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The Meaningful Activity Participation Assessment (MAPA), a recently developed 28-item tool designed to measure the meaningfulness of activity, was tested in a sample of 154 older adults. The MAPA evidenced a sufficient level of internal consistency and test-retest reliability and correlated as theoretically predicted with the Life Satisfaction Index-Z, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey, the Purpose in Life Test, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Inventory and the Rand SF-36v2 Health Survey subscales. Zero-order correlations consistently demonstrated meaningful relationships between the MAPA and scales of psychosocial well-being and health-related quality of life. Results from multiple regression analyses further substantiated these findings, as greater meaningful activity participation was associated with better psychological well-being and health-related quality of life. The MAPA appears to be a reliable and valid measure of meaningful activity, incorporating both subjective and objective indicators of activity engagement.
PMCID: PMC3177298  PMID: 20649161
2.  Measurement Characteristics of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey in an Age-Diverse Sample 
This study evaluated the measurement characteristics of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) in an age-diverse sample.
The sample included 154 older adults and 122 college students (age range = 18 – 100 years). A Rasch-Andrich rating scale model was used to evaluate the EMAS. Analyses addressed: rating scale design, person and item fit, item hierarchy, model unidimensionality, and differential item functioning.
Category functioning was improved by reducing the EMAS item responses to four categories. Adequate person response validity was established and all but one EMAS item demonstrated an ideal fit to the Rasch measurement model. After establishing the item hierarchy the EMAS was found to be a unidimensional measure. Differential item functioning was not detected using Bonferoni adjusted statistical criteria.
The results confirm the potential to validly measure subjective qualities of meaningful activity participation. The EMAS is capable of being used to evaluate processes and outcomes central to occupational therapy practice, and to aid in the design of therapeutic occupations.
PMCID: PMC3298038  PMID: 22394537
human activities; validity; questionnaires; adaptation (psychological); outcome and process assessment (health care)
3.  Factor Structure, Reliability and Convergent Validity of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey for Older Adults 
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) (Goldberg, Brintnell, & Goldberg, 2002) in a sample of older adults living in the greater Los Angeles area. The EMAS evidenced moderate test-retest reliability (r = .56) and good internal consistency (α = .89). Exploratory factor analysis (principal components) discerned a two-component structure within the EMAS, indicative of Personal-Competence and Social-Experiential meaning. The EMAS demonstrated theoretically predicted zero-order correlations with measures of meaning and purpose in life, depressive symptomology, life satisfaction, and health-related quality of life. Regression analyses discerned that purpose and meaning in life consistently predicted the EMAS and its components. Furthermore, persons reporting greater levels of Social-Experiential relative to Personal-Competence meaning had the lowest levels of physical health-related quality of life. This study offers initial evidence in support of the EMAS as a valid measure of meaningful activity in older adults.
PMCID: PMC3172818  PMID: 21927592
Measurement; Meaning and Purpose in Life; Health-Related Qualify of Life; Life Satisfaction

Results 1-3 (3)