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1.  Surgical Treatment of Killian-Jamieson Diverticulum 
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is a rare diverticular disease. This disease differs from Zenker's diverticulum in its location and mechanism. Various treatment modality have been attempted, but traditional surgical treatment has been recommended for a symptomatic Killian-Jamieson diverticulum due to the concern of possible nerve injury. We performed surgical treatment by cervical incision. We report here on a case of Killian-Jamieson diverticulum and we briefly review the relevant literature.
PMCID: PMC3413838  PMID: 22880178
Esophageal disease; Surgery, esophagus; Killian-Jamieson diverticulum
2.  Endoscopic diverticulotomy with an isolated-tip needle-knife papillotome (Iso-Tome) and a fitted overtube for the treatment of a Killian-Jamieson diverticulum 
A Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is an unfamiliar and rare cervical esophageal diverticulum. This diverticulum originates on the anterolateral wall of the proximal cervical esophagus through a muscular gap (the Killian-Jamieson space) below the cricopharyngeal muscle and lateral to the longitudinal muscle of the esophagus. To date, only surgical treatment has been recommended for a symptomatic KJD due to its close proximity to the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the concern of possible nerve injury. Recently, traditional open surgery for a symptomatic KJD is being challenged by the development of new endoscopic techniques and devices. We present here a case of a symptomatic KJD that was successfully treated with the flexible endoscopic diverticulotomy using two new devices. An isolated-tip needle-knife papillotome (Iso-Tome) was used for the dissection of the tissue bridge of the diverticulum. And a flexible overtube with a modified distal end (a fitted overtube) was used for adequate visualization of the tissue bridge of the diverticulum and protection of the surrounding tissue during dissection of the tissue bridge. Our successful experience suggests that the flexible endoscopic diverticulotomy with the use of appropriate endoscopic devices can be a safe and effective method for the treatment of a symptomatic KJD.
PMCID: PMC2773354  PMID: 19030220
Esophagus; Diverticulum; Killian-Jamieson diverticulum; Endoscopy; Diverticulotomy
3.  Bilateral Killian-Jamieson diverticula: A case report and literature review 
A Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is an outpouching from the lateral wall of the proximal cervical esophagus. These diverticula are rare and are distinct from the more commonly known Zenker’s diverticulum. Literature regarding Killian-Jamieson diverticula and its suggested management is scarce. The present report describes a patient with symptomatic bilateral Killian-Jamieson diverticula. The patient had both diverticula excised and an esophagomyotomy performed. Following surgery, the patient’s symptoms resolved and he recovered well. A literature review and discussion of the etiology, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of Killian-Jamieson diverticulum follow, as do recommendations for clinical management.
PMCID: PMC2852222  PMID: 20352145
Diverticulum; Esophagus; Killian-Jamieson; Zenker’s
4.  Killian-Jamieson Diverticula Presenting Synchronously with Thyroid Adenoma 
Case Reports in Gastroenterology  2013;7(1):188-194.
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is a rare hypopharyngeal diverticulum, less commonly encountered compared with Zenker's diverticulum. These hypopharyngeal diverticula that cause dysphagia often mimic a thyroid tumor incidentally detected on neck ultrasonography. However, to our knowledge, Killian-Jamieson diverticula complicated by a thyroid tumor have not been previously described. We experienced a rare case of bilateral Killian-Jamieson diverticula synchronously complicated by a thyroid adenoma in a 74-year-old woman who became aware of dysphagia and a tumor in the left side of her neck. Pharyngoesophagography revealed bilateral diverticula protruding from the lateral wall of the esophagopharyngeal junction, but the appearance of the cricopharyngeal bar representing the cricopharyngeus muscle above the diverticula had become unclear because the thyroid tumor was pressing on the diverticula and the cervical esophagus. However, the diverticula were diagnosed as Killian-Jamieson diverticula because cervical computed tomography showed bilateral diverticula arising from the cervical esophagus just below the level of the cricoid cartilage, and operative finding showed that the diverticula were located above the upper esophageal longitudinal muscle. Radiographic imaging is useful for diagnosis as cause of dysphagia and cervical tumor.
PMCID: PMC3656691  PMID: 23687487
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum; Zenker's diverticulum; Thyroid adenoma
6.  The Jamieson Medical History Club 
PMCID: PMC1827022  PMID: 20322274
British Medical Journal  1930;1(3609):475.
PMCID: PMC2312942  PMID: 20775326
British Medical Journal  1930;1(3608):420.
PMCID: PMC2312856  PMID: 20775308
British Medical Journal  1905;2(2341):1322.
PMCID: PMC2322622
12.  Professor James Jamieson 
British Medical Journal  1916;2(2915):670.
PMCID: PMC2354978
13.  Dr. Patrick Jamieson 
British Medical Journal  1899;2(2011):181.
PMCID: PMC2411639
14.  Fife Jamieson 
British Medical Journal  1882;1(1114):681-682.
PMCID: PMC2371724
20.  From documents to datasets: A MediaWiki-based method of annotating and extracting species observations in century-old field notebooks 
ZooKeys  2012;235-253.
Part diary, part scientific record, biological field notebooks often contain details necessary to understanding the location and environmental conditions existent during collecting events. Despite their clear value for (and recent use in) global change studies, the text-mining outputs from field notebooks have been idiosyncratic to specific research projects, and impossible to discover or re-use. Best practices and workflows for digitization, transcription, extraction, and integration with other sources are nascent or non-existent. In this paper, we demonstrate a workflow to generate structured outputs while also maintaining links to the original texts. The first step in this workflow was to place already digitized and transcribed field notebooks from the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History founder, Junius Henderson, on Wikisource, an open text transcription platform. Next, we created Wikisource templates to document places, dates, and taxa to facilitate annotation and wiki-linking. We then requested help from the public, through social media tools, to take advantage of volunteer efforts and energy. After three notebooks were fully annotated, content was converted into XML and annotations were extracted and cross-walked into Darwin Core compliant record sets. Finally, these recordsets were vetted, to provide valid taxon names, via a process we call “taxonomic referencing.” The result is identification and mobilization of 1,068 observations from three of Henderson’s thirteen notebooks and a publishable Darwin Core record set for use in other analyses. Although challenges remain, this work demonstrates a feasible approach to unlock observations from field notebooks that enhances their discovery and interoperability without losing the narrative context from which those observations are drawn.
“Compose your notes as if you were writing a letter to someone a century in the future.”
Perrine and Patton (2011)
PMCID: PMC3406479  PMID: 22859891
Field notes; notebooks; crowd sourcing; digitization; biodiversity; transcription; text-mining; Darwin Core; Junius Henderson; annotation; taxonomic referencing; natural history; Wikisource; Colorado; species occurrence records
21.  Telemonitoring of home infusion technology 
The specialized registered nurses working in the technologic homecare team of our organization are highly qualified in technical nursing.
One component of their job is the intravenous administration of medication to patients in their own home by using an infusion pump.
In a hospital setting you can ask a colleague nurse to check the installation of the pump and the dose of medication. In the home situation of a patient this is not possible.
The Inspection for Healthcare in the Netherlands has mentioned this problem in a report about home infusion technology, for the absence of a double check means a higher risk of making mistakes.
This was a motivation to look for a safe solution for this problem by using telemonitoring.
To conceive this method we found an enthusiastic technical installation company (Focus Cura) to develop a portable telemonitoring device which can film and record. The device allows a colleague to receive the recorded pictures at the same time at another location.
After editing a list of requirements made together with the team of specialized nurses, Focus Cura made the first prototype of a portable suitcase with all the equipment. Four different methods of receiving the images have been examined.
The result is a portable suitcase with a camera that makes high quality video images, which are sent by a safe and protected connection to the notebook of a colleague at another location in the region. We have developed a protocol which describes the use of telemonitoring to aid home infusion technology.
Thus, specialized nurses working in an area of about 100 kilometres (62 miles) can reach each other in order of a safe double-check. A simple method which improves the safety of the patient and professional.
PMCID: PMC3031816
telemonitoring; infusion technology; home
22.  eCAT: Online electronic lab notebook for scientific research 
eCAT is an electronic lab notebook (ELN) developed by Axiope Limited. It is the first online ELN, the first ELN to be developed in close collaboration with lab scientists, and the first ELN to be targeted at researchers in non-commercial institutions. eCAT was developed in response to feedback from users of a predecessor product. By late 2006 the basic concept had been clarified: a highly scalable web-based collaboration tool that possessed the basic capabilities of commercial ELNs, i.e. a permissions system, controlled sharing, an audit trail, electronic signature and search, and a front end that looked like the electronic counterpart to a paper notebook.
During the development of the beta version feedback was incorporated from many groups including the FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation & Research, Uppsala University, Children's Hospital Boston, Alex Swarbrick's lab at the Garvan Institute in Sydney and Martin Spitaler at Imperial College. More than 100 individuals and groups worldwide then participated in the beta testing between September 2008 and June 2009. The generally positive response is reflected in the following quote about how one lab is making use of eCAT: "Everyone uses it as an electronic notebook, so they can compile the diverse collections of data that we generate as biologists, such as images and spreadsheets. We use to it to take minutes of meetings. We also use it to manage our common stocks of antibodies, plasmids and so on. Finally, perhaps the most important feature for us is the ability to link records, reagents and experiments."
By developing eCAT in close collaboration with lab scientists, Axiope has come up with a practical and easy-to-use product that meets the need of scientists to manage, store and share data online. eCAT is already being perceived as a product that labs can continue to use as their data management and sharing grows in scale and complexity.
PMCID: PMC2809322  PMID: 20334629
23.  BMI and Risk of Serious Upper Body Injury Following Motor Vehicle Crashes: Concordance of Real-World and Computer-Simulated Observations 
PLoS Medicine  2010;7(3):e1000250.
Shankuan Zhu and colleagues use computer crash simulations, as well as real-world data, to evaluate whether driver obesity is associated with greater risk of body injury in motor vehicle crashes.
Men tend to have more upper body mass and fat than women, a physical characteristic that may predispose them to severe motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries, particularly in certain body regions. This study examined MVC-related regional body injury and its association with the presence of driver obesity using both real-world data and computer crash simulation.
Methods and Findings
Real-world data were from the 2001 to 2005 National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System. A total of 10,941 drivers who were aged 18 years or older involved in frontal collision crashes were eligible for the study. Sex-specific logistic regression models were developed to analyze the associations between MVC injury and the presence of driver obesity. In order to confirm the findings from real-world data, computer models of obese subjects were constructed and crash simulations were performed. According to real-world data, obese men had a substantially higher risk of injury, especially serious injury, to the upper body regions including head, face, thorax, and spine than normal weight men (all p<0.05). A U-shaped relation was found between body mass index (BMI) and serious injury in the abdominal region for both men and women (p<0.05 for both BMI and BMI2). In the high-BMI range, men were more likely to be seriously injured than were women for all body regions except the extremities and abdominal region (all p<0.05 for interaction between BMI and sex). The findings from the computer simulation were generally consistent with the real-world results in the present study.
Obese men endured a much higher risk of injury to upper body regions during MVCs. This higher risk may be attributed to differences in body shape, fat distribution, and center of gravity between obese and normal-weight subjects, and between men and women.
Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary
Editors' Summary
Worldwide, accidents involving motor vehicles kill 1.2 million people and injure as many as 50 million people every year. Collisions between motor vehicles, between vehicles and stationary objects, or between vehicles and pedestrians are responsible for one in 50 deaths and are the 11th leading cause of death globally. Many factors contribute to the risk of motor traffic accidents and the likelihood of subsequent injury or death. These risk factors include vehicle design, vehicle speeds, road design, driver impairment through, for example, alcohol use, and other driver characteristics such as age. Faced with an ever-increasing death toll on their roads, many countries have introduced lower speed limits, mandatory seat belt use, and greater penalties for drunk driving to reduce the carnage. Road design and traffic management initiatives have also been introduced to try to reduce the incidence of road traffic accidents and cars now include many features that provide protection in crashes for their occupants such as airbags and crumple zones.
Why Was This Study Done?
Although these measures have reduced the number of crashes and casualties, a better understanding of the risk factors associated with motor vehicle crashes is needed to deal with this important public-health problem. Another major public-health problem is obesity—having excess body fat. Obesity increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes but also contributes to the severity of motor vehicle crash injuries. Men with a high body mass index (an individual's weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared; a BMI of 30 or more indicates obesity) have a higher risk of death after a motor vehicle accident than men with a normal BMI (18.5–24.9). This association between death and obesity is not seen in women, however, possibly because men and women accumulate fat on different parts of their body and the resultant difference in body shape could affect how male and female bodies move during traffic collisions and how much protection existing car safety features afford them. In this study, therefore, the researchers investigated how driver obesity affects the risk of serious injuries in different parts of the body following real and simulated motor vehicle crashes in men and women.
What Did the Researchers Do and Find?
The researchers extracted data about injuries and BMIs for nearly 11,000 adult men and women who were involved in a frontal motor vehicle collision between 2001 and 2005 from the Crashworthiness Data System of the US National Automotive Sampling System. They then used detailed statistical methods to look for associations between specific injuries and driver obesity. The researchers also constructed computer models of obese drivers and subjected these models to simulated crashes. Their analysis of the real-world data showed that obese men had a substantially higher risk of injury to the upper body (the head, face, chest, and spine) than men with a normal weight. Serious injury in the abdominal region was most likely at low and high BMIs for both men and women. Finally, obese men were more likely to be seriously injured than obese women for all body regions except the extremities and the abdominal region. The researchers' computer simulations confirmed many of these real-world findings.
What Do These Findings Mean?
These findings suggest that obese men have a higher risk of injury, particularly to their upper body, from motor vehicle crashes than men with a normal body weight or than obese women. The researchers suggest that this higher risk may be attributed to differences in body shape, fat distribution, and center of gravity between obese and normal weight individuals and between men and women. These findings, although limited by missing data, suggest that motor vehicle safety features should be adjusted to take into account the ongoing obesity epidemic. Currently, two-thirds of people in the US are overweight or obese, yet a crash test dummy with a normal BMI is still used during the design of car cabins. Finally, although more studies are needed to understand the biomechanical responses of the human body during vehicle collisions, the findings in this study could aid the identification of groups of people at particularly high risk of injury or death on the roads who could then be helped to reduce their risk.
Additional Information
Please access these Web sites via the online version of this summary at
Wikipedia has a page on traffic collision (note that Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia that anyone can edit; available in several languages)
The World Health Organization has information about road traffic injuries as a public-health problem; its World report on road traffic injury prevention is available in several languages
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides detailed information about overweight and obesity (in several languages)
MedlinePlus provides links to further resources about obesity (in English and Spanish)
The US National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System contains detailed data on thousands of US motor vehicle crashes
PMCID: PMC2846859  PMID: 20361024
24.  Make it better but don't change anything 
With massive amounts of data being generated in electronic format, there is a need in basic science laboratories to adopt new methods for tracking and analyzing data. An electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) is not just a replacement for a paper lab notebook, it is a new method of storing and organizing data while maintaining the data entry flexibility and legal recording functions of paper notebooks. Paper notebooks are regarded as highly flexible since the user can configure it to store almost anything that can be written or physically pasted onto the pages. However, data retrieval and data sharing from paper notebooks are labor intensive processes and notebooks can be misplaced, a single point of failure that loses all entries in the volume. Additional features provided by electronic notebooks include searchable indices, data sharing, automatic archiving for security against loss and ease of data duplication. Furthermore, ELNs can be tasked with additional functions not commonly found in paper notebooks such as inventory control. While ELNs have been on the market for some time now, adoption of an ELN in academic basic science laboratories has been lagging. Issues that have restrained development and adoption of ELN in research laboratories are the sheer variety and frequency of changes in protocols with a need for the user to control notebook configuration outside the framework of professional IT staff support. In this commentary, we will look at some of the issues and experiences in academic laboratories that have proved challenging in implementing an electronic lab notebook.
PMCID: PMC2810290  PMID: 20098591
25.  Reduced inclination of cervical spine in a novel notebook screen system - implications for rehabilitation 
Professional working at computer notebooks is associated with high requirements on the body posture in the seated position. By the high continuous static muscle stress resulting from this position at notebooks, professionals frequently working at notebooks for long hours are exposed to an increased risk of musculoskeletal complaints. Especially in subjects with back pain, new notebooks should be evaluated with a focus on rehabilitative issues.
In a field study a new notebook design with adjustable screen was analyzed and compared to standard notebook position.
There are highly significant differences in the visual axis of individuals who are seated in the novel notebook position in comparison to the standard position. Also, differences are present between further alternative notebook positions. Testing of gender and glasses did not reveal influences.
This study demonstrates that notebooks with adjustable screen may be used to improve the posture. Future studies may focus on patients with musculoskeletal diseases.
PMCID: PMC3253038  PMID: 22118159

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