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1.  Cancer stage knowledge and desire for information: Mismatch in Latino cancer patients? 
doi:10.1007/s13187-013-0487-8
PMCID: PMC3755090  PMID: 23740509
Hispanic Americans; Cancer Stage; Knowledge; Patient education; Immigrant Health
2.  Cancer Screening and Haitian Immigrants: The Primary Care Provider Factor 
Background
Haitian immigrants, among the fastest growing immigrant communities in the United States, have low cancer screening rates. Several patient barriers have been identified and associated with low screening rates but little is known on provider barriers for cancer screening. To address this gap, we assessed the cancer screening practices, attitudes, and beliefs of primary care providers serving the Haitian community.
Methods
We surveyed a random sample of physicians serving first generation Haitian immigrants in New York City, identified through their zip codes of practice. Participants completed a questionnaire to assess their beliefs, attitudes and practices surrounding cancer screening, and their perceptions of patient barriers to screening.
Results
50 of 87 physicians (58%) consented to participate in the study. Cancer site-specific and overall cancer screening scores were created for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. 75% of providers followed breast cancer screening guidelines, 16% for cervical cancer, and 30% for colorectal cancer. None of the providers in the sample were following guidelines for all three cancer sites. Additionally, 97% reported recommending digital rectal exam and PSA annually to patients 50 years or older with no family history, and 100% to patients over 50 years old with family history.
Conclusions
The reported practices of providers serving the Haitian immigrant community in New York City are not fully consistent with practice guidelines. Efforts should be made to reinforce screening guideline knowledge in physicians serving the Haitian immigrant community, to increase the utilization of systems that increase cancer screening, and to implement strategies to overcome patient barriers.
doi:10.1007/s10903-007-9076-4
PMCID: PMC3315358  PMID: 17647104
Haitian immigrants; Physicians practices; Cancer screening
3.  Cancer Screening Practices among Physicians Serving Chinese Immigrants 
Chinese immigrants in the United States are broadly affected by cancer health disparities. We examined the cancer screening attitudes and practices of physicians serving Chinese immigrants in the New York City (NYC) area by mailing a cancer screening survey, based on current guidelines, to a random sample of physicians serving this population. Fifty three physicians (44%) completed the survey. Seventy-two percent reported following the guidelines for breast cancer, 35% for cervical cancer screening, and 45% for all colorectal cancer screening tests. Sixty-eight percent of physicians were satisfied with their current rates of cancer screening with their Chinese immigrant patient population. Physicians serving the Chinese community in NYC follow cancer screening guidelines inadequately. Cancer screening rates in this population could likely be increased by interventions that target physicians and improve awareness of guidelines and recommended best practices.
doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0117
PMCID: PMC3314376  PMID: 19202247
Chinese; immigrants; cancer screening; physician practices; primary care
4.  A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Multilevel Intervention to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening among Latino Immigrants in a Primary Care Facility 
BACKGROUND
Latino immigrants face a higher burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) and screening rates are low.
OBJECTIVE
To assess the effectiveness of a multilevel intervention in increasing the rate of CRC screening among Latino immigrants.
DESIGN
A randomized controlled trial, with randomization at the physician level.
PARTICIPANTS
Pairs of 65 primary care physicians and 65 Latino immigrant patients participated, 31 in the intervention and 34 in the control group.
INTERVENTION
CRC educational video in Spanish on a portable personal digital video display device accompanied by a brochure with key information for the patient, and a patient-delivered paper-based reminder for their physician.
MEASUREMENTS
Completed CRC screening, physician recommendation for CRC screening, and patient adherence to physician recommended CRC screening.
RESULTS
The overall rate of completed screening for CRC was 55% for the intervention and 18% for the control group (p = 0.002). Physicians recommended CRC screening for 61% of patients in the intervention group versus 41% in the control group (p = 0.08). Of those that received a recommendation, 90% in the intervention group adhered to it versus 26% in the control group (p = 0.007).
CONCLUSIONS
The intervention was successful in increasing rates of completed CRC screening primarily through increasing adherence after screening was recommended. Additional efforts should focus on developing new strategies to increase physician recommendation for CRC screening, while employing effective patient adherence interventions.
doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1266-4
PMCID: PMC2869418  PMID: 20213208
colorectal cancer; immigrant health; primary care; prevention; intervention
5.  Validation of the Spanish Translation of the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) Survey 
Preventing Chronic Disease  2008;5(4):A113.
Introduction
The Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) survey is a patient-centered instrument for evaluating the quality and patient-centeredness of chronic illness care received according to the Chronic Care Model paradigm. This study validates the Spanish translation of the PACIC in an urban, Spanish-speaking population.
Methods
One hundred Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes completed the translated PACIC and sociodemographic and cultural questionnaires. Test-retest reliability was assessed in a subset of 20 patients who completed the questionnaire 2 to 4 months later. Internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach α. PACIC score and subscale associations with sociodemographic characteristics were examined.
Results
Test-retest reliability for the overall translated PACIC scale was 0.77. Scores were not associated with patient sociodemographic characteristics, including age, country of birth, years living in the United States, or education level (P >.05).
Conclusion
The Spanish translation of the PACIC survey demonstrated high reliability, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Scores showed no association with sociodemographic or cultural characteristics. The Spanish version can reliably be used to assess care delivered according to the Chronic Care Model in a heterogeneous Spanish-speaking population.
PMCID: PMC2578783  PMID: 18793501
6.  Letter to the Editor Regarding Aranguri et al 
doi:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00625.x
PMCID: PMC1924798  PMID: 16995889

Results 1-6 (6)