In this study, the application of reinforced circular staplers reduced the incidence of gastrojejunal anastomotic complications in patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is the most common procedure for weight loss surgery but has multiple complications. This study evaluates the use of reinforced circular staplers (RCS) and their effects on reducing gastrojejunal anastomotic complications.
We conducted a retrospective chart review from January 2007 to November 2008. Laparoscopic RYGBP were performed in 287 patients. A comparison was made of the complications with and without the use of reinforced circular staplers. The comparison was between a nonreinforced circular stapler (NRCS) group comprising 182 patients and an RCS group comprising 105 patients.
Complications at gastrojejunal anastomosis were experienced by 15.3% of the patients; 9.5% were in the RCS group and 18.7% were in the NRCS group (P=0.026). Neither group had anastomotic leaks. Bleeding rate was 4.8% in the RCS group vs. 6.6% in the NRCS group. Ulcers occurred in 2.9% of the RCS group vs. 6.0% of the NRCS group. Stricture rate was 1.9% in the RCS group vs. 6.6% in the NRCS group.
The application of RCS reduced the incidence of gastrojejunal anastomotic complications. Patients are twice as likely to develop complications when no RCS device is used (95% CI 1.03, 4.623). Therefore, it is beneficial to utilize RCS for the gastrojejunal anastomosis in RYGBP procedures.