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Subjective and objective measures of sleep structure or quality could help to characterize the chronic sleep disturbances, with relation to patients’ risk factor profiles and co-morbidities. Studies have shown that discrepancies can occur between subjective data regarding sleep disturbances and the impact of insomnia and objective assays, and surrogate markers of sleep and sleep disturbances. Both objective and subjective measures should be incorporated into clinic studies. It seems likely that sleep quality is represented by a combination of more than one subjective sleep parameter. Objective and subjective assessments of sleep quality may relate to different parameters. Future studies incorporated both subjective and objective measures could help to address the sleep disorders.
睡眠的主观及客观评价方法均能评估分析睡眠的结构形式和睡眠质量, 在对睡眠障碍患者的诊断和治疗中有重要意义。 但是很多研究表明, 两种评价手段对睡眠障碍患者的评估结果并不完全一致, 可能存在偏差, 单凭主观评价或客观评价的个别参数不能确定睡眠质量的好坏, 因此在临床上需根据两种评价方法的特点, 结合使用。 本文将对目前临床常用的几种主观评价和客观评价方法进行分析和比较。