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1.  Pseudolipoma of the Inferior Vena Cava 
The Indian Journal of Surgery  2012;76(5):413-414.
Pseudolipoma of inferior vena cava refers to a normal variant of adipose collection that is seen in typical pericaval or juxtacaval location; however, it mimics an intracaval mass lesion, especially fat-containing lesions such as lipoma. Awareness of this entity is very important to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary diagnostic procedures.
PMCID: PMC4571514  PMID: 26396478
Pseudolipoma; Inferior vena cava; CT scan
2.  Primary Leiomyosarcoma of Gallbladder: A Rare Diagnosis 
Leiomyosarcoma of the gallbladder is a rare entity, constituting about 1.4 per 1000 gallbladder malignancies. Literature review shows female preponderance in sixth decade of life, due to unknown reasons. We report one such rare case of a 50-year-old female admitted with pain in right upper abdomen. On examination, mass was felt in right hypochondrium. The ultrasound abdomen showed mass with loss of interface with liver and cholelithiasis. CECT abdomen showed polypoidal gallbladder malignancy with ill-defined interface with liver. She was operated upon with diagnosis of carcinoma gallbladder; extended cholecystectomy was done. Histopathological examination revealed spindle-cell proliferation and possibility of malignant tumor of mesenchymal origin was kept. This was later confirmed on immunohistochemistry.
PMCID: PMC3415152  PMID: 22900213
3.  Polymyositis associated with ulcerative colitis. 
Gut  1993;34(4):567-569.
An elderly woman with chronic ulcerative colitis who developed proximal muscle weakness, increased serum creatine phosphokinase activity, and histological and electromyographic abnormalities characteristic of polymyositis is described. Treatment with corticosteroids and 5-acetylsalicylic acid was followed by a remission in bowel symptoms, improvement in muscle power, and reversal of electromyographic changes. An autoimmune link between the two disorders seems likely.
PMCID: PMC1374324  PMID: 8491410
4.  Pseudosclerosing cholangitis in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. 
Gut  1992;33(2):272-276.
Biliary changes secondary to portal hypertension have rarely been described in published reports. Twenty consecutive patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction, all of whom showed a variable degree of abnormalities in the biliary tract suggestive of sclerosing cholangitis, are described. These biliary abnormalities were: focal narrowing, dilatations, and cholangitic changes affecting the main bile ducts and hepatic ducts. The left hepatic duct and its branches were affected in all patients. Only one patient had clinical or biochemical evidence of cholestasis. The mechanism of these abnormalities in the biliary tract of these patients is perhaps the development of portal collaterals.
PMCID: PMC1373944  PMID: 1541425
5.  Sclerotherapy in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. 
Gut  1990;31(2):213-216.
One hundred and twenty two patients who presented with variceal bleeding as a result of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPO) were entered into the sclerotherapy programme with a mean follow up of 23.69 months (range four to 60 months). Eighteen (14.7%) patients were lost to follow up, three (2.4%) patients underwent surgery, and six (4.9%) patients died. Variceal obliteration was achieved in the remaining 95 patients requiring 5.4 (2.4) sessions of sclerotherapy (range 2-18). Seventeen episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleed occurred in 15 patients during sclerotherapy. Recurrence of oesophageal varices was seen in 15 patients. Ten patients developed bulbous gastric varices after obliteration. Major complications including perforation and strictures were seen more commonly in children. Sclerotherapy was associated with a significant reduction in the bleeding rate (bleeds/month/patient) as compared with the presclerotherapy period (p less than 0.001). Endoscopic sclerotherapy is an effective and safe modality in the prevention of variceal bleeds in patients with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction.
PMCID: PMC1378383  PMID: 2311981
6.  Extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. 
Gut  1988;29(4):554-555.
PMCID: PMC1433546  PMID: 3371728
7.  Spontaneous (natural) splenoadrenorenal shunts in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction: a series of 20 cases. 
Gut  1987;28(10):1198-1200.
Large spontaneous (natural) splenoadrenorenal shunt on splenoportovenography was seen in 20 (9.4%) of the 213 patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. Significantly less number of patients had a bleed and oesophageal varices in this group compared with patients having no spontaneous shunt. There was, however, no significant difference in the age, splenic size, splenic pulp pressure, anaemia, thrombocytopenia and leucopenia between the two groups.
PMCID: PMC1433450  PMID: 3500096
8.  Cholangitis Due to Candidiasis of the Extra-Hepatic Biliary Tract 
HPB Surgery  1998;11(1):51-54.
A case of isolated candidal fungal balls in the common bile duct causing obstructive jaundice and cholangitis is described. There were no predisposing factors. The fungal balls were removed from the common bile duct and a transduodenal sphincteroplasty was performed. Microscopic analysis yielded colonies of candida. Postoperative period was uneventful. At follow-up no evidence of candida infection was evident. He is now 3 years post-surgery and is well.
PMCID: PMC2423915  PMID: 9830582

Results 1-8 (8)