PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jnnpsycJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and PsychiatryVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
 
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1990 October; 53(10): 869–873.
PMCID: PMC488248

Specificity of affective and autonomic symptoms of depression in Parkinson's disease.

Abstract

Previous investigators have suggested that numerous symptoms used to diagnose depression, such as sleep or appetite disturbance, are non-specific in medically ill patients, and alternative diagnostic criteria should be developed. In the study this hypothesis was tested in Parkinson's disease (PD) by comparing patients with PD who reported a depressive mood with patients having PD but without a depressive mood. Depressed patients showed a significantly higher frequency of both autonomic and affective symptoms of depression. Depressed patients with PD reported a significantly higher frequency of worrying, brooding, loss of interest, hopelessness, suicidal tendencies, social withdrawal, self-depreciation, ideas of reference, anxiety symptoms, loss of appetite, initial and middle insomnia, and loss of libido when compared with non-depressed patients. No significant between-group differences, however, were observed in the frequency of anergia, motor retardation, and early morning awakening.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (875K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Mayeux R, Stern Y, Rosen J, Leventhal J. Depression, intellectual impairment, and Parkinson disease. Neurology. 1981 Jun;31(6):645–650. [PubMed]
  • Gotham AM, Brown RG, Marsden CD. Depression in Parkinson's disease: a quantitative and qualitative analysis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986 Apr;49(4):381–389. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Starkstein SE, Preziosi TJ, Bolduc PL, Robinson RG. Depression in Parkinson's disease. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1990 Jan;178(1):27–31. [PubMed]
  • Andersen J, Aabro E, Gulmann N, Hjelmsted A, Pedersen HE. Anti-depressive treatment in Parkinson's disease. A controlled trial of the effect of nortriptyline in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with L-DOPA. Acta Neurol Scand. 1980 Oct;62(4):210–219. [PubMed]
  • Yudofsky SC. Parkinson's disease, depression, and electroconvulsive therapy: a clinical and neurobiologic synthesis. Compr Psychiatry. 1979 Nov-Dec;20(6):579–581. [PubMed]
  • Ross ED, Rush AJ. Diagnosis and neuroanatomical correlates of depression in brain-damaged patients. Implications for a neurology of depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981 Dec;38(12):1344–1354. [PubMed]
  • Hoehn MM, Yahr MD. Parkinsonism: onset, progression and mortality. Neurology. 1967 May;17(5):427–442. [PubMed]
  • CANTER GJ, DE LA TORRE R, MIER M. A method for evaluating disability in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1961 Aug;133:143–147. [PubMed]
  • Robinson RG, Kubos KL, Starr LB, Rao K, Price TR. Mood changes in stroke patients: relationship to lesion location. Compr Psychiatry. 1983 Nov-Dec;24(6):555–566. [PubMed]
  • HAMILTON M. A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1960 Feb;23:56–62. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. "Mini-mental state". A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res. 1975 Nov;12(3):189–198. [PubMed]
  • Starr LB, Robinson RG, Price TR. Reliability, validity, and clinical utility of the social functioning exam in the assessment of stroke patients. Exp Aging Res. 1983 Summer;9(2):101–106. [PubMed]
  • Davidson J, Turnbull CD. Diagnostic significance of vegetative symptoms in depression. Br J Psychiatry. 1986 Apr;148:442–446. [PubMed]
  • Levin BE, Llabre MM, Weiner WJ. Parkinson's disease and depression: psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1988 Nov;51(11):1401–1404. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Robins AH. Depression in patients with Parkinsonism. Br J Psychiatry. 1976 Feb;128:141–145. [PubMed]
  • Goetz CG, Tanner CM, Levy M, Wilson RS, Garron DC. Pain in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 1986;1(1):45–49. [PubMed]
  • Lees AJ, Blackburn NA, Campbell VL. The nighttime problems of Parkinson's disease. Clin Neuropharmacol. 1988 Dec;11(6):512–519. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group