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1.  High birth weight as an important risk factor for infant leukemia 
British Journal of Cancer  2008;98(3):664-667.
In this paper, we compared the birth weight distribution among 201 infant leukaemia (IL) cases with that of 440 noncancer controls enrolled in Brazil in 1999–2005. Compared with the general population and the stratum 2500–2999 g as reference, IL cases weighing 3000–3999 g presented an odds ratio (OR) of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.03–2.76), and those of 4000 g or more, an OR of 2.28 (95% CI: 1.08–4.75), Ptrend<0.01. Using hospital-based controls, the OR for 4000 g or more, compared to 2500–2999 g, was 1.30 (95% CI: 1.02–1.43) after adjusting for confounders (gender, income, maternal age, pesticide and hormonal exposure during pregnancy). The results suggest that high birth weight is associated with increased risk of IL.
PMCID: PMC2243143  PMID: 18231109
infant acute leukaemia; intrauterine factors; birth weight; MLL rearrangements
2.  Adenovirus detection in Guthrie cards from paediatric leukaemia cases and controls 
British Journal of Cancer  2008;99(10):1668-1672.
Archived neonatal blood cards (Guthrie cards) from children who later contracted leukaemia and matched normal controls were assayed for adenovirus (AdV) C DNA content using two highly sensitive methods. In contrast to a previous report, AdV DNA was not detected at a higher frequency among neonates who later developed leukaemia, when compared with controls.
PMCID: PMC2584954  PMID: 19002185
adenovirus; childhood leukaemia; viral aetiology; prenatal infection; Guthrie card
3.  Cytochemical profile of megakaryoblastic leukaemia: a study with cytochemical methods, monoclonal antibodies, and ultrastructural cytochemistry. 
Journal of Clinical Pathology  1987;40(6):663-669.
A cytochemical study using: Sudan black B; alpha-naphthyl acetate (ANAE) staining; estimation of alpha-naphthyl butyrate (ANBE) esterase activity; acid phosphatase activity; and 5' nucleotidase activity was carried out in 15 cases of megakaryoblastic leukaemia. These included cases of M7 acute myeloid leukaemia and blast crises of chronic granulocytic leukaemia. The megakaryoblastic nature of the blasts was first established using two monoclonal antibodies against platelet glycoproteins, and by estimating the platelet/peroxidase reaction at ultrastructural level. Our findings suggest that megakaryoblasts have a typical cytochemical profile comprising positive ANAE staining and acid phosphatase activity with a predominant localisation in the Golgi zone and negative or weak ANBE activity. A similar positive cytochemical pattern was also found in five cases of erythroleukaemia (M6). The specificity of the 5'nucleotidase activity for megakaryoblasts was not confirmed. In most cases of megakaryoblastic leukaemia there was no 5'nucleotidase activity only two cases showed positive reactions--reactions were positive in several cases of myeloblastic and lymphoblastic leukaemia. We suggest that cytochemical methods may be useful in diagnosing M6 and M7 acute leukaemia because less than 40% of leukaemic cells react with specific monoclonal antibodies.
PMCID: PMC1141058  PMID: 3038965
4.  The MLL recombinome of acute leukemias in 2013 
Leukemia  2013;27(11):2165-2176.
Chromosomal rearrangements of the human MLL (mixed lineage leukemia) gene are associated with high-risk infant, pediatric, adult and therapy-induced acute leukemias. We used long-distance inverse-polymerase chain reaction to characterize the chromosomal rearrangement of individual acute leukemia patients. We present data of the molecular characterization of 1590 MLL-rearranged biopsy samples obtained from acute leukemia patients. The precise localization of genomic breakpoints within the MLL gene and the involved translocation partner genes (TPGs) were determined and novel TPGs identified. All patients were classified according to their gender (852 females and 745 males), age at diagnosis (558 infant, 416 pediatric and 616 adult leukemia patients) and other clinical criteria. Combined data of our study and recently published data revealed a total of 121 different MLL rearrangements, of which 79 TPGs are now characterized at the molecular level. However, only seven rearrangements seem to be predominantly associated with illegitimate recombinations of the MLL gene (∼90%): AFF1/AF4, MLLT3/AF9, MLLT1/ENL, MLLT10/AF10, ELL, partial tandem duplications (MLL PTDs) and MLLT4/AF6, respectively. The MLL breakpoint distributions for all clinical relevant subtypes (gender, disease type, age at diagnosis, reciprocal, complex and therapy-induced translocations) are presented. Finally, we present the extending network of reciprocal MLL fusions deriving from complex rearrangements.
PMCID: PMC3826032  PMID: 23628958
MLL; chromosomal translocations; translocation partner genes; acute leukemia; ALL; AML

Results 1-4 (4)