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Data Brief. 2017 October; 14: 738–758.
Published online 2017 September 9. doi:  10.1016/j.dib.2017.08.044
PMCID: PMC5602746

Dataset on the evidence of bee products processing: A functional definition of a specialized type of macro-lithic tool

Abstract

The database includes spatial, chronological and technological information about the analyzed tools in the article entitled “Evidence of bee products processing: a functional definition of a specialized type of macro-lithic tool” (Ache et al., 2017 [1]). The technological information refers to the tool type, its rock type, weight, state of preservation, morphology, metrical data and functional features. We also provide an index of acronyms to properly understand the dataset published here.

Specifications Table

Table thumbnail

Value of the data

  • • The data define a specific macrolithic tool type (ALS-STA) with distinctive technological features on the basis of its geology, morphology, metrical and functional characteristics.
  • • Information exposed in the database offers a tracer of the specific tool type ALS-STA which helps archaeologists to recognize and define it.
  • • These data allow comparative studies with macrolithic tools of other areas.

1. Experimental design, materials and methods

Lithic tools were registered following a standardized recording of their geological, morphological, metrical and functional variables according to Risch [3], pp. 35–48 and Delgado-Raack [2], pp. 187–199. The acronyms used in Table 1 and their meaning are the following ones:

  • No. Inv L-. Inventory number or individual number of the archaeological artefact.
  • YACIM. Name of the archaeological site.
  • No. Sondeo. Trench.
  • ZON. Area within the archaeological site.
  • Fase. Cultural phase.
  • Horiz. Cultural horizon.
  • ITEM. Tool name: Abrader (ALS), abrader-percussor (APE).
  • TIPO. Tool's specific type: Cylindrical (STA), with groove (CRN).
  • MATERIA. Rock type: Calcarenite (ACA), sandstone (ARE), Buntsandstein (BUN), limestone (CAL), quartzite (CCT), micaceous schist (ESM), quartzitic schist (ESQ), gneiss (GNE), metapsammite (MPS), slate (PZA).
  • PESO. Weight in g. * indicates that the artefact is not completely preserved.
  • CONS. Preservation of the artefact taking into account that each artefact is divided into three parts: complete artefact (ENT), top and medial fragment (FSM), medial and bottom fragment (FMI), top fragment (FGS), medial fragment (FGM).
  • No. FR. Number of fragments.
  • F. Morphology of the six surfaces into which the artefact is divided: straight (RT), concave (CV), convex (CX). The morphology is recorded for both the longitudinal and the transversal axis and for each of the six surfaces, that is to say, obverse (F.A.1, F.A.2), reverse (F.R.1, F.R.2), top (F.S.1, F.S.2), bottom (F.I.1, F.I.2), right (F.D.1, F.D.2) and left (F.X.1, F.X.2).
  • L.MAX. Maximum length measured in mm. * indicates that the artefact is not completely preserved.
  • A.MAX.; A.MIN. Maximum and minimum width measured in mm. * indicates that the artefact is not completely preserved.
  • G.MAX.; G.MIN. Maximum and minimum thickness measured in mm. * indicates that the artefact is not completely preserved.
  • UTI.A.; UTI.R.; UTI.S.; UTI.I.; UTI.D.; UTI.X. Macroscopic use-wear traces observed on each of the six surfaces into which the artefact is divided: naturally smooth surface (LI), naturally irregular surface (IR), abrasion due to the use of the surface in frictional tasks (AL), abrasion/smoothing due to the preparation of the surface (PU), groove (RA), pits due to the use of the surface in percussion tasks (GA), pits and breaks due to the use of the surface in percussion tasks (GO), surface prepared through chipping (TR), broken surface (RO), burned surface (TE).
  • MED.A.1; MED.A.2; MED.R.1; MED.R.2; MED.S.1; MED.S.2; MED.I.1; MED.I.2; MED.D.1; MED.D.2; MED.X.1; MED.X.2. Dimensions of the macroscopic use-wear traces observed on each of the six surfaces into which the artefact is divided (obverse, reverse, top, bottom, right and left) in its longitudinal (1) and its transversal (2) axis. * indicates that the artefact is not completely preserved.
  • UTI.ESP. Special macroscopic features, mainly burned surfaces, which appear in these cases as an effect of use (TE).
  • SIT.UTI.ESP. Location of UTI.ESP., according to the six surfaces (obverse, reverse, top, bottom, right, left) into which the artefact is divided.
  • L.ESP.; A.ESP.; P.ESP. Length, width and thickness of UTI.ESP, measured in mm.
Table 1
Main technological features of the cylindrical abraders recovered in south-east Iberian Bronze Age sites.

Footnotes

Transparency documentTransparency data associated with this article can be found in the online version at 10.1016/j.dib.2017.08.044.

Transparency document. Supplementary material

Supplementary material

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References

1. Ache M., Delgado-Raack S., Molina E., Risch R., Rosell-Melé A. Dataset on the evidence of bee products processing: a functional definition of a specialized type of macro-lithic tool. J. Archaeol. Sci.: Rep. 2017;14:638–650. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. Delgado-Raack S. Archaeopress; Oxford: 2013. Tecnotipología y distribución espacial del material macrolítico del Cerro de la Virgen de Orce (Granada), campañas 1963–1970: una aproximación paleoeconómica, BAR International Series 2518; pp. 187–199.
3. Risch R. P. von Zabern; Mainz: 2002. Recursos naturales, medios de producción y explotación social. Un análisis económico de la industria lítica de Fuente Álamo (Almería), 2250-1400 antes de nuestra era, Iberia Archaeologica 3; pp. 35–48.

Articles from Data in Brief are provided here courtesy of Elsevier