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1.  Survey of Anesthetic Choice among Fellows of the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology 
Anesthesia Progress  1988;35(5):206-207.
Two hundred and fifty Fellows of the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology were surveyed concerning their personal preference of anesthetic technique, regional versus general anesthesia, through the use of two scenarios. Those surveyed preferred regional anesthesia as opposed to general anesthesia in both emergency and elective scenarios. These results are consistent with similar studies of anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists, although these groups demonstrated an even greater bias toward regional anesthetic techniques.
PMCID: PMC2167867  PMID: 3250280
6.  The American Dental Society of Anesthesiology: 1953-1978. 
Anesthesia Progress  1978;25(1):9-30.
PMCID: PMC2516768  PMID: 373509
7.  Contribution of Dentist Anesthesiologists to Dental Anesthesiology Research 
Anesthesia Progress  2011;58(1):14-21.
In order to determine if dentist anesthesiologists (DAs) actively contribute to research in the field of anesthesiology, and thus contribute new knowledge to the field, an extensive literature search was accomplished. DAs make up only 1.5% of dentists who actively contribute to anesthesia research but account for 10% of publications. To determine if the impact of DA research was similar to the American Dental Association (ADA) recognized specialties, h-indices of noted researchers in other specialties were compared to the h-indices of noted DA researchers. The results show that the impact of top DA researchers in dental anesthesiology is similar to the impact of top dental specialty researchers, despite lack of academic departments in dental schools where a large percentage of dental research is completed. Dentist anesthesiologists actively contribute to the research in anesthesiology for dentistry and thus, actively contribute to new knowledge in the field.
PMCID: PMC3265265  PMID: 21410360
H-index; Dental research; Anesthesia, dental
8.  Accreditation council for graduate medical education (ACGME) annual anesthesiology residency and fellowship program review: a "report card" model for continuous improvement 
BMC Medical Education  2010;10:13.
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires an annual evaluation of all ACGME-accredited residency and fellowship programs to assess program quality. The results of this evaluation must be used to improve the program. This manuscript describes a metric to be used in conducting ACGME-mandated annual program review of ACGME-accredited anesthesiology residencies and fellowships.
A variety of metrics to assess anesthesiology residency and fellowship programs are identified by the authors through literature review and considered for use in constructing a program "report card."
Metrics used to assess program quality include success in achieving American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) certification, performance on the annual ABA/American Society of Anesthesiology In-Training Examination, performance on mock oral ABA certification examinations, trainee scholarly activities (publications and presentations), accreditation site visit and internal review results, ACGME and alumni survey results, National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) results, exit interview feedback, diversity data and extensive program/rotation/faculty/curriculum evaluations by trainees and faculty. The results are used to construct a "report card" that provides a high-level review of program performance and can be used in a continuous quality improvement process.
An annual program review is required to assess all ACGME-accredited residency and fellowship programs to monitor and improve program quality. We describe an annual review process based on metrics that can be used to focus attention on areas for improvement and track program performance year-to-year. A "report card" format is described as a high-level tool to track educational outcomes.
PMCID: PMC2830223  PMID: 20141641
9.  The Relationship Between the American Board of Anesthesiology Part 1 Certification Examination and the United States Medical Licensing Examination 
The graduate medical education community uses results from the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) to inform decisions about individuals' readiness for postgraduate training.
We sought to determine the relationship between performance on the USMLE and the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) Part 1 Certification Examination using a national sample of examinees, and we considered the relationship in the context of undergraduate medical education location and examination content.
Approximately 7800 individuals met inclusion criteria. The relationships between USMLE scores and ABA Part 1 pass rates were examined, and predictions for the strength of the relationship between USMLE content areas and ABA performance were compared with observed relationships.
Pearson correlations between ABA Part 1 scores and USMLE Steps 1, 2 (clinical knowledge), and 3 scores for first-taker US/Canadian graduates were .59, .56, and .53, respectively. A clear relationship was demonstrated between USMLE scores and pass rates on ABA Part 1, and content experts were able to successfully predict the USMLE content categories that would least or most likely relate to ABA Part 1 scores.
The analysis provided evidence on a national scale that results from the USMLE and the ABA Part 1 were correlated and that success on the latter examination was associated with level of USMLE performance. Both testing programs have been successful in conceptualizing many of the knowledge areas of interest and in developing test content to reflect those areas.
PMCID: PMC3693694  PMID: 24404273
10.  Acute pain medicine in anesthesiology 
F1000Prime Reports  2013;5:54.
The American Academy of Pain Medicine and the American Society for Regional Anesthesia have recently focused on the evolving practice of acute pain medicine. There is increasing recognition that the scope and practice of acute pain therapies must extend beyond the subacute pain phase to include pre-pain and pre-intervention risk stratification, resident and fellow education in regional anesthesia and multimodal analgesia, as well as a deeper understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms that are integral to the variability observed among individual responses to nociception. Acute pain medicine is also being established as a vital component of successful systems-level acute pain management programs, inpatient cost containment, and patient satisfaction scores. In this review, we discuss the evolution and practice of acute pain medicine and we aim to facilitate further discussion on the evolution and advancement of this field as a subspecialty of anesthesiology.
PMCID: PMC3854690  PMID: 24381730
11.  Endoscopic sphincterotomy in acute biliary pancreatitis: A question of anesthesiological risk 
Two consecutive surveys of acute pancreatitis in Italy, based on more than 1000 patients with acute pancreatitis, reported that the etiology of the disease indicates biliary origin in about 60% of the cases. The United Kingdom guidelines report that severe gallstone pancreatitis in the presence of increasingly deranged liver function tests and signs of cholangitis (fever, rigors, and positive blood cultures) requires an immediate and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). These guidelines also recommend that patients with gallstone pancreatitis should undergo prompt cholecystectomy, possibly during the same hospitalization. However, a certain percentage of patients are unfit for cholecystectomy because advanced age and presence of comorbidity. We evaluated the early and long-term results of endoscopic intervention in relation to the anesthesiological risk for 87 patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. All patients underwent ERCP and were evaluated according to the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) criteria immediately before the operative procedure. The severity of acute pancreatitis was positively related to the anesthesiological grade. There was no significant relationship between the frequency of biliopancreatic complications during the follow-up and the ASA grade. The frequency of cholecystectomy was inversely related to the ASA grade and multivariate analysis showed that the ASA grade and age were significantly related to survival. Finally, endoscopic treatment also appeared to be safe and effective in patients at high anesthesiological risk with acute pancreatitis. These results further support the hypothesis that endoscopic sphincterotomy might be considered a definitive treatment for patients with acute biliary pancreatitis and an elevated ASA grade.
PMCID: PMC2998844  PMID: 21160646
Acute biliary pancreatitis; Anesthesiological risk; Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; Endoscopic sphincterotomy
12.  Core Program Education: Tracking the Progression Toward Excellence in an Anesthesiology Residency Program Over 60 Years 
The Ochsner Journal  2011;11(1):43-51.
The Ochsner Clinic Foundation Anesthesiology Residency Program is the oldest continuously accredited anesthesiology residency program in the state of Louisiana. As the American College of Graduate Medical Education has developed residency training requirements, so has the Ochsner training program evolved from a structure- and process-based program to an outcomes-based program. The author, associated with the program since 1983, reviewed Program Information Forms from 1971 to the present to track the evolution of the anesthesiology residency training program. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education demanded allocation of resources to residency training and mandated the demonstration of outcomes of training. The Ochsner Clinic Foundation Anesthesiology Residency Program has kept pace with these demands. The trend for graduate performance on written examinations has been upward. Fifty years ago, graduates practiced locally, but graduates now practice throughout the United States. Many completed fellowship training at increasingly higher profile institutions.
PMCID: PMC3096168  PMID: 21603335
Anesthesiology; medical education; residency education
13.  Relationship Express: A Pilot Program to Teach Anesthesiology Residents Communication Skills 
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires residency programs to teach 6 core competencies and to provide evidence of effective standardized training through objective measures. George Washington University's Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine implemented a pilot program to address the interpersonal and communication skill competency. In this program, we aimed to pilot the Relationship Express model, a series of exercises in experiential learning to teach anesthesiology residents to build effective relationships with patients in time-limited circumstances. The purpose of this paper is to describe the application of this model for anesthesiology training.
A total of 7 first-year clinical anesthesiology residents participated in this pilot study, and 4 residents completed the entire program for analysis purposes. Relationship Express was presented in three 1.5-hour sessions: (1) introduction followed by 2-case, standardized patient pretest with feedback to residents from faculty observers; (2) interpersonal and communication skills didactic workshop with video behavior modeling; and (3) review discussion followed by 2-case, standardized patient posttest and evaluation.
Modified Brookfield comments revealed the following themes: (1) time constraints were realistic compared with clinical practice; (2) admitting errors with patients was difficult; (3) patients were more aware of body language than anticipated; (4) residents liked the group discussions and the video interview; (5) standardized patients were convincing; and (6) residents found the feedback from faculty and standardized patients helpful.
Resident retrospective self-assessment and learning comments confirm the potential value of the Relationship Express model. This program will require further assessment and refinement with a larger number of residents.
PMCID: PMC3010947  PMID: 22132285
14.  Substance Use Disorder Among Anesthesiology Residents, 1975–2009 
Substance use disorder (SUD) among anesthesiologists and other physicians poses serious risks to both physicians and patients. Formulation of policy and individual treatment plans is hampered by lack of data regarding the epidemiology and outcomes of physician SUD.
To describe the incidence and outcomes of SUD among anesthesiology residents.
Retrospective cohort study of physicians who began training in United States anesthesiology residency programs from July 1, 1975, to July 1, 2009, including 44 612 residents contributing 177 848 resident-years to analysis. Follow-up for incidence and relapse was to the end of training and December 31, 2010, respectively.
Cases of SUD (including initial SUD episode and any relapse, vital status and cause of death, and professional consequences of SUD) ascertained through training records of the American Board of Anesthesiology, including information from the Disciplinary Action Notification Service of the Federation of State Medical Boards and cause of death information from the National Death Index.
Of the residents, 384 had evidence of SUD during training, with an overall incidence of 2.16 (95% CI, 1.95–2.39) per 1000 resident-years (2.68 [95% CI, 2.41–2.98] men and 0.65 [95% CI, 0.44–0.93] women per 1000 resident-years). During the study period, an initial rate increase was followed by a period of lower rates in 1996–2002, but the highest incidence has occurred since 2003 (2.87 [95% CI, 2.42–3.39] per 1000 resident-years). The most common substance category was intravenous opioids, followed by alcohol, marijuana or cocaine, anesthetics/hypnotics, and oral opioids. Twenty-eight individuals (7.3%; 95% CI, 4.9%–10.4%) died during the training period; all deaths were related to SUD. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of the cumulative proportion of survivors experiencing at least 1 relapse by 30 years after the initial episode (based on a median follow-up of 8.9 years [interquartile range, 5.0–18.8 years]) was 43% (95% CI, 34%–51%). Rates of relapse and death did not depend on the category of substance used. Relapse rates did not change over the study period.
Among anesthesiology residents entering primary training from 1975 to 2009, 0.86% had evidence of SUD during training. Risk of relapse over the follow-up period was high, indicating persistence of risk after training.
PMCID: PMC3993973  PMID: 24302092
Anesthesiology clinics  2012;30(4):759-784.
The induction and maintenance of anesthesia, surgical requirements, and patients’ unique pathophysiology all combine to create a setting in which our accumulated knowledge of respiratory physiology and lung mechanics take on immediate and central importance in patient management. In this review we will take a case-based approach to illustrate how the complex interactions between anesthesia, surgery, and patient disease impact patient care with respect to pulmonary pathophysiology and clinical decision-making. We will examine two disparate scenarios: a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing a lung resection, and a patient with coronary artery disease undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. In each example we will illustrate how important concepts in pulmonary physiology and respiratory mechanics impact clinical management decisions.
PMCID: PMC3479443  PMID: 23089508
Integrative physiology; Pulmonary mechanics; Ventilation; Pulmonary circulation; Gas exchange
16.  Statins and succinylcholine interaction: A cause of concern for serious muscular damage in anesthesiology practice! 
Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia  2013;7(4):442-446.
Statins are being extensively used in cardiac patient throughout the globe. Succinylcholine has been the mainstay of profound relaxation during induction and intubation of anesthesia for almost six decades now. The interactive properties of these drugs have been of major concern during routine anesthesiology practice in the last few years. However, no major research trial, prospective studies or meta-analysis are available, which can truly allay the fears of possible potential negative synergistic interactions between these two commonly used drugs. Whatever the evidence is available is hardly enough to support a positive outcome and the results have been drawn from observations of only few small studies. As a result, a continuous need among anesthesiologist fraternity is felt to arrive at a suitable inference, which can predict definite consequences of this synergistic interaction. The present article reviews some of the important observations of few handful studies which were carried out to observe any potential adverse interactions between succinylcholine and statins.
PMCID: PMC3858697  PMID: 24348298
Myopathy; myotoxicity; renal failure; statins; succinylcholine
17.  Telemedicine in Anesthesiology and Reanimatology 
Acta Informatica Medica  2010;18(3):163-169.
In recent years impressive progress is happening in information and telecommunication technologies. The application of computers in medicine allows permanent data storage, data transfer from one place to another, retrieving and data processing, data availability at all times, monitoring of patients over time, etc. This can significantly improve the medical profession. Medicine is one of the most intensive users of all types of information and telecommunication technology. Quickly and reliably store and transfer data (text, images, sounds, etc.) provides significant assistance and improvement in almost all medical procedures. In addition, data in locations far from medical centers can be of invaluable benefit, especially in emergency cases in which the decisive role has anesthesiologists.
PMCID: PMC3818744  PMID: 24222933
Anesthesiology; reanimatology; telemedicine

Results 1-25 (795414)