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1.  Dynamics of maternal and paternal effects on embryo and seed development in wild radish (Raphanus sativus) 
Annals of Botany  2010;106(2):309-319.
Background and Aims
Variability in embryo development can influence the rate of seed maturation and seed size, which may have an impact on offspring fitness. While it is expected that embryo development will be under maternal control, more controversial hypotheses suggest that the pollen donor and the embryo itself may influence development. These latter possibilities are, however, poorly studied. Characteristics of 10-d-old embryos and seeds of wild radish (Raphanus sativus) were examined to address: (a) the effects of maternal plant and pollen donor on development; (b) the effects of earlier reproductive events (pollen tube growth and fertilization) on embryos and seeds, and the influence of embryo size on mature seed mass; (c) the effect of water stress on embryos and seeds; (d) the effect of stress on correlations of embryo and seed characteristics with earlier and later reproductive events and stages; and (e) changes in maternal and paternal effects on embryo and seed characteristics during development.
Eight maternal plants (two each from four families) and four pollen donors were crossed and developing gynoecia were collected at 10 d post-pollination. Half of the maternal plants experienced water stress. Characteristics of embryos and seeds were summarized and also compared with earlier and later developmental stages.
Key Results
In addition to the expected effects of the maternal plants, all embryo characters differed among pollen donors. Paternal effects varied over time, suggesting that there are windows of opportunity for pollen donors to influence embryo development. Water-stress treatment altered embryo characteristics; embryos were smaller and less developed. In addition, correlations of embryo characteristics with earlier and later stages changed dramatically with water stress.
The expected maternal effects on embryo development were observed, but there was also evidence for an early paternal role. The relative effects of these controls may change over time. Thus, there may be times in development when selection on the maternal, paternal or embryo contributions to development are more and less likely.
PMCID: PMC2908165  PMID: 20519237
Raphanus sativus; embryo development; maternal effects; paternal effects; seed development; seed size; water stress; wild radish
3.  A diabetes control program in a public health care setting. 
Public Health Reports  1993;108(5):595-605.
The Houston Diabetes Control Program is part of an effort by the State of Texas and approximately 30 other programs throughout the United States to ensure that persons with diabetes-related complications receive ongoing state-of-the-art preventive care and treatment. For the past 5 years, this program has served an urban, high-risk patient population with special cultural, ethnic, and economic challenges. The intervention has included the development and implementation of protocols for the prevention and care of diabetes-related complications of the eyes, lower extremities, and cardiovascular system, as well as general management of diabetes and patient and professional education. The program is ongoing in nine community health centers located in low-income neighborhoods of a large metropolitan area. The results thus far indicate an increase in sensitive eye examinations from 8 percent to 26 percent of the patient population, a reduction in incidence of legal blindness from 9.5 to 2.7 per 1,000 during a 4-year period, an increase in foot examinations from 18 percent to 44 percent of the patient population, and 77 percent of hypertensive patients in good control of blood pressure at less than 160 over 95 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). On the average, there have not been significant long-term improvements in weight reduction or blood glucose control. The major challenges for this program are (a) improvement in control of glycemia, hypertension, and cholesterol; (b) more effective diet and physical activity interventions; and (c) more effective education approaches that help patients to understand metabolic and cardiovascular functions. These challenges will require collaboration of health care professionals in constructive and imaginative ways through their unselfish commitment toward common goals.
PMCID: PMC1403436  PMID: 8210258
4.  Interactions between Naegleria fowleri and Legionella pneumophila. 
Infection and Immunity  1985;50(2):449-452.
Using electron microscopy we documented some of the intracellular events that occur in Naegleria fowleri suspended in Page amoeba saline after ingestion of Legionella pneumophila. Photomicrographs showed intracellular vacuoles containing bacteria in the process of binary fission that was accompanied by alignment of mitochondria and ribosome-like structures along the vacuole membrane. Although these intracellular events are remarkably similar to that seen in Legionella replication within human monocytes, we could not demonstrate an increase in the number of bacteria by CFU or dark-field microscopy. However, when the Naegleria cells were allowed to ingest Legionella cells while suspended in amoeba culture medium, the number of bacteria increased, and this was contingent upon the presence of viable amoebae.
PMCID: PMC261973  PMID: 4055026
5.  Correlation of in vitro activities of cephalothin and ceftazidime with their efficacies in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis in rabbits. 
Rabbits with Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis were treated with cephalothin or ceftazidime to determine whether differences in in vitro activity would result in differences in in vivo efficacy. Antibiotics were administered in doses equivalent to maximum recommended human doses, and results of laboratory tests to predict antimicrobial efficacy were determined during treatment. Cephalothin and ceftazidime MICs for the challenge strain were 0.5 and 8 micrograms/ml, respectively. MBCs were 32 and greater than 128 micrograms/ml, respectively. With peak sera, laboratory results (means) for cephalothin and ceftazidime were as follows: ratios of concentration in serum to MIC, 300 and 16; ratios of concentration in serum to MBC, 4.8 and less than 1; bacteriostatic antibacterial activity titers in serum, 1:256 and 1:16; and bactericidal antibacterial activity titers in serum, 1:16 and 1:4, respectively. Trough sera contained little or no measurable antibiotic and had no antibacterial activity. Both cephalothin and ceftazidime were efficacious in the treatment of infected rabbits. There were no statistically significant differences in efficacy as defined by survival, eradication of bacteremia, or sterilization of cardiac vegetations. Results of laboratory tests which quantitated antimicrobial activity did not correlate with efficacy, either independent of antibiotic or adjusted for antibiotic. Despite their lesser in vitro activities, the new cephalosporins may be equivalent to the older cephalosporins for treating staphylococcal infections in humans, when administered in maximum recommended doses.
PMCID: PMC284127  PMID: 6385840

Results 1-5 (5)