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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1980 September; 43(9): 798–802.
PMCID: PMC490670

Social recovery during the year following severe head injury.


A group of 54 patients who had suffered severe closed head injury (PTA >24 hours) were followed from the time of their injury for a period of two years. Relatives were interviewed within the first four weeks to assess the patient's previous personality and social adjustment. Patients and relatives were then assessed personally six and 12 months later and by postal questionnaires after two years. Only six patients were still not back at work after two years but more had not resumed all their leisure activities. Family relationships appeared to have settled down again by this stage but social contacts were still less frequent. Personality changes were associated with prior family relationships, cognitive changes with diminished social contacts whilst premorbid personality and physical deficits were associated with time taken to return to work.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Oddy M, Humphrey M, Uttley D. Subjective impairment and social recovery after closed head injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1978 Jul;41(7):611–616. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fahy TJ, Irving MH, Millac P. Severe head injuries. A six-year follow-up. Lancet. 1967 Sep 2;2(7514):475–479. [PubMed]
  • Bond MR. Assessment of the psychosocial outcome after severe head injury. Ciba Found Symp. 1975;(34):141–157. [PubMed]
  • Thomsen IV. The patient with severe head injury and his family. A follow-up study of 50 patients. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1974;6(4):180–183. [PubMed]
  • Hyman MD. Social psychological determinants of patients' performance in stroke rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1972 May;53(5):217–226. [PubMed]

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