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Braz J Microbiol. 2011 Oct-Dec; 42(4): 1405–1408.
Published online 2011 December 1. doi:  10.1590/S1517-838220110004000023
PMCID: PMC3768721

Brucella canis infection in dogs attended in veterinary clinics from patos, ParabaĪBA state, Brazil

Abstract

To determine the frequency of anti-Brucella canis antibodies in dogs attended in veterinary clinics from Patos, Paraíba State, Brazil, as well as to identify risk factors and to isolate and identify the agent, 193 dogs were used. Agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID) was used to detect B. canis antibodies in sera. Isolation of B. canis was carried out in blood and bone marrow from seropositive animals. Six animals tested seropositive in AGID, resulting in a frequency of 3.11%. B. canis was isolated from bone marrow of one seropositive animal, with confirmation by PCR. Lack of cleaning of the dog’s environment was identified as risk factor (odds ratio = 7.91). This is the first report of isolation of B. canis in dogs from the Northeast region of Brazil.

Keywords: Bacterial diseases, canine brucellosis, prevalence, risk factors, microbiological culture

Articles from Brazilian Journal of Microbiology are provided here courtesy of Elsevier