Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-25 (5311)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

more »
Year of Publication
more »
3.  Major Francis Mortimer Taylor, M.C 
British Medical Journal  1919;1(3049):726.
PMCID: PMC2341415
6.  Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Stink Bugs in Southeastern Farmscapes 
Journal of Insect Science  2015;15(1):23.
A 3-yr study (2009–2011) was conducted to examine the spatial and temporal dynamics of stink bugs in three commercial farmscapes. Study locations were replicated in South Carolina and Georgia, in an agriculturally diverse region known as the southeastern coastal plain. Crops included wheat, Triticum aestivum (L.), corn, Zea mays (L.), soybean, Glycine max (L.), cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (L.), and peanut, Arachis hypogaea (L.). Farmscapes were sampled weekly using whole-plant examinations for corn, with all other crops sampled using sweep nets. The predominant pest species of phytophagous stink bugs were the brown stink bug, Euschistus servus (Say), the green stink bug, Chinavia hilaris (Say), and the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.). Chi-square tests indicated a departure from a normal distribution in 77% of analyses of the variance to mean ratio, with 37% of slopes of TaylorTaylor’s power law and 30% of coefficient β of Iwao’s patchiness regression significantly greater than one, indicating aggregated distributions. Spatial Analyses by Distance IndicEs (SADIE) indicated aggregated patterns of stink bugs in 18% of year-end totals and 42% of weekly counts, with 80% of adults and nymphs positively associated using the SADIE association tool. Maximum stink bug densities in each crop occurred when the plants were producing fruit. Stink bugs exhibited greater densities in crops adjacent to soybean in Barnwell and Lee Counties compared with crops adjacent to corn or fallow areas. The diversity of crops and relatively small size of fields in the Southeast leads to colonization of patches within a farmscape. The ecological and management implications of the spatial and temporal distribution of stink bugs within farmscapes are discussed.
PMCID: PMC4535328  PMID: 25843577
sampling; Taylor’s power law; patchiness regression; inverse distance weighted; SADIE
Journal of Bacteriology  1962;83(6):1274-1280.
Beall, Francis A. (U.S. Army Chemical Corps, Frederick, Md.), Martha J. Taylor, and Curtis B. Thorne. Rapid lethal effect in rats of a third component found upon fractionating the toxin of Bacillus anthracis. J. Bacteriol. 83:1274–1280. 1962.—Rats were found to be more susceptible to the lethal effect of toxin produced by Bacillus anthracis in vitro than were several species considered less resistant to anthrax. Rats were killed much faster by less toxin per gram of body weight than were mice. Guinea pigs survived doses of toxin that killed rats. Intravenous injection of Fischer 344 rats is a rapid test for lethal activity, which facilitates the demonstration of two components, different from protective antigen, in toxin. One of these, a lethal factor, was separated from the other component, which causes cutaneous edema in the guinea pig. The latter component was not necessary for lethal effect. Neither of these factors was active unless combined with protective antigen. Although the guinea pig skin reaction has been used routinely to assay the toxicity of samples, the present results show that this test does not assay the lethal component.
PMCID: PMC279445  PMID: 13866126
8.  The Salmonella typhimurium AhpC Polypeptide Is Not Essential for Virulence in BALB/c Mice but Is Recognized as an Antigen during Infection 
Infection and Immunity  1998;66(7):3208-3217.
The OxyR regulon is known to mediate protection against oxidizing agents in Salmonella typhimurium. We reported previously that ahp, one of the OxyR-regulated loci, is induced during macrophage interaction (K. P. Francis, P. D. Taylor, C. J. Inchley, and M. P. Gallagher, J. Bacteriol. 179:4046–4048, 1997). We now report on the effects of disrupting ahp or oxyR on virulence in a BALB/c mouse model. Surprisingly, insertion of a Mudlux derivative within ahpC was found to result in attenuation, while irreversible inactivation of the locus through insertion of a cml cassette did not. An SL1344 derivative carrying an oxyR::kan disruption was also found to be as virulent as the parental strain. Moreover, both cell-mediated and humoral responses to AhpC were found to develop during the course of infection, probably through T-helper-cell (type I) activation. These results indicate that, although not essential for virulence, AhpC is expressed by S. typhimurium during infection of BALB/c mice and constitutes a target for the immune system.
PMCID: PMC108334  PMID: 9632587
9.  Book review of “Imaging in Cellular and Tissue Engineering” edited by Y Hanry Yu and Nur Aida Abdul Rahim 
This article is a review of the book “Imaging in Cellular and Tissue Engineering” (ISBN-13: 978-1439848036, $149.95, 298 Pages, 114 Illustrations) edited by Y Hanry Yu and Nur Aida Abdul Rahim published by the CRC Press (Taylor&Francis) in 2013. The contents of the book and its relevance to tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are discussed in this invited review.
PMCID: PMC4079917
Tissue engineering; Regenerative medicine; Imaging; Biomaterials; Assessment
10.  Review of “Parasitology: a conceptual approach” by Eric S. Loker and Bruce V. Hofkin 
Parasites & Vectors  2015;8:312.
Book details
Loker ES, Hofkin BV:Parasitology: A Conceptual Approach. Garland Science, Taylor & Francis Group; 2015. 560 pages. ISBN 978-0-8153-4473-5
PMCID: PMC4472395  PMID: 26055145
11.  The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era 
PLoS ONE  2015;10(6):e0127502.
The consolidation of the scientific publishing industry has been the topic of much debate within and outside the scientific community, especially in relation to major publishers’ high profit margins. However, the share of scientific output published in the journals of these major publishers, as well as its evolution over time and across various disciplines, has not yet been analyzed. This paper provides such analysis, based on 45 million documents indexed in the Web of Science over the period 1973-2013. It shows that in both natural and medical sciences (NMS) and social sciences and humanities (SSH), Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis increased their share of the published output, especially since the advent of the digital era (mid-1990s). Combined, the top five most prolific publishers account for more than 50% of all papers published in 2013. Disciplines of the social sciences have the highest level of concentration (70% of papers from the top five publishers), while the humanities have remained relatively independent (20% from top five publishers). NMS disciplines are in between, mainly because of the strength of their scientific societies, such as the ACS in chemistry or APS in physics. The paper also examines the migration of journals between small and big publishing houses and explores the effect of publisher change on citation impact. It concludes with a discussion on the economics of scholarly publishing.
PMCID: PMC4465327  PMID: 26061978
12.  Review of biomedical signal and image processing 
This article is a review of the book “Biomedical Signal and Image Processing” by Kayvan Najarian and Robert Splinter, which is published by CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. It will evaluate the contents of the book and discuss its suitability as a textbook, while mentioning highlights of the book, and providing comparison with other textbooks.
PMCID: PMC3851155
Biomedical; Fourier; Image processing; Signal processing; Textbook
13.  Review of “Introduction to BioMEMS” by Albert Folch 
This article is a review of the book “Introduction to BioMEMS” by Albert Folch which is published by CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. It will review the contents of the book and discuss it suitability as textbook, highlights of the book, and comparison to other textbooks on BioMEMS.
PMCID: PMC3618074
14.  Review of “Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging” edited by Joel A. Kubby 
Book details
Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging. Edited by Joel A. Kubby; CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group), Boca Raton, Florida, 2013; 359 pages (AOBI, 2013).
ISBN: 978-1-4398-5018-3 (hardback)
PMCID: PMC3996146
Microscopy; High-resolution imaging; Adaptive optics
15.  Review of “orthopaedic biomechanics” edited by Beth A. Winkelstein 
This article is a review of the book “orthopaedic biomechanics” edited by Beth A. Winkelstein. This book (hardcover) was published by CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, FL in 2012. The contents of the book and its relevance to orthopedic research or practice is discussed in this invited review.
PMCID: PMC3646704
Biomechanics; Finite element analysis; Injury; Gait analysis; Orthopedics; Bone biomechanics
16.  Applying what works: a systematic search of the transfer and implementation of promising Indigenous Australian health services and programs 
BMC Public Health  2012;12:600.
The transfer and implementation of acceptable and effective health services, programs and innovations across settings provides an important and potentially cost-effective strategy for reducing Indigenous Australians' high burden of disease. This study reports a systematic review of Indigenous health services, programs and innovations to examine the extent to which studies considered processes of transfer and implementation within and across Indigenous communities and healthcare settings.
Medline, Informit, Infotrac, Blackwells Publishing, Proquest, Taylor and Francis, JStor, and the Indigenous HealthInfoNet were searched using terms: Aborigin* OR Indigen* OR Torres AND health AND service OR program* OR intervention AND Australia to locate publications from 1992–2011. The reference lists of 19 reviews were also checked. Data from peer reviewed journals, reports, and websites were included. The 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for proportions that referred to and focussed on transfer were calculated as exact binomial confidence intervals. Test comparisons between proportions were calculated using Fisher's exact test with an alpha level of 5%.
Of 1311 publications identified, 119 (9.1%; 95% CI: 7.6% - 10.8%) referred to the transfer and implementation of Indigenous Australian health services or programs, but only 21 studies (1.6%; 95% CI: 1.0% - 2.4%) actually focused on transfer and implementation. Of the 119 transfer studies, 37 (31.1%; 95% CI: 22.9 - 40.2%) evaluated the impact of a service or program, 28 (23.5%; 95% CI: 16.2% - 32.2%) reported only process measures and 54 were descriptive. Of the 37 impact evaluation studies, 28 (75.7%; 95% CI: 58.8% - 88.2%) appeared in peer reviewed journals but none included experimental designs.
While services and programs are being transferred and implemented, few studies focus on the process by which this occurred or the effectiveness of the service or program in the new setting. Findings highlight a need for partnerships between researchers and health services to evaluate the transfer and implementation of Indigenous health services and programs using rigorous designs, and publish such efforts in peer-reviewed journals as a quality assurance mechanism.
PMCID: PMC3490811  PMID: 22856688
Indigenous; Transfer; Spread; Dissemination; Implementation; Adoption; Uptake.
17.  "Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam 
David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.:
Handbook of Biomedical Optics
CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011
ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback), 787 pages
PMCID: PMC3293027
18.  Comparative Study on the Wrist Positions During Raise Maneuver and Their Effect on Hand Function in Individuals With Paraplegia 
To determine the appropriate wrist position in individuals with high-level paraplegia during the RAISE (relief of anatomical ischial skin embarrassment) maneuver.
Thirty individuals with high-level paraplegia were randomly selected; 15 individuals performed RAISE maneuver with extended wrist and 15 with neutral wrist. All the subjects who were at least 1 year post spinal cord injury were screened for positive carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms. All the subjects were allowed to participate in a trial of the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function to familiarize them with the test. Hand function was measured using the Jebsen-Taylor test.
During the RAISE maneuver, individuals with paraplegia weight bearing on their hands with wrists in the neutral position showed better hand function (P < .001) when compared to those weight bearing with their wrists in extension.
Weight bearing with the wrist in neutral position is advisable for paraplegics to prevent the deterioration in hand function due to carpal tunnel syndrome.
PMCID: PMC3584799  PMID: 23678284
carpal tunnel syndrome; hand function; Jebsen-Taylor test; paraplegia
20.  Mr. Fox and Mr. Taylor 
British Medical Journal  1857;1(18):381.
PMCID: PMC2250304
21.  God Bless the NHS Roger Taylor 
PMCID: PMC3662444
23.  Mr. Fox and Mr. Taylor 
British Medical Journal  1857;1(17):350.
PMCID: PMC2250268
24.  Identification of the ahp operon of Salmonella typhimurium as a macrophage-induced locus. 
Journal of Bacteriology  1997;179(12):4046-4048.
Previously, we tagged a macrophage-induced Salmonella typhimurium locus with Mudlux (K. P. Francis and M. P. Gallagher, Infect. Immun. 61:640-649, 1993). The insertion lies within the OxyR-regulated ahpC locus and conveys alkyl peroxide sensitivity. Plasmid-encoded ahp reverses sensitivity but reduces luminescence. This suggests that OxyR is titrated by the multicopy ahp promoter.
PMCID: PMC179217  PMID: 9190824

Results 1-25 (5311)