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3.  VENEREOLOGY IN INDIA 
Indian Journal of Dermatology  2011;56(4):363-367.
Venereology-the study of venereal diseases or more recently, the sexually transmitted infections (STI) includes a variety of pathogens namely viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa for which the common factor is the mode of transmission and acquisition: Sexual relations between human beings. Medical and other historians have often suggested that well-known diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid and lymphogranuloma venereum have existed since earliest times. However, it is difficult to identify modern disease entities based on written historical record. Studying the origin of STIs helps us to learn the political, economic and moral conditions that led to the disease. Effective management of STI rests on three pillars of diagnosis, prevention and treatment. For most of past 50 years in India, the diagnostic pillar has been the least well-supported. Until well into present century, diagnosis of STI in India was clinical. Treatment of STIs in India followed the methods used in England. Of course in the 19th century, in many parts of the world, only a few had access to modern methods of treatment; in India, there was extensive use of Ayurvedic treatment with traditional medicines. This article thus gives just an overview and evolution of venereology in India with regard to venereal diseases (now more often known as STIs/disease), control measures, academic, association and journal development and finally future perspective.
doi:10.4103/0019-5154.84713
PMCID: PMC3178995  PMID: 21965840
Control program; historical aspects; India; sexually transmitted infections/disease; venereal diseases; venereology
4.  Antoni Rosner, the first associate professor of dermatology and venereology in Poland 
The article presents an outline of the development of world and Polish dermatology. The author points out to the first descriptions of skin diseases by ancient and medieval medical luminaries. The outline of the Polish dermatology is based on examples of doctors living in the 16th and 17th centuries. The first clinics of skin and venereal diseases in Poland appeared, like in other European countries, in the second half of the 19th century. Antoni Rosner, the first associate professor of clinical studies, greatly contributed to the development of this medical field. The description of his life and work is the background for the presentation of opening and developing the clinic of skin and venereal diseases in Krakow as well as the presentation of university curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine of the Jagiellonian University.
doi:10.5114/pdia.2014.40928
PMCID: PMC4112249  PMID: 25097475
Antoni Rosner; dermatology
5.  Randomized trial of a novel game-based appointment system for a university hospital venereology unit: study protocol 
Background
Chlamydia is the most common reportable sexually transmitted disease (STD) in Norway, and its incidence in the two northernmost counties has been disclosed to be nearly the double of the Norwegian average. The latest publicly available rates showed that 85.6% of the new cases were diagnosed in people under 29 years old.
The information and communication technologies are among the most powerful influences in the lives of young people. The Internet can potentially represent a way to educate on sexual health and encourage young people, and especially youth, to be tested for STDs. If hospital websites include an easy and anonymous system for scheduling appointments with the clinic, it is possible that this could lead to an increase in the number of people tested for STDs.
Methods
The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of a game-based appointment system on the frequency of consultations at a venereology unit and on the use of an educational web app. An A/B testing methodology is used. Users from the city of Tromsø, in North Norway, will be randomized to one of the two versions of the game-style web app on sexual health at www.sjekkdeg.no. Group A will have access to educational content only, while group B will have, in addition, access to a game-based appointment system with automatic prioritization. After one year of the trial, it will be analyzed if the game-based appointment system increases the number of consultations at the venereology unit and if health professionals deem the system useful.
Discussion
This study will explore if facilitating the access to health services for youth through the use of a game-based appointment system integrated in a game-style web app on sexual health education can have an impact on appointment rates.
Trial registration
The trial is registered at clinicaltrials.org under the identifier ClinicalTrials.gov NCT:02128620
doi:10.1186/s12911-015-0143-9
PMCID: PMC4393876  PMID: 25890283
Sexually transmitted diseases; Chlamydia; Health promotion; Health education; Public health informatics; Health information technologies; Internet; Social network; Social media; Young adult; Adolescent
6.  Venereology at the Polyclinic: Postgraduate Medical Education Among General Practitioners in England, 1899–1914 
Medical History  2015;59(2):199-221.
In 1899 the British Medical Journal enthusiastically announced that a new postgraduate teaching college was to open in London. The aim of the Medical Graduates’ College and Polyclinic (MGC) was to provide continuing education to general practitioners. It drew upon emerging specialisms and in so doing built upon the generalist training received at an undergraduate level. Courses were intended to refresh knowledge and to introduce general practitioners to new knowledge claims and clinical practices. The establishment of postgraduate institutions such as the MGC marked an important stage in the development of medical education in England. Yet these institutions, and the emergence of postgraduate medical education more broadly, have been largely overlooked by historians. Moreover the history of venereological training among medical undergraduates and postgraduates alike has been overlooked. The study of such special subjects characterised postgraduate study. This article examines the dissemination of venereological knowledge among subscribers to MGC as an important case study for the development of institutionalised postgraduate medical education in England at the turn of the twentieth century.
doi:10.1017/mdh.2015.3
PMCID: PMC4407443  PMID: 25766540
Medical Graduates’ College; Postgraduate medicine; Medical specialism; General practitioners; Tabes dorsalis; Syphilis
9.  Whither venereology training in India? 
doi:10.4103/0253-7184.142420
PMCID: PMC4553851  PMID: 26396456
10.  Magic bullet: Paul Ehrlich, Salvarsan and the birth of venereology 
doi:10.1136/sextrans-2014-051779
PMCID: PMC4318855  PMID: 25609467
13.  Evaluation of an interactive case simulation system in dermatology and venereology for medical students 
Background
Most of the many computer resources used in clinical teaching of dermatology and venereology for medical undergraduates are information-oriented and focus mostly on finding a "correct" multiple-choice alternative or free-text answer. We wanted to create an interactive computer program, which facilitates not only factual recall but also clinical reasoning.
Methods
Through continuous interaction with students, a new computerised interactive case simulation system, NUDOV, was developed. It is based on authentic cases and contains images of real patients, actors and healthcare providers. The student selects a patient and proposes questions for medical history, examines the skin, and suggests investigations, diagnosis, differential diagnoses and further management. Feedback is given by comparing the user's own suggestions with those of a specialist. In addition, a log file of the student's actions is recorded. The program includes a large number of images, video clips and Internet links. It was evaluated with a student questionnaire and by randomising medical students to conventional teaching (n = 85) or conventional teaching plus NUDOV (n = 31) and comparing the results of the two groups in a final written examination.
Results
The questionnaire showed that 90% of the NUDOV students stated that the program facilitated their learning to a large/very large extent, and 71% reported that extensive working with authentic computerised cases made it easier to understand and learn about diseases and their management. The layout, user-friendliness and feedback concept were judged as good/very good by 87%, 97%, and 100%, respectively. Log files revealed that the students, in general, worked with each case for 60–90 min. However, the intervention group did not score significantly better than the control group in the written examination.
Conclusion
We created a computerised case simulation program allowing students to manage patients in a non-linear format supporting the clinical reasoning process. The student gets feedback through comparison with a specialist, eliminating the need for external scoring or correction. The model also permits discussion of case processing, since all transactions are stored in a log file. The program was highly appreciated by the students, but did not significantly improve their performance in the written final examination.
doi:10.1186/1472-6920-6-40
PMCID: PMC1590009  PMID: 16907972
19.  Recruits for Venereology 
British Medical Journal  1970;2(5704):296.
PMCID: PMC1700418
20.  Recruits for Venereology 
British Medical Journal  1970;2(5702):175-176.
PMCID: PMC1699986
21.  Recruits for Venereology 
British Medical Journal  1970;1(5699):816.
PMCID: PMC1699713
22.  Gaps in Venereology 
British Medical Journal  1971;3(5772):480.
PMCID: PMC1800397
25.  Venereology in Brief 
British Medical Journal  1972;4(5836):370.
PMCID: PMC1786548

Results 1-25 (123427)