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Archives of Disease in Childhood (1)
Journal of Clinical Investigation (1)
Arisawa, K (2)
Akiyama, T (1)
Fujihira, K (1)
Hamada, H (1)
Kasuga, M (1)
Miki, M (1)
Moriyama, H (1)
Nagata, M (1)
Ohgi, S (1)
Okamoto, N (1)
Saito, I (1)
Shigemori, K (1)
Yasuda, H (1)
Yokono, K (1)
Yoshida, R (1)
Year of Publication
Randomised controlled trial of swaddling versus massage in the management of excessive crying in infants with cerebral injuries
Archives of Disease in Childhood
Background: Infants with neonatal cerebral insults are susceptible to excessive crying as a result of difficulties with self-regulation.
Aims: To compare the effectiveness of swaddling versus massage therapy in the management of excessive crying of infants with cerebral insults.
Methods: Randomised three-week parallel comparison of the efficacy of two intervention methods. Infants with symptoms of troublesome crying and their parents were randomly assigned to a swaddling intervention group (n = 13) or a massage intervention group (n = 12).
Results: The amount of total daily crying decreased significantly in the swaddling group, but did not decrease significantly in the massage group. Infant behavioural profiles and maternal anxiety levels improved significantly in the swaddling group post-intervention. Parents in the swaddling group were more satisfied with the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing crying than parents in the massage group.
Conclusion: Results indicate that swaddling may be more effective than massage intervention in reducing crying in infants with cerebral injuries.
Local expression of immunoregulatory IL-12p40 gene prolonged syngeneic islet graft survival in diabetic NOD mice.
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Local production of immunosuppressive cytokines will be one of the most suitable therapeutic strategies against organ-specific autoimmune diabetes. To establish such a new therapy, we constructed recombinant adenoviral vectors with inserted mIL-12p40 (Ad.IL-12p40) and mIL-10 (Ad.IL-10). Sufficient amounts of IL-12p40 and IL-10 were secreted by relevant adenovirus-transfected nonobese diabetic (NOD) islets. Shortly after transfection, 400 NOD islets transfected with Ad.IL-12p40 or Ad.IL-10 were transplanted under the renal capsule of a newly diabetic NOD mouse. NOD mice with IL-12p40-producing islet grafts kept normoglycemia in all of 14 grafted mice for over 4 wk after transplantation. In contrast, NOD mice with IL-10-producing islet grafts became diabetic in all of six grafted mice within 2 wk af-ter transplantation. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that local production of IL-12p40 led to the decrease of interferon-gamma and the augmentation of transforming growth factor-beta at the graft site. These results suggest that IL-12 plays an important role in the destruction of islet cells at the inflamed site of autoimmunity. Such a local blockade of IL-12 would be a useful gene therapy for human autoimmune diabetes.
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