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Logo of jbpneuSciELOJornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
 
J Bras Pneumol. 2016 Nov-Dec; 42(6): 465.
PMCID: PMC5344098

An uncommon tomographic association: amiodarone pulmonary toxicity and adenocarcinoma

Uma associação tomográfica incomum: toxicidade pulmonar por amiodarona e adenocarcinoma

A 73-year-old woman, a current smoker, presented with progressive dyspnea. She had a history of ventricular tachyarrhythmia treated with amiodarone. A chest X-ray demonstrated diffuse opacification of the left hemithorax. Chest CT showed left pleural effusion and a high-density collapsed lung containing a round hypodense mass (arrows). There was also small right pleural effusion and liver hyperdensity (the liver was denser than the heart; Figure 1). Percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the mass revealed adenocarcinoma. The histopathological findings of the dense pulmonary parenchyma were compatible with amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity (APT). The patient died one month after the examination. Amiodarone is associated with a wide range of adverse effects, including APT. 1 - 3 The diagnosis of APT can be suggested on the basis of a combination of clinical, radiological, and pathological findings, and is confirmed by improvement after discontinuation of amiodarone therapy. 3 The high iodine content of the medication enables the detection of amiodarone deposits in the lung by CT as high-attenuation parenchymal opacities. The association of dense lung consolidations with high liver density is characteristic of amiodarone impregnation. 2 , 3 In the case described here, the dense pulmonary parenchyma caused by amiodarone impregnation allowed the tomographic identification of the tumor.

Figure 1
Axial (in A), coronal (in B), and sagittal (in C) chest CT scans showing left pleural effusion and a high-density collapsed lung containing a round hypodense mass (arrows). Note also small right pleural effusion and liver hyperdensity (the liver is denser ...

REFERENCES

1. Hudzik B, Polonski L. Amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity. CMAJ. 2012;184(15):E819 http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.111763 [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. Hochhegger B, Soares Souza A, Jr, Zanetti G, Marchiori E. An enlarged heart with hyperdense consolidation. Neth J Med. 2013;71(6):317, 321. [PubMed]
3. Jarand J, Lee A, Leigh R. Amiodaronoma an unusual form of amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity. CMAJ. 2007;176(10):1411–1413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.061102 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia are provided here courtesy of Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia (Brazilian Thoracic Society)