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1.  Chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer: four systematic meta-analyses of individual patient data from 37 randomized trials. Advanced Ovarian Cancer Trialists' Group. 
British Journal of Cancer  1998;78(11):1479-1487.
The purpose of this systematic study was to provide an up to date and reliable quantitative summary of the relative benefits of various types of chemotherapy (non-platinum vs platinum, single-agent vs combination and carboplatin vs cisplatin) in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Also, to investigate whether well-defined patient subgroups benefit more or less from cisplatin- or carboplatin-based therapy. Meta-analyses were based on updated individual patient data from all available randomized controlled trials (published and unpublished), including 37 trials, 5667 patients and 4664 deaths. The results suggest that platinum-based chemotherapy is better than non-platinum therapy, show a trend in favour of platinum combinations over single-agent platinum, and suggest that cisplatin and carboplatin are equally effective. There is no good evidence that cisplatin is more or less effective than carboplatin in any particular subgroup of patients.
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PMCID: PMC2063202  PMID: 9836481
2.  The hypoglycaemic action of metformin 
Postgraduate Medical Journal  1971;47(554):777-780.
Twenty-four-hour excretion of D-xylose after oral administration in nine diabetic patients, and of 3-0-methyl-D-glucose in six patients, showed no significant change after treatment with metformin. There was, however, a significant reduction in mean fasting blood glucose levels in thirteen patients from 160 to 115 mg/100 ml (P <0·001), and the intravenous glucose tolerance improved in twelve of these patients (P <0·01), during treatment with metformin.
It is concluded that the hypoglycaemic action of metformin does not depend primarily on an intestinal effect.
PMCID: PMC2467360  PMID: 5138746
4.  Changes in Gut Flora after Cephalexin Treatment 
British Medical Journal  1970;3(5723):624-625.
Eighteen patients with urinary tract infection were treated with cephalexin orally. Absorption was variable, between 29 and 89% of the total daily dose being excreted in the urine in 24 hours. A significant number of patients became faecal carriers of Pseudomonas aeruginosa compared with a control group who received no antibiotics. Four of the cephalexin-treated patients acquired a strain of Ps. aeruginosa known to be present in food from the hospital diet kitchen and one developed a urinary tract infection with this strain.
PMCID: PMC1701693  PMID: 4990379

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