PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-25 (338017)

Clipboard (0)
None

Related Articles

1.  Conference Proceedings: “Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks” 
Molecular genetics and metabolism  2011;104(1-2):13-22.
A December 2010 meeting, “Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks,” was jointly sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GDSF)/Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome based in Denver, CO. Approximately 70 attendees and organizers from various advocacy groups, federal agencies (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and various NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices), members of industry, clinicians, and researchers from various academic institutions were greeted by Drs. Yvonne Maddox, Deputy Director of NICHD, and Edward McCabe, Executive Director of the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome. They charged the participants to focus on the separate issues of contact registries, research databases, and biobanks through both podium presentations and breakout session discussions. Among the breakout groups for each of the major sessions, participants were asked to generate responses to questions posed by the organizers concerning these three research resources as they related to Down syndrome and then to report back to the group at large with a summary of their discussions. This report represents a synthesis of the discussions and suggested approaches formulated by the group as a whole.
doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.07.005
PMCID: PMC3171614  PMID: 21835664
Down syndrome; registry; database; biobank; trisomy 21
2.  B.M.A. Annual Meeting, Sydney, 10–16 August: Report of Proceedings 
British Medical Journal  1968;3(5616):485-492.
The One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the British Medical Association was held in Sydney from 10 to 16 August jointly with the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Australian Medical Association. Both meetings were associated with the Third Australian Medical Congress. It was the second Annual Meeting of the Association to be held in Australia, the previous one having been in Melbourne in 1935. Four plenary sessions were held on successive mornings, while meetings of various sections were held in the afternoons. An account of the first part of the Meeting is given below. The remainder will be reported next week.
Images
PMCID: PMC1986422
3.  National Medical Association/National Institutes of Health Workshop on Violence and the Conduct of Research. Workgroup Proceedings, June 1-2, 1994. 
The physical, economic, and mental toll caused by violence in the United States has put tremendous pressure on American medical, political, religious, and social institutions. The impact in urban neighborhoods has been especially harrowing, forcing African-American organizations to address this domestic problem with ideas and suggestions unique to their philosophies and collective talents. This article contains general perspectives and commentary from physicians and social science experts who participated in a workshop sponsored by the National Medical Association, the National Institute of Drug Abuse, and the National Institute of Mental Health to discuss topics on violence, its health consequences, and the conduct of research in the African-American community.
PMCID: PMC2607952  PMID: 8907813
4.  Promoting the Usability of Online AMIA Symposium Proceedings 
A semi-automatic procedure that extracts metadata from MEDLINE was used to develop a search tool that facilitates online location and (free) access to full-text electronic documents from the Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Annual Symposia (1997–2003). Log file analysis for six months showed steady use of the tool, with most queries originating from hosts in the US (60%), Canada (15.3%), Argentina (10.2%) and Australia (9.6%) for common informatics topics.
PMCID: PMC1560628  PMID: 16779295
5.  Proceedings of the 2006 Annual Meeting of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group 
Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)  2006;40(1):61-65.
This article describes the proceedings of the 2006 Annual Meeting of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group (FASDSG), which was held in Baltimore, Maryland on June 24, 2006. The meeting was held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism and was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The 2005–2006 FASDSG officers, Daniel J. Bonthius (president), Heather Carmichael Olson (vice-president), and Jennifer Thomas (secretary-treasurer), organized the meeting. Nationally prominent speakers delivered plenary lectures on topics of newborn screening, ethics, and neuroscience. Selected members of the FASDSG provided brief scientific data (FASt) reports, describing new research findings. Representatives from national agencies involved in fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) research, treatment, and prevention provided updates regarding priorities, funding, and agency activities. Presentations were also made by the 2006 Student Merit Award recipient and by the 2006 Rosett Award recipient. The meeting served as a forum for clinicians, neuroscientists, psychologists, social scientists and other professionals to discuss recent advances in FAS research and to identify the most important gaps in the understanding of alcohol-induced teratology.
doi:10.1016/j.alcohol.2006.09.003
PMCID: PMC1865502  PMID: 17157721
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; Ethanol; Prenatal; Teratology
6.  Advancing radiology through informed leadership: summary of the proceedings of the Seventh Biannual Symposium of the International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology (IS3R), 23–25 August 2007 
European Radiology  2009;19(8):1827-1836.
The International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology (IS3R) brings together thought leaders from academia and industry from around the world to share ideas, points of view and new knowledge. This article summarizes the main concepts presented at the 2007 IS3R symposium, providing a window onto trends shaping the future of radiology. Topics addressed include new opportunities and challenges in the field of interventional radiology; emerging techniques for evaluating and improving quality and safety in radiology; and factors impeding progress in molecular imaging and nanotechnology and possible ways to overcome them. Regulatory hurdles to technical innovation and drug development are also discussed more broadly, along with proposals for addressing regulators’ concerns and streamlining the regulatory process.
doi:10.1007/s00330-009-1370-1
PMCID: PMC2705708  PMID: 19277668
Interventional radiology; Molecular imaging; Device approval processes; Drug approval processes; Health-care quality; Radiology; Leadership
7.  Introduction to the Proceedings of the Avian Genomics and Gene Ontology Annotation Workshop 
BMC Genomics  2009;10(Suppl 2):I1.
The Avian Genomics Conference and Gene Ontology Annotation Workshop brought together researchers and students from around the world to present their latest research addressing the delivery of value from the billions of base-pairs of Archosaur sequence that have become available in the last few years. This editorial describes the conference itself and introduces the ten peer-reviewed manuscripts accepted for publications in the proceedings. These manuscripts address issues ranging from the poultry industry view of USDA genomics policy to the genomics of a wide variety of Archeosaur species including chicken, duck, alligator, and condors and their pathogens.
doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-S2-I1
PMCID: PMC2966328  PMID: 19607650
8.  Knowledge Structure of Korean Medical Informatics: A Social Network Analysis of Articles in Journal and Proceedings 
Objectives
This study aimed at exploring the knowledge structure of Korean medical informatics.
Methods
We utilized the keywords, as the main variables, of the research papers that were presented in the journal and symposia of the Korean Society of Medical Informatics, and we used, as cases, the English titles and abstracts of the papers (n = 915) published from 1995 through 2008. N-grams (bigram to 5-gram) were extracted from the corpora using the BiKE Text Analyzer, and their cooccurrence networks were generated via a cosine correlation coefficient, and then the networks were analyzed and visualized using Pajek.
Results
With the hub and authority measures, the most important research topics in Korean medical informatics were identified. Newly emerging topics by three-year period units were observed as research trends.
Conclusions
This study provides a systematic overview on the knowledge structure of Korean medical informatics.
doi:10.4258/hir.2010.16.1.52
PMCID: PMC3089837  PMID: 21818424
Medical Informatics; Knowledge Structure; Social Network Analysis; Co-word Analysis
9.  The inaugural European emergency medical dispatch conference – a synopsis of proceedings 
The inaugural European Emergency Medical Dispatch conference was held in Stockholm, Sweden, in May 2013. We provide a synopsis of the conference proceedings, highlight key topic areas of emergency medical dispatch and suggest future research priorities.
doi:10.1186/1757-7241-21-73
PMCID: PMC3848775  PMID: 24059651
10.  Analysis of air pollution effects: uncertainties in proceeding to standards. 
Uncertainties in the collection and assessment of scientific information make ambient air quality standard setting difficult. Uncertainties occur in the estimation of the medical parameters under test due to the inherent random variability encountered in sampling the parameters. The most common method of dealing with random variability is statistical significance testing. The main caution offered in regard to that analysis is to avoid calling a nonsignificant result negative, unless the circumstances are such that the smallest effect which indicates likely harm to health could have been detected with sufficiently high probability. Uncertainties also play a crucial role in evaluating the implications that even statistically significant test results have for human health. A signal-detection model, developed to explain expert performance in evaluating the results of such diagnostic tests as X-rays, is presented as an analogy for the situation facing experts who are evaluating the implications of health data that is being considered for use in setting a standard. If criteria are too strict for accepting data as evidence of harm to health, then it is argued that, as a consequence, the decision process will not have sufficient ability to discriminate against false-negative results. False-negative results are those that incorrectly conclude there is no threat when, in fact, a particular level of pollutant is actually a threat to health.
PMCID: PMC1569323  PMID: 6653528
11.  Deportation proceedings against Canadian MDs may hold lesson for others heading south 
Two Alberta physicians who emigrated to a medically underserviced part of Kentucky have learned a harsh lesson about American immigration law. Drs. David Zetter and Sabina Seitz had been settled in western Kentucky for 2 years when the US government launched deportation proceedings against them. American officials allege that they misrepresented themselves when they entered the US on a temporary visa. They may be allowed to stay following a public outcry against their deportation.
PMCID: PMC1228223  PMID: 9327804
12.  Proceedings of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons: 69th meeting 
The 69th meeting of the Society was held in Aberdeen on May 22 and 23, 1964. The meetings were held in the University Medical Buildings, Aberdeen, and the President, Mr. G. F. Rowbotham, was in the Chair.
PMCID: PMC495827
13.  Proceedings from the Scientific Symposium: Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease and Implications for Therapies 
Journal of Women's Health  2010;19(6):1059-1072.
Abstract
A consortium of investigator-thought leaders was convened at the Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and produced the following summary points: Point 1: Important sex differences exist in cardiovascular disease (CVD) that affect disease initiation, diagnosis, and treatment.Implication: Research that acknowledges these differences is needed to optimize outcomes in women and men.Point 2: Atherosclerosis is qualitatively and quantitatively different in women and men; women demonstrate more plaque erosion and more diffuse plaque with less focal artery lumen intrusion.Implication: Evaluation of CVD strategies that include devices should be used to explore differing anatomical shapes and surfaces as well as differing drug coating and eluting strategies.Point 3: Bone marrow progenitor cells (PCs) engraft differently based on the sex of the donor cell and the sex of the recipient.Implication: PC therapeutic studies need to consider the sex of cells of the source and the recipient.Point 4: Women have a greater risk of venous but not arterial thrombosis compared with men, as well as more bleeding complications related to anticoagulant treatment. Several genes coding for proteins involved in hemostasis are regulated by sex hormones.Implications: Research should be aimed at evaluation of sex-based differences in response to anticoagulation based on genotype.Point 5: Women and men can have differences in pharmacological response.Implication: Sex-specific pharmacogenomic studies should be included in pharmacological development.Point 6: CVD progression results from an imbalance of cell injury and repair in part due to insufficient PC repair, which is affected by sex differences, where females have higher circulating levels of PCs with greater rates of tissue repair.Implication: CVD regenerative strategies should be directed at learning to deliver cells that shift the recipient balance from injury toward repair. CVD repair strategies should ideally be tested first in females to have the best chance of success for proof-of-concept.
doi:10.1089/jwh.2009.1695
PMCID: PMC2940456  PMID: 20500123
14.  Perceptions and viewpoints on proceedings of the Fifteenth Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union Debate on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Development, 25–27 July 2010, Kampala, Uganda 
BMC Proceedings  2011;5(Suppl 5):S1.
Background
Out of 358000 maternal deaths that occurred globally in 2008, 57.8% occurred in continental Africa. Africa had a maternal mortality ratio of 590 compared to 14 in developed regions, 68 in Latin America and Caribbean, and 190 in Asia. This article reflects on the discussions held during the Fifteenth Assembly of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union on the reasons why the maternal mortality ratio is so high in Africa and what can be done to reduce it.
Methods
Methods employed included panel and open public discussions among the Heads of State and Government of the African Union. The article uses the WHO health systems strengthening framework, which consists of six pillars (information systems, leadership and governance, health workforce, financing, and medical products, vaccines and technologies, and health services) to describe the proceedings of the discussions.
Discussion
The high maternal mortality ratios in countries were attributed to weak national health information systems; leadership and governance challenges related to poverty, health illiteracy, poor transport networks and communications infrastructure, risky cultural practices, armed conflicts and domestic violence, dearth of women empowerment; inadequate levels of skilled birth attendants; inadequate domestic and external funding; stock-outs of consumable inputs; and limited coverage of maternal and child health interventions.
In order to accelerate progress towards MDGs 4 and 5, the Heads of State and Government recommended that countries should make maternal deaths notifiable and institutionalize maternal death audits; develop, fund and implement policies and strategies geared at improving maternal, newborn and child health; accelerate inter-sectoral action to address the broad health determinants; increase the number of skilled birth attendants; fulfil commitment to allocate at least 15% of the national budget to the health sector and allocate adequate resources to prevent stock-outs of essential medicines and reproductive health commodities; leverage health promotion approaches to raise national awareness; and ensure that there is a health centre within a radius of four kilometres equipped to provide good quality integrated maternal, newborn and child health services.
Conclusions
There was consensus among the discussants that there was urgent need to speed up actions for strengthening health systems to improve coverage of maternal, newborn and child health services; and to address broad determinants of women, newborn and children’s health for sustained improvements in health and other development goals.
doi:10.1186/1753-6561-5-S5-S1
PMCID: PMC3254895  PMID: 21810211
15.  The usefulness of monographic proceedings. 
Librarians have often questioned the usefulness of the proceedings of biomedical meetings. Because articles in proceedings are similar to journal articles, the usefulness of the two were compared. Thirty-two monographic cardiovascular proceedings were compared to thirty-five cardiovascular journals, all published in 1978. Citations to the articles in these samples were counted for the years 1978, 1979, and 1980, and an impact factor was calculated for each proceedings and journal. The mean impact factor of the journals (3.86) was significantly higher than the mean impact factor of the proceedings (0.98, p less than .001). A short delay in publication of a proceedings was not associated with a higher impact factor. There were no differences in impact factors between U.S. and non-U.S. meeting sites. Proceedings of "hot" topics were not associated with higher impact factors, and multiple-index coverage of proceedings was only weakly associated (tau = 0.27) with higher impact factors. While camera-ready proceedings had a significantly higher mean impact factor (2.37) than typeset proceedings (0.66, p less than .02), selection based on printing method is not recommended. It is concluded that most libraries can safely forego the purchase of monographic proceedings. If a library needs monographic proceedings, it should purchase only those recommended by subject specialists.
PMCID: PMC227229  PMID: 3370373
16.  C.-E.A. Winslow Day: Proceedings of the June 3, 1977 Centenary Celebration 
Sponsored by Yale University, the City of New Haven, and the John B. Pierce Foundation, the C.-E.A. Winslow Day program consisted of speeches by Mr. Leonard Woodcock, President Emeritus, U.A.W., the Honorable Kenneth Gibson, Mayor of Newark, and Dr. Hector Acuña, Director, Pan American Health Organization; reminiscences of Ira Hiscock, Anna M.R. Lauder Professor Emeritus of Public Health, Mary Elizabeth Tennant, Associate Professor Emeritus of Nursing (Public Health), A. Pharo Gagge, Emeritus Fellow, John B. Pierce Foundation, and Mrs. Harriet Welch, Former President of the VNA of New Haven. The proceedings also included the presentation of gifts and the official C.-E.A. Winslow Day Proclamation.
PMCID: PMC2595576  PMID: 345631
17.  PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY OF BRITISH NEUROLOGICAL SURGEONS: 59th MEETING 
The 59th Meeting of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons was held at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, as a joint meeting with the Canadian Neurological Society and the Association of British Neurologists on July 14-15, 1959.
The Chair was occupied in rotation by the Presidents of the three Societies, G. S. Clark-Maxwell (Derby), Dr. Allan Walters (Toronto), and Professor F. J. Nattrass (Newcastle). Dr. Earl Walker (Baltimore) attended as the special guest of the Society.
PMCID: PMC497403
18.  PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY OF BRITISH NEUROLOGICAL SURGEONS: 56th MEETING 
The 56th meeting of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons was held in London on November 15 and 16, 1957. The Society met at the London Hospital on November 15, with the President, W. R. Henderson (Leeds), in the chair and held a combined meeting with the Association of British Neurologists on November 16 at the National Hospital, the two Presidents, W. R. Henderson (Leeds) and Sir Charles Symonds (London), occupying the chair in rotation.
PMCID: PMC497296
19.  Proceedings of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons 
The 85th Meeting of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons was held in conjunction with the Association of British Neurologists in Southampton on 26-28 April 1973.
PMCID: PMC494488
20.  Proceedings of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons 
The 78th Meeting of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons was held in Glasgow on 19 to 21 September 1968, as a joint meeting with the Association of British Neurologists.
PMCID: PMC493387
21.  Proceedings of a GOG Workshop on Intraperitoneal Therapy for Ovarian Cancer 
Gynecologic oncology  2006;103(3):783-792.
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer deaths in the U.S. The concept of intraperitoneal drug delivery for therapy of intraperitoneal cancers, such as ovarian cancer, arose in the 1960s. The field of intraperitoneal cisplatin therapy for ovarian cancer was initiated in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The markedly improved survival data resulting from a third phase III trial of intraperitoneal cisplatin for ovarian cancer in early 2006 led to an NCI Clinical Announcement and a Gynecologic Oncology Group-sponsored workshop on Intraperitoneal Therapy in January, 2006, in San Diego, California. The proceedings of this workshop summarize both research trial results and practical implementation issues associated with intraperitoneal therapy discussed at this workshop.
doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2006.09.012
PMCID: PMC1987372  PMID: 17070570
22.  The use of knowledge translation and legal proceedings to support evidence-based drug policy in Canada: opportunities and ongoing challenges 
Open Medicine  2010;4(3):e167-e170.
There is growing recognition, particularly in the areas of illicit drug policy and HIV prevention, that policy-makers are in many instances implementing suboptimal programs and services because they are not basing their decisions on the best available scientific evidence. One notable example where a policy-making body has failed to use scientific evidence to inform policy is the Canadian federal government’s opposition to Vancouver’s supervised injection facility despite a large body of scientific evidence indicating that the program is associated with a range of health and social benefits. Two of the key strategies that have been used to try to shift drug policy toward an evidence-based approach and maintain the operation of this evidence-based health facility are knowledge translation and legal actions. We provide an overview of these two strategies and hope it will offer lessons for the implementation of evidence-based approaches in other controversial areas of public policy.
PMCID: PMC3090104  PMID: 21687336
23.  Princeton Proceedings: Inflammatory Mechanisms of Stroke 
Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation  2010;41(10 Suppl):S3-S8.
Basic and clinical research provide evidence that inflammatory mechanisms play a central role in the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis, plaque rupture, thrombosis, and stroke. Inflammatory biomarkers such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) have been identified as predictors of first stroke and prognosis after stroke. The value of hsCRP and other markers may depend on the characteristics of the study population; their utility may be less among populations with high vascular risk. A recent randomized clinical trial suggests that the use of rosuvastatin therapy in otherwise healthy patients with hsCRP > 2 mg/dl can reduce the risk of a first stroke by 50%. The prognostic role of hsCRP among patients after a stroke, however, is less clear, and other biomarkers, including lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, may provide complementary information about risk of stroke recurrence. Infections, moreover, may contribute to inflammation and stroke risk. While no single infectious organism is likely to be identified as the direct cause of atherosclerosis, summary measures of multiple chronic infectious exposures, or “infectious burden,” have been associated with risk of stroke and atherosclerosis affecting carotid arteries. Acute infections have also been found to serve as stroke triggers in epidemiological studies. Recommendations to vaccinate patients with cardiovascular disease against influenza represent the first specific anti-infective strategy to be employed in vascular prophylaxis. Further studies are needed to determine the role of treatment of inflammation and infection in stroke prevention.
doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.594945
PMCID: PMC2963080  PMID: 20876499
atherosclerosis; inflammation; infection; infectious burden; statins; stroke; cerebral thrombosis; risk factors
24.  Communication strategies to help reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases: Proceedings from the inaugural IFIC Foundation Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit 
Nutrition Reviews  2012;70(5):301-310.
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, all of which are associated with the common risk factors of poor diet and insufficient physical activity, caused 63% of all deaths globally in 2008. The increasing discussion of global NCDs, including at the 2011 United Nations General Assembly High-level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases, and a request for multi-stakeholder engagement, prompted the International Food Information Council Foundation to sponsor the Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit: “Insights to Motivate Healthful, Active Lifestyles” on September 19, 2011, in New York City. The Summit brought together a diverse group of stakeholders, representing 34 nations from governments; communication, health, nutrition, and fitness professions; civil society; nonprofits; academia; and the private sector. The Summit provided expert insights and best practices for the use of science-based, behavior-focused communications to motivate individuals to achieve healthful, active lifestyles, with the goal of reducing the prevalence of NCDs. Presented here are some of the highlights and key findings from the Summit.
doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2012.00480.x
PMCID: PMC3415678  PMID: 22537216
behavior; communication; energy balance; messages; non-communicable disease
25.  A Bayesian network approach to the database search problem in criminal proceedings 
Background
The ‘database search problem’, that is, the strengthening of a case - in terms of probative value - against an individual who is found as a result of a database search, has been approached during the last two decades with substantial mathematical analyses, accompanied by lively debate and centrally opposing conclusions. This represents a challenging obstacle in teaching but also hinders a balanced and coherent discussion of the topic within the wider scientific and legal community. This paper revisits and tracks the associated mathematical analyses in terms of Bayesian networks. Their derivation and discussion for capturing probabilistic arguments that explain the database search problem are outlined in detail. The resulting Bayesian networks offer a distinct view on the main debated issues, along with further clarity.
Methods
As a general framework for representing and analyzing formal arguments in probabilistic reasoning about uncertain target propositions (that is, whether or not a given individual is the source of a crime stain), this paper relies on graphical probability models, in particular, Bayesian networks. This graphical probability modeling approach is used to capture, within a single model, a series of key variables, such as the number of individuals in a database, the size of the population of potential crime stain sources, and the rarity of the corresponding analytical characteristics in a relevant population.
Results
This paper demonstrates the feasibility of deriving Bayesian network structures for analyzing, representing, and tracking the database search problem. The output of the proposed models can be shown to agree with existing but exclusively formulaic approaches.
Conclusions
The proposed Bayesian networks allow one to capture and analyze the currently most well-supported but reputedly counter-intuitive and difficult solution to the database search problem in a way that goes beyond the traditional, purely formulaic expressions. The method’s graphical environment, along with its computational and probabilistic architectures, represents a rich package that offers analysts and discussants with additional modes of interaction, concise representation, and coherent communication.
doi:10.1186/2041-2223-3-16
PMCID: PMC3538676  PMID: 22849390
Database search; Evidential value; Bayesian approach; Bayesian networks

Results 1-25 (338017)