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author:("Abe, kazuhito")
1.  Presentation of two patients with malignant granulosa cell tumors, with a review of the literature 
Granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) of the ovary account for 2 to 5 of ovarian malignancies. We present two patients with malignant ovarian adult GCT. In one patient, a combination of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin was effective after initial surgery for malignant GCT. In the other, an aromatase inhibitor was effective for recurrent malignant GCT. We also review the literature for further management of this tumor. Because GCT of the ovary is rare, it will be necessary to elucidate the clinical phenotype and establish treatment protocols by accumulating and analyzing more patients.
doi:10.1186/1477-7819-10-185
PMCID: PMC3490972  PMID: 22963202
Ovarian malignant granulosa cell tumor; BEP combination therapy; Aromatase inhibitor
2.  The four-transmembrane protein IP39 of Euglena forms strands by a trimeric unit repeat 
Nature Communications  2013;4:1766-.
Euglenoid flagellates have striped surface structures comprising pellicles, which allow the cell shape to vary from rigid to flexible during the characteristic movement of the flagellates. In Euglena gracilis, the pellicular strip membranes are covered with paracrystalline arrays of a major integral membrane protein, IP39, a putative four-membrane-spanning protein with the conserved sequence motif of the PMP-22/EMP/MP20/Claudin superfamily. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of Euglena IP39 determined by electron crystallography. Two-dimensional crystals of IP39 appear to form a striated pattern of antiparallel double-rows in which trimeric IP39 units are longitudinally polymerised, resulting in continuously extending zigzag-shaped lines. Structural analysis revealed an asymmetric molecular arrangement in the trimer, and suggested that at least four different interactions between neighbouring protomers are involved. A combination of such multiple interactions would be important for linear strand formation of membrane proteins in a lipid bilayer.
IP39 is an abundant protozoan protein known to form highly-ordered striations in Euglena gracilis’ plasma membrane. Here, Suzuki et al. determine its three-dimensional structure by electron crystallography revealing that IP39 polymerises to form trimeric longitudinal units arranged in a molecular strand of antiparallel double-rows.
doi:10.1038/ncomms2731
PMCID: PMC3644091  PMID: 23612307
3.  Conformational rearrangement of gastric H+,K+-ATPase induced by an acid suppressant 
Nature Communications  2011;2:155-.
Acid-related gastric diseases are associated with disorder of digestive tract acidification. The gastric proton pump, H+,K+-ATPase, exports H+ in exchange for luminal K+ to generate a highly acidic environment in the stomach, and is a main target for acid suppressants. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of gastric H+,K+-ATPase with bound SCH28080, a representative K+-competitive acid blocker, at 7 Å resolution based on electron crystallography of two-dimensional crystals. The density of the bound SCH28080 is found near transmembrane (TM) helices 4, 5 and 6, in the luminal cavity. The SCH28080-binding site is formed by the rearrangement of TM helices, which is in turn transmitted to the cytoplasmic domains, resulting in a luminal-open conformation. These results represent the first structural evidence for a binding site of an acid suppressant on H+,K+-ATPase, and the conformational change induced by this class of drugs.
The gastric proton pump, H+,K+-ATPase, contributes to stomach acidification and is a target of acid suppressants. Here, the three-dimensional structure of the pump is determined using electron crystallography, providing the first structural information about the binding of a new class of acid suppressants.
doi:10.1038/ncomms1154
PMCID: PMC3105306  PMID: 21224846

Results 1-3 (3)