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Genome Announc. 2017 March; 5(10): e01761-16.
Published online 2017 March 9. doi:  10.1128/genomeA.01761-16
PMCID: PMC5347253

Complete Genome Sequence of a Burkholderia pseudomallei Strain Isolated from a Pet Green Iguana in Prague, Czech Republic


Burkholderia pseudomallei was isolated from pus from an abscess of a pet iguana living in a private household in Prague, Czech Republic. This paper presents the complete genome sequence of B. pseudomallei strain VB976100.


Burkholderia pseudomallei causes melioidosis, a disease endemic in northern Australia and Southeast Asia. In Europe, cases of melioidosis were reported only from patients who had been traveling to regions endemic for the disease (1, 2). Pneumonia is the dominating clinical sign, followed by skin and soft tissue lesions, acute suppurative parotitis, and prostatitis in males (3). One predominant risk factor is diabetes mellitus type 2 (3). Besides humans, the bacterium has a very broad host range (4, 5). B. pseudomallei infections in pet iguanas were already reported in California, USA (6). In animals, acute and chronic forms of melioidosis are seen. Common symptoms in animals are anorexia, pyrexia, coughing, skin dehydration, and abscesses (5, 7). B. pseudomallei strain VB976100, isolated from pus of an abscess, was identified and characterized as described previously (8). For isolation of high-quality bacterial genomic DNA, the MasterPure Complete DNA and RNA purification kit (Epicentre, Illumina, Madison, WI) was used. Briefly, the bacterial cells were cultivated on nutrient agar containing 4% glycerol and harvested by rinsing with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) (pH 7.2) solution. Nucleic acid extraction was performed as recommended by the manufacturer.

Genome sequencing was conducted by single-molecule real-time (SMRT) DNA sequencing (9) using the PacBio RSII sequencer generated from genomic DNA at GATC Biotech (Germany). Genome assembly was carried out using Hierarchical Genome Assembly Process (HGAP) algorithm version 3 (10) implemented in PacBio SMRT Portal version 2.3.0. The HGAP 3 assembly generated two contigs representing the genome for B. pseudomallei strain VB976100. The Gepard software (11) was used to determine the overlapping regions of circular sequences. Circlator (12) was used for the circularization of contigs. Finally, the circular contigs were polished with the RS_Resequencing.1 protocol in SMRT Portal version 2.3.0, and visualization was carried out using the SMRT View tool (PacBio).

The final circular chromosomes 1 and 2 were 4,090,973 bp and 3,190,235 bp, with G+C contents of 67.8% and 68.3%, respectively. The annotation (NCBI Prokaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline) identified 6,148 protein-coding, 12 rRNA, three noncoding RNA (ncRNA), and 60 tRNA genes in the genome.

Accession number(s).

This whole-genome sequencing project has been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank under the accession numbers CP018054 (chromosome 1) and CP018055 (chromosome 2).


The ICAR-International Fellowship from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, for Prasad Thomas is gratefully acknowledged. We are grateful to Katja Fischer and Johannes Solle for excellent technical assistance.


Citation Elschner MC, Thomas P, El-Adawy H, Mertens K, Melzer F, Hnizdo J, Stamm I. 2017. Complete genome sequence of a Burkholderia pseudomallei strain isolated from a pet green iguana in Prague, Czech Republic. Genome Announc 5:e01761-16.


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