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Heart. 1996 February; 75(2): 210–212.
PMCID: PMC484264

Endovascular stent placement for pulmonary venous obstruction after Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries.


Stenting of the left pulmonary venous baffle obstruction was successfully performed in a 6 year old girl after the Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries. She also had stent implantation in both the superior vena cava and inferior vena cava baffle junctions. These procedures were followed by sustained clinical improvement. Angiography showed that all three stents were fully patent a year after the procedure.

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Selected References

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  • Egloff LP, Freed MD, Dick M, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Early and late results with the Mustard operation in infancy. Ann Thorac Surg. 1978 Nov;26(5):474–484. [PubMed]
  • Trusler GA, Williams WG, Izukawa T, Olley PM. Current results with the Mustard operation in isolated transposition of the great arteries. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1980 Sep;80(3):381–389. [PubMed]
  • Cooper SG, Sullivan ID, Bull C, Taylor JF. Balloon dilation of pulmonary venous pathway obstruction after Mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Jul;14(1):194–198. [PubMed]
  • Lock JE, Bass JL, Castaneda-Zuniga W, Fuhrman BP, Rashkind WJ, Lucas RV., Jr Dilation angioplasty of congenital or operative narrowings of venous channels. Circulation. 1984 Sep;70(3):457–464. [PubMed]

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