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Dis Markers. 2004; 20(4-5): 269–276.
Published online 2004 October 29. doi:  10.1155/2004/305058
PMCID: PMC3839397

Mutations Associated with HNPCC Predisposition — Update of ICG-HNPCC/INSiGHT Mutation Database


In 1994, the International Collaborative Group on Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (ICG-HNPCC) established an international database of mutations identified in families with Lynch (HNPCC) syndrome. The data are publicly available at The information stored in the database was systematically analyzed in 1997, and at that time, 126 different predisposing mutations were reported affecting the DNA mismatch repair genes MSH2 and MLH1 and occurring in 202 families. In 2003, the ICG-HNPCC and the Leeds Castle Polyposis Group (LCPG) merged into a new group, INSiGHT (International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumors). The present update of the database of DNA mismatch repair gene mutations of INSiGHT includes 448 mutations that primarily involve MLH1 (50%), MSH2 (39%), and MSH6 (7%) and occur in 748 families from different parts of the world.

Keywords: hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, MLH1, MLH3, MSH2, MSH6, PMS1, PMS2

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