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2.  Ankle blood pressure measured by automatic oscillotonometry: a comparison with Doppler pressure measurements. 
Oscillotonometry using Dinamap machine was investigated for the measurement of ankle and brachial blood pressures in our vascular practice. It was validated by comparison with intra-arterial pressure measured by transducer. Systolic ankle and brachial pressures in 43 patients were compared using the Dinamap and Doppler techniques, and significant correlation was found. Ankle and brachial systolic, diastolic and mean pressures and ankle/brachial pressure indices for all three pressures were measured in a group of 12 normal subjects supine at rest, and after treadmill exercise, and a range of normal values defined. The main limitation of the Dinamap is its failure to measure pressures below 50mmHg. The Dinamap technique is a noninvasive, simple, reproducible and quick method of measuring ankle and brachial pressures in vascular surgical practice.
PMCID: PMC2498533  PMID: 3426091
3.  Perforation thresholds and safety factors in in vivo coronary laser angioplasty. 
British Heart Journal  1988;59(4):429-437.
Laser angioplasty can cause early (acute perforation) or late (stenosis or aneurysm) complications. To find how much intravascular laser energy can be delivered via a 100 microns core optical fibre passed down a balloon angioplasty catheter without causing angiographic abnormalities up to 10 days later, argon laser energy was delivered percutaneously under radiographic screening to the coronary circulation of 12 normal closed chest dogs. With the balloon inflated, sequential laser pulses were delivered to the same site. Angiograms were recorded before, immediately, and again at one week, after laser delivery. There were two laser-induced perforations (both fatal). Mechanical perforation with the 100 microns fibre occurred four times, but there were no haemodynamic sequelae. To find the acute perforation threshold of similar sized arteries to energy delivered via the bare 100 microns core fibre, the tip of which was held in contact with the luminal surface, 32 argon laser pulses were delivered transluminally in vivo to separate sites in normal rabbit iliac and canine coronary arteries. The acute perforation threshold with energy delivered via the angioplasty catheter lay between 6 and 10 J and that without the balloon angioplasty catheter lay between 3 and 4 J. After delivery of up to 6 J via a balloon angioplasty catheter, there were no angiographic abnormalities at one week. Fibre optic transluminal delivery of laser energy may improve the primary success rate of, and perhaps widen the indications for, coronary angioplasty.
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PMCID: PMC1216487  PMID: 2967086

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