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Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
Arch Intern Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2013 July 16.
Published in final edited form as:
Arch Intern Med. 2012 April 9; 172(7): 555–563.
Published online 2012 March 12. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.2287

Figure 1

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Dose-response relationship between red meat intake and risk of all-cause mortality in (A) Health Professionals Follow-up Study and (B) Nurses' Health Study

The results were adjusted for age (continuous), body mass index category (<23, 23-24.9, 25-29.9, 30-34.9, ≥35 kg/m2), alcohol consumption (0, 0.1-4.9, 5.0-14.9, ≥15 g/d), physical activity level (<3, 3-8.9, 9-17.9, 18-26.9, ≥27 hours of metabolic equivalent tasks per week), smoking status (never, past, current 1-14 cigarettes/d, current 15-24 cigarettes/d, current ≥25 cigarettes/d,), race (white/non-white), menopausal status and hormone use in women (premenopausal, postmenopausal never users, postmenopausal past users, postmenopausal current users), family history of diabetes, myocardial infarction, or cancer, history of diabetes, hypertension, or hypercholesterolemia, quintiles of total energy intake, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

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