Objective: To investigate a patient with atopic eczema and assess how they responded to chiropractic care.
Method: The study was run over a 7 week period with chiropractic treatments (diversified technique) on a once weekly schedule.
Outcome Measures: To measure the effect of treatment, a rating system was developed and the intensity of a range of symptoms was recorded (through a questionnaire) on a twice weekly basis.
Results: The results attained showed there was a marked improvement in the eczema symptoms following the chiropractic care. The patient reported an improvement in eczematous symptoms of excoriation, pruritus, oedema and general psychological ease. These findings were also confirmed by photographic evidence which documented the change in the lesions.
Discussion: The case is presented to assist practitioners making a more informed decision on the treatment of choice for eczema. The outcome of this case is also discussed in relation to recent research that concludes that chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy has a role in the treatment for some people with non-neuromusculoskeletal conditions.
Conclusion: It appears that chiropractic care may have assisted this patient with eczema. However, more research is required to investigate the role that chiropractic has in the treatment of patients with eczema, and the potential mechanisms that could explain the improvement.
Eczema; dermatitis; atopic; chiropractic; case report
To present a case study of migraine sufferer who had a dramatic improvement after chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT).
The case presented is a 72-year–old woman with a 60-year history of migraine headaches, which included nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia.
Intervention and outcome
The average frequency of migraine episodes before treatment was 1 to 2 per week, including nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia; and the average duration of each episode was 1 to 3 days. The patient was treated with CSMT. She reported all episodes being eliminated after CSMT. The patient was certain there had been no other lifestyle changes that could have contributed to her improvement. She also noted that the use of her medication was reduced by 100%. A 7-year follow-up revealed that the person had still not had a single migraine episode in this period.
This case highlights that a subgroup of migraine patients may respond favorably to CSMT. While a case study does not represent significant scientific evidence, in context with other studies conducted, this study suggests that a trial of CSMT should be considered for chronic, nonresponsive migraine headache, especially if migraine patients are nonresponsive to pharmaceuticals or prefer to use other treatment methods.
Migraine; Chiropractic; Spinal manipulative therapy
Objective: To test the efficacy of Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the treatment of migraine, using an uncontrolled clinical trial.
Design: A clinical trial of six months duration. The trial consisted of 3 stages: two months of pre-treatment, two months of treatment, and two months post treatment. Comparison was made to initial baseline episodes of migraine preceding commencement of SMT.
Setting: Chiropractic Research Centre of Macquarie University.
Participants: Thirty two volunteers, between the ages of 23 to 60 were recruited through media advertising. The diagnosis of migraine based on a detailed questionnaire, regarding self reported symptoms or signs, with minimum of one migraine with aura per month.
Interventions: Two months of SMT provided by an experienced chiropractor at a university clinic.
Main Outcome Measures: Participants completed diaries during the entire trial noting the frequency, intensity, duration, disability, associated symptoms and use of medication for each migraine episode. In addition, clinic records were compared to their diary entries of migraine episodes.
Results: A total of fifty nine participants responded to the advertising, with twenty five being excluded or deciding not to continue in the trial. Two participants (5.9%) withdrew during the trial, one due to alteration in work situation and one following soreness after SMT. The Chiropractic SMT group showed statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) in migraine frequency and duration, when compared to initial baseline levels. Only one participant (3.1%) reported that the migraine episodes were worse after the two months of SMT, and this was not sustained at the two month post treatment follow up period.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that Chiropractic SMT is an effective treatment for migraine with aura. However, due to the cyclical nature of migraine with aura, and the finding that episodes usually reduce following any intervention, further research is required. A prospective randomised controlled trial utilising detuned EPT (interferential), a sham manipulation group and an SMT group is nearing conclusion. It is anticipated this trial will provide further information of the efficacy of Chiropractic SMT in the treatment of migraine with aura.
Migraine; chiropractic; spinal manipulation; clinical trial
To describe the use of chiropractic care for a patient with migraine headache.
A patient suffered from migraine headaches after an automobile accident. Neck disability scores, visual analog score, and algometry scores were used to track patient progress.
Intervention and Outcome
The patient's range of motion, flexibility, and strength improved following a regimen of spinal manipulation and active and passive therapeutic care. After 12 weeks of treatment, the duration, frequency, and intensity of her migraines decreased.
This case offers an example of the potential effects of chiropractic and rehabilitative treatment for migraine headache sufferers.
Migraine; Manipulation, Chiropractic; Musculoskeletal Manipulations; Exercise Movement Techniques
The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a 39-year-old woman with essential tremors and migraine headaches.
A 39-year-old woman presented with essential tremors and migraine headaches, which occurred 2 to 3 times per week. The essential tremor was diagnosed in 2000, and migraine headaches with aura were diagnosed when she was 10. Both diagnoses were made by her general medical practitioner. Previous treatments for migraine included propranolol, isometheptene, dichloralphenazone, acetaminophen, sumatriptan, and over-the-counter pain relievers.
Intervention and Outcome
The patient received high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic spinal manipulation to her upper cervical spine using the Blair Upper Cervical chiropractic technique protocol. There was improvement in her tremors and migraine headaches following her initial chiropractic treatment, with a sustained improvement after 4 months of care.
This case study demonstrated improvement in a woman with essential tremors and migraine headaches. This suggests the need for more research to examine how upper cervical specific chiropractic care may help mitigate tremors and migraine headaches.
Tremor; Migraine; Spinal adjustment, Chiropractic
The purpose of this article is to present a case study of chiropractic spinal manipulative treatment (CSMT) using the Gonstead method for a patient with migraines.
The patient was a 52-year-old married woman with a long-term history of chronic migraines, which included nausea, vomiting, and photophobia. The patient had endometriosis, but did not relate the migraines to her menstrual cycles. She also reported not using medication for her migraines due to previous drug-related issues. The average frequency of episodes before treatment was 1 per month, and her migraines often included an aura. The pain was moderate, was located on the right side, was pulsating, and lasted for approximately 15 hours. The numeric pain scale for an average episode was 8 out of a possible 10. The aura involved nausea, photophobia, and visual disturbances including black dots in the visual field lasting for approximately 10 minutes.
Intervention and Outcome
The patient reported all episodes being eliminated following CSMT. At 6-month follow-up, the patient had not had a single migraine episode in this period. The patient was certain that there had been no other lifestyle changes that could have contributed to her improvement.
This case adds to previous research suggesting that some migraine patients may respond favorably to CSMT. The case also provides information on the Gonstead method. A case study does not represent significant scientific evidence in context with other studies conducted; this study suggests that a trial of CSMT using the Gonstead methods could be considered for chronic, nonresponsive migraines.
Migraine disorders; Chiropractic; Manipulation, spinal
To describe the use of chiropractic rehabilitation, functional assessment methods, and outcome measures in treatment of a single case of chronic recurrent migraine headache.
A 22-year-old woman had migraine, recurrent duration 2 years. She had no history of trauma and the symptoms persisted despite multiple medical interventions. She had head pain, primarily left frontal retro-orbital, accompanied by nausea and visual aura of “spots” when severe.
Intervention and Outcome
This subject was managed with rehabilitative exercises in combination with chiropractic manipulation. Outcome measures, including the Headache Disability Index, are described.
The chronic recurrent migraine resolved over a 12-week period with use of chiropractic rehabilitation in this patient. More research is necessary to determine whether this approach is consistently reproducible and how it compares with spinal manipulation alone and other forms of treatment. Further investigation of combining rehabilitation with chiropractic manipulation for some migraine patients should be considered.
Migraine; Headache; Rehabilitation; Chiropractic Manipulation; Cervical Spine; Headache Disability Index
Objective: To assess the efficacy of Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the treatment of migraine.
Design: A prospective clinical trial of twelve months duration. The trial consisted of 3 stages: two month pre-treatment, two month treatment, and two months post treatment. Comparison of outcomes to the initial baseline factors was made and also 6 months after the cessation of the study.
Setting: Chiropractic Research Centre of Macquarie University.
Participants: Thirty two volunteers, between the ages of 20 to 65 were recruited through media advertising. The diagnosis of migraine was based on a self reported detailed questionnaire, with minimum of one migraine per month.
Interventions: Two months of chiropractic SMT at vertebral fixations determined by the practitioner, through orthopedic and chiropractic testing.
Main Outcome Measures: Participants completed diaries during the entire trial noting the frequency, intensity (visual analogue score), duration, disability, associated symptoms and use of medication for each migraine episode.
Results: The initial 32 participants showed statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvement in migraine frequency, VAS, disability, and medication use, when compared to initial baseline levels. A further assessment of outcomes after a six month follow up (based on 24 participants), continued to show statistically significant improvement in migraine frequency (p < 0.005), VAS (p < 0.01), disability (p < 0.05), and medication use (p < 0.01), when compared to initial baseline levels.
In addition, information was collected regarding any changes in neck pain following chiropractic SMT. The results indicated that 14 participants (58%) reported no increase in neck pain as a consequence of the two months of SMT. Five participants (21%) reported a slight increase, three participants (13%) reported mild pain, and two participants (8%) reported moderate pain.
Conclusion: The results of this study support the hypothesis that Chiropractic SMT is an effective treatment for migraine, in some people. However, a larger controlled study is required.
Migraine; chiropractic; spinal manipulation; prospective trial; neck
The purpose of this study is to report a case of a child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who was treated with chiropractic care.
Parents of a 5-year-old boy with diagnosed ADHD brought him for chiropractic care to address his subjective signs (acting out, ability to follow instructions, and poor home and school performance), which also included waking at night due to asthmatic symptoms and low self-esteem. Palpation revealed hypertonicity and trigger points in the paraspinal muscles at the thoracolumbar region with local pain. A preliminary diagnosis included cervical and thoracolumbar facet joint irritation with concurrent muscle hypertonicity.
Intervention and Outcomes
Treatment including spinal manipulative therapy, soft tissue therapy, and stretching was provided. Treatment began on a thrice-weekly basis and declined to twice weekly over the course of approximately 12 weeks. After 1 year of treatment, subjective improvements were noted in episodes of acting out, ability to follow instructions, and general home and school performance.
The patient improved over 1 year in which he received chiropractic care, including manual treatments such as spinal manipulative therapy and soft tissue therapies. This suggests that there may be a role for doctors of chiropractic in the management of patients with ADHD.
Manipulation, spinal; Attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Chiropractic
The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management using upper cervical techniques of a 25-year-old woman diagnosed with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).
A 25-year-old woman had a history of JME, which was diagnosed at the age of 14 years. Her seizure episodes began shortly after trauma to her cervical spine and the onset of menarche.
Intervention and Outcome
After case history and physical examination, the patient received high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic spinal manipulation to her upper cervical spine using the Blair upper cervical chiropractic technique protocol. There was improvement in her seizure episodes and menstrual cycles following 12 weeks of chiropractic care.
This case study demonstrated improvement in a young woman with a seizure disorder after she received upper cervical chiropractic manipulation. This case suggests the need for more rigorous research to examine how upper cervical chiropractic techniques may provide therapeutic benefit to patients with seizure disorders.
Manipulation, Chiropractic; Myoclonic epilepsy, Juvenile; Cervical, Atlas; Menstrual cycle
To present a chiropractic treatment plan for a patient with lumbar disc herniation including radicular symptoms below the knee.
A 38-year-old male experienced lumbar disc herniation with radicular symptoms to the lower extremities, below the knee. Etiology of this episode included a traumatic injury which was complicated by chronic degenerative joint and disc changes.
Intervention and Outcome
The treatment regime included chiropractic spinal manipulation, modalities and exercise rehabilitation. Specific rehabilitation exercises were used during various stages of healing in an attempt to stabilize a potential surgical case. Goals of care were to alleviate pain, increase function, and decrease peripheralization related to disc herniation in this case. The patient reached a level of functional biomechanical stability over 15 weeks.
This case demonstrates that with proper management, rehabilitation of a patient with disc herniation can be reached in a short duration of time.
Chiropractic; Rehabilitation, Low back pain; Intervertebral Disc
Observational studies have previously shown that adverse events following manipulation to the neck and/or back are relatively common, although these reactions tend to be mild in intensity and self-limiting. However, no prospective study has examined the incidence of adverse reactions following spinal adjustments using upper cervical techniques, and the impact of this care on clinical outcomes.
Consecutive new patients from the offices of 83 chiropractors were recruited for this practice-based study. Clinical outcome measures included 1) Neck pain disability index (100-point scale), 2) Oswestry back pain index (100-point scale), 3) 11-point numerical rating scale (NRS) for neck, headache, midback, and low back pain, 4) treatment satisfaction, and 5) Symptomatic Reactions (SR). Data were collected at baseline, and after approximately 2 weeks of care. A patient reaching sub-clinical status for pain and disability was defined as a follow-up score <3 NRS and <10%, respectively. A SR is defined as a new complaint not present at baseline or a worsening of the presenting complaint by >30% based on an 11-point numeric rating scale occurring <24 hours after any upper cervical procedure.
A total of 1,090 patients completed the study having 4,920 (4.5 per patient) office visits requiring 2,653 (2.4 per patient) upper cervical adjustments over 17 days. Three hundred thirty- eight (31.0%) patients had SRs meeting the accepted definition. Intense SR (NRS ≥8) occurred in 56 patients (5.1%). Outcome assessments were significantly improved for neck pain and disability, headache, mid-back pain, as well as lower back pain and disability (p <0.001) following care with a high level (mean = 9.1/10) of patient satisfaction. The 83 chiropractors administered >5 million career upper cervical adjustments without a reported incidence of serious adverse event.
Upper cervical chiropractic care may have a fairly common occurrence of mild intensity SRs short in duration (<24 hours), and rarely severe in intensity; however, outcome assessments were significantly improved with less than 3 weeks of care with a high level of patient satisfaction. Although our findings need to be confirmed in subsequent randomized studies for definitive risk-benefit assessment, the preliminary data shows that the benefits of upper cervical chiropractic care may outweigh the potential risks.
Chiropractic; Adverse Effects; Symptomatic Reactions; Manipulation; Upper Cervical
The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of a child with cyclic vomiting syndrome.
A 7-year-old girl had a history of cyclic vomiting episodes for the past 4 1/2 years. She also had a 2-month history of headaches and stomachache.
Intervention and Outcome
The patient received low-force chiropractic spinal manipulation to her upper cervical spine. There was improvement in her symptoms within an hour after the chiropractic manipulation. Her symptoms only returned after direct trauma to her neck. The recurring symptoms again disappeared immediately after treatment.
This case study suggests that there may be a role for the use of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for treating cyclic vomiting syndrome. Controlled studies are necessary to aid our understanding of this finding.
Manipulation, Chiropractic; Vomiting, Cervical atlas; Pediatrics; Gastroenterology
The purpose of this case study is to describe the effect of chiropractic care on a patient with chronic Bell's palsy.
A 47-year-old woman with medically diagnosed Bell's palsy presented for chiropractic care. She had experienced right sinus pressure and congestion, lack of facial tone on the right, and intermittent tingling of the right side of her face.
Interventions and Outcomes
The patient received high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic manipulation (adjustments) to the cervical and thoracic spine, interferential muscle stimulation, and hydroculation on the trapezius muscles bilaterally. Reduction in symptoms occurred following the initial visit and continued over the next 9 weeks of care. After the course of a year of chiropractic care, the patient reached 90% improvement.
For this patient, chiropractic care reduced Bell's palsy symptoms.
Bell's palsy; Chiropractic
The purpose of this case report is to present the response of a patient with chronic nonresponsive cervicogenic dizziness to chiropractic care.
A 29-year-old man had a 10-year history of progressive cervicogenic dizziness with symptoms including a sensation of excessive motion, imbalance, and spinning associated with neck pain and stiffness. After treatment, he reported a reduction in pain and dizziness and an improved quality of life following Gonstead method of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy.
This case study suggests that a patient with nonresponsive cervicogenic dizziness might respond to chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy approach using Gonstead method.
Chiropractic; Manipulation, spinal; Dizziness; Vertigo
OBJECTIVE--To compare chiropractic and hospital outpatient treatment for managing low back pain of mechanical origin. DESIGN--Randomised controlled trial. Allocation to chiropractic or hospital management by minimisation to establish groups for analysis of results according to initial referral clinic, length of current episode, history, and severity of back pain. Patients were followed up for up two years. SETTING--Chiropractic and hospital outpatient clinics in 11 centres. PATIENTS--741 Patients aged 18-65 who had no contraindications to manipulation and who had not been treated within the past month. INTERVENTIONS--Treatment at the discretion of the chiropractors, who used chiropractic manipulation in most patients, or of the hospital staff, who most commonly used Maitland mobilisation or manipulation, or both. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Changes in the score on the Oswestry pain disability questionnaire and in the results of tests of straight leg raising and lumbar flexion. RESULTS--Chiropractic treatment was more effective than hospital outpatient management, mainly for patients with chronic or severe back pain. A benefit of about 7% points on the Oswestry scale was seen at two years. The benefit of chiropractic treatment became more evident throughout the follow up period. Secondary outcome measures also showed that chiropractic was more beneficial. CONCLUSIONS--For patients with low back pain in whom manipulation is not contraindicated chiropractic almost certainly confers worthwhile, long term benefit in comparison with hospital outpatient management. The benefit is seen mainly in those with chronic or severe pain. Introducing chiropractic into NHS practice should be considered.
The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient presenting with right arm paralysis and a diagnosis of Parsonage-Turner syndrome.
After receiving nerve entrapment release surgery, a 30-year-old man presented with a right arm contracture, atrophy, and weakness with general paralysis of the forearm and index finger of 6 weeks' duration.
Intervention and Outcome
The patient was provided chiropractic care that included high-velocity/low-amplitude spinal manipulation based upon applied kinesiology manual muscle testing, soft tissue trigger point therapy, exercises, and stretches. The patient demonstrated improvement in range of motion after the first treatment session. By the eighth treatment, he was able to fully straighten his arm. Three years later, the patient reported that he was able to do mountain climbing and that his arm was fully functional and pain-free.
For this patient, chiropractic care seemed to be successful in relieving his right arm paralysis and restoring normal arm movement.
Kinesiology, applied; Chiropractic; Manipulation, spinal; Brachial plexus neuritis
The objective of this study was to gather descriptive information concerning the clinical outcomes of patients with cervical and lumbar radiculopathy treated with a nonsurgical, chiropractic treatment protocol in combination with other interventions.
This is a retrospective review of 162 patients with a working diagnosis of radiculopathy who met the inclusion criteria (312 consecutive patients were screened to obtain the 162 cases). Data reviewed were collected initially, during, and at the end of active treatment. The treatment protocol included chiropractic manipulation, neuromobilization, and exercise stabilization. Pain intensity was measured using the numerical pain rating scale.
Of the 162 cases reviewed, 85.5% had resolution of their primary subjective radicular complaints. The treatment trial was 9 (mean) treatment sessions. The number of days between the first treatment date and the first symptom improvement was 4.2 days (mean). The change in numeric pain scale between initial and final score was 4.2 (median). There were 10 unresolved cases referred for epidural steroid injection, 10 unresolved cases referred for further medication management, and 3 cases referred for and underwent surgery.
The conservative management strategy we reviewed in our sample produced favorable outcomes for most of the patients with radiculopathy. The strategy appears to be safe. Randomized clinical trials are needed to separate treatment effectiveness from the natural history of radiculopathy.
Radiculopathy; Manipulation, chiropractic; Exercise therapy; Musculoskeletal system; Delivery of health care, Integrated
The objective was to assess the use of the Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP2) and W-BQ12 well-being questionnaire for measuring clinical change associated with a course of chiropractic treatment.
Chiropractic care of the patients involved spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), mechanically assisted techniques, soft tissue therapy, and physiological therapeutic devices.
Outcome measures used were MYMOP2 and the Well-Being Questionnaire 12 (W-BQ12).
Statistical and clinical significant changes were demonstrated with W-BQ12 and MYMOP2.
The study demonstrated that MYMOP2 was responsive to change and may be a useful instrument for assessing clinical changes among chiropractic patients who present with a variety of symptoms and clinical conditions.
To assess effectiveness of chiropractic management, primarily cervical adjustment, in the treatment of chronic episodic muscle tension type headache in male patients.
Prospective case series analysis with pre-treatment baseline. Sixteen sessions of chiropractic care were provided to each patient over an eight week period. Data was also collected during a two week no-treatment baseline period prior to initiation of care. The subjects took no pain medication or had any other treatment for the entire duration of the study.
A large chiropractic teaching clinic: Palmer College of Chiropractic-West Outpatient Clinic.
Eleven male outpatients between the ages of 18-40 years old with a self-reported history of chronic headache at least six months duration and an average of at least weekly headache episodes were recruited. There was one dropout due to moving out of the area before study completion.
Primary: high velocity, short lever cervical adjustment (Diversified technique). Secondary: myofascial trigger point therapy using ischemic compression to the cervical and thoracic musculature; thoracic and lumbar adjustment if indicated (Diversified technique); moist hot packs to cervical and thoracic spine regions.
Pain diary measuring frequency, duration, and intensity of head/neck pain; and McGill Pain Questionnaires.
Mean pre-treatment to post-treatment headache frequency changed from 6.4 episodes per two week period to 3.1, a statistically significant change (p < 0.01). Mean pre-treatment to post-treatment headache duration changed from 6.7 hours per episode to 3.88 hours which was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Mean anchored pain scale intensity ratings changed from 5.05 to 3.37 but this was just beyond statistical significance (p = 0.059). There were no significant changes in any McGill pain questionnaire scores pre and post treatment.
In this case series analysis of episodic tension headache in 10 male patients, typical chiropractic interventions of adjusting, muscle work and moist heat significantly reduced self-reported frequency and duration of headache episodes following 12 treatments over an 8 week period. No significant effect was observed in self-reported pain intensity, however a trend of reduction may indicate that a larger sample size might show increased significance. The McGill Pain Questionnaire did not appear to provide any useful information in assessing change in this sample. This may lend support to the result that little or no effect is obtained in reducing intensity of individual headache episodes with this treatment approach. These findings are limited by the small sample size and suggest a need for a larger study population as well as specific treatment comparison studies. These results may further be limited in that all subjects were male.
tension-type headache; muscle contraction headache; vertebrogenic headache; chiropractic; spinal manipulation
Objective: This study examines the effect of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy on salivary cortisol levels.
Design: Prospective case series over six weeks duration. The trial consisted of establishment of each individual’s baseline cortisol level, a two week treatment period (4 treatments), and a two week post treatment period.
Setting: Macquarie University Chiropractic Research Centre.
Participants: Nine subjects (six male, three female), employed in a large corporation, volunteered to the trial of spinal manipulative therapy.
Main Outcome Measures: Saliva samples were analysed using an Amerlex Radioimmunoassay Kit to determine the cortisol concentrations present.
Results: Statistical interpretation, after exclusion of an apparent outlying subject, revealed results of statistical significance (p<0.001) for reduction of salivary cortisol over the complete five week study. In addition, there was no apparent alteration in salivary cortisol levels immediately preceding and 15 minutes after spinal manipulative therapy.
Conclusion: The initial evidence is inconclusive, however, the potential relationship demands further investigation. Additional research is necessary in measuring the physiological effects of Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. This method is currently being used in a larger randomised controlled trial.
Salivary cortisol; chiropractic; spinal manipulation
The purpose of this study was to collect preliminary information on the effects of chiropractic spinal manipulation on reducing risk of falls in older adults with impaired balance, as assessed by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). This information is necessary to develop a line of investigation into the role of chiropractic care on reduction of fall risk in this population.
Randomized, 2-group pretest/posttest design feasibility study with a target sample size of 10 (5 per group), conducted within the outpatient health center of a chiropractic college. Inclusion criteria were as follows: aged 60 years or older, able to stand on one leg <5 seconds, and able to attend all sessions. Patients were assigned to chiropractic care (CMT) or supervised exercise (EX) and scheduled for 2 visits per week for 8 weeks.
A total of 26 people responded to recruitment; and 11 were enrolled: 6 in the CMT and 5 in the EX group. Two patients dropped out at the baseline visit when they were assigned to the EX group. One CMT patient dropped out in the seventh week because of a fall at home resulting in a leg fracture. All remaining patients were compliant with treatment protocols. Five of 6 CMT patients and 4 of 5 EX patients had baseline BBS scores <45, indicating increased risk of falls. At visit 16, 2 CMT and 1 of the 3 remaining EX patients had BBS scores <45. One mild and transient adverse event was noted.
Further investigation of the possible role of chiropractic care in reducing fall risk in this population appears feasible.
Chiropractic; Manipulation, Spinal; Balance, Postural; Accidental falls; Geriatrics
The purpose of this report is to present the case of a 10-year-old football player with bilateral plantar fasciitis who improved with a multimodal conservative approach using chiropractic treatment.
The patient presented with bilateral plantar heel pain at the origin of the plantar fascia with a duration of 3 weeks.
Intervention and Outcome
Treatment was provided for 6 visits over a 6-week period. Chiropractic care consisted of manipulative therapy, soft tissue therapy, and home rehabilitation exercises. The soft tissue technique (Graston Technique) was performed to the origin of the plantar fascia and the triceps surae bilaterally. High-velocity, low-amplitude manipulation was applied to the restricted ankle mortise joint. After 6 treatments, the patient reported resolution of foot pain bilaterally and improvements in activities of daily livings. Three months later, the patient reported no further complications and the absence of pain.
This patient with bilateral plantar fasciitis improved after a course of a multimodal treatment approach using chiropractic manipulation and soft tissue therapy in addition to exercise and stretching therapies.
Manipulation; Athletic injuries; Plantar fasciitis; Chiropractic; Rehabilitation
Neck pain is a common complaint in patients presenting for chiropractic treatment. The few studies on predictors for improvement in patients while undergoing treatment identify duration of symptoms, neck stiffness and number of previous episodes as the strong predictor variables. The purpose of this study is to continue the research for predictors of a positive outcome in neck pain patients undergoing chiropractic treatment.
Acute (< 4 weeks) (n = 274) and chronic (> 3 months) (n = 255) neck pain patients with no chiropractic or manual therapy in the prior 3 months were included. Patients completed the numerical pain rating scale (NRS) and Bournemouth questionnaire (BQ) at baseline prior to treatment. At 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after start of treatment the NRS and BQ were completed along with the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) scale. Demographic information was provided by the clinician. Improvement at each of the follow up points was categorized using the PGIC. Multivariate regression analyses were done to determine significant independent predictors of improvement.
Baseline mean neck pain and total disability scores were significantly (p < 0.001and p < 0.008 respectively) higher in acute patients. Both groups reported significant improvement at all data collection time points, but was significantly larger for acute patients. The PGIC score at 1 week (OR = 3.35, 95% CI = 1.13-9.92) and the baseline to 1 month BQ total change score (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.03-1.11) were identified as independent predictors of improvement at 3 months for acute patients. Chronic patients who reported improvement on the PGIC at 1 month were more likely to be improved at 3 months (OR = 6.04, 95% CI = 2.76-13.69). The presence of cervical radiculopathy or dizziness was not predictive of a negative outcome in these patients.
The most consistent predictor of clinically relevant improvement at both 1 and 3 months after the start of chiropractic treatment for both acute and chronic patients is if they report improvement early in the course of treatment. The co-existence of either radiculopathy or dizziness however do not imply poorer prognosis in these patients.
Neck pain; Chiropractic; Outcomes; Prognostic factors
The following case describes a 68 year-old woman with a 7½ year history of worsening head and neck pain diagnosed as trigeminal neuralgia following surgical resection of a brain tumor. After years of unsuccessful management with medication and physical therapies, a therapeutic trial of chiropractic was carried out. Chiropractic care included ultrasound, manual therapies (manipulation and mobilization), soft tissue therapies, and home stretching exercises. After an initial treatment period followed by 18 months of supportive care the patient reported satisfactory improvement. It became evident that there were at least three sources of her symptoms: mechanical and/or degenerative neck pain, temporomandibular joint syndrome, and trigeminal neuralgia. While never completely pain-free, the patient continued to report that her pains reduced to minimal at times. At the most recent follow-up, the pain had not returned to pre-treatment intractable levels. This case study demonstrates the importance of diagnosing and treating multiple sources of pain and the positive role chiropractic care can have in the management of patients with these clinical conditions. The potential for convergence of sensory input from the upper three cervical segments and the trigeminal nerve via the trigeminocervical nucleus is discussed.
trigeminal neuralgia; spinal nucleus; facial pain; neck pain; head pain; chiropractic; névralgie essentielle du trijumeau; noyau rachidien; douleur faciale; cervicalgie; céphalalgie; chiropratique