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1.  A rare case of intracranial metastatic amelanotic melanoma with cyst 
Journal of Clinical Pathology  2003;56(7):548-551.
A rare case of intracranial metastatic amelanotic melanoma with cyst is presented. The patient was a 51 year old woman with a malignant melanoma arising on her right chest. Two years after a wide excision, skin and brain metastasis occurred. Brain magnetic resonance images demonstrated a tumour with a cyst in the left occipital lobe. Because the tumour showed low intensity on T1 weighted images and high intensity on T2 weighted images, the metastatic melanoma was identified as an amelanotic melanoma. Intracranial amelanotic melanoma is very rare, and there have been few reports of melanoma with cyst.
PMCID: PMC1770002  PMID: 12835304
amelanotic melanoma; cyst; intracranial metastasis; melanoma
2.  Gene expression analysis of rheumatoid arthritis synovial lining regions by cDNA microarray combined with laser microdissection: up-regulation of inflammation-associated STAT1, IRF1, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 
Objectives
The main histological change in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the villous proliferation of synovial lining cells, an important source of cytokines and chemokines, which are associated with inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate gene expression in the microdissected synovial lining cells of RA patients, using those of osteoarthritis (OA) patients as the control.
Methods
Samples were obtained during total joint replacement from 11 RA and five OA patients. Total RNA from the synovial lining cells was derived from selected specimens by laser microdissection (LMD) for subsequent cDNA microarray analysis. In addition, the expression of significant genes was confirmed immunohistochemically.
Results
The 14 519 genes detected by cDNA microarray were used to compare gene expression levels in synovial lining cells from RA with those from OA patients. Cluster analysis indicated that RA cells, including low- and high-expression subgroups, and OA cells were stored in two main clusters. The molecular activity of RA was statistically consistent with its clinical and histological activity. Expression levels of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), and the chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 were statistically significantly higher in the synovium of RA than in that of OA. Immunohistochemically, the lining synovium of RA, but not that of OA, clearly expressed STAT1, IRF1, and chemokines, as was seen in microarray analysis combined with LMD.
Conclusions
Our findings indicate an important role for lining synovial cells in the inflammatory and proliferative processes of RA. Further understanding of the local signalling in structural components is important in rheumatology.
doi:10.3109/03009742.2011.623137
PMCID: PMC3400100  PMID: 22401175

Results 1-2 (2)