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1.  Kitasato symposium 2010: new prospects for cytokines 
The Second Kitasato Symposium: New Prospects for Cytokines brought together researchers and rheumatologists to consider the essential role of cytokines in health and their contributions to autoimmunity. Topics addressed during the Symposium - which was held in Berlin, Germany from 27 to 29 May 2010 - included established and new cytokine targets in arthritis and autoimmunity and innovative aspects of osteoimmunology as well as current perspectives from translational and clinical studies. The keynote lecture, delivered by George Kollias, focused on insights gained from animal models into the mechanisms of TNF function in chronic inflammation and autoimmunity. The presentations at the Symposium resulted in productive discussions regarding potential new targets for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders.
doi:10.1186/ar3196
PMCID: PMC3046527  PMID: 21235827
2.  Kitasato Symposium 2009: New Prospects for Cytokine Inhibition 
The Kitasato Symposium 2009: New Prospects for Cytokine Inhibition was held in Berlin, Germany from 7 to 9 May 2009. The key aims of this meeting were to bring together a group of front-line researchers and rheumatologists to evaluate the use of cytokine blockade and to examine the role of certain cytokines in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. A keynote lecture delivered by Professor Jean-Michel Dayer provided an up-to-date overview of the interactions occurring between the immune system and acute phase proteins. Other speakers discussed the role of cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis, including their role in joint destruction, as well as their regulatory role upon T cells and B cells. The involvement of cytokines in other autoimmune diseases was also addressed.
doi:10.1186/ar2857
PMCID: PMC3003512  PMID: 20067593
3.  Key outcomes from stakeholder workshops at a symposium to inform the development of an Australian national plan for rare diseases 
Background
Calls have been made for governments to adopt a cohesive approach to rare diseases through the development of national plans. At present, Australia does not have a national plan for rare diseases. To progress such a plan an inaugural Australian Rare Diseases Symposium was held in Western Australia in April 2011. This paper describes the key issues identified by symposium attendees for the development of a national plan, compares these to the content of EUROPLAN and national plans elsewhere and discusses how the outcomes might be integrated for national planning.
Methods
The symposium was comprised of a series of plenary sessions followed by workshops. The topics covered were; 1) Development of national plans for rare diseases; 2) Patient empowerment; 3) Patient care, support and management; 4) Research and translation; 5) Networks, partnerships and collaboration. All stakeholders within the rare diseases community were invited to participate, including: people affected by rare diseases such as patients, carers, and families; clinicians and allied health practitioners; social and disability services; researchers; patient support groups; industry (e.g. pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device companies); regulators and policy-makers.
Results
All of these stakeholder groups were represented at the symposium. Workshop participants indicated the need for a national plan, a national peak body, a standard definition of ‘rare diseases’, education campaigns, lobbying of government, research infrastructure, streamlined whole-of-lifetime service provision, case co-ordination, early diagnosis, support for health professionals and dedicated funding.
Conclusions
These findings are consistent with frameworks and initiatives being undertaken internationally (such as EUROPLAN), and with national plans in other countries. This implies that the development of an Australian national plan could plausibly draw on frameworks for plan development that have been proposed for use in other jurisdictions. The translation of the symposium outcomes to government policy (i.e. a national plan) requires the consideration of several factors such as the under-representation of some stakeholder groups (e.g. clinicians) and the current lack of evidence required to translate some of the symposium outcomes to policy options. The acquisition of evidence provides a necessary first step in a comprehensive planning approach.
doi:10.1186/1750-1172-7-50
PMCID: PMC3488492  PMID: 22883422
National plan; Rare diseases; Stakeholder consultation
4.  The 3rd Canadian Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus: Expanding care in the interferon-free era 
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) currently infects approximately 250,000 individuals in Canada and causes more years of life lost than any other infectious disease in the country. In August 2011, new therapies were approved by Health Canada that have achieved higher response rates among those treated, but are poorly tolerated. By 2014/2015, short-course, well-tolerated treatments with cure rates >95% will be available. However, treatment uptake is poor due to structural, financial, geographical, cultural and social barriers. As such, ‘Barriers to access to HCV care in Canada’ is a crucial topic that must be addressed to decrease HCV disease burden and potentially eliminate HCV in Canada. Understanding how to better care for HCV-infected individuals requires integration across multiple disciplines including researchers, clinical services and policy makers to address the major populations affected by HCV including people who inject drugs, baby boomers, immigrants and Aboriginal and/or First Nations people. In 2012, the National CIHR Research Training Program in Hepatitis C organized the 1st Canadian Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus (CSHCV) in Montreal, Quebec. The 2nd CSHCV was held in 2013 in Victoria, British Columbia. Both symposia were highly successful, attracting leading international faculty with excellent attendance leading to dialogue and knowledge translation among attendees of diverse backgrounds. The current article summarizes the 3rd CSHCV, held February 2014, in Toronto, Ontario.
PMCID: PMC4205903  PMID: 25314353
Biomedical; Clinical; Epidemiology; Hepatitis C; Public health; Social sciences
5.  The Precarious State of the Liver After a Fontan Operation: Summary of a Multidisciplinary Symposium 
Pediatric Cardiology  2012;33(7):1001-1012.
As the cohort of survivors with the single-ventricle type of congenital heart disease grows, it becomes increasingly evident that the state of chronically elevated venous pressure and decreased cardiac output inherent in the Fontan circulation provides the substrate for a progressive decline in functional status. One organ at great risk is the liver. Wedged between two capillary beds, with the pulmonary venous bed downstream, which typically has no pulsatile energy added in the absence of a functional right ventricle, and the splanchnic bed upstream, which may have compromised inflow due to inherent cardiac output restriction characteristic of the Fontan circulation, the liver exists in a precarious state. This review summarizes a consensus view achieved at a multidisciplinary symposium held at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia in June 2011. The discussion includes current knowledge concerning the hemodynamic foundations of liver problems, the diagnostic tools available, the unique histopathology of the liver after the Fontan operation, and proposed mechanisms for hepatic fibrosis at the cellular level. At the completion of the symposium, a consensus recommendation was made by the authors’ group to pursue a new prospective protocol for clinical evaluation of the liver for all patients in our practice 10 years after the Fontan operation.
doi:10.1007/s00246-012-0315-7
PMCID: PMC3442163  PMID: 22534759
Decreased cardiac output; Elevated venous pressure; Fontan operation; Hepatic fibrosis; Liver
6.  Proceedings of the 2015 WAO Symposium on Food Allergy and the Microbiome 
Almarales, Raúl Lázaro Castro | Zamora, Mary Carmen Reyes | Tamargo, Beatriz | Averoff, Damaris Torralba | Cruz, Raysa | Diaz, Yunia Oliva | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Ciria, Alexander | Labrada, Alexis | Mateo, Maytee | Mateo, Maytee | Averoff, Damaris Torralba | Cruz, Raysa | Diaz, Yunia Oliva | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Ciria, Alexander | Zamora, Mary Carmen Reyes | Tamargo, Beatriz | Labrada, Alexis | Herrera, Omar | Mateo, Maytee | Cruz, Raysa | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Ciria, Alexander | Almarales, Raúl Lázaro Castro | Zamora, Mary Carmen Reyes | Labrada, Alexis | Canosa, José Severino Rodríguez | Cruz, Raysa | Mateo, Maytee | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Ciria, Alexander | Almarales, Raúl Lázaro Castro | Zamora, Mary Carmen Reyes | Labrada, Alexis | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Almarales, Raúl Lázaro Castro | Labrada, Alexis | Novales, Yamilet Ibizate | Fajardo, Ilonka Estruch | Labrada, Alexis | Mateo, Maytee | Ginard, Armando | Lanser, Bruce | Faino, Anna | Gelfand, Erwin | Hauk, Pia | Fernández, Silvia Venero | Urbina, Julia | Castello, Mirta Alvarez | Almarales, Raúl Lázaro Castro | Medina, Ramón Suárez | Hernández, Hermes Fundora | Britton, John | Fogarty, Andrew William | Ghosh, Nabarun | Bell, Clinton Ross | Revanna, Chandini | Saadeh, Constantine | Bennert, Jeff | Bouyi, Danius | Veloz, Mitsy | Sherali, Nelofar | Coelho, Magna | Ghosh, Nabarun | Bennert, Jeff | Bouyi, Danius | Saadeh, Constantine | Bell, Clinton Ross | Veloz, Mitsy | Revanna, Chandini | Sherali, Nelofar | Dolence, Joseph J. | Kobayashi, Takao | Iijima, Koji | Kita, Hirohito | Kita, Hirohito | Moore, Ashli | Krempski, James | Aina, Roberta | Asero, Riccardo | Pfeifer, Sabine | Dubiela, Pawel | Bublin, Merima | Radauer, Christian | Humeniuk, Piotr | Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Karin | Eidelman, Frank | Dimov, Ves | Khalil, Charl | Dimov, Ves | Eidelman, Frank | Khalil, Charl | Hoyt, Alice E. W. | Heymann, Peter | Schuyler, Alexander | Commins, Scott | Platts-Mills, Thomas | Schuyler, Alexander | Kruszewski, Patrice | Russo, John | Workman, Lisa | Platts-Mills, Thomas | Erwin, Elizabeth | Tripathi, Anubha | Castellanos, Gabriela Yvette | Mendieta, Elizabeth | Becerril-Angeles, Martín
Table of contents
A1 Characterization of the immunoallergic profile towards the proteins of the wheat flour in Cuban population
Raúl Lázaro Castro Almarales, Mary Carmen Reyes Zamora, Beatriz Tamargo, Damaris Torralba Averoff, Raysa Cruz, Yunia Oliva Diaz, Mirta Alvarez Castello, Alexander Ciria, Alexis Labrada, Maytee Mateo
A2 Are peanuts causing food allergy in Cuba?
Maytee Mateo, Damaris Torralba Averoff, Raysa Cruz, Yunia Oliva Diaz, Mirta Alvarez Castello, Alexander Ciria, Mary Carmen Reyes Zamora, Beatriz Tamargo, Alexis Labrada
A3 Prick test and immunoallergic profile to soy allergens in Cuban population
Omar Herrera, Maytee Mateo, Raysa Cruz, Mirta Alvarez Castello, Alexander Ciria, Raúl Lázaro Castro Almarales, Mary Carmen Reyes Zamora, Alexis Labrada
A4 Skin sensitization and immunoallergic profile to hen's egg in Cuban population
José Severino Rodríguez Canosa, Raysa Cruz, Maytee Mateo, Mirta Alvarez Castello, Alexander Ciria, Raúl Lázaro Castro Almarales, Mary Carmen Reyes Zamora, Alexis Labrada
A5 Sensitization to three domestic mites in patients with adverse food events to shellfish
Mirta Alvarez Castello, Raúl Lázaro Castro Almarales, Alexis Labrada, Biocen
A6 Diagnostic efficacy by skin prick test with allergenic extracts of legumes in Cuban patients
Yamilet Ibizate Novales, Ilonka Estruch Fajardo, Alexis Labrada, Maytee Mateo, Armando Ginard
A7 Baked egg goods without wheat flour carry an increased risk of reaction
Bruce Lanser, Anna Faino, Erwin Gelfand, Pia Hauk
A8 Prevalence, incidence and associated risk factors of adverse reaction to food in Cuban infants - a population-based prospective study
Silvia Venero Fernández, Julia Urbina, Mirta Alvarez Castello, Raúl Lázaro Castro Almarales, Ramón Suárez Medina, Hermes Fundora Hernández, John Britton, Andrew William Fogarty
A9 Microbiome in ice machines and assessing the plasma nanotechnology in breaking the biofilm and improving air quality
Nabarun Ghosh, Clinton Ross Bell, Chandini Revanna, Constantine Saadeh, Jeff Bennert, Danius Bouyi, Mitsy Veloz, Nelofar Sherali
A10 Characteristics of patients with food allergy in health public service
Magna Coelho
A11 Allergic rhinitis and asthma index increased in Texas panhandle and AHPCO and plasma nanotechnology as solutions
Nabarun Ghosh, Jeff Bennert, Danius Bouyi, Constantine Saadeh, Clinton Ross Bell, Mitsy Veloz, Chandini Revanna, Nelofar Sherali
A12 Antigen-specific T follicular helper cells mediate peanut allergy in mice
Joseph J. Dolence, Takao Kobayashi, Koji Iijima, Hirohito Kita, Hirohito Kita, Ashli Moore, James Krempski
A13 Production of recombinant Mal d 3, a major apple allergen, in Pichia Pastoris, to investigate the impact of the food matrix and post-translational modifications on Mal d 3 immuno-reactivity
Roberta Aina, Riccardo Asero, Sabine Pfeifer, Pawel Dubiela, Merima Bublin, Christian Radauer, Piotr Humeniuk, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber
A14 Reaction to sports drink: no whey! Whey allergy in absence of clinical cow’s milk allergy
Frank Eidelman, Ves Dimov, Charl Khalil
A15 Food allergy on Tumblr: focus on teenage audience may increase educational impact
Ves Dimov, Frank Eidelman, Charl Khalil
A16 Changes in IgE levels following one-year immunizations in two children with food allergy
Alice E. W. Hoyt, Peter Heymann, Alexander Schuyler, Scott Commins, Thomas Platts-Mills
A17 IgE and IgG4 antibodies to cow's milk components in children with eosinophilic esophagitis: higher specific IgG4 antibodies and IgG4:IgE ratios compared with subjects with IgE-mediated food allergy
Alexander Schuyler, Patrice Kruszewski, John Russo, Lisa Workman, Thomas Platts-Mills, Elizabeth Erwin, Anubha Tripathi
A18 Frequency of Sensitization to Food Allergens in Patients with Rhinitis and Asthma in the National Medical Center La Raza “Dr. Antonio Fraga Mouret”, Mexico City
Gabriela Yvette Castellanos, Elizabeth Mendieta, Martín Becerril-Angeles
doi:10.1186/s40413-016-0097-0
PMCID: PMC5073897
7.  Impact of Platelet Transfusion on Survival of Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage after Administration of Anti-Platelet Agents at a Tertiary Emergency Center 
PLoS ONE  2014;9(5):e97328.
This study examined the impact of platelet transfusion (PLT) on the survival of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients who had been administered anti-platelet agents (APA). This retrospective cohort analysis investigated 432 patients (259 men, 60%) who were newly diagnosed with ICH between January 2006 and June 2011 at the tertiary emergency center of Kitasato University Hospital. Median age on arrival was 67.0 years (range, 40–95 years). ICH was subcortical in 72 patients (16.7%), supratentorial in 233 (53.9%), and infratentorial in 133 (30.8%). PLT was performed in 16 patients (3.7%). Within 90 days after admission to the center, 178 patients (41.2%) had died due to ICH. Before the onset of ICH, 66 patients had been prescribed APA because of atherosclerotic diseases. Multivariate regression analysis indicated APA administration was an independent risk factor for death within 7 days (odds ratio, 5.12; P = 0.006) and within 90 days (hazard ratio, 1.87; P = 0.006) after arrival. Regarding the effect of a PLT in ICH patients with APA, no patient with PLT died. PLT had a survival benefit on patients with ICH, according to our analysis. Further prospective analysis is necessary to confirm the effects of PLT on survival in ICH with APA.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097328
PMCID: PMC4037183  PMID: 24869669
8.  Highlights from the Student Council Symposium 2011 at the International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology and European Conference on Computational Biology 
BMC Bioinformatics  2011;12(Suppl 11):A1.
The Student Council (SC) of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) organized their annual symposium in conjunction with the Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) conference.
This meeting report summarizes the scientific content of the Student Council Symposium 2011 as well as other activities organized by the Student Council in the context of ISMB. The symposium was held in Vienna, Austria on July 15th 2011.
doi:10.1186/1471-2105-12-S11-A1
PMCID: PMC3277250
9.  The global cancer genomics consortium's third annual symposium: from oncogenomics to cancer care 
Genes & Cancer  2014;5(3-4):64-70.
The Global Cancer Genomics Consortium (GCGC) is a cohesive network of oncologists, cancer biologists and structural and genomic experts residing in six institutions from Portugal, United Kingdom, Japan, India, and United States. The team is using its combined resources and infrastructures to address carefully selected, shared, burning questions in cancer medicine. The Third Annual Symposium was organized by the Institute of Molecular Medicine, Lisbon Medical School, Lisbon, Portugal, from September 18 to 20, 2013. To highlight the benefits and limitations of recent advances in cancer genomics, the meeting focused on how to better translate our gains in oncogenomics to cancer patients while engaging our younger colleagues in cancer medicine at-large. Over two hundreds participants actively discussed some of the most recent advances in the areas cancer genomics, transcriptomics and cancer system biology and how to best apply such knowledge to cancer therapeutics, biomarkers discovery and drug development, and an essential role played by bio-banking throughout the process. In brief, the GCGC symposium provided a platform for students and translational cancer researchers to share their excitement and worries as we are beginning to translate the gains in oncogenomics to a better cancer patient treatment.
PMCID: PMC4091529
Oncogenomics; Cancer Biomarkers; Cancer Therapy
10.  Development and promotion in translational medicine: perspectives from 2012 sino-american symposium on clinical and translational medicine 
Background
Clinical translational medicine (CTM) is an emerging area comprising multidisciplinary research from basic science to medical applications and entails a close collaboration among hospital, academia and industry.
Findings
This Session focused discussing on new models for project development and promotion in translational medicine. The conference stimulated the scientific and commercial communication of project development between academies and companies, shared the advanced knowledge and expertise of clinical applications, and created the environment for collaborations.
Conclusions
Although strategic collaborations between corporate and academic institutions have resulted in a state of resurgence in the market, new cooperation models still need time to tell whether they will improve the translational medicine process.
doi:10.1186/2001-1326-1-25
PMCID: PMC3561049  PMID: 23369198
11.  Translational medicine as a new clinical tool and application which improves metabolic diseases: perspectives from 2012 Sino-American symposium on clinical and translational medicine 
Because of the economic growth and changes in lifestyle, metabolic diseases have become a major public health problem, which impose heavy economic burdens on individuals, families and health systems. However, its precise mediators and mechanisms remain to be fully understood. Clinical translational medicine (CTM) is an emerging area comprising multidisciplinary research from basic science to medical applications and as a new tool to improve human health by reducing disease incidence, morbidity and mortality. It can bridge knowledge of metabolic diseases processes, gained by in vitro and experimental animal models, with the disease pathways found in humans, further to identify their susceptibility genes and enable patients to achieve personalized medicament treatment. Thus, we have the reasons to believe that CTM will play even more roles in the development of new diagnostics, therapies, healthcare, and policies and the Sino-American Symposium on Clinical and Translational Medicine (SAS-CTM) will become a more and more important platform for exchanging ideas on clinical and translational research and entails a close collaboration among hospital, academia and industry.
doi:10.1186/2001-1326-3-2
PMCID: PMC3996143  PMID: 24512772
Metabolic diseases; Clinical translational medicine; Hepatotoxicity; Colorectal cancer; Obesity; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; microRNAs
12.  SOT Symposium Highlight: Translatable Indicators of Testicular Toxicity: Inhibin B, MicroRNAs, and Sperm Signatures 
Toxicological Sciences  2013;136(2):265-273.
Testicular toxicity is an important safety endpoint in drug development and risk assessment, but reliable and translatable biomarkers for predicting injury have eluded researchers. However, this area shows great potential for improvement, with several avenues currently being pursued. This was the topic of a symposium session during the 2013 Society of Toxicology Annual Meeting in San Antonio, TX, entitled “Translatable Indicators of Testicular Toxicity: Inhibin B, MicroRNAs, and Sperm Signatures.” This symposium brought together stakeholders from academia, government, and industry to present the limitations and drawbacks of currently used indicators of injury and discussed the ongoing efforts in developing more predictive biomarkers of injury. The presentations highlighted the early challenges of using circulating inhibin B and microRNA levels, and sperm messenger RNA transcript abundance and DNA methylation profiles, as novel biomarkers of testicular toxicity.
doi:10.1093/toxsci/kft207
PMCID: PMC3858194  PMID: 24052563
biomarkers; testicular toxicity; inhibin B; microRNA; sperm.
13.  26th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 3–6 December 2003: update on preclinical and translational research 
Breast Cancer Research  2004;6(2):E10.
The San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium is the largest annual meeting devoted solely to breast cancer research. The late William L McGuire's vision for this meeting was to stimulate 'translational research', many years before this term became popular. In this way, the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium represents a forum in which basic and clinical researchers present their research side by side. Each year sees the continued evolution of our understanding of the basic mechanisms of breast cancer initiation and progression, and the clinical application of this knowledge. Major topics of discussion at the symposium this year were the cell cycle, new evolving concepts of estrogen receptor action, breast cancer stem cells, new predictive and prognostic markers (including microarray studies), and continued exploration of the mechanisms of drug resistance. This report will summarize preclinical and translational highlights from the meeting.
PMCID: PMC400657  PMID: 14979916
BRCA1; cell cycle; drug resistance; estrogen receptor; growth factor receptors; microarray; prognostic and predictive markers
14.  The Global Cancer Genomics Consortium’s Second Annual Symposium 
Genes & Cancer  2013;4(5-6):196-200.
The Second Annual Symposium of the Global Cancer Genomics Consortium (GCGC) was held at the Tata Memorial Center in Mumbai, India, from November 19 to 20, 2012. Founded in late 2010, the GCGC aims to provide a platform for highly productive, collaborative efforts on next-generation cancer research through bridging the latest scientific and technology developments with clinical oncology challenges. This year’s presenters brought together highly innovative interdisciplinary views and strategies to meet major challenges in cancer research. The symposium featured 3 major themes: OMICS approaches toward the identification of cancer molecular drivers, single-cell analysis in cancer, and clinical and translational genomics. Each theme was represented in presentations of new findings, with an obvious implication in cross-disciplinary components of OMICs and an overwhelming participation by students. In summary, the GCGC symposium provided a discussion and congregation of the latest advances in basic and translational cancer research and offered the participants with a highly cooperative network environment for future collaboration.
doi:10.1177/1947601913484582
PMCID: PMC3782003
genomics medicine; anticancer target; cancer therapy
15.  Cheminformatics Aspects of High Throughput Screening: from Robots to Models: Symposium Summary 
The “Cheminformatics aspects of high throughput screening (HTS): from robots to models” symposium was part of the Computers in Chemistry (COMP) technical program at the American Chemical Society National Meeting in Denver, Colorado during the fall of 2011. This symposium brought together researchers from high throughput screening centersand molecular modelers from academia and industry to discuss the integration of currently available high throughput screening data and assays with computational analysis. The topics discussed at this symposium covered the data-infrastructure at various academic, hospital, and NIH-funded high throughput screening centers, the cheminformatics and molecular modeling methods used in real world examples to guide screening and hit-finding, and how academic and non-profit organizations can benefit from current high throughput screening cheminformatics resources. Specifically, this article also covers the remarks and discussions in the open panel discussion in thesymposium and summarizes the following talks on “Accurate Kinase virtual screening: biochemical, cellular and selectivity”, “Selective, privileged and promiscuous chemical patterns in high-throughput screening” and “Visualizing and exploring relationships among HTS hits using network graphs”.
doi:10.1007/s10822-013-9646-6
PMCID: PMC4205101  PMID: 23636795
Cheminformatics; high throughput screening; molecular modeling; data-infrastructure
16.  Reflecting on the 5th National Occupational Injury Research Symposium and looking forward ☆ 
For 2-1/2 days in October, 2011, more than 200 researchers convened at the 5th National Occupational Injury Research Symposium (NOIRS) to celebrate advances and successes in the field, to learn from each other about recent and ongoing occupational injury research, and to network and establish new professional relationships to advance occupational injury research in the future. This special issue highlights some of the research presented at that meeting. There has been considerable progress in research and worker safety since the first NOIRS in 1997, with demonstrated reductions in worker deaths and injury, an increased depth and breadth of research, and the development and validation of prevention strategies. Despite this progress, occupational injuries continue to exert too high a toll on workers, employers and society, and there are numerous challenges that need to be addressed to continue advancements in worker safety.
doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2012.12.001
PMCID: PMC4686132  PMID: 23398698
17.  Reflections of a Member of the Bicentennial Class on the Bicentennial Symposium 
This perspective piece explores what it means to be a first-year medical student at Yale School of Medicine during its bicentennial year. At first, it seemed like a hefty burden to bear. However, upon listening to Dr. Eric Kandel speak at the Bicentennial Symposium at Yale on April 28, 2011, it became clear what it means to be a part of the future of science and medicine at Yale.
PMCID: PMC3117409  PMID: 21698047
perspective; opinion; medical student; Yale; symposium
18.  What is new in the liver sinusoids? meeting report, 16th International Symposium on Cells of the Hepatic Sinusoid (ISCHS) 
The 16th International Symposium on Cells of the Hepatic Sinusoid (ISCHS) took place in Florence, Italy on 22-24 September 2011. This symposium is a multidisciplinary meeting where new and important findings on the biology of liver cells are presented and discussed.
doi:10.1186/1755-1536-4-27
PMCID: PMC3283502  PMID: 22166123
19.  Interstitial Fluid Physiology as It Relates to Glucose Monitoring Technologies: Symposium Introduction 
Nearly all commercially available glucose sensors share the subcutaneous interstitial fluid (ISF) compartment as their preferred implantation site. However, ISF physiology as it relates to glucose sensors is not well understood. This special symposium titled “Interstitial Fluid Physiology as It Relates to Glucose Monitoring Technologies” is intended to help to bridge the gap in our understanding. This symposium is intended to foster a greater understanding of biological factors that impact the success of implantable glucose monitors and to inspire additional research in the area of ISF physiology as it relates to glucose sensing. Recognition that sensor designers need to have an intimate understanding of the biological environment in which their sensor will reside is emphasized. The symposium is published in two parts, with part I published in September 2010 and part II published in May 2011. All articles published in this symposium are summarized herein.
PMCID: PMC3192624  PMID: 21722573
artificial pancreas; continuous glucose monitoring; extracellular matrix; foreign body response; interstitial fluid
20.  1st International Symposium on Gait and Balance in MS: Gait and Balance Measures in the Evaluation of People with MS 
Gait and balance measures have particular potential as outcome measures in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) because, of the many hallmarks of MS disability, gait and balance dysfunction are present throughout the course of the disease, impact many aspects of a person's life, and progress over time. To highlight the importance and relevance of gait and balance measures in MS, explore novel measurements of gait and balance in MS, and discuss how gait, balance, and fall measures can best be used and developed in clinical and research settings, the 1st International Symposium on Gait and Balance in Multiple Sclerosis was held in Portland, Oregon, USA on October 1, 2011. This meeting brought together nearly 100 neurologists, physiatrists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, engineers, and others to discuss the current status and recent advances in the measurement of gait and balance in MS. Presentations focused on clinician-administered, self-administered, and instrumented measures of gait, balance, and falls in MS.
doi:10.1155/2012/720206
PMCID: PMC3385660  PMID: 22762000
21.  Hepatitis C Virus: The Rising Concerns and Growing Hopes, Report From the HCV Symposium, Fourth Tehran Hepatitis Congress, November 2011, Tehran, Iran 
Hepatitis Monthly  2012;12(7):423-429.
The rising concerns for future health burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in global scale has continuously encouraged preventing measures particularly public awareness programs. There is an increasing necessity for allocating HCV awareness issues in public scope, especially for high risk populations and patients. Proper knowledge of health care professionals and treating physicians and their attitude with regard to hepatitis C management is also crucial. Achieving this can be a constructive step forward in controlling and hopefully eradicating hepatitis C virus in our community. Having a clear scientific grasp on treatment options and protocols, the concept of “CURE” achievement in hepatitis C and the future hopes in enhancing virological response with the coming direct antiviral agents can significantly add to the current practices of treating hepatitis C. This scientific report paper outlines the insights communicated at the HCV symposium during the 4th Tehran Hepatitis Congress, November 2011, Tehran, Iran.
doi:10.5812/hepatmon.6679
PMCID: PMC3437452
Hepatitis C; Congresses; Iran
22.  Integrated diagnostics: proceedings from the 9th biennial symposium of the International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology 
European Radiology  2012;22(11):2283-2294.
The International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology held its 9th biennial meeting in August 2011. The focus of the programme was integrated diagnostics and massive computing. Participants discussed the opportunities, challenges, and consequences for the discipline of radiology that will likely arise from the integration of diagnostic technologies. Diagnostic technologies are increasing in scope, including advanced imaging techniques, new molecular imaging agents, and sophisticated point-of-use devices. Advanced information technology (IT), which is increasingly influencing the practice of medicine, will aid clinical communication and the development of “population images” that represent the phenotype of particular diseases, which will aid the development of diagnostic algorithms. Integrated diagnostics offer increased operational efficiency and benefits to patients through quicker and more accurate diagnoses. As physicians with the most expertise in IT, radiologists are well placed to take the lead in introducing IT solutions and cloud computing to promote integrated diagnostics. To achieve this, radiologists must adapt to include quantitative data on biomarkers in their reports. Radiologists must also increase their role as participating physicians, collaborating with other medical specialties, not only to avoid being sidelined by other specialties but also to better prepare as leaders in the selection and sequence of diagnostic procedures.
Key Points
• New diagnostic technologies are yielding unprecedented amounts of diagnostic information.
• Advanced IT/cloud computing will aid integration and analysis of diagnostic data.
• Better diagnostic algorithms will lead to faster diagnosis and more rapid treatment.
doi:10.1007/s00330-012-2510-6
PMCID: PMC3472054  PMID: 22699871
Radiology; Diagnostic techniques and procedures; Informatics; Algorithms; Efficiency; Organizational
23.  Proceedings of the 2011 National Toxicology Program Satellite Symposium 
Toxicologic pathology  2011;40(2):321-344.
The 2011 annual National Toxicology Program (NTP) Satellite Symposium, entitled “Pathology Potpourri,” was held in Denver, Colorado in advance of the Society of Toxicologic Pathology’s 30th Annual Meeting. The goal of the NTP Symposium is to present current diagnostic pathology or nomenclature issues to the toxicologic pathology community. This article presents summaries of the speakers’ presentations, including diagnostic or nomenclature issues that were presented, along with select images that were used for audience voting or discussion. Some lesions and topics covered during the symposium include: proliferative lesions from various fish species including ameloblastoma, gas gland hyperplasia, nodular regenerative hepatocellular hyperplasia, and malignant granulosa cell tumor; spontaneous cystic hyperplasia in the stomach of CD1 mice and histiocytic aggregates in the duodenal villous tips of treated mice; an olfactory neuroblastoma in a cynomolgus monkey; various rodent skin lesions, including follicular parakeratotic hyperkeratosis, adnexal degeneration, and epithelial intracytoplasmic accumulations; oligodendroglioma and microgliomas in rats; a diagnostically challenging microcytic, hypochromic, responsive anemia in rats; a review of microcytes and microcytosis; nasal lesions associated with green tea extract and Ginkgo biloba in rats; corneal dystrophy in Dutch belted rabbits; valvulopathy in rats; and lymphoproliferative disease in a cynomolgus monkey.
doi:10.1177/0192623311427713
PMCID: PMC3490626  PMID: 22089839
NTP Satellite Symposium; ameloblastoma; gas gland hyperplasia; stomach cystic hyperplasia; sodium dichromate dihydrate; olfactory neuroblastoma; cynomolgus monkey; adnexal degeneration; parakeratotic hyperkeratosis; oligodendroglioma; microglioma; microcytic hypochromic anemia; microcytosis; spherocytosis; poikilocytosis; green tea; Ginkgo biloba; corneal dystrophy; Dutch belted rabbit valvulitis; valvulopathy; post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease
24.  Unraveling the genetic underpinnings of myeloproliferative neoplasms and understanding their effect on disease course and response to therapy: Proceedings from the 6th International Post-ASH Symposium 
American journal of hematology  2012;87(5):562-568.
Immediately after the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), a select group of clinical and laboratory investigators in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) is summoned to a post-ASH conference on chronic myeloid leukemia and the BCR-ABL1-negative MPN. The 6th such meeting occurred on 13th–14th December 2011, in La Jolla, California, USA, under the direction of its founder, Dr. Tariq Mughal. The current document is the first of two reports on this post-ASH event and summarizes the most recent preclinical and clinical advances in polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis.
doi:10.1002/ajh.23169
PMCID: PMC3491640  PMID: 22460584
ASXL1; EZH2; JAK2; myelofibrosis; myeloproliferative neoplasms; TET2; thrombocythemia
25.  SSAT/AHPBA Joint Symposium on Evaluation and Treatment of Benign Liver Lesions 
Background
Benign liver lesions are common incidental radiologic findings.
Methods
Experts convened in 2011 at a Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract/ Americas Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association joint symposium to discuss the evaluation and treatment of benign liver lesions.
Results
Most benign liver lesions can be accurately diagnosed with high-quality imaging, including ultrasonography, multiphase computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, particularly with hepatocyte-specific contrast agents. Percutaneous biopsy is reserved for lesions that cannot be characterized radiographically, and its accuracy is improved with immunophenotypic markers. Hepatic cysts are the most commonly diagnosed benign liver lesions; these must be distinguished from malignant cystic lesions, which are rare. Among the solid benign liver lesions, hemangiomas and focal nodular hyperplasia seldom require treatment. In contrast, hepatocellular adenomas are associated with a risk for complications. A new classification system for hepatocellular adenomas based on genetic and phenotypic features can help guide patient care. In patients who are symptomatic or at risk for complications, multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment based on clinicopathologic, radiographic, and molecular analysis is needed.
Conclusions
Most benign liver lesions can be accurately diagnosed radiographically and do not require treatment. Treatment is necessary for patients with symptoms or at risk for complications.
doi:10.1007/s11605-013-2153-1
PMCID: PMC3628697  PMID: 23377783
Liver; cyst; hemangioma; adenoma; focal nodular hyperplasia

Results 1-25 (233439)