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Shewanella haliotis [shooʺ-nelʹ hāʺlĭ-oʹtĭs]
From the Greek halios (marine) and ōtos (ear), abalones, genus Haliotis, were first mentioned ≈2,500 years ago by Aristotle, who wrote of “the wild limpet (called by some the ‘sea ear’).” In D’Arcy Thompson’s translation of Aristotle, he notes that “wild limpet” is “commonly attributed to Fissurella graecea ... and conceals a forgotten name for Haliotis.” The “sea ear” was familiar to the Greeks and was named otia (little ear) by Pliny.
Shewanella haliotis, a species of rod-shaped, gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacteria, was first isolated from the gut microflora of abalones collected from the ocean near Yeosu, South Korea, by Kim et al. in 2007. The genus Shewanella had been previously named in 1985 by MacDonell and Colwell in honor of Scottish microbiologist James M. Shewan, for his work in fisheries microbiology.
Keywords: etymologia, Shewanella haliotis, bacteria, gram negative, abalone, sea ear, James Shewan
Suggested citation for this article: Etymologia: Shewanella haliotis. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2013 Jun [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1906.ET1906
Medline indexes "Syst Appl Microbiol" but cannot find a listing for reference 4 "MacDonell, Colwell, 1985". Please check the reference for accuracy.