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J Thorac Dis. 2017 October; 9(10): E962–E963.
PMCID: PMC5723857

Reply to comments on “Robotic Assisted Right Middle Lobectomy”: incision positions, approaches and other problems

We appreciate the thoughtful and constructive comments by Dr. Waël C. Hanna from Canada (1) and Dr. Abbas E. Abbas from America (2) on our article “Robotic Assisted Right Middle Lobectomy”. In this article, we described our experience with robotic assisted right middle lobectomy through a specific case (3). As both Dr. Hanna and Dr. Abbas mentioned in their insightful comments, they preferred to line up all of the robotic ports in the same intercostal space (8th intercostal space) to minimize postoperative pain. In robot-assisted thoracic surgery, the incision positions are flexible and their placement primarily depends on the practice and preference of the surgeon. Many surgeons place the ports in multiple locations in the intercostal space (4-6). Another important factor that we could not ignore is racial difference. Caucasians have wider chests than Chinese; the Chinese chest surface is 93% of the chest surface of Caucasians (7). Thus, if we place four ports in the same intercostal space in a Chinese patient, especially in a female Chinese patient, there may not be adequate distances between the ports, which may lead to interference between the robotic arms. We have attempted various port placements and finally selected the incision locations described in our manuscript as part of our routine procedure. Dr. Hanna stated that they started every robotic case with a posterior mediastinal incision, and this information was useful and we agree with this approach. In fact, we perform many of our robotic assisted lung surgeries via the posterior approach (8) or via a combined anterior and posterior approach (9).

Dr. Abbas reviewed the development of lung surgery in detail from thoracotomy to video-assisted thoracic surgery and to the recently developed robotic surgery, and he described the advantages of the newest Xi robot, which is not yet available in China. For the detection of small, deep, or sub-solid nodules, Dr. Abbas described a useful navigational technology, and we agree that these kinds of technology are necessary. Because of the frequent use of low-dose computed tomography (CT) and other methods of examination (10), an increasing number of patients with lung cancer have been observed to have small nodules or ground-glass opacities, which are not palpable during surgery and are difficult for pathologists to find. In our center, we always perform pre-operative percutaneous CT-guided Hook Wire localization (11) in these cases. Dr. Abbas also provided us with a set of processes to deal with an emergency. Here, we include a list of instruments that we prepare for open surgery in our center (Table 1) (12).

Table 1
Instruments prepared for open surgery

We thank Dr. Waël C. Hanna and Dr. Abbas Abbas for their comments on our article.

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge David Tian, Senior Editor of AME Publishing Company, for editing support.

Provenance: This is an invited article commissioned by the Section Editor Jianfei Shen, MD (Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China).

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References

1. Hanna WC. Robotic assisted right middle lobectomy. J Thorac Dis 2017;9:2325. 10.21037/jtd.2017.08.38 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
2. Abbas AE. Robotic portal lobectomy, surgery through a virtual thoracotomy. J Thorac Dis 2017;9:2871-5. 10.21037/jtd.2017.08.84 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
3. Chen X, Yang S, Guo W, et al. Robotic-assisted right middle lobectomy. AME Med J 2017;2:8 10.21037/amj.2017.01.07 [Cross Ref]
4. Melfi FM, Fanucchi O, Davini F, et al. Robotic lobectomy for lung cancer: evolution in technique and technology. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2014;46:626-30; discussion 630-1. 10.1093/ejcts/ezu079 [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
5. Veronesi G. Robotic lobectomy and segmentectomy for lung cancer: results and operating technique. J Thorac Dis 2015;7:S122-30. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
6. Kocher GJ, Schmid RA, Melfi FM. Robotic lobectomy: tips, pitfalls and troubleshooting. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2014;46:e136-8. 10.1093/ejcts/ezu370 [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
7. Donnelly PM, Yang TS, Peat JK, et al. What factors explain racial differences in lung volumes? Eur Respir J 1991;4:829-38. [PubMed]
8. Yang S, Guo W, Jin R, et al. Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: right inferior lobectomy. AME Med J 2017;2:14 10.21037/amj.2017.01.05 [Cross Ref]
9. Xiang J, Yang S, Guo W, et al. Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: left upper lobectomy. AME Med J 2017;2:22 10.21037/amj.2017.01.10 [Cross Ref]
10. Jacobs CD, Jafari ME. Early Results of Lung Cancer Screening and Radiation Dose Assessment by Low-dose CT at a Community Hospital. Clin Lung Cancer 2017;18:e327-31. 10.1016/j.cllc.2017.01.011 [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
11. Xu X, Yao Y, Shen Y, et al. Clinical Analysis of Percutaneous Computed Tomography-Guided Hook Wire Localization of 168 Small Pulmonary Nodules. Ann Thorac Surg 2015;100:1861-7. 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.05.029 [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
12. Li J, Wang W, Qian Q, et al. Collaboration between the surgeon, assistants and nurses in robotic-assisted thoracic surgery. AME Med J 2017;2:21 10.21037/amj.2017.01.03 [Cross Ref]

Articles from Journal of Thoracic Disease are provided here courtesy of AME Publications