Objective: Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4), inhibits IGF actions under a variety of experimental conditions. Parathyroid hormone (PTH), 1.25-hydroxy(OH)vitamin D, IGF-I, IGF-II and transforming growth factor (TGF)-b are the major regulators of IGFBP-4 production in vitro. However, little is known about the in vivo regulation of circulating IGFBP-4 in humans.
Methods: We measured serum concentrations of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), PTH, vitamin D, IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-4 in infants (n=22) with nutritional rickets before and after treatment of rickets with vitamin D (300 000 U single dose po).
Results: The mean±SD age of the patients was 1.3±1.6 years (range 0.2-3). Serum Ca and P increased, whereas ALP and PTH decreased after treatment (Ca from 6.6±1.4 to 9.5±1.6 mg/dL, P from 3.9±1.4 to 5.4±0.8 mg/dL, ALP from 2590±2630 to 1072±776 IU/mL and PTH from 407±248 to 27.4±20.8 ng/dL, respectively). Vitamin D levels were low (7.8±2.5 ng/mL) and increased after treatment (18.1±4.0 ng/mL, p<0.001). Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels both increased after treatment (IGF-I: 13.5±12.2 vs. 23.7±14.2 ng/mL, p<0.001 and IGFBP-3: 1108±544 vs. 1652±424 ng/mL, p<0.001). However, serum IGFBP-4 levels did not change significantly after treatment (18.8±8.0 vs. 21.5±4.8 ng/mL). No correlation between PTH and IGF-I, IGFBP-3 or IGFBP-4 was detected. Significant correlations were observed between PTH and ALP (r=0.53, p<0.05), and between IGF-I and IGFBP-3 (r=0.46, p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results demonstrate that contrary to in vivo studies, circulating IGFBP-4 levels are not influenced by secondary hyperparathyroidism in vitamin D deficiency rickets since IGFBP-4 levels did not change after normalization of PTH with vitamin D treatment.
Conflict of interest:None declared.