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Logo of pamjEditorial  boardAbout the Pan African Medical JournalInstructions for authorsPAMJ
Pan Afr Med J. 2017; 26: 33.
Published online 2017 January 23. doi:  10.11604/pamj.2017.26.33.11579
PMCID: PMC5398220

Cystic lymphangioma in a 44-year-old woman

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Cystic lymphangioma is a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. This condition is usually observed among children and very rarely among adults. The aetiology in adults is likely due to delayed proliferation of cell rests due to physical injury or infection. Clinically, cystic lymphangioma is asymptomatic in adults. Treatment is generally surgical, although other methods, such as aspiration, radiation and sclerotherapy have been used. We report a case of a 44-year-old woman presented with one-year history of slowly enlarging cervical swelling at the right side of the neck. The patient had no medical problems or history of trauma to the neck. Examination showed a 4 cm smooth, soft swelling of right supraclavicular fossa. Moreover, there was no erythema or tenderness on palpation. The general examination revealed normal findings. Computed tomography (CT) showed a supraclavicular cyst-like structure of 5×3×3 cm. The patient was operated through an external approach and a complete cyst excision was achieved without complications. Histopathological examination was consistent with the diagnosis of cystic lymphangioma. The patient made an uneventful recovery with no recurrence noted one year after the surgery.

Figure 1
A) right supraclavicular mass on examination (arrow); (B) CT scan of the neck, showing a well-defined supraclavicular cystic mass (arrow); (C) Intra-operatively the mass appeared fluid filled and lobulated; (D) Excision of the cystic mass

Articles from The Pan African Medical Journal are provided here courtesy of African Field Epidemiology Network