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1.  International Institute for Collaborative Cell Biology and Biochemistry—History and Memoirs from an International Network for Biological Sciences 
CBE Life Sciences Education  2013;12(3):339-344.
Memoirs by the 2012 recipient of the Bruce Alberts Award for Excellence in Science Education from the American Society for Cell Biology about the establishment of the International Institute for Collaborative Cell Biology and Biochemistry, which wants to inspire a new era of international scientific cooperation by exposing scientists to diverse learning experiences.
I was invited to write this essay on the occasion of my selection as the recipient of the 2012 Bruce Alberts Award for Excellence in Science Education from the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB). Receiving this award is an enormous honor. When I read the email announcement for the first time, it was more than a surprise to me, it was unbelievable. I joined ASCB in 1996, when I presented a poster and received a travel award. Since then, I have attended almost every ASCB meeting. I will try to use this essay to share with readers one of the best experiences in my life. Because this is an essay, I take the liberty of mixing some of my thoughts with data in a way that it not usual in scientific writing. I hope that this sacrifice of the format will achieve the goal of conveying what I have learned over the past 20 yr, during which time a group of colleagues and friends created a nexus of knowledge and wisdom. We have worked together to build a network capable of sharing and inspiring science all over the world.
PMCID: PMC3763000  PMID: 24006381
2.  Discriminant Analysis of Essay, Mathematics/Science Type of Essay, College Scholastic Ability Test, and Grade Point Average as Predictors of Acceptance to a Pre-med Course at a Korean Medical School 
A discriminant analysis was conducted to investigate how an essay, a mathematics/science type of essay, a college scholastic ability test, and grade point average affect acceptance to a pre-med course at a Korean medical school. Subjects included 122 and 385 applicants for, respectively, early and regular admission to a medical school in Korea. The early admission examination was conducted in October 2007, and the regular admission examination was conducted in January 2008. The analysis of early admission data revealed significant F values for the mathematics/science type of essay (51.64; P<0.0001) and for grade point average (10.66; P=0.0014). The analysis of regular admission data revealed the following F values: 28.81 (P<0.0001) for grade point average, 27.47 (P<0.0001) for college scholastic ability test, 10.67 (P=0.0012) for the essay, and 216.74 (P<0.0001) for the mathematics/science type of essay. Since the mathematics/science type of essay had a strong effect on acceptance, an emphasis on this requirement and exclusion of other kinds of essays would be effective in subsequent entrance examinations for this premed course.
PMCID: PMC2631198  PMID: 19224001
College Scholastic Ability Test; Entrance Examination; Essay; General Point Average; Mathematics/Science; Medical School
5.  A New Species of Andesipolis Whitfield & Choi from the Eastern Andes of Ecuador with Notes on Biology and Classification (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rhysipolinae) 
A new species of braconid wasp, Andesipolis yanayacu, is described from the eastern Andes of Ecuador. Andesipolis yanayacu was reared as a gregarious koinobiont parasitoid of shelter building Pyralidae (Lepidoptera) larvae feeding on Urticaceae (Phenax rugosus and Boehmeria bullata). These are the first biological observations for the genus Andesipolis and the first species recorded from Ecuador. This is also the northern-most record for the genus as previously described species are from Chile. Based on morphological attributes and the newly discovered biology, Andesipolis is re-classified from the subfamily Mesostoinae into the subfamily Rhysipolinae.
PMCID: PMC3011899  PMID: 19619028
Mesostoinae; Pyralidae; Phenax rugosus; Boehmeria bullata
6.  A comparative study to evaluate efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness between Whitfield's ointment + oral fluconazole versus topical 1% butenafine in tinea infections of skin 
Indian Journal of Pharmacology  2013;45(6):622-624.
Aims and Objectives:
The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of topical Whitfield's ointment plus oral fluconazole with topical 1% butenafine in tinea infections of the skin.
Materials and Methods:
Patients were randomly allocated to the two treatment groups and advised to apply either agent topically twice-a-day for 4 weeks on the lesions and fluconazole (150 mg) was administered once a week for 4 weeks in the study group applying Whitfield's ointment. Patients were followed-up at an interval of 10 days for clinical score and global evaluation response was assessed at baseline and during each follow-up.
Out of 120 patients enrolled in the study 103 completed the study. Patients treated with Whitfield's ointment and oral fluconazole reduced mean sign and symptom score from 8.81 ± 0.82 to 0.18 ± 0.59 while butenafine treated patients reduced it from 8.88 ± 0.53 to 0.31 ± 0.67 at the end of the treatment. Nearly, 98% patients were completely cleared of the lesion on the 3rd follow-up with both treatments.
Whitfield's ointment with oral fluconazole is as efficacious, safe and cost-effective as compared with 1% butenafine in tinea infections of the skin.
PMCID: PMC3847256  PMID: 24347774
Butenafine; fluconazole; tinea infections; Whitfield's ointment
8.  Whitfield Tradition 
British Medical Journal  1955;2(4943):850.
PMCID: PMC1981054
10.  Whitfield Tradition 
British Medical Journal  1955;2(4944):909-910.
PMCID: PMC1980981
14.  Dr Whitfield comments 
PMCID: PMC1627918
16.  Dr. J. Whitfield Blandford 
British Medical Journal  1917;1(2924):69-70.
PMCID: PMC2347631
17.  Dr. George Whitfield Sparke 
British Medical Journal  1912;2(2710):1647.
PMCID: PMC2334884
18.  Dr. Lorenzo Whitfield 
British Medical Journal  1904;1(2262):1111.
PMCID: PMC2354086
19.  The Whitfield Tradition of Therapy* 
British Medical Journal  1955;2(4937):453-455.
PMCID: PMC1980638  PMID: 13240146
20.  Dr. Allan Whitfield 
British Medical Journal  1927;1(3466):1085.
PMCID: PMC2455188  PMID: 20773255
21.  Dr. David Williams Whitfield 
British Medical Journal  1927;1(3447):217.
PMCID: PMC2454093  PMID: 20772975
24.  People's instinctive travels and the paths to science 
Molecular Biology of the Cell  2014;25(21):3263-3266.
To be the recipient of the E. E. Just Award for 2014 is one of my greatest honors, as this is a truly rarefied group. In this essay, I try to trace my path to becoming a scientist to illustrate that multiple paths can lead to science. I also highlight that I did not build my career alone. Rather, I had help from many and have tried to pay it forward. Finally, as the country marches toward a minority majority, I echo the comments of previous E. E. Just Award recipients on the state of underrepresented minorities in science.
PMCID: PMC4214770  PMID: 25360046
25.  Are Jews Smarter Than Everyone Else? 
Mens Sana Monographs  2008;6(1):41-47.
The debate about “race” and “intelligence” seems to be never ending. The “special nature” of the intelligence ascribed to “Jews” has recently reappeared in an essay by one of the authors of the notorious study of race and intelligence – The Bell Curve. How this debate is constructed and what its implications are for the reappearance of “race” as a category in medical and biological science is at the core of this present essay.
PMCID: PMC3190562  PMID: 22013349
Intelligence; Jews; Race; Smartiness

Results 1-25 (173368)