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PubMed Central Canada to be taken offline in February 2018

On February 23, 2018, PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) will be taken offline permanently. No author manuscripts will be deleted, and the approximately 2,900 manuscripts authored by Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)-funded researchers currently in the archive will be copied to the National Research Council’s (NRC) Digital Repository over the coming months. These manuscripts along with all other content will also remain publicly searchable on PubMed Central (US) and Europe PubMed Central, meaning such manuscripts will continue to be compliant with the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications.

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author:("test, Michael")
1.  World Congress Integrative Medicine & Health 2017: Part one 
Brinkhaus, Benno | Falkenberg, Torkel | Haramati, Aviad | Willich, Stefan N. | Briggs, Josephine P. | Willcox, Merlin | Linde, Klaus | Theorell, Töres | Wong, Lisa M. | Dusek, Jeffrey | Wu, Darong | Eisenberg, David | Haramati, Aviad | Berger, Bettina | Kemper, Kathi | Stock-Schröer, Beate | Sützl-Klein, Hedda | Ferreri, Rosaria | Kaplan, Gary | Matthes, Harald | Rotter, Gabriele | Schiff, Elad | Arnon, Zahi | Hahn, Eckhard | Luberto, Christina M. | Martin, David | Schwarz, Silke | Tauschel, Diethard | Flower, Andrew | Gramminger, Harsha | Gupta, Hedwig H. | Gupta, S. N. | Kerckhoff, Annette | Kessler, Christian S. | Michalsen, Andreas | Kessler, Christian S. | Kim, Eun S. | Jang, Eun H. | Kim, Rana | Jan, Sae B. | Mittwede, Martin | Mohme, Wiebke | Ben-Arye, Eran | Bonucci, Massimo | Saad, Bashar | Breitkreuz, Thomas | Rossi, Elio | Kebudi, Rejin | Daher, Michel | Razaq, Samaher | Gafer, Nahla | Nimri, Omar | Hablas, Mohamed | Kienle, Gunver Sophia | Samuels, Noah | Silbermann, Michael | Bandelin, Lena | Lang, Anna-Lena | Wartner, Eva | Holtermann, Christoph | Binstock, Maxwell | Riebau, Robert | Mujkanovic, Edin | Cramer, Holger | Lauche, Romy | Michalsen, Andres | Ward, Lesley | Cramer, Holger | Irnich, Dominik | Stör, Wolfram | Burnstock, Geoffrey | Schaible, Hans-Georg | Ots, Thomas | Langhorst, Jost | Lauche, Romy | Sundberg, Tobias | Falkenberg, Torkel | Amarell, Catherina | Amarell, Catherina | Anheyer, Melanie | Eckert, Marion | Eckert, Marion | Ogal, Mercedes | Eckert, Marion | Amarell, Catherina | Schönauer, Annette | Reisenberger, Birgit | Brand, Bernhard | Anheyer, Dennis | Dobos, Gustav | Kroez, Matthias | Martin, David | Matthes, Harald | Ammendola, Aldo | Mao, Jun J. | Witt, Claudia | Yang, Yufei | Dobos, Gustav | Oritz, Miriam | Horneber, Markus | Voiß, Petra | Reisenberger, Birgit | von Rosenstiel, Alexandra | Eckert, Marion | Ogal, Mercedes | Amarell, Catharina | Anheyer, Melanie | Schad, Friedemann | Schläppi, Marc | Kröz, Matthias | Büssing, Arndt | Bar-Sela, Gil | Matthes, Harald | Schiff, Elad | Ben-Arye, Eran | Arnon, Zahi | Avshalomov, David | Attias, Samuel | Schönauer, Annette | Haramati, Aviad | Witt, Claudia | Brinkhaus, Benno | Cotton, Sian | Jong, Miek | Jong, Mats | Scheffer, Christian | Haramati, Aviad | Tauschel, Diethard | Edelhäuser, Friedrich | AlBedah, Abdullah | Lee, Myeong Soo | Khalil, Mohamed | Ogawa, Keiko | Motoo, Yoshiharu | Arimitsu, Junsuke | Ogawa, Masao | Shimizu, Genki | Stange, Rainer | Kraft, Karin | Kuchta, Kenny | Watanabe, Kenji | Bonin, D | Büssing, Arndt | Gruber, Harald | Koch, Sabine | Gruber, Harald | Pohlmann, Urs | Caldwell, Christine | Krantz, Barbara | Kortum, Ria | Martin, Lily | Wieland, Lisa S. | Kligler, Ben | Gould-Fogerite, Susan | Zhang, Yuqing | Wieland, Lisa S. | Riva, John J. | Lumpkin, Michael | Ratner, Emily | Ping, Liu | Jian, Pei | Hamme, Gesa-Meyer | Mao, Xiaosong | Chouping, Han | Schröder, Sven | Hummelsberger, Josef | Wullinger, Michael | Brodzky, Marc | Zalpour, Christoff | Langley, Julia | Weber, Wendy | Mudd, Lanay M. | Wayne, Peter | Witt, Clauda | Weidenhammer, Wolfgang | Fønnebø, Vinjar | Boon, Heather | Steel, Amie | Bugarcic, Andrea | Rangitakatu, Melisa | Steel, Amie | Adams, Jon | Sibbritt, David | Wardle, Jon | Leach, Matthew | Schloss, Janet | Dieze, Helene | Boon, Heather | Ijaz, Nadine | Willcox, Merlin | Heinrich, Michael | Lewith, George | Flower, Andrew | Graz, Bertrand | Adam, Daniela | Grabenhenrich, Linus | Ortiz, Miriam | Binting, Sylvia | Reinhold, Thomas | Brinkhaus, Benno | Andermo, Susanne | Sundberg, Tobias | Falkenberg, Torkel | Nordberg, Johanna Hök | Arman, Maria | Bhasin, Manoj | Fan, Xueyi | Libermann, Towia | Fricchione, Gregory | Denninger, John | Benson, Herbert | Berger, Bettina | Stange, Rainer | Michalsen, Andreas | Martin, David D. | Boers, Inge | Vlieger, Arine | Jong, Miek | Brinkhaus, Benno | Teut, Michael | Ullmann, Alexander | Ortiz, Miriam | Rotter, Gabriele | Binting, Sylvia | Lotz, Fabian | Roll, Stephanie | Canella, Claudia | Mikolasek, Michael | Rostock, Matthias | Beyer, Jörg | Guckenberger, Matthias | Jenewein, Josef | Linka, Esther | Six, Claudia | Stoll, Sarah | Stupp, Roger | Witt, Claudia M. | Chuang, Elisabeth | Kligler, Ben | McKee, Melissa D. | Cramer, Holger | Lauche, Romy | Klose, Petra | Lange, Silke | Langhorst, Jost | Dobos, Gustav | Chung, Vincent C. H. | Wong, Hoi L. C. | Wu, Xin Y. | Wen, Grace Y. G. | Ho, Robin S. T. | Ching, Jessica Y. L. | Wu, Justin C. Y. | Coakley, Amanda | Flanagan, Jane | Annese, Christine | Empoliti, Joanne | Gao, Zishan | Liu, Xugang | Yu, Shuguang | Yan, Xianzhong | Liang, Fanrong | Hohmann, Christoph D. | Steckhan, Nico | Ostermann, Thomas | Paetow, Arion | Hoff, Evelyn | Michalsen, Andreas | Hu, Xiao-Yang | Wu, Ruo-Han | Logue, Martin | Blonde, Clara | Lai, Lily Y. | Stuart, Beth | Flower, Andrew | Fei, Yu-Tong | Moore, Michael | Liu, Jian-Ping | Lewith, George | Hu, Xiao-Yang | Wu, Ruo-Han | Logue, Martin | Blonde, Clara | Lai, Lily Y. | Stuart, Beth | Flower, Andrew | Fei, Yu-Tong | Moore, Michael | Liu, Jian-Ping | Lewith, George | Jeitler, Michael | Zillgen, Hannah | Högl, Manuel | Steckhan, Nico | Stöckigt, Barbara | Seifert, Georg | Michalsen, Andreas | Kessler, Christian | Khadivzadeh, Talat | Bashtian, Maryam Hassanzadeh | Aval, Shapour Badiee | Esmaily, Habibollah | Kim, Jihye | Kim, Keun H. | Klocke, Carina | Joos, Stefanie | Koshak, Abdulrahman | Wie, Li | Koshak, Emad | Wali, Siraj | Alamoudi, Omer | Demerdash, Abdulrahman | Qutub, Majdy | Pushparaj, Peter | Heinrich, Michael | Kruse, Sigrid | Fischer, Isabell | Tremel, Nadine | Rosenecker, Joseph | Leung, Brenda | Takeda, Wendy | Liang, Ning | Feng, Xue | Liu, Jian-ping | Cao, Hui-juan | Luberto, Christina M. | Shinday, Nina | Philpotts, Lisa | Park, Elyse | Fricchione, Gregory L. | Yeh, Gloria | Munk, Niki | Zakeresfahani, Arash | Foote, Trevor R. | Ralston, Rick | Boulanger, Karen | Özbe, Dominik | Gräßel, Elmar | Luttenberger, Katharina | Pendergrass, Anna | Pach, Daniel | Bellmann-Strobl, Judit | Chang, Yinhui | Pasura, Laura | Liu, Bin | Jäger, Sven F. | Loerch, Ronny | Jin, Li | Brinkhaus, Benno | Ortiz, Miriam | Reinhold, Thomas | Roll, Stephanie | Binting, Sylvia | Icke, Katja | Shi, Xuemin | Paul, Friedemann | Witt, Claudia M. | Rütz, Michaela | Lynen, Andreas | Schömitz, Meike | Vahle, Maik | Salomon, Nir | Lang, Alon | Lahat, Adi | Kopylov, Uri | Ben-Horin, Shomron | Har-Noi, Ofir | Avidan, Benjamin | Elyakim, Rami | Gamus, Dorit | NG, Siew | Chang, Jessica | Wu, Justin | Kaimiklotis, John | Schumann, Dania | Buttó, Ludovica | Langhorst, Jost | Dobos, Gustav | Haller, Dirk | Cramer, Holger | Smith, Caroline | de Lacey, Sheryl | Chapman, Michael | Ratcliffe, Julie | Johnson, Neil | Lyttleton, Jane | Boothroyd, Clare | Fahey, Paul | Tjaden, Bram | van Vliet, Marja | van Wietmarschen, Herman | Jong, Miek | Tröger, Wilfried | Vuolanto, Pia | Aarva, Paulina | Sorsa, Minna | Helin, Kaija | Wenzel, Claudia | Zoderer, Iris | Pammer, Patricia | Simon, Patrick | Tucek, Gerhard | Wode, Kathrin | Henriksson, Roger | Sharp, Lena | Stoltenberg, Anna | Nordberg, Johanna Hök | Xiao-ying, Yang | Wang, Li-qiong | Li, Jin-gen | Liang, Ning | Wang, Ying | Liu, Jian-ping | Balneaves, Lynda | Capler, Rielle | Bocci, Chiara | Guffi, Marta | Paolini, Marina | Meaglia, Ilaria | Porcu, Patrizia | Ivaldi, Giovanni B. | Dragan, Simona | Bucuras, Petru | Pah, Ana M. | Badalica-Petrescu, Marius | Buleu, Florina | Hogea-Stoichescu, Gheorghe | Christodorescu, Ruxandra | Kao, Lan | Cho, Yumin | Klafke, Nadja | Mahler, Cornelia | von Hagens, Cornelia | Uhlmann, Lorenz | Bentner, Martina | Schneeweiss, Andreas | Mueller, Andreas | Szecsenyi, Joachim | Joos, Stefanie | Neri, Isabella | Ortiz, Miriam | Schnabel, Katharina | Teut, Michael | Rotter, Gabriele | Binting, Sylvia | Cree, Margit | Lotz, Fabian | Suhr, Ralf | Brinkhaus, Benno | Rossi, Elio | Baccetti, Sonia | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Monechi, Maria V. | Di Stefano, Mariella | Amunni, Gianni | Wong, Wendy | Chen, Bingzhong | Wu, Justin | Amri, Hakima | Haramati, Aviad | Kotlyanskaya, Lucy | Anderson, Belinda | Evans, Roni | Kligler, Ben | Marantz, Paul | Bradley, Ryan | Booth-LaForce, Cathryn | Zwickey, Heather | Kligler, Benjamin | Brooks, Audrey | Kreitzer, Mary J. | Lebensohn, Patricia | Goldblatt, Elisabeth | Esmel-Esmel, Neus | Jiménez-Herrera, Maria | Ijaz, Nadine | Boon, Heather | Jocham, Alexandra | Stock-Schröer, Beate | Berberat, Pascal O. | Schneider, Antonius | Linde, Klaus | Masetti, Morgana | Murakozy, Henriette | Van Vliet, Marja | Jong, Mats | Jong, Miek | Agdal, Rita | Atarzadeh, Fatemeh | Jaladat, Amir M. | Hoseini, Leila | Amini, Fatemeh | Bai, Chen | Liu, Tiegang | Zheng, Zian | Wan, Yuxiang | Xu, Jingnan | Wang, Xuan | Yu, He | Gu, Xiaohong | Daneshfard, Babak | Nimrouzi, Majid | Tafazoli, Vahid | Alorizi, Seyed M. Emami | Saghebi, Seyed A. | Fattahi, Mohammad R. | Salehi, Alireza | Rezaeizadeh, Hossein | Zarshenas, Mohammad M. | Nimrouzi, Majid | Fox, Kealoha | Hughes, John | Kostanjsek, Nenad | Espinosa, Stéphane | Lewith, George | Fisher, Peter | Latif, Abdul | Lefeber, Donald | Paske, William | Öztürk, Ali Ö. | Öztürk, Gizemnur | Boers, Inge | Tissing, Wim | Naafs, Marianne | Busch, Martine | Jong, Miek | Daneshfard, Babak | Sanaye, Mohammad R. | Dräger, Kilian | Fisher, Peter | Kreitzer, Mary J. | Evans, Roni | Leininger, Brent | Shafto, Kate | Breen, Jenny | Sanaye, Mohammad R. | Daneshfard, Babak | Simões-Wüst, Ana P. | Moltó-Puigmartí, Carolina | van Dongen, Martien | Dagnelie, Pieter | Thijs, Carel | White, Shelley | Wiesener, Solveig | Salamonsen, Anita | Stub, Trine | Fønnebø, Vinjar | Abanades, Sergio | Blanco, Mar | Masllorens, Laia | Sala, Roser | Al-Ahnoumy, Shafekah | Han, Dongwoon | He, Luzhu | Kim, Ha Yun | In Choi, Da | Alræk, Terje | Stub, Trine | Kristoffersen, Agnete | von Sceidt, Christel | Michalsen, Andreas | Bruset, Stig | Musial, Frauke | Anheyer, Dennis | Cramer, Holger | Lauche, Romy | Saha, Felix J. | Dobos, Gustav | Anheyer, Dennis | Haller, Heidemarie | Lauche, Romy | Dobos, Gustav | Cramer, Holger | Azizi, Hoda | Khadem, Nayereh | Hassanzadeh, Malihe | Estiri, Nazanin | Azizi, Hamideh | Tavassoli, Fatemeh | Lotfalizadeh, Marzieh | Zabihi, Reza | Esmaily, Habibollah | Azizi, Hoda | Shabestari, Mahmoud Mohammadzadeh | Paeizi, Reza | Azari, Masoumeh Alvandi | Bahrami-Taghanaki, Hamidreza | Zabihi, Reza | Azizi, Hamideh | Esmaily, Habibollah | Baars, Erik | De Bruin, Anja | Ponstein, Anne | Baccetti, Sonia | Di Stefano, Mariella | Rossi, Elio | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Segantini, Sergio | Monechi, Maria Valeria | Voller, Fabio | Barth, Jürgen | Kern, Alexandra | Lüthi, Sebastian | Witt, Claudia | Barth, Jürgen | Zieger, Anja | Otto, Fabius | Witt, Claudia | Beccia, Ariel | Dunlap, Corina | Courneene, Brendan | Bedregal, Paula | Passi, Alvaro | Rodríguez, Alfredo | Chang, Mayling | Gutiérrez, Soledad | Beissner, Florian | Beissner, Florian | Preibisch, Christine | Schweizer-Arau, Annemarie | Popovici, Roxana | Meissner, Karin | Beljanski, Sylvie | Belland, Laura | Rivera-Reyes, Laura | Hwang, Ula | Berger, Bettina | Sethe, Dominik | Hilgard, Dörte | Heusser, Peter | Bishop, Felicity | Al-Abbadey, Miznah | Bradbury, Katherine | Carnes, Dawn | Dimitrov, Borislav | Fawkes, Carol | Foster, Jo | MacPherson, Hugh | Roberts, Lisa | Yardley, Lucy | Lewith, George | Bishop, Felicity | Al-Abbadey, Miznah | Bradbury, Katherine | Carnes, Dawn | Dimitrov, Borislav | Fawkes, Carol | Foster, Jo | MacPherson, Hugh | Roberts, Lisa | Yardley, Lucy | Lewith, George | Bishop, Felicity | Holmes, Michelle | Lewith, George | Yardley, Lucy | Little, Paul | Cooper, Cyrus | Bogani, Patrizia | Maggini, Valentina | Gallo, Eugenia | Miceli, Elisangela | Biffi, Sauro | Mengoni, Alessio | Fani, Renato | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Brands-Guendling, Nadine | Guendling, Peter W. | Bronfort, Gert | Evans, Roni | Haas, Mitch | Leininger, Brent | Schulz, Craig | Bu, Xiangwei | Wang, J. | Fang, T. | Shen, Z. | He, Y. | Zhang, X. | Zhang, Zhengju | Wang, Dali | Meng, Fengxian | Büssing, Arndt | Baumann, Klaus | Frick, Eckhard | Jacobs, Christoph | Büssing, Arndt | Grünther, Ralph-Achim | Lötzke, Désirée | Büssing, Arndt | Jung, Sonny | Lötzke, Désirée | Recchia, Daniela R. | Robens, Sibylle | Ostermann, Thomas | Berger, Bettina | Stankewitz, Josephin | Kröz, Matthias | Jeitler, Mika | Kessler, Christian | Michalsen, Andreas | Cheon, Chunhoo | Jang, Bo H. | Ko, Seong G. | Huang, Ching W. | Sasaki, Yui | Ko, Youme | Cheshire, Anna | Ridge, Damien | Hughes, John | Peters, David | Panagioti, Maria | Simon, Chantal | Lewith, George | Cho, Hyun J. | Han, Dongwoon | Choi, Soo J. | Jung, Young S. | Im, Hyea B | Cooley, Kieran | Tummon-Simmons, Laura | Cotton, Sian | Luberto, Christina M. | Wasson, Rachel | Kraemer, Kristen | Sears, Richard | Hueber, Carly | Derk, Gwendolyn | Lill, JR | An, Ruopeng | Steinberg, Lois | Rodriguez, Lourdes Diaz | la Fuente, Francisca García-de | De la Vega, Miguel | Vargas-Román, Keyla | Fernández-Ruiz, Jonatan | Cantarero-Villanueva, Irene | Rodriguez, Lourdes Diaz | García-De la Fuente, Francisca | Jiménez-Guerrero, Fanny | Vargas-Román, Keyla | Fernández-Ruiz, Jonatan | Galiano-Castillo, Noelia | Diaz-Saez, Gualberto | Torres-Jimenez, José I. | Garcia-Gomez, Olga | Hortal-Muñoz, Luis | Diaz-Diez, Camino | Dicen, Demijon | Diezel, Helene | Adams, Jon | Steel, Amie | Wardle, Jon | Diezel, Helene | Steel, Amie | Frawley, Jane | Wardle, Jon | Broom, Alex | Adams, Jon | Dong, Fei | Yu, He | Liu, Tiegang | Ma, Xueyan | Yan, Liyi | Wan, Yuxiang | Zheng, Zian | Gu, Xiaohong | Dong, Fei | Yu, He | Wu, Liqun | Liu, Tiegang | Ma, Xueyan | Ma, Jiaju | Yan, Liyi | Wan, Yuxiang | Zheng, Zian | Zhen, Jianhua | Gu, Xiaohong | Dubois, Julie | Rodondi, Pierre-Yves | Edelhäuser, Friedrich | Schwartze, Sophia | Trapp, Barbara | Cysarz, Dirk
doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1782-4
PMCID: PMC5498855
2.  World Congress Integrative Medicine & Health 2017: part two 
Ee, Carolyn | Thuraisingam, Sharmala | Pirotta, Marie | French, Simon | Xue, Charlie | Teede, Helena | Kristoffersen, Agnete E. | Sirois, Fuschia | Stub, Trine | Engler, Jennifer | Joos, Stefanie | Güthlin, Corina | Felenda, Jennifer | Beckmann, Christiane | Stintzing, Florian | Evans, Roni | Bronfort, Gert | Keefe, Daniel | Taberko, Anna | Hanson, Linda | Haley, Alex | Ma, Haiwei | Jolton, Joseph | Yarosh, Lana | Keefe, Francis | Nam, Jung | Evans, Roni | Ojala, Liwanag | Kreitzer, Mary J. | Hanson, Linda | Fink, Careen | Kraft, Karin | Flower, Andrew | Lewith, George | Harman, Kim | Stuart, Beth | Bishop, Felicity L. | Frawley, Jane | Füleki, Lilla | Kiss, Eva | Vancsik, Tamas | Krenacs, Tibor | Funabashi, Martha | Pohlman, Katherine A. | Mior, Silvano | Thiel, Haymo | Hill, Michael D. | Cassidy, David J. | Westaway, Michael | Yager, Jerome | Hurwitz, Eric | Kawchuk, Gregory N. | O’Beirne, Maeve | Vohra, Sunita | Gaboury, Isabelle | Morin, Chantal | Gaertner, Katharina | Torchetti, Loredana | Frei-Erb, Martin | Kundi, Michael | Frass, Michael | Gallo, Eugenia | Maggini, Valentina | Comite, Mattia | Sofi, Francesco | Baccetti, Sonia | Vannacci, Alfredo | Di Stefano, Mariella | Monechi, Maria V. | Gori, Luigi | Rossi, Elio | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Mediati, Rocco D. | Ballerini, Giovanna | Gardiner, Paula | Lestoquoy, Anna S. | Negash, Lily | Stillman, Sarah | Shah, Prachi | Liebschutz, Jane | Adelstein, Pamela | Farrell-Riley, Christine | Brackup, Ivy | Penti, Brian | Saper, Robert | Sampedro, Isabel Giralt | Carvajal, Gilda | Gleiss, Andreas | Gross, Marie M. | Brendlin, Dorothea | Röttger, Jonas | Stritter, Wiebke | Seifert, Georg | Grzanna, Noelle | Stange, Rainer | Guendling, Peter W. | Gu, Wen | Lu, Yan | Wang, Jie | Zhang, Chengcheng | Bai, Hua | He, Yuxi | Zhang, Xiaoxu | Zhang, Zhengju | Wang, Dali | Meng, Fengxian | Hagel, Alexander | Albrecht, Heinz | Vollbracht, Claudia | Dauth, Wolfgang | Hagel, Wolfgang | Vitali, Francesco | Ganzleben, Ingo | Schultis, Hans | Konturek, Peter | Stein, Jürgen | Neurath, Markus | Raithel, Martin | Hagel, Alexander | Vollbracht, Claudia | Raithel, Martin | Konturek, Peter | Krick, Bianka | Haller, Heidemarie | Klose, Petra | Dobos, Gustav | Kümmel, Sherko | Cramer, Holger | Haller, Heidemarie | Saha, Felix J. | Kowoll, Anna | Ebner, Barbara | Berger, Bettina | Dobos, Gustav | Choi, Kyung-Eun | He, Lisha | Wang, Han | He, X. | Gu, C. | Zhang, Y. | Zhao, Linhua | Tong, Xiaolin | He, Lisha | Wang, Han | He, Xinhui | Gu, Chengjuan | Zhang, Ying | Zhao, Linhua | Tong, Xiaolin | He, Lisha | Wang, Han | He, Xinhui | Gu, Chengjuan | Zhang, Ying | Zhao, Linhua | Tong, Xiaolin | Ho, Robin S. T. | Chung, Vincent C. H. | Wu, Xinyin | Wong, Charlene H. L. | Wu, Justin C. Y. | Wong, Samuel Y. S. | Lau, Alexander Y. L. | Sit, Regina W. S. | Wong, Wendy | Holmes, Michelle | Bishop, Felicity | Calman, Lynn | Holmes, Michelle | Bishop, Felicity | Lewith, George | Newell, Dave | Field, Jonathan | Htut, Win L. | Han, Dongwoon | Choi, Da I. | Choi, Soo J. | Kim, Ha Y. | Hwang, Jung H. | Huang, Ching W. | Jang, Bo H. | Chen, Fang P. | Ko, Seong G. | Huang, Wenjing | Jin, De | Lian, Fengmei | Jang, Soobin | Kim, Kyeong H. | Lee, Eun K. | Sun, Seung H. | Go, Ho Y. | Ko, Youme | Park, Sunju | Jang, Bo H. | Shin, Yong C. | Ko, Seong G. | Janik, Hubert | Greiffenhagen, Natalie | Bolte, Jürgen | Kraft, Karin | Jaworski, Mariusz | Adamus, Miroslawa | Dobrzynska, Aleksandra | Jeitler, Michael | Jaspers, Jessica | von Scheidt, Christel | Koch, Barbara | Michalsen, Andreas | Steckhan, Nico | Kessler, Christian | Jin, De | Huang, Wen-jing | Pang, Bing | Lian, Feng-Mei | Jong, Miek | Baars, Erik | Glockmann, Anja | Hamre, Harald | Kainuma, Mosaburo | Murakami, Aya | Kubota, Toshio | Kobayashi, Daisuke | Sumoto, Yasuhiro | Furusyo, Norihiro | Ando, Shin-Ichi | Shimazoe, Takao | Kelber, Olaf | Verjee, S. | Gorgus, Eva | Schrenk, Dieter | Kemper, Kathi | Hill, Ellie | Kemper, Kathi | Rao, Nisha | Gascon, Gregg | Mahan, John | Kienle, Gunver | Dietrich, Jörg | Schmoor, Claudia | Huber, Roman | Kim, Weon H. | Han, Dongwoon | Ahmed, Mansoor | He, Luzhu | Hwang, Jung Hye | Kiss, Eva | Vancsik, Tamas | Meggyeshazi, Nora | Kovago, Csaba | Krenacs, Tibor | Klaus, Anne K. | Zerm, Roland | Pranga, Danilo | Ostermann, Thomas | Reif, Marcus | von Laue, Hans Broder | Brinkhaus, Benno | Kröz, Matthias | Klaus, Anne K. | Zerm, Roland | Pranga, Danilo | Recchia, Daniela Rodrigues | Ostermann, Thomas | Reif, Marcus | von Laue, Hans B. | Brinkhaus, Benno | Kröz, Matthias | Klein-Laansma, Christien T. | Jong, Mats | von Hagens, Cornelia | Jansen, Jean P. | van Wietmarschen, Herman | Jong, Miek C. | Ko, Youme | Sun, Seung-Ho | Go, Ho-Yeon | Jeon, Chan-Yong | Song, Yun-Kyung | Ko, Seong-Gyu | Koch, Anna K. | Rabsilber, Sybille | Lauche, Romy | Kümmel, Sherko | Dobos, Gustav | Langhorst, Jost | Cramer, Holger | Koch, Anna K. | Trifunovic-Koenig, Milena | Klose, Petra | Cramer, Holger | Dobos, Gustav | Langhorst, Jost | Koster, Evi | Baars, Erik | Delnoij, Diana | Kroll, Lena | Weiss, Kathrin | Kubo, Ai | Hendlish, Sarah | Altschuler, Andrea | Connolly, Nancy | Avins, Andy | Lauche, Romy | Recchia, Daniela Rodrigues | Cramer, Holger | Wardle, Jon | Lee, David | Sibbritt, David | Adams, Jon | Ostermann, Thomas | Lauche, Romy | Sibbritt, David | Park, Crystal | Mishra, Gita | Adams, Jon | Cramer, Holger | Lechner, Johann | Lee, Inseon | Chae, Younbyoung | Lee, Jisu | Cho, Seung H. | Choi, Yujin | Lee, Jee Y. | Ryu, Han S. | Yoon, Sung S. | Oh, Hye K. | Hyun, Lyun K. | Kim, Jin O. | Yoon, Seong W. | Lee, Ju-Yeon | Shin, Sang-Hoon | Jang, Min | Müller, Indra | Park, So-Hyun Janson | Lestoquoy, Anna S. | Laird, Lance | Negash, Lily | Mitchell, Suzanne | Gardiner, Paula | Li, Xiaofei | Wang, Yunhui | Zhen, Jianhua | Yu, He | Liu, Tiegang | Gu, Xiaohong | Liu, Hui | Ma, Weiguo | Zhang, Chengcheng | Shang, Xuezheng | Bai, Yu | Meng, Fengxian | Liu, Wei | Rooney, Collin | Smith, Amos | Lopes, Shirlene | Demarzo, Marcelo | do Patrocínio Nunes, Maria | Lorenz, Peter | Gründemann, Carsten | Heinrich, Miriam | Garcia-Käufer, Manuel | Grunewald, Franziska | Messerschmidt, Silke | Herrick, Anja | Gruber, Kim | Beckmann, Christiane | Knödler, Matthias | Huber, Roman | Steinborn, Carmen | Stintzing, Florian | Lu, Taoying | Wang, Lixin | Wu, Darong | Luberto, Christina M | Hall, Daniel L. | Chad-Friedman, Emma | Lechner, Suzanne | Park, Elyse R. | Luberto, Christina M. | Park, Elyse | Goodman, Janice | Luer, Sonja | Heri, Matthias | von Ammon, Klaus | Frei-Erb, Martin | Ma, Weiguo | Meng, Fengxian | Maggini, Valentina | Gallo, Eugenia | Landini, Ida | Lapucci, Andrea | Nobili, Stefania | Mini, Enrico | Firenzuoli, Fabio | McDermott, Clare | Lewith, George | Richards, Selwyn | Cox, Diane | Frossell, Sarah | Leydon, Geraldine | Eyles, Caroline | Raphael, Hilly | Rogers, Rachael | Selby, Michelle | Adler, Charlotte | Allam, Jo | Meng, Fengxian | Gu, Wen | Zhang, Chengcheng | Bai, Hua | Zhang, Zhengju | Wang, Dali | Bu, Xiangwei | Zhang, Honghong | Zhang, Jianpeng | Liu, Hui | Mikolasek, Michael | Berg, Jonas | Witt, Claudia | Barth, Jürgen | Miskulin, Ivan | Lalic, Zdenka | Miskulin, Maja | Dumic, Albina | Sebo, Damir | Vcev, Aleksandar | Mohammed, Nasr A. A. | Han, Dongwoon | Ahmed, Mansoor | Choi, Soo Jeung | Im, Hyea Bin | Hwang, Jung Hye | Mukherjee, Anwesha | Kandhare, Amit | Bodhankar, Subhash | Mukherjee, Anwesha | Kandhare, Amit | Thakurdesai, Prasad | Bodhankar, Subhash | Munk, Niki | Evans, Erica | Froman, Amanda | Kline, Matthew | Bair, Matthew J. | Musial, Frauke | Kristoffersen, Agnete E. | Alræk, Terje | Hamre, Harald J. | Stub, Trine | Björkman, Lars | Fønnebø, Vinjar M. | Pang, Bing | Lian, Feng-mei | Ni, Qing | Tong, Xiao-lin | Li, Xin-long | Liu, Wen-ke | Feng, Shuo | Zhao, Xi-yan | Zheng, Yu-jiao | Zhao, Xue-min | Lin, Yi-qun | Pang, Bing | Lian, Feng-mei | Tong, Xiao-lin | Zhao, Tian-yu | Zhao, Xi-Yan | Phd, Hui Che | Zhang, Chen | Pang, Bing | Liu, Feng | Tong, Xiao-lin | Zhao, Lin-hua | Zhao, Xue-min | Ye, Ru | Gu, Cheng-juan | Pang, Bing | Ni, Qing | Tong, Xiao-lin | Lian, Feng-mei | Zhao, Xi-yan | Jin, De | Zhao, Xue-min | Zheng, Yu-jiao | Lin, Yi-qun | Peng, Wenbo | Lauche, Romy | Sibbritt, David | Adams, Jon | Peng, Wenbo | Wardle, Jon | Cramer, Holger | Mishra, Gita | Lauche, Romy | Pohlman, Katherine A. | Mior, Silvano | Funabashi, Martha | De Carvalho, Diana | El-Bayoumi, Mohamed | Haig, Bob | Kelly, Kimbalin | Wade, Darrell J. | O’Beirne, Maeve | Vohra, Sunita | Portalupi, Emanuela | Gobo, Giampietro | Bellavita, Luigi | Guglielmetti, Chiara | Raak, Christa | Teuber, Myriam | Molsberger, Friedrich | von Rath, Ulrich | Reichelt, Ulrike | Schwanebeck, Uta | Zeil, Sabine | Vogelberg, Christian | Veintimilla, Dolores Rodríguez | Vollbracht, Claudia | Mery, Guerrero Tapia | Villavicencio, Marisol Maldonado | Moran, Sandra Herrera | Sachse, Christian | Gündlin, Peter W | Stange, Rainer | Sahebkarkhorasani, Monirsadat | Azizi, Hoda | Schumann, Dania | Lauche, Romy | Sundberg, Tobias | Leach, Matthew J. | Cramer, Holger | Seca, Susana | Greten, Henry | Selliah, Sugir | Shakya, Anu | Han, Dongwoon | Kim, Ha Yun | Choi, Da I. | Im, Hyea B. | Choi, Soo J. | Sherbakova, Anna | Ulrich-Merzenich, Gudrun | Kelber, Olaf | Abdel-Aziz, Heba | Sibinga, Erica | Webb, Lindsey | Ellen, Jonathan | Skrautvol, Kari | Nåden, Dagfinn | Song, Rhayun | Grabowska, Weronika | Osypiuk, Kamila | Diaz, Gloria V. | Bonato, Paolo | Park, Moonkyoung | Hausdorff, Jeffrey | Fox, Michael | Sudarsky, Lewis R. | Tarsy, Daniel | Novakowski, James | Macklin, Eric A. | Wayne, Peter M. | Song, Rhayun | Hwang, Inok | Ahn, Sukhee | Lee, Myung-Ah | Wayne, Peter M. | Sohn, Min K. | Sorokin, Oleg | Steckhan, Nico | Heydeck, Dagmar | Borchert, Astrid | Hohmann, Christoph-Daniel | Kühn, Harmut | Michalsen, Andreas | Kessler, Christian | Steckhan, Nico | Hohmann, Christoph-Daniel | Cramer, Holger | Michalsen, Andreas | Dobos, Gustav | von Scheidt, Christel | Kirschbaum, Clemens | Stalder, Tobias | Stöckigt, Barbara | Teut, Michael | Suhr, Ralf | Sulmann, Daniela | Brinkhaus, Benno | Streeter, Chris | Gerbarg, Patrica | Silveri, Marisa | Brown, Richard | Jensen, John | Stritter, Wiebke | Rutert, Britta | Eggert, Angelika | Längler, Alfred | Seifert, Georg | Holmberg, Christine | Sun, Jin | Deng, Xin | Li, Wen-Yuan | Wen, Bin | Robinson, Nicola | Liu, Jian-Ping | Sung, Hyun K. | Yang, Narae | Go, Ho Y. | Shin, Seon M. | Jung, Hee | Kim, Young J. | Jung, Woo S. | Park, Tae Y. | Suzuki, Kiyoshi | Ito, Toshinori | Uchida, Seiya | Kamohara, Seika | Ono, Naoya | Takamura, Mitsuyuki | Yokochi, Ayumu | Maruyama, Kazuo | Tapia, Patricio | Thabaut, Katarzyna | Brinkhaus, Benno | Stöckigt, Barbara | Thronicke, Anja | Kröz, Matthias | Steele, Megan | Matthes, Harald | Herbstreit, Cornelia | Schad, Friedemann | Tian, Jiaxing | Lian, Fengmei | Yang, Libo | Tong, Xiaolin | Tian, Tian | Zhang, Hewei | Tian, Xia | Wang, CongCong | Chai, Qian Yun | Zhang, Lijuan | Xia, Ruyu | Huang, Na | Fei, Yutong | Liu, Jianpin | Trent, Natalie | Miraglia, Mindy | Dusek, Jeffrey | Pasalis, Edi | Khalsa, Sat B. | Trifunovic-König, Milena | Klose, Petra | Cramer, Holger | Lauche, Romy | Koch, Anna | Dobos, Gustav | Langhorst, Jost | Uebelacker, Lisa | Tremont, Geoffrey | Gillette, Lee | Epstein-Lubow, Gary | Strong, David | Abrantes, Ana | Tyrka, Audrey | Tran, Tanya | Gaudiano, Brandon | Miller, Ivan | Ullmann, Gerhild | Ullmann, Gerhild | Li, Yuhua | Vaidya, Sujata | Marathe, Vinod | Vale, Ana C. | Motta, Jacquelyne | Donadão, Fabíola | Valente, Angela C. | Valente, Luana C. Carvalho | Ghelman, Ricardo | Vesovic, Dusan | Jevdic, Dragan | Jevdic, Aleksandar | Jevdic, Katarina | Djacic, Mihael | Letic, Dragica | Bozic, Drago | Markovic, Marija | Dunjic, Slobodan | Vesovic, Dusan | Jevdic, Dragan | Jevdic, Aleksandar | Jevdic, Katarina | Djacic, Mihael | Letic, Dragica | Bozic, Drago | Markovic, Marija | Ruscuklic, Gordana | Baksa, Dezire | Dunjic, Slobodan | Vesovic, Dusan | Jevdic, Dragan | Jevdic, Aleksandar | Jevdic, Katarina | Djacic, Mihael | Letic, Dragica | Bozic, Drago | Markovic, Marija | Ruscuklic, Gordana | Baksa, Dezire | Dunjic, Slobodan | Vesovic, Dusan | Jevdic, Dragan | Jevdic, Aleksandar | Jevdic, Katarina | Djacic, Mihael | Letic, Dragica | Bozic, Drago | Markovic, Marija | Ruscuklic, Gordana | Baksa, Dezire | Dunjic, Slobodan | Vesovic, Dusan | Jevdic, Dragan | Jevdic, Aleksandar | Jevdic, Katarina | Djacic, Mihael | Letic, Dragica | Bozic, Drago | Markovic, Marija | Vrca, Kenan | Dunjic, Slobodan | Vincent, Ann | Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind | Whipple, Mary | Vogelius, Maria M. | Vollbracht, Claudia | Friesecke, Iris | Gündling, Peter W. | Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind | Mahapatra, Saswati | Hynes, Rebecca | Van Rooy, Kimberly | Looker, Sherry | Ghosh, Aditya | Bauer, Brent | Cutshall, Susanne | Walach, Harald | Flores, Ana Borges | Walach, Harald | Ofner, Michael | Kastner, Andreas | Schwarzl, Gerhard | Schwameder, Hermann | Alexander, Nathalie | Strutzenberger, Gerda | Wang, Jie | Lu, Yan | Gu, Wen | Zhang, Chengcheng | Bu, Xianwei | Zhang, Honghong | Zhang, Jianping | He, Yuxi | Zhang, Xiaoxu | Meng, Fengxian | Wang, Shang | Yu, He | Shi, Jinfeng | Hao, Yu | Liu, Tiegang | Wu, Jun | Qiu, Zeji | Gu, Xiaohong | Wang, Yuh-Hai | Lou, Chi-Jung | Watts, Sam | Wayne, Peter | Osypiuk, Kamila | Vergara-Diaz, Gloria | Bonato, Paolo | Gow, Brian | Hausdorff, Jeffrey | Miranda, Jose | Sudarsky, Lewis | Tarsy, Daniel | Fox, Michael | Macklin, Eric | Wode, Kathrin | Bergqvist, Jenny | Bernhardsson, Britt-Marie | Nordberg, Johanna Hök | Kienle, Gunver | Sharp, Lena | Henriksson, Roger | Woo, Yeonju | Hyun, Min K. | Wu, Hao | Wang, Tian-Fang | Zhao, Yan | Wei, Yu | Tian, Lei | He, Lei | Wang, Xue | Wu, Ruohan | Feng, Shuo | Han, Mei | Caldwell, Patrina H. Y. | Liu, Shigang | Zhang, Jing | Liu, Jianping | Xia, Ruyu | Chai, Qianyun | Fei, Yutong | Guo, Zhongning | Wang, Congcong | Liu, Zhijun | Li, Xun | Zhang, Ying | Liu, Jianping | Yang, I. J. | Lincha, V. Ruberio | Ahn, S. H. | Lee, D. U. | Shin, H. M. | Yang, Lu | Sibbritt, David | Peng, Wenbo | Adams, Jon | Yang, N. | Sung, H. | Shin, S. M. | Go, H. Y. | Jung, H. | Kim, Y. | Park, T. Y. | Yap, Angela | Kwan, Yu H. | Tan, Chuen S. | Ibrahim, Syed | Ang, Seng B. | Yayi, Alfred | Han, Dongwoon | Im, Hyea Bin | Hwang, Jung Hye | Choi, Soo Jeung | Yoo, Jeong E. | Yoo, Ho R. | Jang, Sae B. | Lee, Hye L. | Youssef, Ala’a | Ezzat, Shahira | Motaal, Amira Abdel | El-Askary, Hesham | Yu, Xiaotong | Cui, Yashan | Zhang, Ying | Lian, Fengmei | Yun, Younghee | Ko, Youme | Ahn, Jin-Hyang | Jang, Bo-Hyung | Kim, Kyu-Seok | Ko, Seong-Gyu | Choi, Inhwa | Zerm, Roland | Glinz, Augustina | Pranga, Danilo | Berger, Bettina | ten Brink, Fadime | Reif, Marcus | Büssing, Arnd | Gutenbrunner, Christoph | Kröz, Matthias | Zerm, Roland | Helbrecht, Bert | Pranga, Danilo | Brinkhaus, Benno | Michalsen, Andreas | Kröz, Matthias | Zhang, Honghong | Fang, Tiesheng | Wang, Jie | Zhang, Chengcheng | He, Yuxi | Zhang, Xiaoxu | Zhang, Zhengju | Wang, Dali | Meng, Fengxion | Zhang, Jianping | Zhang, Chengcheng | Bai, Hua | Shen, Zhiming | Ma, Weiguo | Liu, Hui | Bai, Yu | Shang, Xuezheng | Meng, Fengxian | Zhang, Ruixin | Wu, Fan | Li, Ming | Xuan, Xinyun | Shen, Xueyong | Ren, Ke | Berman, Brian | Zhen, Jianhua | Li, Xiaofei | Gu, Xiaohong | Yu, He | Zheng, Zian | Wan, Yuxiang | Wang, Yunhui | Ma, Xueyan | Dong, Fei | Liu, Tiegang | Zhen, Jianhua | Li, Xiaofei | Gu, Xiaohong | Yu, He | Zheng, Zian | Wan, Yuxiang | Wang, Yunhui | Ma, Xueyan | Dong, Fei | Liu, Tiegang | Zick, Suzie | Harris, Richard | Bae, Go E. | Kwon, Jung N. | Lee, Hye Y. | Nam, Jong K. | Lee, Sang D. | Lee, Dong H. | Han, Ji Y. | Yun, Young J. | Lee, Ji H. | Park, Hye L. | Park, Seong H. | Bocci, Chiara | Ivaldi, Giovanni B. | Vietti, Ilaria | Meaglia, Ilaria | Guffi, Marta | Ruggiero, Rubina | Gualea, Marita | Longa, Emanuela | Bonucci, Massimo | Croke, Sarah | Rodriguez, Lourdes Diaz | Caracuel-Martínez, Juan C. | Fajardo-Rodríguez, Manuel F. | Ariza-García, Angélica | la Fuente, Francisca García-De | Arroyo-Morales, Manuel | Estrems, Maria S. | Gómez, Vicente G. | Estrems, Maria S. | Sabater, Mónica Valero | Ferreri, Rosaria | Bernardini, Simonetta | Pulcri, Roberto | Cracolici, Franco | Rinaldi, Massimo | Porciani, Claudio | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Baccetti, Sonia | Di Stefano, Mariella | Monechi, Maria V. | Gallo, Eugenia | Maggini, Valentina | Gori, Luigi | Rossi, Elio | Fisher, Peter | Hughes, John | Mendoza, Ariadna | MacPherson, Hugh | Witt, Claudia | Filshie, Jacqueline | Lewith, George | Di Francesco, Antonia | Bernardini, Alberto | Messe, Monica | Primitivo, Vincenzo | Iasella, Piera A. | Ghelman, Ricardo | Taminato, Monica | Alcantara, Jaqueline Do Carmo | De Oliveira, Katia R. | Rodrigues, Debora C. De Azevedo | Mumme, Juliana R. Campana | Sunakozawa, Olga K. Matsumoto | Filho, Vicente Odone | Seifert, Georg | Goldenberg, Joshua | Day, Andrew | Sasagawa, Masa | Ward, Lesley | Cooley, Kieran | Gunnarsdottir, Thora | Hjaltadottir, Ingibjorg | Hajimonfarednejad, Mahdie
doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1783-3
PMCID: PMC5498867
3.  World Congress Integrative Medicine & Health 2017: part three 
Ortiz, Miriam | Schnabel, Katharina | Teut, Michael | Rotter, Gabriele | Binting, Sylvia | Cree, Margit | Lotz, Fabian | Suhr, Ralf | Brinkhaus, Benno | Parvizi, Mohammad M. | Handjani, Farhad | Zarshenas, Mohammad M. | Moein, Mahmood R. | Nimrouzi, Majid | Hatam, Gholamreza | Hasanzadeh, Jafar | Hamidizadeh, Nasrin | Parvizi, Mohammad M. | Heydari, Mojtaba | Namazi, Mohammad R. | Parvizi, Zahra | Pasalar, Mehdi | Mosaffa-Jahromi, Maryam | Bagheri-Lankarani, Kamran | Afsharypuor, Suleiman | Tamaddon, Ali M. | Ostovar, Mohadeseh | Peloni, Giuseppe | Bolliger, Ingo | Faria, Rui M. Da Cunha | Quadri, Pierluigi | Sanzeni, Wilma | Zemp, Damiano | Risvoll, Hilde | Giverhaug, Trude | Halvorsen, Kjell H. | Waaseth, Marit | Musial, Frauke | Rossi, Elio | Baccetti, Sonia | Picchi, Marco | Conti, Tommaso | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Guido, Carmelo | Bosco, Filippo | Guido, Carmelo | Rossi, Elio | Panozzo, Marialessandra | Picchi, Marco | Cervino, Chiara | Nurra, Linda | Rossi, Elio | Picchi, Marco | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Traversi, Antonella | Vuono, Katia | Sabatini, Federica | Bellandi, Tommaso | Rutert, Britta | Eggert, Angelika | Seifert, Georg | Stritter, Wiebke | Holmberg, Christine | Längler, Alfred | Salamonsen, Anita | Wiesener, Solveig | Schad, Friedemann | Steele, Megan | Kröz, Matthias | Matthes, Harald | Herbstreit, Cornelia | Thronicke, Anja | Schlingensiepen, Irene | von Schoen-Angerer, Tido | Schneider, Romy | Waeber, Livia | Vagedes, Jan | Kaczala, Gregor | Pharisa, Cosette | Wildhaber, Johannes | Huber, Benedikt | Sidorov, Pavel | Sovershaeva, Evgeniya | Simões-Wüst, Ana P. | Nietlispach, Anna | Mennet, Mónica | Schnelle, Martin | von Mandach, Ursula | Wang, Xia | Woo, Hye L. | Lee, Jin M. | Wu, Yuhao | Cho, Yumin | Yun, Younghee | Kim, Hyunho | Jung, Wonmo | Jang, Bo-Hyung | Ziea, Eric | Hui, Henny | Li, Mia | Tsui, Dora | Lam, Christine | Hsieh, Joyce | Chan, Edith | Balneaves, Lynda | Burnside, Sandra | Doyle, Ethel | Dorazio, Shelley | Chan, Pak K. | Bhagra, Anjali | Chen, Po-Hsu | Chung, Vincent C. H. | Wu, Justin C. Y. | Lin, Zhi X. | Wong, Wendy | Wu, Xin Y. | Ho, Robin S. T. | Wong, Charlene H. L. | Chan, Lily | Ziea, Eric T. C. | Elder, William | Cardarelli, Roberto | Kaspar, Cornelia | Kempenich, Robert | Kopferschmitt, Jacques | Marinko, Zulj | Damir, Sebo | Vcev, Aleksandar | Monezi, Ricardo | Ruggerini, Eny Márcia | Fuchigami, Ivna M. | Mazini, Ana C. Moreno | Monezi, Ricardo | Oliveira, Maria Waldenez | Papuga, Petar | Schloss, Janet | Steel, Amie | Jacobsen, Márcia da Silva | Monezi, Ricardo | Jacobsen, Miranda Rodrigo | Mangini, Maria T. | Trapani, Gianfranco | Di Giampietro, Tiziana | Zanino, Luisella | Ciullo, Luigi | Lanaro, Diego | Cerritelli, Francesco | Macrì, Francesco | Tsai, Andre | Lin, Chin | Wu, Tu-Hsing | D’Alessandro, Eduardo | Watts, Sam | Zhang, Ying | Wu, Xufang | Li, Xun | Fei, Yutong | Liu, Jianping | Zhao, Nanqi | Jia, Liyan | Yan, Xiaoyi | Zhen, Fei | Liu, Zhaolan | Liu, Jianping | Ahn, Jinhyang | Yun, Younghee | AlEidi, Sulaiman | Mohamed, Ashry Gad | Al-Beda, Abdullah M. | Abutalib, Raid A. | Khalil, Mohemmed K. M. | Amri, Hakima | Badekila, Sathyanarayana | Behmanesh, Elham | Mozaffarpour, Seyyedali | Behmanesh, Elham | Mozaffarpour, Seyyedali | Behmanesh, Elham | Shirooye, Pantea | Meybodi, Razie N. | Mokaberinejad, Roshanak | Tansaz, Mojgan | Mozaffarpour, Seyyedali | Chung, Vincent C. H. | Wu, Xin Y. | Wu, Justin C. Y. | Daneshfard, Babak | Hosseinkhani, Ayda | Tafazoli, Vahid | Jaladat, Amir M. | Jaladat, Amir M. | Sadeghi, Hasan | Jia, Liyan | Zhao, Nanqi | Yan, Xiaoyi | Zhou, Li | Zhao, Meng | Li, Weiwei | Liu, Jianping | Liu, Zhaolan | Jia, Liyan | Zhao, Nanqi | Yan, Xiaoyi | Zhou, Li | Zhao, Meng | Li, Weiwei | Liu, Jianping | Liu, Zhaolan | Larsen, Anette L. | Salamonsen, Anita | Kristoffersen, Agnete E. | Hamran, Torunn | Evjen, Bjørg | Stub, Trine | Li, Meiling | Cai, Jianxiong | Lu, Taoying | Yin, Lingjia | Wu, Darong | Wang, Lixin | Liew, Siaw M. | Liu, Tiegang | Bai, Chen | Zheng, Zian | Wan, Yuxiang | Xu, Jingnan | Wang, Xuan | Yu, He | Gu, Xiaohong | Liu, Zhaolan | Yan, Xiaoyi | Jia, Liyan | Zhao, Nanqi | Yang, Guoyan | Liu, Jianping | Mozaffarpour, Seyyedali | Behmanesh, Elham | Nimrouzi, Majid | Tafazoli, Vahid | Daneshfard, Babak | Ostrowski, Deja | Fox, Kealoha | Pasalar, Mehdi | Tabatabei, Fatemeh | Amini, Fatemeh | Sathasivampillai, Saravanan | Rajamanoharan, Pholtan | Munday, Michael | Heinrich, Michael | Scherrer, Yvonne M. | Heinrich, Michael | Szuter, Carolyn | Amini, Fatemeh | Tabatabaei, Fatemeh | Tavakoli, Ali | Tavakoli, Fatemeh | Pasalar, Mehdi | rostami, Mahsa | Torri, Maria C. | Szuter, Carolyn | Walach, Harald | Warner, Faith | Majumdar, Anne | Serasingh, Palitha | Yan, Xiaoyi | Jia, Liyan | Zhao, Nanqi | Liu, Zhaolan | Liu, Jianping | Zhao, Nanqi | Zhen, Fei | Jia, Liyan | Yan, Xiaoyi | Liu, Zhaolan | Liu, Jianping | Abbing, Annemarie | Ponstein, Anne | Baars, Erik | Croke, Sarah | Hanser, Suzanne | Heckel, Viola | Krüerke, Daniel | Simões-Wüst, Ana P. | Weiss, Sebastian | Metzner, Susanne | Lee, Jang W. | Hyun, Min K. | Masetti, Morgana | Oepen, Renate | Gruber, Harald | Heusser, Peter | Pelz, Holger | Perlitz, Volker | Ponstein, Anne | Abbing, Annemarie | Baars, Erik | Robinson, Nicola | Ronan, Patricia | Mian, Awais | Madge, Su | Lorenc, Ava | Agent, Penny | Carr, Siobhan | Ronan, Patricia | Robinson, Nicola | Carr, Siobhan | Mian, Awais | Lorenc, Ava | Agent, Penny | Madge, Su | Winnubst, Monica E. | Monezi, Ricardo | Abolghasemi, Jafar | Heydari, Mojtaba | Baccetti, Sonia | Rossi, Elio | Fedi, Paolo | Di Stefano, Mariella | Belvedere, Katia | Baccetti, Sonia | Rossi, Elio | Firenzuoli, Fabio | Di Stefano, Mariella | Belvedere, Katia | Beaven, Katherine | Rose, Anita | Florschutz, Gerhard | Phil, Nicola Brough | Parsons, Helen | Stewart-Brown, Sarah | Burke, Katherine | Busch, Martine | Heyning, Fenna | Smit, Jan | Jeekel, Hans | de Goeij, Hans | Guido, Paulo Caceres | Barraza, Norma | Balbarrey, Ziomara | Ribas, Alejandra | Jimenez, Beatriz | Iachino, Claudia | Quattrone, Fabiana | Gaioli, Marisa | Dell’Orso, Marta | Villanueva, Silvia | Rocha, Carmen | Macchi, Adriana | Cai, Jianxiong | Chen, Lina | Wu, Darong | Wang, Sicheng | Choi, Eunji | Go, Namgyeong | Lee, Yongho | Dahal, Gokarna | Frauenknecht, Xaver | Gerhardt, Heike | Galanti, Mónica | Cerda, Carmen J. | Galanti, Mónica | Galanti, Mónica | Heckersdorf, Daniela Navarrete | Jorquera, Héctor | Saldivia, María L. Alcázar | Jakubonienė, Daiva | McEwen, Bradley | Melo, Francislete | Fontana, Fernanda Mulinari | Valle, Ana C. Viana | Neres, Maria T. Borges | Mohagheghzadeh, Abolali | Zohalinezhad, Mohammad E. | Njaradi, Olja | Dunjic, Momir | Njaradi, Olja | Dunjic, Momir | Ostrowski, Deja | Fox, Kealoha | Pokladnikova, Jitka | Selke-Krulichova, Iva | Seo, Jinsoon | Jang, Hyunchul | Simões-Wüst, Ana P. | Moltó-Puigmartí, Carolina | van Dongen, Martien | Dagnelie, Pieter | Thijs, Carel | Tihanyi, Eva | Hegyi, Gabriella | Zhang, Ying | Li, Xun | Fei, Yutong | Liu, Jianping | Zhang, Ying | Liu, Jianping | Tong, Xiaolin
doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1784-2
PMCID: PMC5499100
4.  Complementary medicine in nursing homes - results of a mixed methods pilot study 
Background
‘Kneipp Therapy’ (KT) is a form of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) that includes a combination of hydrotherapy, herbal medicine, mind-body medicine, physical activities, and healthy eating. Since 2007, some nursing homes for older adults in Germany began to integrate CAM in the form of KT in care. The study investigated how KT is used in daily routine care and explored the health status of residents and caregivers involved in KT.
Methods
We performed a cross-sectional pilot study with a mixed methods approach that collected both quantitative and qualitative data in four German nursing homes in 2011. Assessments in the quantitative component included the Quality of Life in Dementia (QUALIDEM), the Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12), the Barthel-Index for residents and the Work Ability Index (WAI) and SF-12 for caregivers. The qualitative component addressed the residents’ and caregivers’ subjectively experienced changes after integration of KT. It was conceptualized as an ethnographic rapid appraisal by conducting participant observation and semi-structured interviews in two of the four nursing homes.
Results
The quantitative component included 64 residents (53 female, 83.2 ± 8.1 years (mean and SD)) and 29 caregivers (all female, 42.0 ± 11.7 years). Residents were multimorbid (8 ± 3 diagnoses), and activities of daily living were restricted (Barthel-Index 60.6 ± 24.4). The caregivers’ results indicated good work ability (WAI 37.4 ± 5.1), health related quality of life was superior to the German sample (SF-12 physical CSS 49.2 ± 8.0; mental CSS 54.1 ± 6.6). Among both caregivers and residents, 89% considered KT to be positive for well-being.
The qualitative analysis showed that caregivers perceived emotional and functional benefits from more content and calmer residents, a larger variety in basic care practices, and a more self-determined scope of action. Residents reported gains in attention and caring, and recognition of their lay knowledge.
Conclusion
Residents showed typical characteristics of nursing home inhabitants. Caregivers demonstrated good work ability. Both reported to have benefits from KT. The results provide a good basis for future projects, e.g. controlled studies to evaluate the effects of CAM in nursing homes.
doi:10.1186/1472-6882-14-443
PMCID: PMC4246522  PMID: 25391537
Hydrotherapy; Kneipp; Complementary and alternative medicine; Elderly care; Nursing homes; Mixed methods research
5.  Perceived outcomes of spiritual healing and explanations - a qualitative study on the perspectives of German healers and their clients 
Background
Limited research has been conducted on contemporary spiritual healing in European countries. The aim of this article is to report how German healers and their clients experienced and perceived the outcomes of spiritual healing and which explanations they use to describe the perceived effects.
Methods
Semistructured interviews and participatory observation was used to collect data from spiritual healers and their clients. Analyses were based on the methodological concept of directed qualitative content analysis. Data was analyzed using MAXQDA software, discussed and reviewed by a multidisciplinary research team consisting of medical anthropologists, medical doctors and a religious studies scholar.
Results
In total 15 healers and 16 clients participated in this study, 24 interviews with healers, 20 interviews with clients and 8 participatory observations were analyzed. Healers and clients reported outcomes as positively perceived body sensations, increased well-being, positive emotions and symptomatic relief of medical complaints. Clients often described changes in their self-concepts and adapted life values. Explanations for perceived effects included connecting with transcendent sources, construction of meaning, as a result of the client-healer relationship, and as empowerment to make changes. Because the interviewed clients were recruited by the healers, a selection bias towards positive healing experiences is possible.
Conclusion
We hypothesize that concepts of meaning construction, resource activation and the utilization of the clients’ expectations help to explain the data. Grounded in the emic perspective, we propose to use the following outcomes for further prospective studies: positive body sensations, changes of self-concepts and values, changes of medical symptoms and complaints. From the etic perspective, physical, emotional, social and spiritual wellbeing, sense of coherence, meaningfulness of life, empowerment, resource activation, change and symptom control should be further explored as potential outcomes.
doi:10.1186/1472-6882-14-240
PMCID: PMC4107996  PMID: 25015094
6.  Perceived outcomes of music therapy with Body Tambura in end of life care – a qualitative pilot study 
BMC Palliative Care  2014;13:18.
Background
In recent years, music therapy is increasingly used in palliative care. The aim of this pilot study was to record and describe the subjective experiences of patients and their relatives undergoing music therapy with a Body Tambura in a German hospice and to develop hypotheses for future studies.
Methods
In a qualitative interview pilot study, data collection and analyses were performed according to the methodological framework of grounded theory. We included German-speaking patients, or relatives of patients, receiving end of life care in an inpatient hospice setting.
Results
11 persons consisting of 8 patients (age range 51–82 years, 4 male and 4 female) and 3 relatives were treated and interviewed. All patients suffered from cancer in an advanced stage. The most often described subjective experiences were a relaxing and calming effect, sensations that the body feels lighter, and the generation of relaxing images and visualizations. Family members enjoyed listening to the music and felt more connected with the sick family member.
Conclusion
Patient reported beneficial aspects. The small sample size could be seen as a limitation. Assessment instruments measuring relaxation, stress, quality of life and should be included in future quantitative studies.
doi:10.1186/1472-684X-13-18
PMCID: PMC3986446  PMID: 24708801
7.  Use of complementary and alternative medicine by older adults – a cross-sectional survey 
BMC Geriatrics  2014;14:38.
Background
Very little is known about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by older adults in Germany. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of CAM and other health promoting substances (e.g., herbal teas) by older adults of at least 70 years of age.
Methods
A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among persons of ≥70 years from metropolitan Berlin and rural parts of Brandenburg, Germany. Recorded were: demographics, current use of CAM, medical diagnoses, users’ opinions and preferences.
Results
A total of 400 older adults, living as ‘self-reliant’ (n = 154), ‘home care service user’ (n = 97), or ‘in nursing home’ (n = 149), and with the legal status ‘without guardian’ (n = 355) or ‘with guardian’ (n = 45) were included (mean age 81.8 ± 7.4 years, 78.5% female). Any type of CAM used 61.3% of respondents (dietary supplements 35.5%, herbal medicines 33.3%, and external preparations 26.8%); 3.0% used drug-interaction causing preparations. Usage was based on recommendations (total 30.3%; in 20.0% by friends or family and 10.4% by pharmacists), own initiative (27.3%), and doctors’ prescription (25.8%). Participants with legal guardian took almost solely prescribed dietary supplements. Of the others, only half (58.7%) informed their general practitioner (GP) of their CAM use. Participants expected significant (44.9%) or moderate (37.1%) improvement; half of them perceived a good effect (58.7%) and two-thirds (64.9%) generally preferred a combination of CAM and conventional medicine. More than half (57.9%) stated that they could neither assess whether their CAM preparations have side effects, nor assess what the side effects might be. Strongest predictors for CAM use were two treatment preferences (vs. ‘conventional only’: ‘CAM only’, OR = 3.98, p = 0.0042 and ‘CAM + conventional’, 3.02, 0.0028) and the type of health insurance (‘statutory’ vs. ‘private’, 3.57, 0.0356); against CAM use two subjective assessments predicted (vs. ‘CAM causes no harm’: ‘CAM causes harmful drug interactions’, 0.25, 0.0536 and ‘I cannot assess side effects’, 0.28, 0.0010).
Conclusion
Older German adults frequently use CAM. They perceived it as an effective complement to conventional medicine, but are not sufficiently informed about risks and benefits.
doi:10.1186/1471-2318-14-38
PMCID: PMC3974184  PMID: 24669824
Older adults; CAM; Dietary supplements; Nursing home; Residential care; Legal guardian
9.  Homeopathy for Depression: A Randomized, Partially Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Four-Armed Study (DEP-HOM) 
PLoS ONE  2013;8(9):e74537.
Background
The specific clinical benefit of the homeopathic consultation and of homeopathic remedies in patients with depression has not yet been investigated.
Aims
To investigate the 1) specific effect of individualized homeopathic Q-potencies compared to placebo and 2) the effect of an extensive homeopathic case taking (case history I) compared to a shorter, rather conventional one (case history II) in the treatment of acute major depression (moderate episode) after six weeks.
Methods
A randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled, four-armed trial using a 2×2 factorial design with a six-week study duration per patient was performed.
Results
A total of 44 from 228 planned patients were randomized (2∶1∶2∶1 randomization: 16 homeopathic Q-potencies/case history I, 7 placebo/case history I, 14 homeopathic Q-potencies/case history II, 7 placebo/case history II). Because of recruitment problems, the study was terminated prior to full recruitment, and was underpowered for the preplanned confirmatory hypothesis testing. Exploratory data analyses showed heterogeneous and inconclusive results with large variance in the sample. The mean difference for the Hamilton-D after 6 weeks was 2.0 (95%CI −1.2;5.2) for Q-potencies vs. placebo and −3.1 (−5.9;−0.2) for case history I vs. case history II. Overall, no consistent or clinically relevant results across all outcomes between homeopathic Q-potencies versus placebo and homeopathic versus conventional case taking were observed. The frequency of adverse events was comparable for all groups.
Conclusions
Although our results are inconclusive, given that recruitment into this trial was very difficult and we had to terminate early, we cannot recommend undertaking a further trial addressing this question in a similar setting.
Prof. Dr. Claudia Witt had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Trial registration
clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01178255.
Protocol publication: http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/12/1/43
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074537
PMCID: PMC3781106  PMID: 24086352
10.  Effects and feasibility of an Integrative Medicine program for geriatric patients–a cluster-randomized pilot study 
Background
Older adults often use complementary medicine; however, very few interventional studies have focused on them. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and to obtain preliminary data on effectiveness of an Integrative Medicine (IM) program compared to usual medical care.
Methods
The study consisted of older adults living in shared apartment communities including caregiving. The shared apartments were cluster-randomized to the IM program or Usual Care (UC). IM consisted of additional lifestyle modification (exercise and diet), external naturopathic applications, homeopathic treatment, and modification of conventional drug therapy for 12 months. The UC group received conventional care alone. The following outcomes were used: Nurses Observation Scale for Geriatric Patients (NOSGER); Assessment of Motor and Process Skills; Barthel Index; Qualidem; Profile of Wellbeing; and Mini-mental State Examination. Exploratory effect sizes (Cohen’s d, means adjusted for differences of baseline values) were calculated to analyze group differences.
Results
A total of eight shared apartment communities were included; four were allocated to IM (29 patients, median seven patients; [mean ± standard deviation] 82.7 ± 8.6 years) and four to UC (29 patients, median eight patients; 76.0 ± 12.8 years of age). After 12 months, effect sizes ≥0.3 were observed for activities of daily living on the NOSGER-Activities of Daily Living subscale (0.53), Barthel Index (0.30), Qualidem total sum score (0.39), Profile of Wellbeing (0.36), NOSGER-Impaired Social Behavior (0.47), and NOSGER-Depressed Mood subscales (0.40). Smaller or no effects were observed for all other outcomes. The intervention itself was found to be feasible, but elaborate and time consuming.
Discussion
This exploratory pilot study showed that for a full-scale trial, the outcomes of Activities of Daily Living and Quality of Life seem to be the most promising. The results have to be interpreted with care; larger confirmatory trials are necessary to validate the effects.
doi:10.2147/CIA.S45242
PMCID: PMC3724560  PMID: 23901266
Activities of Daily Living; complementary and alternative medicine strategies; NOSGER; older adults; caregiving; apartment-sharing communities; homeopathy
11.  Homeopathic drug proving of Okoubaka aubrevillei: a randomised placebo-controlled trial 
Trials  2013;14:96.
Background
Homeopathic drug proving is a basic concept in homeopathy. This study aimed to record symptoms produced by a homeopathic drug compared with placebo.
Methods
This multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 trial consisted of a 7-day run-in period, a 5-day intervention period and a 16-day post-intervention observation period. Subjects, investigators and statisticians were blinded for intervention groups and identity of the homeopathic drug. Subjects in the intervention group received Okoubaka aubrevillei (potency C12) and subjects in the placebo group received the optically identical sucrose globules. Dosage in both groups was five globules taken five times per day over a maximum period of 5 days. Subjects documented the symptoms they experienced in a semistructured online diary. The primary outcome parameter was the number of characteristic proving symptoms compared with placebo after a period of 3 weeks. Characteristic symptoms were categorised using content analysis. Secondary outcome parameters were the qualitative differences in profiles of characteristic and proving symptoms and the total number of all proving symptoms. The number of symptoms was quantitatively analysed on an intention-to-treat basis using analyses of covariance with the subject’s expectation and baseline values as covariates.
Results
Thirty-one subjects were included (19 Okoubaka and 12 placebo). Data for 29 participants could be analysed. No significant differences in number of characteristic symptoms in both groups were observed between Okoubaka (mean ± standard deviation 5.4 ± 6.0) and placebo (4.9 ± 5.6). The odds ratio for observation of a characteristic symptom was 1.11 (95% confidence interval 0.4 to 3.05, P = 0.843). Females and subjects expecting a higher number of symptoms at baseline or feeling more sensitive to homeopathic drugs experienced more characteristic symptoms regardless of allocation. The qualitative analysis showed an inter-coder reliability of 0.69 (95% confidence interval 0.62 to 0.76). The qualitative comparison of symptom profiles was inconclusive.
Conclusions
Combined results of qualitative and quantitative methods did not result in a significant difference of characteristic proving symptoms between O. aubrevillei C12 and placebo. The qualitative comparison of the symptom profiles leaves some open questions. The nocebo effect might be a plausible explanation for most of the phenomena observed in this trial.
Trial registration
ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01061229
doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-96
PMCID: PMC3652761  PMID: 23561008
Homeopathic drug proving; Homeopathic pathogenetic trial; Okoubaka aubrevillei
12.  Pulsatile dry cupping in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee – a randomized controlled exploratory trial 
Introduction
Cupping is used in various traditional medicine forms to relieve pain in musculoskeletal diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cupping in relieving the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Methods
In a two-group, randomized controlled exploratory pilot study patients with a clinically and radiological confirmed knee OA (Kellgren-Lawrence Grading Scale: 2-4) and a pain intensity > 40 mm on a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were included. 40 Patients were randomized to either 8 sessions of pulsatile dry cupping within 4 weeks or no intervention (control). Paracetamol was allowed on demand for both groups. Outcomes were the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) score, the pain intensity on a VAS (0 mm = no pain to 100 mm = maximum intensity) and Quality of Life (SF-36) 4 and 12 weeks after randomization. Use of Paracetamol was documented within the 4-week treatment period. Analyses were performed by analysis of covariance adjusting for the baseline value for each outcome.
Results
21 patients were allocated to the cupping group (5 male; mean age 68 ± SD 7.2) and 19 to the control group (8 male; 69 ± 6.8). After 4 weeks the WOMAC global score improved significantly more in the cupping group with a mean of 27.7 (95% confidence interval 22.1; 33.3) compared to 42.2 (36.3; 48.1) in the control group (p = 0.001). After 12 weeks the WOMAC global score were still significantly different in favor for cupping (31.0 (24.9; 37.2) vs. 40.8 (34.4; 47.3) p = 0.032), however the WOMAC subscores for pain and stiffness were not significant anymore. Significantly better outcomes in the cupping group were also observed for pain intensity on VAS and for the SF-36 Physical Component Scale compared to the control group after 4 and 12 weeks. No significant difference was observed for the SF-36 Mental Component Scale and the total number of consumed Paracetamol tablets between both groups (mean 9.1, SD ± 20.0 vs. 11.5 ± 15.9).
Conclusion
In this exploratory study dry cupping with a pulsatile cupping device relieved symptoms of knee OA compared to no intervention. Further studies comparing cupping with active treatments are needed.
Trial registration
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01057043
doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-184
PMCID: PMC3527288  PMID: 23057611
Cupping; Complementary and alternative medicine; Randomized controlled trial; Knee osteoarthritis
13.  Homeopathy for Depression - DEP-HOM: study protocol for a randomized, partially double-blind, placebo controlled, four armed study 
Trials  2011;12:43.
Background
Homeopathy is often sought by patients with depression. In classical homeopathy, the treatment consists of two main elements: the case history and the prescription of an individually selected homeopathic remedy. Previous data suggest that individualized homeopathic Q-potencies were not inferior to the antidepressant fluoxetine in a sample of patients with moderate to severe depression. However, the question remains whether individualized homeopathic Q-potencies and/or the type of the homeopathic case history have a specific therapeutical effect in acute depression as this has not yet been investigated. The study aims to assess the two components of individualized homeopathic treatment for acute depression, i.e., to investigate the specific effect of individualized Q-potencies versus placebo and to investigate the effect of different approaches to the homeopathic case history.
Methods/Design
A randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled, four-armed trial using a 2 × 2 factorial design with a six-week study duration per patient will be performed. 228 patients diagnosed with major depression (moderate episode) by a psychiatrist will be included. The primary endpoint is the total score on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale after six weeks. Secondary end points are: Hamilton Depression Rating Scale total score after two and four weeks; response and remission rates, Beck Depression inventory total score, quality of life and safety at two, four and six weeks. Statistical analyses will be by intention-to-treat. The main endpoint will be analysed by a two-factorial analysis of covariance. Within this model generalized estimation equations will be used to estimate differences between verum and placebo, and between both types of case history.
Discussion
For the first time this study evaluates both the specific effect of homeopathic medicines and of a homeopathic case taking in patients with depression. It is an attempt to deal with the challenges of homeopathic research and the results might be useful information in the current discussion about the evidence on homeopathy
Trial registration
ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01178255
doi:10.1186/1745-6215-12-43
PMCID: PMC3045905  PMID: 21320338
14.  Protocol for a phase 1 homeopathic drug proving trial 
Trials  2010;11:80.
Background
This study protocol adapts the traditional homeopathic drug proving methodology to a modern clinical trial design.
Method
Multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 trial with 30 healthy volunteers. The study consists of a seven day run-in period, a five day intervention period and a 16 day post-intervention observation period. Subjects, investigators and the statisticians are blinded from the allocation to the study arm and from the identity of the homeopathic drug. The intervention is a highly diluted homeopathic drug (potency C12 = 1024), Dose: 5 globules taken 5 times per day over a maximum period of 5 days. The placebo consists of an optically identical carrier substance (sucrose globules). Subjects document the symptoms they experience in a semi-structured online diary. The primary outcome parameter is the number of specific symptoms that characterise the intervention compared to the placebo after a period of three weeks. Secondary outcome parameters are qualitative differences in profiles of characteristic and proving symptoms and the total number of all proving symptoms. The number of symptoms will be quantitatively analysed on an intention-to-treat basis using ANCOVA with the subject's expectation and baseline values as covariates. Content analysis according to Mayring is adapted to suit the homeopathic qualitative analysis procedure.
Discussion
Homeopathic drug proving trials using the terminology of clinical trials according GCP and fulfilling current requirements for research under the current drug regulations is feasible. However, within the current regulations, homeopathic drug proving trials are classified as phase 1 trials, although their aim is not to explore the safety and pharmacological dynamics of the drug, but rather to find clinical indications according to the theory of homeopathy. To avoid bias, it is necessary that neither the subjects nor the investigators know the identity of the drug. This requires a modification to the informed consent process and blinded study materials. Because it is impossible to distinguish between adverse events and proving symptoms, both must be documented together.
Trial registration
ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01061229.
doi:10.1186/1745-6215-11-80
PMCID: PMC2917434  PMID: 20649979
15.  Homeopathic treatment of elderly patients - a prospective observational study with follow-up over a two year period 
BMC Geriatrics  2010;10:10.
Background
Very little is known about the range of diagnoses, course of treatment and long-term outcome in elderly patients who choose to receive homeopathic medical treatment. We investigated homeopathic practice in an industrialised country under everyday conditions.
The aim of the study was to determine the spectrum of diagnoses and treatments, as well as to describe the course of illness over time among older patients who chose to receive homeopathic treatment.
Methods
In this subgroup analysis of a prospective, multicentre cohort study totally including 3981 patients treated by homeopathic physicians in primary care practices in Germany and Switzerland, data was analysed from all patients > 70 years consulting the physician for the first time. The main outcome measures were: assessment by patient of the severity of complaints (numeric rating scales) and quality of life (SF-36) and by the physician of the severity of diagnoses (numeric rating scales) at baseline, and after 3, 12, and 24 months.
Results
A total of 83 patients were included in the subgroup analysis (41% men, mean age 73.2 ± (SD) 3.1 years; 59% women, 74.3 ± 3.8 years).
98.6 percent of all diagnoses were chronic with an average duration of 11.5 ± 11.5 years. 82 percent of the patients were taking medication at baseline.
The most frequent diagnoses were hypertension (20.5%, 11.1 ± 7.5 years) and sleep disturbances (15.7%, 22.1 ± 25.8 years).
The severity of complaints decreased significantly between baseline and 24 months in both patients (from 6.3 (95%CI: 5.7-6.8) to 4.6 (4.0-5.1), p < 0.001) and physicians' assessments (from 6.6 (6.0-7.1) to 3.7 (3.2-4.3), p < 0.001); quality of life (SF 36) and the number of medicines taken did not significantly change.
Conclusion
The severity of disease showed marked and sustained improvements under homeopathic treatment, but this did not lead to an improvement of quality of life. Our findings might indicate that homeopathic medical therapy may play a beneficial role in the long-term care of older adults with chronic diseases and studies on comparative effectiveness are needed to evaluate this hypothesis.
doi:10.1186/1471-2318-10-10
PMCID: PMC2841176  PMID: 20175887

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