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Appendix Table 3

Association between the Two Dietary Patterns, AHEI Scores, and the Four Aging Outcomes (n = 5350)

Dietary PatternIdeal Aging
Nonfatal CVD
Fatal CVD
Non-CVD Death
P Value
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
“Healthy-foods” pattern
 Model 1
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 21.230.87-1.740.970.79-1.200.630.42-0.950.670.52-0.87
  Tertile 31.160.80-1.691.060.86-1.320.670.44-1.020.730.56-0.96
  Effect per 1 SD1.070.93-1.241.030.95-1.130.850.70-1.030.830.73-0.94.008
 Model 2
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 21.230.87-1.740.970.79-1.200.630.42-0.950.670.52-0.87
  Tertile 31.080.74-1.581.150.92-1.430.780.51-1.210.860.66-1.14
  Effect per 1 SD1.040.90-1.211.060.97-1.160.930.77-1.130.900.80-1.02.19
“Western-type” pattern
 Model 1
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 20.920.65-1.300.850.68-1.061.360.87-2.120.880.66-1.17
  Tertile 30.540.34-0.851.080.82-1.411.680.96-2.951.230.88-1.74
  Effect per 1 SD0.77.061-0.951.090.95-1.251.581.20-2.081.381.16-1.64<10-4
 Model 2
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 20.940.66-1.330.830.67-1.041.250.80-1.950.810.61-1.08
  Tertile 30.580.36-0.941.020.78-1.341.400.80-2.470.960.68-1.35
  Effect per 1 SD0.830.66-1.051.030.89-1.181.351.02-1.781.160.97-1.38.05
AHEI score
 Model 1
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 21.521.07-2.160.850.69-1.040.480.32-0.720.670.52-0.86
  Tertile 31.160.80-1.680.980.80-1.210.490.32-0.740.600.46-0.78
  Effect per 1 SD1.090.95-1.270.970.89-1.060.700.59-0.830.750.67-0.83<10-4
 Model 2
  Tertile 11reference1reference1reference1reference
  Tertile 21.410.99-2.010.900.73-1.100.540.35-0.810.760.59-0.98
  Tertile 31.040.71-1.521.070.87-1.320.590.38-0.900.740.56-0.96
  Effect per 1 SD1.040.90-1.211.010.93-1.110.770.65-0.920.830.74-0.92.006

AHEI = Alternative Healthy Eating Index; CI = confidence interval; CVD = cardiovascular disease; OR = odds ratio.

Natural Aging was the “noncase” category for all aging phenotype outcomes presented.

P for heterogeneity.

Multinomial logistic regression to analyze associations between dietary patterns, AHEI score, and the 5-category aging outcome: 1) ideal health, 2) nonfatal cardiovascular disease at follow-up, 3) cardiovascular death, 4) noncardiovascular death, and 5) natural (or normal) aging (the noncase category for each of the other categories).

Model 1: Adjusted for age, sex and total energy intake.

Model 2: As Model 1 + additionally adjusted for other heath behavior: smoking habits and physical activity.