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From:
doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2012.10.028

Table 1

Characteristics of Participants (n=5350) by Aging Phenotype, the Whitehall II study[low asterisk]

CharacteristicIdeal AgingNonfatal CVDCVD DeathNon-CVD DeathNatural AgingP Value
n = 213n = 680n = 149n = 392n = 3916
Baseline
 Age, years49.8 (5.1)53.1 (5.2)54.7 (4.9)53.7 (5.3)50.7 (5.1)<.001
 Sex, % women31.524.424.832.930.0.01
 Total energy intake, kcal/day2137 (618)2148 (681)2051 (638)2099 (774)2082 (605).08
 Smoking habits, %
  Never62.046.937.638.351.0<.001
  Former34.736.036.232.936.3
  Current3.317.126.228.812.7
 Physical activity, %
  Inactive16.423.728.927.319.3<.001
  Moderately active30.027.331.528.127.7
  Active53.549.039.644.653.0
 AHEI score, %
  Tertile 125.833.449.041.132.4<.001
  Tertile 241.831.025.530.633.8
  Tertile 332.435.625.528.333.8
 “Healthy-foods” pattern, %
  Tertile 128.630.941.638.533.2.04
  Tertile 236.628.828.928.833.9
  Tertile 334.732.629.532.632.9
 “Western type” pattern, %
  Tertile 134.732.229.534.233.5.04
  Tertile 238.029.336.229.334.0
  Tertile 327.337.034.236.532.5
Follow-up
 Coronary heart diseases, n (%) of cases0 (0)145 (25.1)0 (0)N/A
 Stroke, n (%) of cases0 (0)175 (28.4)0 (0)N/A
 SBP, mm Hg112.9 (9.2)125.3 (16.9)127.7 (16.3)N/A
 Cancer, n (%) of cases0 (0)71 (10.5)542 (13.9)N/A
 Type 2 diabetes, n (%) of cases0 (0)128 (18.8)486 (12.4)N/A
 Lung function (FEV1/height2), L/m21.11 (0.18)0.91 (0.23)0.94(0.22)N/A
 Walking speed, m/s1.41 (0.23)1.11 (0.31)1.15 (0.29)N/A
 Cognitive function, z-score0.85 (0.6)−0.22 (1.1)−0.01 (0.97)N/A
 SF-36 mental health56.1 (4.2)53.4 (9.0)53.8 (8.3)N/A

AHEI = the Alternative Healthy Eating Index; CVD = cardiovascular disease; FEV = forced expiratory volume; SBP = systolic blood pressure; SF-36 = the Short Form 36 General Health Survey.

From the distribution of these factor scores, participants were categorized into tertiles for each pattern: the Tertile 1 group included participants with a factor score below the 33rd percentile, the Tertile 2 group included participants with a factor score in the 33th-66th percentile range and the Tertile 3 group included those with a factor score above the 66th percentile.

[low asterisk]Numbers are means and SDs unless otherwise specified.
Those alive at the end of follow-up without ideal health or nonfatal CVD.