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Logo of actae2this articlesearchopen accesssubmitActa Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic CommunicationsActa Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic Communications
 
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun. 2016 April 1; 72(Pt 4): 495–497.
Published online 2016 March 15. doi:  10.1107/S205698901600400X
PMCID: PMC4910343

Crystal structure of Na4Co7−xAl0.67x(As1−yPyO4)6 (x = 1.60; y = 0.116)

Abstract

The title compound, tetra­sodium hepta­(cobalt/aluminium) hexa­(arsenate/phosphate), Na4Co5.40Al1.07(As0.883P0.116O4)6, was prepared by a solid-state reaction. It is a new member of the family of isostructural compounds with the general formula A 4 M 7(XO4)6 (A: Na, K; M: Ni, Co; X: P, As) that is most similar to Na4Co5.63Al0.91(AsO4)6. The Co2+ ions in the title compound are substituted by Al3+ in a fully occupied octa­hedral site (site symmetry 2/m) and a partially occupied tetra­hedral site (site symmetry 2). A third octa­hedral site is fully occupied by Co2+ ions only. With regard to the P and As atoms, one site (site symmetry m) is simultaneously occupied by As and P, whereas in the second site there is only arsenic. The alkali cations are, as in the isostructural compounds, distributed over half-occupied crystallographic sites, with a positional disorder of one of them. The proposed structural model is based both on a careful investigation of the crystal data, as well as validation by means of bond-valence-sum (BVS) and charge-distribution (CHARDI) calculations. The correlation between the X-ray refinement and the validation results is discussed.

Keywords: crystal structure, Na4Co5.40Al1.07(As0.883P0.116O4)6, bond-valence sum, charge distribution

Chemical context  

Metal-substituted aluminophosphates and aluminoarsenates form an important group of materials with many inter­esting properties such as mol­ecular sieves, catalysts, etc. Li et al. (2012  ) reported the progress in heteroatom-containing alumino­phosphate mol­ecular sieves. With regard to their As homologues, one can cite AlAsO4-5 and AlAsO4-6, two aluminoarsenates with occluded ethyl­enedi­amine (Chen et al. 1990  ). The analogous cobalt compounds, such as ammonium-templated cobalt aluminophosphates with zeolite-like structures (Bontchev & Sevov, 1999  ), possess similar structural properties.

The title compound, Na4Co7−xAl0.67x(As1−yPyO4)6 (x = 1.60; y = 0.116), was obtained during the exploration of the Na–Co–P–As–O system by solid-state reaction; as for many aluminophosphates, aluminum was incorporated from the reaction container. The chemical composition and crystal structure were determined by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis (Fig. 1  ) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction; the proposed structural model is supported by validation tools by means of bond-valence-sum (BVS) calculations and charge-distribution (CHARDI) analysis (Brown, 2002  ; Adams, 2003  , Nespolo, 2015  , 2016  ; Eon & Nespolo, 2015  ). The correlation between the experimental and the validation results is discussed.

Figure 1
The EDX spectrum of the title compound. The inset shows the morphology of one crystal.

Structural commentary  

The title compound is a new member of the isostructural compounds family with the general formula A 4 M 7(XO4)6 (A: Na, K; M: Ni, Co; X: P, As) (Moring & Kostiner, 1986  ; Kobashi et al., 1998  ; Ben Smail et al., 1999  ; Marzouki et al., 2010  , 2013  ).

The asymmetric unit of the title compound (I) (Fig. 2  ) contains seven metallic sites of which four are occupied by Na+ cations (occupancies ranging from 0.23 to 0.50) with eight cations per unit cell, two others (denoted M A and M B) are simultaneously shared by Co2+ and Al3+ ions, and one is fully occupied by Co2+ ions: the same distribution is observed in the homologous arsenate Na4Co7−xAl0.67x(AsO4)6 (x = 1.37) (II) (Marzouki et al., 2010  ).

Figure 2
The asymmetric unit of (I), showing the atom-labelling scheme. The full coordination polyhedra are shown, including the corresponding symmetry-related O atoms. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. [M A = Co0.189Al0.811; M B ...

Validation of the structural model using BVS and CHARDI  

Two validation tools, BVS and CHARDI, are used to support and analyse the proposed structural model. Briefly, for a properly refined structure, the valences V according to the BVS model and charges Q from the CHARDI analysis should agree with the oxidation states of the atoms (Brown, 2002  ; Adams, 2003  , Nespolo, 2015  , 2016  ; Eon & Nespolo, 2015  ).

The M A site, with an octa­hedral environment by oxygen atoms, is fully occupied by the two cations with overall occupancy Co0.189Al0.811. This distribution scheme is confirmed by the validation tools, with a better convergence with the CHARDI model (Table 1  ). If compared to the homologous site in (II) with overall occupancy Co0.286Al0.714 (Marzouki et al., 2010  ), the average arithmetic distance in (I) (1.91 Å) is smaller than in (II) (1.96 Å) due to the higher fraction of the small cation (Al3+) in (I).

Table 1
BVS and CHARDI analysis of cation polyhedra in the title compound (the structure described as being built of cation-centred polyhedra)

For the M B site with a tetra­hedral coordination, the Co2+/Al3+ distribution is based on the same observations as in (II), mainly if it is refined as partially occupied by just Co2+, the charge neutrality is not achieved, and then a fraction of Al3+ was introduced in the M B site yielding an overall occupancy distribution of Co0.605Al0.1350.260, with □ expressing the vacancy. The validation results for this particular distribution are: V(M B) = 1.31 and Q(M B) = 1.58, the theoretical value is 1.61 (Table 1  ). Finally, with regard to P and As atoms, the P/As substitutional disorder is observed in one of the two sites (M C): P/As = 0.35/0.65; V = 5.21 and Q = 5.00.

The final result corresponds to the formula Na4Co5.40Al1.07(As0.883P0.116O4)6. It is the first case in its homologous family which contains such a number of elements. The similarity to (II) (Marzouki et al., 2010  ) is clear, the cell parameters of (I) are smaller than those of (II) as it contains more small elements than (II). The CHARDI method is extended, as for (II), to analyse the coordination polyhedra by means of the Effective Coordination Numbers (ECoN): the polyhedron distortion is more pronounced if the ECoN deviates more from the classical coordination number (CN).

The framework of the title compound is of an open character (Fig. 3  ). Its aptitude for sodium conduction through the tunnels appears to be possible, as shown in experimental and theoretical studies for the similar compound (II) (Marzouki et al., 2013  ). These studies will be the subject of future works.

Figure 3
The structure of the title compound viewed appoximately along [100], showing the tunnels and the Na+ cations.

Synthesis and crystallization  

A mixture of sodium nitrate, cobalt nitrate hexa­hydrate, NH4H2 XO4 (X: P, As) in the molar ratio Na:Co:P:As = 2:1:0.5:1 was dissolved in deionized water and then heated at 373 K to dehydration. After grinding, it was placed in a porcelain boat and first heated at 673 K in air for 24 h and then heated gradually to 1123 K for 1 d. Some pink parallelepiped-shaped crystals were isolated from the sample. A qualitative EDX analysis confirmed the presence of Na, Co, Al, As and O (Fig. 1  ), with the aluminium diffusing from the reaction container.

Refinement  

Crystal data, data collection and structure refinement details are summarized in Table 2  . The Co and Al atoms occupying the M A and M B sites, as well as the P and As atoms occupying the M C site, were constrained using the EXYZ and EADP instructions of SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008  ). Three linear free variable restraints (SUMP) were required to restrain the sum of their occupation factors. The Na1 and Na2 cations are at half-occupancy sites and the two others (Na31 and Na32) with isotropic refinement have a total occupancy of 0.50 because, when refined freely, their occupations converged to these values.

Table 2
Experimental details

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablock(s) I. DOI: 10.1107/S205698901600400X/br2258sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablock(s) I. DOI: 10.1107/S205698901600400X/br2258Isup2.hkl

CCDC reference: 1462882

Additional supporting information: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Professor M. F. Zid, Université Tunis El Manar, Faculté des Sciences, for the X-ray data and to Professor M. Nespolo, Kyoto University, Faculty of Sciences, for fruitful discussions.

supplementary crystallographic information

Crystal data

Na4Co5.40Al1.07(As0.883P0.116O4)6F(000) = 1162
Mr = 1242.08Dx = 4.187 Mg m3
Monoclinic, C2/mMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 10.5797 (2) ÅCell parameters from 25 reflections
b = 14.5528 (3) Åθ = 12.0–14.8°
c = 6.6441 (3) ŵ = 13.60 mm1
β = 105.608 (9)°T = 293 K
V = 985.23 (7) Å3Parallelepiped, pink
Z = 20.30 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

Enraf–Nonius CAD-4 diffractometerRint = 0.027
ω/2θ scansθmax = 27.0°, θmin = 2.4°
Absorption correction: ψ scan (North et al., 1968)h = −13→13
Tmin = 0.055, Tmax = 0.140k = −1→18
2409 measured reflectionsl = −8→8
1124 independent reflections2 standard reflections every 120 reflections
894 reflections with I > 2σ(I) intensity decay: 1%

Refinement

Refinement on F2117 parameters
Least-squares matrix: full2 restraints
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.030w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0401P)2 + 10.5538P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.083(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.07Δρmax = 0.81 e Å3
1124 reflectionsΔρmin = −0.85 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
Co10.00000.00000.00000.0064 (9)0.189 (13)
Al10.00000.00000.00000.0064 (9)0.811 (13)
Co2−0.50000.16324 (13)0.00000.0118 (6)0.605 (9)
Al2−0.50000.16324 (13)0.00000.0118 (6)0.135 (9)
Co3−0.18046 (7)0.18027 (5)0.17925 (10)0.0062 (2)
As1−0.32397 (10)0.0000−0.06479 (16)0.0091 (4)0.649 (7)
P1−0.32397 (10)0.0000−0.06479 (16)0.0091 (4)0.351 (7)
As20.09963 (5)0.17931 (4)0.29004 (8)0.00940 (18)
Na1−0.4220 (5)−0.1148 (4)−0.5048 (8)0.0258 (12)0.5
Na2−0.6741 (7)0.0000−0.4195 (11)0.0217 (16)0.5
Na31−0.084 (3)0.00000.469 (3)0.017 (2)*0.229 (19)
Na32−0.036 (2)0.00000.487 (2)0.017 (2)*0.271 (19)
O1−0.0101 (4)0.0937 (3)0.2026 (6)0.0090 (8)
O2−0.3346 (4)0.0895 (3)0.0802 (6)0.0127 (8)
O3−0.0063 (4)0.2670 (3)0.2696 (6)0.0100 (8)
O40.1921 (4)0.2070 (3)0.1327 (6)0.0111 (8)
O5−0.4356 (6)0.0000−0.2789 (10)0.0202 (14)
O60.1900 (4)0.1511 (3)0.5228 (6)0.0134 (9)
O7−0.1813 (6)0.0000−0.1116 (10)0.0141 (13)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Co10.0061 (14)0.0053 (15)0.0075 (14)0.0000.0013 (9)0.000
Al10.0061 (14)0.0053 (15)0.0075 (14)0.0000.0013 (9)0.000
Co20.0103 (8)0.0146 (10)0.0102 (9)0.0000.0021 (6)0.000
Al20.0103 (8)0.0146 (10)0.0102 (9)0.0000.0021 (6)0.000
Co30.0065 (3)0.0070 (4)0.0048 (3)0.0004 (3)0.0007 (3)0.0005 (3)
As10.0070 (5)0.0067 (6)0.0131 (6)0.0000.0019 (4)0.000
P10.0070 (5)0.0067 (6)0.0131 (6)0.0000.0019 (4)0.000
As20.0090 (3)0.0115 (3)0.0070 (3)−0.0007 (2)0.0010 (2)0.0008 (2)
Na10.026 (3)0.020 (3)0.027 (3)0.005 (2)0.001 (2)−0.011 (2)
Na20.022 (4)0.029 (5)0.018 (4)0.0000.012 (3)0.000
O10.0112 (17)0.0083 (19)0.0072 (18)−0.0014 (15)0.0018 (14)−0.0006 (16)
O20.0149 (19)0.011 (2)0.0122 (19)−0.0039 (16)0.0043 (15)−0.0052 (17)
O30.0076 (18)0.010 (2)0.0112 (19)0.0023 (16)0.0002 (14)−0.0004 (16)
O40.0150 (19)0.016 (2)0.0041 (18)−0.0056 (17)0.0050 (15)−0.0040 (16)
O50.019 (3)0.016 (4)0.022 (3)0.0000.000 (3)0.000
O60.0145 (19)0.023 (2)0.0022 (17)0.0030 (18)0.0009 (15)−0.0017 (16)
O70.009 (3)0.011 (3)0.023 (3)0.0000.006 (2)0.000

Geometric parameters (Å, º)

Co1—O7i1.861 (6)Na2—Na1ix2.086 (8)
Co1—O71.861 (6)Na2—Na1xi2.086 (8)
Co1—O11.939 (4)Na2—O52.443 (10)
Co1—O1i1.939 (4)Na2—Na31xii2.49 (3)
Co1—O1ii1.939 (4)Na2—O5ix2.572 (10)
Co1—O1iii1.939 (4)Na2—O2iv2.584 (7)
Co2—O2iv1.999 (4)Na2—O2xii2.584 (7)
Co2—O21.999 (4)Na2—O6xiii2.598 (6)
Co2—O3v2.075 (4)Na2—O6xiv2.598 (6)
Co2—O3vi2.075 (4)Na2—Na32xii2.98 (2)
Co3—O6vii2.054 (4)Na31—Na32xv1.23 (5)
Co3—O22.064 (4)Na31—Na31xv1.72 (6)
Co3—O4iii2.080 (4)Na31—O6xv2.473 (15)
Co3—O4v2.092 (4)Na31—O6vii2.473 (15)
Co3—O12.171 (4)Na31—Na2xii2.49 (3)
Co3—O32.181 (4)Na31—O12.524 (17)
As1—O51.586 (6)Na31—O1ii2.524 (17)
As1—O71.621 (6)Na31—O1vii2.536 (17)
As1—O2ii1.642 (4)Na31—O1xv2.536 (17)
As1—O21.642 (4)Na32—Na32xv0.73 (4)
As2—O61.637 (4)Na32—Na31xv1.23 (5)
As2—O41.662 (4)Na32—O1vii2.408 (13)
As2—O31.680 (4)Na32—O1xv2.408 (13)
As2—O11.695 (4)Na32—O12.407 (13)
Na1—O52.276 (7)Na32—O1ii2.407 (13)
Na1—O3viii2.298 (7)Na32—O6xv2.727 (14)
Na1—O5ix2.441 (7)Na32—O6vii2.727 (14)
Na1—O6i2.545 (7)Na32—Na2xii2.98 (2)
Na1—O3x2.572 (8)
O7i—Co1—O7180.0O2iv—Co2—O3vi105.15 (15)
O7i—Co1—O188.09 (17)O2—Co2—O3vi105.29 (15)
O7—Co1—O191.91 (17)O3v—Co2—O3vi121.5 (2)
O7i—Co1—O1i91.91 (17)O6vii—Co3—O286.29 (16)
O7—Co1—O1i88.09 (17)O6vii—Co3—O4iii173.90 (16)
O1—Co1—O1i180.0O2—Co3—O4iii88.41 (16)
O7i—Co1—O1ii88.09 (17)O6vii—Co3—O4v96.19 (16)
O7—Co1—O1ii91.91 (17)O2—Co3—O4v91.84 (17)
O1—Co1—O1ii89.4 (2)O4iii—Co3—O4v80.95 (17)
O1i—Co1—O1ii90.6 (2)O6vii—Co3—O193.80 (16)
O7i—Co1—O1iii91.91 (17)O2—Co3—O1102.77 (16)
O7—Co1—O1iii88.09 (17)O4iii—Co3—O190.31 (15)
O1—Co1—O1iii90.6 (2)O4v—Co3—O1162.79 (16)
O1i—Co1—O1iii89.4 (2)O6vii—Co3—O396.40 (16)
O1ii—Co1—O1iii180.0 (3)O2—Co3—O3174.29 (16)
O2iv—Co2—O2115.1 (3)O4iii—Co3—O389.15 (16)
O2iv—Co2—O3v105.29 (15)O4v—Co3—O392.87 (16)
O2—Co2—O3v105.15 (15)O1—Co3—O372.08 (15)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y, −z; (ii) x, −y, z; (iii) −x, y, −z; (iv) −x−1, y, −z; (v) x−1/2, −y+1/2, z; (vi) −x−1/2, −y+1/2, −z; (vii) −x, y, −z+1; (viii) x−1/2, y−1/2, z−1; (ix) −x−1, −y, −z−1; (x) −x−1/2, y−1/2, −z; (xi) −x−1, y, −z−1; (xii) −x−1, −y, −z; (xiii) x−1, −y, z−1; (xiv) x−1, y, z−1; (xv) −x, −y, −z+1.

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