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1.  Developing consumer‐led maternity services: a survey of women’s views in a local healthcare setting 
Objective This paper describes a prospective study of women’s views and experiences of maternity services. The aim was to examine the way women make choices and decisions about maternity care and the factors which influence decision making, with a view to developing services which best meet the needs of the population. Patient choice issues reviewed included: choice of place of birth, choice of lead professional and choices in labour management.
Design, setting and participants A cohort of women attending maternity booking clinics, within the catchment area of Peterhead Maternity Unit (PMU) in north‐east Scotland, were surveyed by means of postal questionnaires at three stages during their contact with maternity services. A subset of women also took part in in‐depth interviews.
Results Not all women were given information about all the available options for place of birth and many women were unclear of the differences between them. Factors influencing choice of place of birth can change, with the medical aspects of maternity care becoming more important as the pregnancy progresses. Women rated the importance of seeing the same staff at antenatal visits highly, but were less concerned with their ability to choose which professional to see. More importance was attached to being able to choose a particular midwife rather than a particular obstetrician. Women’s choices with regard to labour management were largely met. Insufficient information, however, was provided about choices in pain relief.
Conclusions The survey revealed the importance of locally based research, involving all stakeholders, in developing services which best meet the needs of a population.
doi:10.1046/j.1369-6513.1999.00059.x
PMCID: PMC5060106  PMID: 11281896
consumer‐led services; maternity services; patient choice; survey
2.  The requirement for prior consent to participate on survey response rates: a population-based survey in Grampian 
Background
A survey was carried out in the Grampian region of Scotland with a random sample of 10,000 adults registered with a General Practitioner in Grampian. The study complied with new legislation requiring a two-stage approach to identify and recruit participants, and examined the implications of this for response rates, non-response bias and speed of response.
Methods
A two-stage survey was carried out consistent with new confidentiality guidelines. Individuals were contacted by post and asked by the Director of Public Health to consent to receive a postal or electronic questionnaire about communicating their views to the NHS. Those who consented were then sent questionnaires. Response rates at both stages were measured.
Results
25% of people returned signed consent forms and were invited to complete questionnaires. Respondents at the consent stage were more likely to be female (odds ratio (OR) response rate of women compared to men = 1.5, 95% CI 1.4, 1.7), less likely to live in deprived postal areas (OR = 0.59, 95% CI 0.45, 0.78) and more likely to be older (OR for people born in 1930–39 compared to people born in 1970–79 = 2.82, 95% CI 2.36, 3.37). 80% of people who were invited to complete questionnaires returned them. Response rates were higher among older age groups. The overall response rate to the survey was 20%, relative to the original number approached for consent (1951/10000).
Conclusion
The requirement of a separate, prior consent stage may significantly reduce overall survey response rates and necessitate the use of substantially larger initial samples for population surveys. It may also exacerbate non-response bias with respect to demographic variables.
doi:10.1186/1472-6963-3-21
PMCID: PMC293468  PMID: 14622444

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