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Logo of neuroscibullNeuroscience Bulletin
 
Neurosci Bull. 2008 February; 24(1): 21–28.
Published online 2008 February 27. doi:  10.1007/s12264-008-0928-2
PMCID: PMC5552527

Language: English | Chinese

Differential cognitive responses to guqin music and piano music in Chinese subjects: an event-related potential study

古琴音乐与钢琴音乐对中国被试认知反应的不同影响: 事件相关电位研究

Abstract

Objective

To compare the cognitive effects of guqin (the oldest Chinese instrument) music and piano music.

Methods

Behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) data in a standard two-stimulus auditory oddball task were recorded and analyzed.

Results

This study replicated the previous results of culture-familiar music effect on Chinese subjects: the greater P300 amplitude in frontal areas in a culture-familiar music environment. At the same time, the difference between guqin music and piano music was observed in N1 and later positive complex (LPC: including P300 and P500): a relatively higher participation of right anterior-temporal areas in Chinese subjects.

Conclusion

The results suggest that the special features of ERP responses to guqin music are the outcome of Chinese tonal language environments given the similarity between Guqin’s tones and Mandarin lexical tones.

Keywords: music, guqin, piano, cognitive process, event-related potential (ERP), N1, LPC, P300

摘要

目的

研究古琴(一种古老的中国乐器)和钢琴音乐对认知的影响。

方法

记录和分析了中国被试在两种音乐背景(古琴音乐, 钢琴音乐)下完成听觉 oddball 任务的行为和事件相关电位(event-related potential, ERP)数据。

结果

中国被试在本土文化的音乐环境(古琴音乐)下, 前额区诱导出更大的P300, 这一结果和已有的相关研究是相符的。同时, 不同音乐背景对ERP 产生的影响在N1和LPC(包括P300 和P500)上也表现出差别: 中国被试在古琴音乐背景下比钢琴音乐背景下表现出更多的右前侧颞叶的参与。

结论

因为古琴音乐的五声调式和汉语发音的音调具有对应关系, 因此我们推断在古琴音乐下所表现出的这种特性与被试的汉语环境有关。

关键词: 音乐, 古琴, 钢琴, 认知过程, 事件相关电位(ERP), N1, LPC, P300

References

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