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On February 23, 2018, PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) will be taken offline permanently. No author manuscripts will be deleted, and the approximately 2,900 manuscripts authored by Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)-funded researchers currently in the archive will be copied to the National Research Council’s (NRC) Digital Repository over the coming months. These manuscripts along with all other content will also remain publicly searchable on PubMed Central (US) and Europe PubMed Central, meaning such manuscripts will continue to be compliant with the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications.

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Year of Publication
2.  Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology annual scientific meeting 2016 
Alsayegh, Mohammad A. | Alshamali, Hanan | Khadada, Mousa | Ciccolini, Amanda | Ellis, Anne K. | Quint, Diana | Powley, William | Lee, Laurie | Fiteih, Yahya | Baksh, Shairaz | Vliagoftis, Harissios | Gerega, Sebastien K. | Millson, Brad | Charland, Katia | Barakat, Stephane | Sun, Xichun | Jimenez, Ricardo | Waserman, Susan | FitzGerald, Mark J. | Hébert, Jacques | Cognet-Sicé, Josiane | Renahan, Kevin E. | Huq, Saiful | Chooniedass, Rishma | Sawyer, Scott | Pasterkamp, Hans | Becker, Allan | Smith, Steven G. | Zhang, Shiyuan | Jayasundara, Kavisha | Tacon, Claire | Simidchiev, Alex | Nadeau, Gilbert | Gunsoy, Necdet | Mullerova, Hana | Albers, Frank | Kim, Young Woong | Shannon, Casey P. | Singh, Amrit | Neighbour, Helen | Larché, Mark | Tebbutt, Scott J. | Klopp, Annika | Vehling, Lorena | Becker, Allan B. | Subbarao, Padmaja | Mandhane, Piushkumar J. | Turvey, Stuart E. | Sears, Malcolm R. | Azad, Meghan B. | Loewen, Keely | Monchka, Barret | Mahmud, Salaheddin M. | Jong, Geert ‘t | Longo, Cristina | Bartlett, Gillian | Ducharme, Francine M. | Schuster, Tibor | MacGibbon, Brenda | Barnett, Tracie | North, Michelle L. | Brook, Jeff | Lee, Elizabeth | Omana, Vanessa | Thiele, Jenny | Steacy, Lisa M. | Evans, Greg | Diamond, Miriam | Sussman, Gordon L. | Amistani, Yann | Abiteboul, Kathy | Tenn, Mark W. | Yang, ChenXi | Carlsten, Christopher | Conway, Edward M. | Mack, Douglas | Othman, Yasmin | Barber, Colin M. | Kalicinsky, Chrystyna | Burke, Andrea E. | Messieh, Mary | Nair, Parameswaran | Che, Chun T. | Douglas, Lindsay | Liem, Joel | Duan, Lucy | Miller, Charlotte | Dupuis, Pascale | Connors, Lori A. | Fein, Michael N. | Shuster, Joseph | Hadi, Hani | Polk, Brooke | Raje, Nikita | Labrosse, Roxane | Bégin, Philippe | Paradis, Louis | Roches, Anne Des | Lacombe-Barrios, Jonathan | Mishra, Sanju | Lacuesta, Gina | Chiasson, Meredith | Haroon, Babar | Robertson, Kara | Issekutz, Thomas | Leddin, Desmond | Couban, Stephen | Connors, Lori | Roos, Adrienne | Kanani, Amin | Chan, Edmond S. | Schellenberg, Robert | Rosenfield, Lana | Cvetkovic, Anna | Woodward, Kevin | Quirt, Jaclyn | Watson, Wade T. A. | Castilho, Edson | Sullivan, Jennifer A. | Temple, Beverley | Martin, Donna | Cook, Victoria E. | Mills, Christopher | Portales-Casamar, Elodie | Fu, Lisa W. | Ho, Alexander | Zaltzman, Jeffrey | Chen, Lucy | Vadas, Peter | Gabrielli, Sofianne | Clarke, Ann | Eisman, Harley | Morris, Judy | Joseph, Lawrence | LaVieille, Sebastien | Ben-Shoshan, Moshe | Graham, François | Barnes, Charles | Portnoy, Jay | Stagg, Vincent | Simons, Elinor | Lefebvre, Diana | Dai, David | Mandhane, Piushkumar | Sears, Malcolm | Tam, Herman | Simons, F. Estelle R. | Alotaibi, Dhaifallah | Dawod, Bassel | Tunis, Matthew C. | Marshall, Jean | Desjardins, Marylin | Béland, Marianne | Lejtenyi, Duncan | Drolet, Jean-Phillipe | Lemire, Martine | Tsoukas, Christos | Noya, Francisco J.D. | Alizadehfar, Reza | McCusker, Christine T. | Mazer, Bruce D. | Maestre-Batlle, Danay | Gunawan, Evelyn | Rider, Christopher F. | Bølling, Anette K. | Pena, Olga M. | Suez, Daniel | Melamed, Isaac | Hussain, Iftikhar | Stein, Mark | Gupta, Sudhir | Paris, Kenneth | Fritsch, Sandor | Bourgeois, Christelle | Leibl, Heinz | McCoy, Barbara | Noel, Martin | Yel, Leman | Scott, Ori | Reid, Brenda | Atkinson, Adelle | Kim, Vy Hong-Diep | Roifman, Chaim M. | Grunebaum, Eyal | AlSelahi, Eiman | Aleman, Fernando | Oberle, Amber | Trus, Mike | Sussman, Gordon | Kanani, Amin S. | Chambenoi, Olivier | Chiva-Razavi, Sima | Grodecki, Savannah | Joshi, Nikhil | Menikefs, Peter | Holt, David | Pun, Teresa | Tworek, Damian | Hanna, Raphael | Heroux, Delia | Rosenberg, Elli | Stiemsma, Leah | Turvey, Stuart | Denburg, Judah | Mill, Christopher | Teoh, Timothy | Zimmer, Preeti | Avinashi, Vishal | Paina, Mihaela | Darwish Hassan, Ahmed A. | Oliveria, John Paul | Olesovsky, Chris | Gauvreau, Gail | Pedder, Linda | Keith, Paul K. | Plunkett, Greg | Bolner, Michelle | Pourshahnazari, Persia | Stark, Donald | Vostretsova, Kateryna | Moses, Andrew | Wakeman, Andrew | Singer, Alexander | Gerstner, Thomas | Abrams, Elissa | Johnson, Sara F. | Woodgate, Roberta L.
doi:10.1186/s13223-017-0192-y
PMCID: PMC5390240
3.  Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of a Novel Human Immune Globulin Subcutaneous, 20 % in Patients with Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases in North America 
Journal of Clinical Immunology  2016;36(7):700-712.
Patients with primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) typically require life-long intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous (SC) immunoglobulin (Ig) replacement therapy to prevent recurrent infections. The efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of a highly concentrated (20 %) Ig preparation for SC administration (IGSC 20 %) were evaluated in a prospective trial in patients with PIDD. A total of 74 patients (aged 3–83 years) received 4327 IGSC 20 % infusions over a median of 380.5 days. The rate of validated serious bacterial infections was 0.012 event/patient-year (p < 0.0001 compared with the historical control), and the annualized rate of infection was 2.41 events/patient. Median IgG trough levels were >14.5 g/l. The median maximum infusion rate was 60 ml/h/site (range 4.4–180), resulting in a median infusion duration of 0.95 h. A volume ≥30 ml was infused per site in 74.8 % of IGSC 20 % infusions. Most (84.9 %) infusions were administered using ≤2 infusion sites; for 99.8 % of infusions, there was no need to interrupt/stop administration or reduce the infusion rate. No related serious adverse event (AE) occurred during IGSC 20 % treatment; related non-serious AEs occurred at a rate of 0.036 event/infusion. The incidence of related local AEs was 0.015 event/infusion and of related systemic AEs was 0.021 event/infusion; most were mild in severity, none severe. Increased infusion rates or volumes were not associated with higher AE rates. The investigated IGSC 20 % treatment was shown to be effective and safe, enabling higher infusion rates and volumes per site compared to conventional SC treatments, resulting in fewer infusion sites and shorter infusion durations.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10875-016-0327-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
doi:10.1007/s10875-016-0327-9
PMCID: PMC5018260  PMID: 27582171
Primary immunodeficiency diseases; Immunoglobulin replacement therapy; Subcutaneous administration; 20 % immunoglobulin; Pharmacokinetics
4.  Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of a New 10% Liquid Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) in Patients with Primary Immunodeficiency 
Journal of Clinical Immunology  2012;32(4):663-669.
Introduction
An investigational 10% liquid intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was studied in 63 patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) at 15 study sites.
Methods
Patients were treated every 3 or 4 weeks with 254–1029 mg/kg/infusion of IVIG.
Results
Overall, Biotest-IVIG infusions were well tolerated. The proportion of infusions that were associated with adverse events during infusion, and up to 72 h after infusion, including those unrelated to study product, was 27.7% with an upper 95% confidence limit ≤30.6%. Two serious bacterial infections (SBIs) were observed resulting in a serious bacterial infection rate of 0.035 per person per year and an upper one-sided 99% confidence limit of ≤0.136 SBI/patient/year. The number of days of work or school missed due to infection were relatively low at 2.28 days/patient/year. Two patients were hospitalized for infection producing a rate of 0.21 hospitalization days/patient/year. The IgG half-life was approximately 30 days with variation among individuals.
Conclusions
Pharmacokinetic parameters of specific antibody activities were essentially the same as those of total IgG. Biotest-IVIG is safe and effective in the treatment of PID.
doi:10.1007/s10875-012-9656-5
PMCID: PMC3389237  PMID: 22392046
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG); primary immunodeficiency (PID); clinical trial; safety; efficacy; pharmacokinetics
5.  85 Clinical Efficacy of Recombinant Human C1 Inhibitor in Patients with Acute Hereditary Angioedema Attacks 
Background
Recombinant human C1 Inhibitor (rhC1INH) has been approved in Europe for the treatment of acute hereditary angioedema attacks. The efficacy of rhC1INH was demonstrated in 2 randomized-controlled trials. Open-label extension studies, where patients could be treated for subsequent HAE attacks, demonstrated continued efficacy for repeated rhC1INH treatments.
Objective
To review the integrated efficacy data of rhC1INH for treatment of acute HAE attacks.
Methods
Efficacy was assessed using patient-reported HAE-specific visual analog scales. The primary endpoint was time to onset of relief of symptoms (VAS decrease ≥20 mm), and the secondary efficacy endpoint was time to minimal symptoms (VAS <20 mm at all locations). Other endpoints included clinical response (relief achieved within 4 hours) and relapse (recurrence of symptoms within 24 hours following initial improvement). Subgroup analyses by attack location were also performed.
Results
The dataset included 141 HAE patients treated for 403 attacks. Median times to the onset of symptom relief for attacks treated with 100 U/kg, 50 U/kg and 2100 U rhC1INH were 66, 60, and 61 minutes, respectively, compared to 495 minutes in the placebo-treated group. Median times for time to minimal symptoms were 266, 240 and 241 minutes for the 100 U/kg, 50 U/kg, and 2100 U rhC1INH-treated attacks respectively compared to 1210 minutes for the placebo-treated attacks. High clinical response rates were observed for the rhC1INH-treated groups (93, 96 and 88% for the 100 U/kg, 50U/kg, and 2100 U respectively) compared to the placebo group (41%). None of the rhC1INH-treated attacks relapsed. Subgroup analysis by attack location showed that abdominal attacks had the fastest median time to onset of symptom relief (50, 36 and 60 minutes for 100 U/kg, 50 U/kg and 2100 U doses respectively), followed by oro-facial-pharyngeal-laryngeal attacks (70, 65 and 120 minutes), and peripheral attacks (75, 84 and 121 minutes). No drug-related serious adverse events or hypersensitivity reactions were observed.
Conclusions
RhC1INH has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of repeated HAE attacks for all doses tested (100 U/kg, 50 U/kg and 2100 U). Controlled studies did not show additional benefit with doses greater than 50 U/kg. RhC1INH was generally safe and well tolerated.
doi:10.1097/01.WOX.0000411830.69753.fb
PMCID: PMC3513148

Results 1-5 (5)