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Logo of gsjGlobal Spine Journal
Global Spine J. 2017 June; 7(4): 385.
Published online 2017 July 7. doi:  10.1177/2192568217716159
PMCID: PMC5546687

Response to “Objective Functional Testing in Patients With Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease”

We thank Joswig and colleagues1 for their insightful comments on our article2 and for highlighting the extra value objective assessment tools can add to the current clinical tests and patient-reported outcome measures. We agree with the authors that the benefit of available patient-reported outcome measures is that they encapsulate the patient’s own perception of his/her current disability related to pain and functional restraint. However, this is a double-edged sword as such scores are limited by their very subjective nature.3

The authors are to be commended for introducing the Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test to measure objectively functional impairment in lumbar degenerative disc disease. In contrast to a measure of distance travelled and steps taken as seen by the use of an accelerometer, the TUG test involves additional components of function—such as sitting up from a chair, turning around, walking, and sitting down again. As Joswig et al state, this may be more reflective of “majority of activities of daily living.”4,5 We are also excited to hear that the authors have developed a smartphone software corresponding to the TUG test for lumbar degenerative disc disease and we hope to see some results in the near future regarding this application.

Over time, it is likely that we will see the introduction of multiple different ways of measuring objectively the functional capacities of patients with spinal disorders. The next challenge will be to determine which measures are most valid for the studied patient population. Indeed, existing objective measures in spinal surgery include range of movement, muscle strength, walking speed, walking distance, as well as based on global positioning systems.6 The ideal measurement would be one that can be quick to apply and obtain data in the clinic, with high interrater reliability and low interrater variability, and can be easily understood by both clinicians and patients.4 We have also shown in a case report 12-month follow-up of using an accelerometer to collect distance and walking data, which is feasible and easily managed by the patient.7 The available preliminary data holds promise for objective functional measures in the context of spinal conditions and spine surgery, but further studies are required to determine the optimal tool for objective evaluation of functional impairment.


1. Joswig H, Stienen MN, Smoll NR, et al. Objective functional testing in patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease. Global Spine J. In press.
2. Mobbs RJ, Phan K, Maharaj M, Rao PJ. Physical activity measured with accelerometer and self-rated disability in lumbar spine surgery: a prospective study. Global Spine J. 2016;6:459–464. doi:10.1055/s-0035-1565259. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
3. Rao PJ, Phan K, Maharaj MM, Pelletier MH, Walsh WR, Mobbs RJ. Accelerometers for objective evaluation of physical activity following spine surgery. J Clin Neurosci. 2016;26:14–18. doi:10.1016/j.jocn.2015.05.064. [PubMed]
4. Gautschi OP, Corniola MV, Schaller K, Smoll NR, Stienen MN. The need for an objective outcome measurement in spine surgery--the timed-up-and-go test. Spine J. 2014;14:2521–2522. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2014.05.004. [PubMed]
5. Gautschi OP, Smoll NR, Corniola MV, et al. Validity and reliability of a measurement of objective functional impairment in lumbar degenerative disc disease: the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. Neurosurgery. 2016;79:270–278. doi:10.1227/neu.0000000000001195. [PubMed]
6. Barzilay Y, Noam S, Meir L, et al. Assessing the outcomes of spine surgery using global positioning systems. Spine. 2011;36:E263–E267. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181da3737. [PubMed]
7. Phan K, Mobbs RJ. Long-term objective physical activity measurements using a wireless accelerometer following minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion surgery. Asian Spine J. 2016;10:366–369. doi:10.4184/asj.2016.10.2.366. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Global Spine Journal are provided here courtesy of SAGE Publications