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Logo of ijchInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2016; 75: 10.3402/ijch.v75.32591.
Published online 2016 June 27. doi:  10.3402/ijch.v75.32591
PMCID: PMC4926101

Use of archival data on Indian residential schools

Tracey Galloway, Deputy Editor1 and Rhonda Johnson, Editor-in-Chief2

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) contains a number of resources relevant to Indigenous heritage, among them the School Files Series which contains government records created from 1879 to 1953 about residential and day schools operating in Canada and available on microfilm. In recent years, many of these microfilm images have been digitized and made available on the LAC and other websites.

The school records contain information on admissions, discharges, day-to-day operation and financial reports. They also contain material on family background, health examinations and death registers. The material is organized using a series of filing systems and is accompanied by helpful guides and search tools. Much of the data are “open-coded” meaning the material is available for public use. Researchers may freely consult these records without restriction.

The Tri-Council Policy Statement on Research Involving Humans states that research involving publicly available data is exempt from the requirement for ethical review. However, the statement also recommends that researchers interpreting the ethical framework in Indigenous contexts uphold the principles of respect for persons, concern for welfare and the advancement of justice.

To that end, we have asked the authors of this paper to provide a brief commentary on the ethical issues arising from their work. We have also asked Ry Moran, Director of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, to comment on the implications of this type of research for the development and implementation of processes surrounding data access and use.

Tracey Galloway
Deputy Editor
International Journal of Circumpolar Health
University of Toronto Mississauga
Mississauga, ON, Canada

Rhonda Johnson
International Journal of Circumpolar Health
University of Alaska Anchorage
Anchorage, AK, USA


Editorial accompanying the article “Anthropometric Indices of First Nations Children and Youth on First Entry to Manitoba/Saskatchewan Residential Schools – 1919 to 1953”:

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