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We made an observational, analytical, prospective, longitudinal pilot study.
LS, echocardiographic parameter used to assess myocardial deformity (contraction). We considered as an improvement an increase ≥ 10%.
E/é ratio, parameter used to assess DF. A reduction of E/é ratio ≥ 10 % was considered DF improvement.
NEB during the first week of admision.
Improvement in the NS: assessed by an increase in at least one level of prealbumin nutritional scale (PNS) after 10 days of receiving 100 % of estimated energy (EE) requirements (H. Benedict).
(PNS: Normal>18 md/dl, mild undernutrition: 17.9-15 , moderate: 14,9-10 severe < 10).
Convenience nonprobability sample.
S. analysis: The results were expressed as means with their ST deviations, %. Linear regression (LR) and Fisher test (FT) were used to analyze possible statistics associations, expressed with their CI and p values.
TTE were performed to patients admitted from July to October, 2013, in the first 24 h of admision, at 7th and 10th days of receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition with 100 % of EE. Acoustic catches are done in HQ digital format, f.r.> 100 Hz, for further analysis “of line" of LS. (Blind analysis).
Exclusion crit.: nephrotic syndrome, cirrhosis, chronic renal and HF.
PCR, MV (PEEP), PVC were recorded.
10 patients, 60 % male, mean age: 54 (27-75). 30 % normal NS, 30 % mild, 10% moderate and 30 % severe undernutrition. 40 % traumatic and 30 % spontaneous ICH , 10% thoracic trauma , 10% cardiac arrest and 10 % septic shock . 70 % required MV, 20 % norepinephrine.
KS test: p = 0.595. We observe a tendency to an inverse relationship (p = 0.375, r = - 0.315, N = 10) between NEB and LS but not s. significant. 40% of those who had improvement in at least 1 level of the PNS showed a 10% increase in LV LS at 10 days receiving 100% EE (FT: p = 0.714, OR: 0.667 , 95% CI : 0.025 to 18.059).
As in the Hammer et al study , in which acute progressive caloric restriction in young healthy men correlated with impaired DF, we observed a direct relationship (r = 0.462 , p = 0.434 , N = 5) between NEB and E/é, but not s. significant. The 50% who had an improvement in NS showed a 10% reduction in E /é (FT: p = 1.00, OR 1.00 , 95% CI : 0.03 to 29).
Patients with higher cumulative NEB during the first week of ICU had a decrease in LS and an increase in E/é but not s. significant. Given the limitations of this research (being a pilot study of a topic not addressed in ICU with few patients) should be carried further study with sufficient power to test this hypothesis.