four free parameters. To approximate the generalized Cornu spirals, the values of these free parameters are optimized by the minimization of the maximum relative curvature error of approximation. By comparing the relative curvature errors of approximation schemes, the developed approximation schemes are found less erroneous and more efficient than the existing GCS approximation schemes.
doi:10.1186/s40064-016-2544-3
PMCID: PMC4929132  PMID: 27386390
G2-approximation; G1-approximation; Generalized Cornu spirals; Rational cubic trigonometric Bézier curve; Relative curvature error; 68U05; 65D05; 65D07; 65D18
21.  Rice Germosprout Extract Protects Erythrocytes from Hemolysis and the Aorta, Brain, Heart, and Liver Tissues from Oxidative Stress In Vitro 
Identifying dietary alternatives for artificial antioxidants capable of boosting antihemolytic and antioxidative defense has been an important endeavor in improving human health. In the present study, we studied antihemolytic and antioxidative effects of germosprout (i.e., the germ part along with sprouted stems plus roots) extract prepared from the pregerminated rice. The extract contained considerable amounts of antioxidant β-carotene (414 ± 12 ng/g of extract) and phytochemicals such as total polyphenols (12.0 ± 1.1 mg gallic acid equivalent/g of extract) and flavonoids (11.0 ± 1.4 mg catechin equivalent/g of extract). The antioxidant potential of the extract was assessed by its DPPH- (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl-) free radical scavenging activity where we observed that germosprout extract had considerable antioxidative potentials. To evaluate antihemolytic effect of the extract, freshly prepared erythrocytes were incubated with either peroxynitrite or Fenton's reagent in the absence or presence of the extract. We observed that erythrocytes pretreated with the extract exhibited reduced degree of in vitro hemolysis. To support the proposition that germosprout extract could act as a good antioxidative agent, we also induced in vitro oxidative stress in erythrocyte membranes and in the aorta, brain, heart, and liver tissue homogenates in the presence of the extract. As expected, germosprout extract decreased oxidative stress almost to the same extent as that of vitamin E, as measured by lipid peroxide levels, in all the mentioned tissues. We conclude that rice germosprout extract could be a good natural source of antioxidants to reduce oxidative stress-induced hemolysis and damage of blood vessels and other tissues.
doi:10.1155/2016/9587020
PMCID: PMC4927953  PMID: 27413391
22.  Arabic Translation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Depression Literacy Questionnaire among Adolescents 
Psychiatry Journal  2016;2016:8045262.
Background. Depression is a serious mental health disease. Globally, it is estimated that almost 350 million people suffer from depression. It is important to assess depression literacy including knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders among adolescents. Objective. This study was conducted to validate the Arabic version of the Depression Literacy Questionnaire (D-Lit) among adolescents. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample size of 120 adolescents. Statistical analysis included face validation, confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability testing. A test-retest was carried out within a two-week interval. Results. The mean score for depression literacy among participants was 8.6 (SD = 4.48), the median was 8, and the interquartile range was 7. Preliminary construct validation analysis confirmed that factor analysis was appropriate for the Arabic version of D-Lit. The total internal consistency was measured by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and split-half test and the results were 0.78 and 0.71, respectively. The test-retest reliability measured by Pearson's correlation was 0.92 and spearman rho was equal to 0.91. Conclusions. Face validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis were found satisfactory for the Arabic version of D-Lit. The Arabic D-Lit was found valid and reliable to be used in the future studies.
doi:10.1155/2016/8045262
PMCID: PMC4884600  PMID: 27294105
23.  Clinical Utility of Thallium-201 Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography and Cerebrospinal Fluid Epstein-Barr Virus Detection Using Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Diagnosis of AIDS-Related Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma 
Cureus  null;8(5):e606.
Objective: To determine the diagnostic efficiency of thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the differentiation of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) from other central nervous system processes in patients with HIV/AIDS.
Design/Methods: Over 10 years, 68 thallium-201 SPECT scans were performed on neurologically symptomatic HIV+ patients with focal lesions on CT or MRI at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Diagnoses were then established by either autopsy, biopsy, or clinical response to anti-toxoplasmosis therapy. Patients were categorized prior to a prospective clinical reading of the SPECT scans by nuclear medicine physicians.
Results: In our patient sample overall, the diagnostic efficiency of thallium-201 SPECT was 79%. The diagnostic accuracy of EBV PCR testing alone in a subset of 22 patients in our study that had CSF analyzed was 73%. However, when both positive EBV PCR and positive thallium-201 SPECT results were used together, the diagnostic accuracy improved to 100% based on a sample of 13 patients where EBV PCR and SPECT imaging results were concordant. 
Conclusion: Thallium-201 SPECT has a relatively high positive predictive value with regards to the diagnosis of PCNSL, which suggests that patients with positive results could undergo empiric radiation treatment without resorting to brain biopsy. However, the predictive value can be increased by testing for CSF EBV using PCR. Alternatively, if CSF cannot be safely obtained because of mass effect, we believe that these data still suggest that empiric radiation treatment should be considered when discussing treatment options with patients with a positive thallium-201 SPECT.
doi:10.7759/cureus.606
PMCID: PMC4905705  PMID: 27330874
thallium-201 spect; primary cns lymphoma; aids; hiv infection; brain biopsy; radiation therapy
24.  Production of K\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$^{*}$$\end{document}∗(892)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$^{0}$$\end{document}0 and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\phi $$\end{document}ϕ(1020) in p–Pb collisions at \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\sqrt{s_{{\text {NN}}}}$$\end{document}sNN = 5.02 TeV 
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The production of K\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$^{*}$$\end{document}∗(892)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$^{0}$$\end{document}0 and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\phi $$\end{document}ϕ(1020) mesons has been measured in p–Pb collisions at \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\sqrt{s_{{\text {NN}}}}$$\end{document}sNN\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$=$$\end{document}= 5.02 TeV. K\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$^{*0}$$\end{document}∗0 and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\phi $$\end{document}ϕ are reconstructed via their decay into charged hadrons with the ALICE detector in the rapidity range \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$-0.5
doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-4088-7
PMCID: PMC4861205  PMID: 27217821
Background:
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination.
Methods:
A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to October 2015 to determine the incidence, types, demographics, risk factors, and other associated anamolies relevant to NTDs in Kashmir Valley. A detailed history of the mother was taken along with detailed clinical examination of neonate including measurement of head circumference and checking the status of fontanella, whether lax/full/bulging/or tense, type of NTD. Investigations that were done included were X-ray skull: Anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral, X-ray spine: AP and lateral, ultrasonography abdomen, magnetic resonance imaging: Spine and brain.
Results:
The total number of babies with NTD's was 125 with an overall incidence of 0.503. Kupwara district was having the highest incidence (1.047) and Srinagar district the lowest incidence of NTD's (0.197). Majority of NTD's (116 cases, 92.8%) were found in the rural areas. Among the different types of NTD's, spina bifida had an incidence of 0.342 (85 cases, 68%) and anencephaly had an incidence of 0.113 (28 cases, 22.4%). There was a slight preponderance of females over males with NTD's. There were 70 females (56%) and 55 males (44%), respectively, with a male: female ratio of 0.8:1
Conclusions:
The incidence rates of NTDs is very high for Kashmir Valley. Geographical distribution of NTDs at this place confirms a relationship between the socioeconomic status, educational status, maternal too young or advanced age, and environmental factors for the development of a NTD. The results of this study point to the importance establishing a health policy to prevent NTD in Kashmir Valley.
doi:10.4103/2152-7806.180088
PMCID: PMC4838921  PMID: 27127700
Kashmir; meningoceles; myeloceles; myelomeningoceles; neural tube defects

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